Epidemiologic evidence of cancer in aluminum reduction plant workers.


:This paper reviews the epidemiologic evidence of cancer risks among workers in aluminum reduction plants with emphasis on associations with specific work areas and exposures. Studies of workers manufacturing carbon products outside the aluminum industry were also reviewed since the work environment is similar to that encountered in the carbon area of aluminum plants. We obtained 22 reports from references cited in earlier reviews, through compact disc literature search 1980-1990, and from the Nordic Aluminum Industry's Secretariat for Health, Environment and Safety. Six reports were excluded because the material was included in later studies or because a critical evaluation was impossible. This left 16 publications from 11 separate studies. Work in potrooms with Söderberg electrolytic cells was associated with increased risk of bladder cancer, and the increase was correlated to duration of tar exposure. There was a suggestion of increased risk of leukemias and pancreatic cancers in potroom workers, and of kidney and brain cancers without any clear association with specific exposures or work areas. Singular results showed associations between lung cancer risk and tar exposure in Söderberg plants, and between lung cancer and work in prebake or carbon plants, but interpretation was limited by inadequate data on smoking and asbestos exposure, and by problems connected with the choice of reference populations in these studies.


Am J Ind Med


Rönneberg A,Langmark F




Has Abstract


1992-01-01 00:00:00












  • Asbestos-related pleural plaques and lung function.

    abstract::The present study examines the association between asbestos-related pleural plaques and lung function in a group of workers with occupational exposure to asbestos. Exposure, smoking, and respiratory histories, chest radiographs, flow-volume loops, and single breath DLCOs were obtained on 383 railroad workers. A score ...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oliver LC,Eisen EA,Greene R,Sprince NL

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lung cancer case-control study in a rubber manufacturing plant.

    abstract::This report presents the findings of a case-control study of lung cancer among workers at a rubber manufacturing plant. Detailed work histories of 40 lung cancer deaths, which occurred during 1977 and 1978, were compared with those of 146 controls who were individually matched to cases on age, sex, and race; 66 of the...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andjelkovich DA,Abdelghany N,Mathew RM,Blum S

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Noise and gastric secretion.

    abstract::In view of the increasing incidence of diseases such as gastritis and ulcers in workers exposed to noise, we assessed whether noise does in fact affect gastric secretion. Then, considering the conflicting findings published on the effects of noise on gastric secretion, we also investigated whether the response was rel...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tomei F,Papaleo B,Baccolo TP,Persechino B,Spanò G,Rosati MV

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Occupation and breast cancer risk in Polish women: a population-based case-control study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The etiology of breast cancer is not well understood and the role of occupational exposures in breast carcinogenesis is still uncertain. METHODS:The population-based case-control study included 2,386 incident breast cancer cases diagnosed in 2000-2003, and 2,502 controls. Lifetime occupational histories and...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peplonska B,Stewart P,Szeszenia-Dabrowska N,Rusiecki J,Garcia-Closas M,Lissowska J,Bardin-Mikolajczak A,Zatonski W,Gromiec J,Brzeznicki S,Brinton LA,Blair A

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Work-related mortality in the US fishing industry during 2000-2014: New findings based on improved workforce exposure estimates.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Commercial fishing is a global industry that has been frequently classified as high-risk. The use of detailed surveillance data is critical in identifying hazards. METHODS:The purpose of this study was to provide updated statistics for the entire US fishing industry during 2010-2014, generate fleet-specific...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lucas DL,Case SL

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Transient hand paresthesias in Champagne vineyard workers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of hand paresthesias (HP) and their relationship with pruning activities. METHODS:A cross-sectional study was conducted among 537 workers pruning grapevines in the region of Champagne. All workers completed a questionnaire about nocturnal HP and musculoskele...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roquelaure Y,Gabignon Y,Gillant JC,Delalieux P,Ferrari C,Méa M,Fanello S,Penneau-Fontbonne D

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Physical workload, ergonomic problems, and incidence of low back injury: a 7.5-year prospective study of San Francisco transit operators.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The etiologic role of biomechanical factors for low back injury (LBI) needs to be confirmed in prospective studies that control for psychosocial factors. METHODS:Complete baseline information on 1,233 vehicle operators was gathered during medical examinations and by questionnaire. First LBI during 7.5 years...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krause N,Rugulies R,Ragland DR,Syme SL

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dupuytren's contracture and handwork: A case-control study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to examine the association between Dupuytren's contracture (DC), repetitive handwork (RHW), heavy handwork (HHW), and/or vibration exposure. METHODS:Frequency and intensity of the three types of handwork were collected and compared between DC patients and controls. Hours of wo...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haines A,Levis C,Goldsmith CH,Kaur M,Duku E,Wells R,Walter SD,Rook C,Stock S,Liss G,Murphy J,Thoma A

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Minnesota Highway Maintenance Worker Study: cancer mortality.

    abstract::Highway maintenance workers (HMWs) have been exposed to a broad range of potentially toxic substances, including diesel fuels and exhaust, asphalts and tars, herbicides, gasoline, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, benzene, and lead. The number of current and former state, county, and municipal HMWs in the United Stat...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bender AP,Parker DL,Johnson RA,Scharber WK,Williams AN,Marbury MC,Mandel JS

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • ELF magnetic field exposures in an office environment.

    abstract::Potential exposures to extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields were investigated in response to worker concerns about an apparent increased spontaneous abortion risk in a payroll office environment. Concern in this office centered on the use of video display terminals (VDTs), which have been investigated as a po...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Breysse P,Lees PS,McDiarmid MA,Curbow B

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Historical perspective on approaches to estimation of inhalation risk by air sampling.

    abstract::Epidemiological investigation involving historical cohorts requires reconstruction of individual cohort member exposures during the period of study. However, past approaches to exposure assessment by industrial hygienists were characterized by different professional expectations for air sampling, and different orienta...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Corn M

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Projections of leukemia risk associated with occupational exposure to benzene.

    abstract::In 1982, White et al published an assessment of quantitative leukemia risk associated with lifetime occupational exposure to benzene. At about the same time, IARC (1982) published estimates of quantitative cancer risk associated with industrial chemicals. Benzene was one of the two chemicals selected by IARC for its r...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Infante PF,White MC

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acute traumatic injuries in underground bituminous coal miners.

    abstract::Using injury information from the 1986 Mine Safety and Health Administration database, and demographic information from a 1986 sample survey of the miner population, acute traumatic injury rates for male workers in underground bituminous coal mines were computed by age, current job experience, and total mine work expe...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee T,Anderson C,Kraus JF

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Proportionate mortality among union members employed at three Texas refineries.

    abstract::The cause-specific mortality (1940-1993) of 2,985 male workers employed in three oil refineries was examined using a proportionate mortality study design. Separate analyses were undertaken by race, refinery, employment status (active and retired), and time since entry into the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers (OCAW) ...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dement JM,Hensley L,Kieding S,Lipscomb H

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • Chronology of asbestos cancer discoveries: experimental studies of the Saranac Laboratory.

    abstract::This commentary challenges a recently published perception that Dr. Le Roy Upson Gardner had not actually discovered in 1942 that inhaled chrysotile fibers could induce malignant neoplasia in mice. The handwritten laboratory notes and some of Dr. Gardner's slides have recently been found. They verify that the tumors h...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Schepers GW

    更新日期:1995-04-01 00:00:00

  • Promoting integrated approaches to reducing health inequities among low-income workers: applying a social ecological framework.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Nearly one of every three workers in the United States is low-income. Low-income populations have a lower life expectancy and greater rates of chronic diseases compared to those with higher incomes. Low- income workers face hazards in their workplaces as well as in their communities. Developing integrated pu...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baron SL,Beard S,Davis LK,Delp L,Forst L,Kidd-Taylor A,Liebman AK,Linnan L,Punnett L,Welch LS

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Occupational factors and carpal tunnel syndrome.

    abstract::Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most commonly reported nerve entrapment syndrome. The prevalence of CTS among 652 active workers in jobs with specific hand force and repetitiveness characteristics was estimated. The prevalence of CTS ranged from 0.6% among workers in low force-low repetitive jobs to 5.6% among wor...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silverstein BA,Fine LJ,Armstrong TJ

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of a low intensity intervention to increase hearing protector use among noise-exposed workers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Farm operators experience exposure to high noise and high prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss, but use of hearing protection in this worker group is low. The purpose of this study was to test a brief intervention to increase farm operators' use of hearing protection. METHODS:In this one-group pre- and ...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCullagh MC

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Parkinson's disease and occupation: differences in associations by case identification method suggest referral bias.

    abstract:METHODS:We used a population-based sample of 403 Parkinson's disease cases and 405 controls to examine risks by occupation. Results were compared to a previous clinic-based analysis. RESULTS:With censoring of jobs held within 10 years of diagnosis, the following had significantly or strongly increased risks: social sc...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teschke K,Marion SA,Tsui JK,Shen H,Rugbjerg K,Harris MA

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of Thoroughbred horse farm workers' compensation insurance claims in Kentucky: Injury frequency, cost, lost time, and associated occupational factors.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Thoroughbred horse farm workers self-report a high frequency of work-related injuries and pain. However, an analysis of Thoroughbred horse farm workers' compensation injury claims is absent from the literature, yet may benefit worker safety. METHODS:We analyzed workers' compensation insurance firm data cont...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flunker JC,Clouser JM,Swanberg JE

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Benzene: standards, occurrence, and exposure.

    abstract::The national occupational standard values for benzene are 10 ppm for Australia, 10 ppm for Denmark, 10 ppm for Finland, 10 ppm for Japan, 10 ppm for The Netherlands, 10 ppm for the United States, and 5 ppm for Sweden; in the Federal Republic of Germany the technical guideline value is 8 ppm. Crude mineral oil contains...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holmberg B,Lundberg P

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Nested case-control study of esophageal cancer in relation to occupational exposure to silica and other dusts.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Standardized proportionate mortality ratio (SPMR) was found to be 2.2 (95% CI = 1.3-3.5) for esophageal cancer (EC) among workers exposed to refractory brick dust in a large iron-steel complex in China. METHODS:A nested case-control design within a cohort of industrial workers. One hundred and twenty-five E...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pan G,Takahashi K,Feng Y,Liu L,Liu T,Zhang S,Liu N,Okubo T,Goldsmith DF

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

  • Work Safety Culture of Latinx Child Farmworkers in North Carolina.

    abstract:Background:Little research has addressed the safety environment of child farmworkers. This analysis examines the work safety culture experienced by Latinx child farmworkers in North Carolina. Methods:Survey interviews were conducted in 2017 with 202 Latinx children aged 10 to 17 years employed on North Carolina farms....

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arcury TA,Quandt SA,Arnold TJ,Chen H,Sandberg JC,Kearney GD,Daniel SS

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Integrating occupational health services and occupational prevention services.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite the human and monetary costs of occupational injury and illness, occupational health care has focused more on treatment than prevention, and prevention is not part of many clinical occupational health practices. This represents a failure of occupational health care to meet the health care needs of th...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rudolph L,Deitchman S,Dervin K

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between work permits, injury, and safety training among working teenagers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:No information exists on the differences between teenagers with work permits and teenagers without work permits in regards to workplace injury, near-miss incidents, and safety training. METHODS:In May 2003, an anonymous questionnaire was administered to 7,506 teens attending high school throughout the five ...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zierold KM,Anderson H

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Solubility of endotoxins from Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay may underestimate endotoxins because only soluble endotoxins are determined. The solubility of endotoxins was, therefore, studied in two species of Gram-negative bacteria. METHODS:Cultures were grown in serum broth, cells were harvested by centrifugation and washed i...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eduard W,Westby MH,Larsson L

    更新日期:2004-10-01 00:00:00

  • Global estimates of fatal work-related diseases.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Work-related mortality is a relatively new concept which aims to widen occupational health and safety; to take into account not only recognized fatal occupational accidents and diseases but also other work-related deaths. Few countries in the world have a register for work-related diseases. METHODS:Estimate...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hämäläinen P,Takala J,Saarela KL

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Nonfatal construction industry-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the United States, 1998-2005.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study documented the burden of nonfatal construction industry work-related injuries treated in hospital emergency departments in the United States (US) from 1998 through 2005 and described injured worker demographics and injury characteristics. METHODS:Data from the National Electronic Injury Surveilla...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schoenfisch AL,Lipscomb HJ,Shishlov K,Myers DJ

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Biomass fuel use for cooking in Sri Lanka: analysis of data from national demographic health surveys.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Biomass cooking fuel is the main source of indoor air pollution in the majority of households in the developing world. Sri Lanka is an island of about 20 million population with urban, rural, and estate population of 14.6%, 80.0%, and 5.4%, respectively. This study describes biomass fuel use for cooking in S...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nandasena S,Wickremasinghe AR,Sathiakumar N

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring success in a pesticide risk reduction program among migrant farmworkers in Colorado.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Farmworkers in the US largely consist of young undocumented Hispanics with a median education of 6 years and limited English skills. The High Plains Intermountain Center for Agricultural Health and Safety bilingual pesticide risk reduction program, which complied with the Worker Protection Standard for migra...

    journal_title:American journal of industrial medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vela Acosta MS,Chapman P,Bigelow PL,Kennedy C,Buchan RM

    更新日期:2005-03-01 00:00:00