A study of inactivation reactions of N-acetylcysteine with mucochloric acid, a mutagenic product of the chlorination of humic substances in water.


:The Salmonella typhimurium (TA100) mutagenic compound, mucochloric acid [3,4-dichloro-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MCA)], was inactivated by in vitro N-acetylcysteine (NAC). The reaction of MCA with NAC at pH7 was second order and gave products 4, 5, and 6a that resulted from the displacement of chlorine from C-3 or C-4 of MCA. The sodium borohydride treatment of product 4 gave the same product (7) as was obtained by treating 3,4-dichloro-2(5H)-furanone with NAC. The treatment of MCA with (R)-(+)-cysteine gave the bicyclic product 9a, in which the two chlorine atoms of MCA were still present. This product was slightly more mutagenic than MCA, whereas product 5 was less mutagenic than MCA and product 4 was nonmutagenic in the Salmonella typhimurium (TA100) assay.


Chem Res Toxicol


LaLonde RT,Xie S




Has Abstract


1992-09-01 00:00:00












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