Efficacy of Bach-flower remedies in test anxiety: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial with partial crossover.


:Bach-flower remedies are a type of alternative medication used increasingly for over-the-counter self-help purposes. We studied the efficacy of a combination of Bach-flower remedies in subjects with test anxiety in a randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded parallel group design, with crossing over the placebo group to remedies after the first phase. Anxiety was measured by a standardized, validated test anxiety questionnaire (the German version of the Test Anxiety Inventory, TAI-G). Fifty-five of 61 subjects with self-reported test anxiety gave valid data. There was no significant difference between the groups, but a significant decrease of test anxiety in all groups was present. We conclude that Bach-flower remedies are an effective placebo for test anxiety and do not have a specific effect.


J Anxiety Disord


Walach H,Rilling C,Engelke U




Has Abstract


2001-07-01 00:00:00














  • The role of panic-fear in comorbid asthma and panic disorder.

    abstract::We examined mediational models of panic-fear, panic disorder (PD), and asthma outcomes among adult asthma patients. PD was assessed by the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule. Twenty-one asthma-PD patients and 27 asthma-only patients completed spirometry and questionnaires. Asthma-PD patients reported greater illness...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feldman JM,Siddique MI,Thompson NS,Lehrer PM

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Threat and safety reversal learning in social anxiety disorder - an fMRI study.

    abstract::Social anxiety disorder (SAD) has been linked to maladaptive forms of fear regulation, including flexibly distinguishing between learned threat and safety signals. Few studies have examined this in young, unmedicated SAD patients, including its neural basis. We aimed to characterize the neural, subjective, and autonom...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Savage HS,Davey CG,Fullana MA,Harrison BJ

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Enhanced Stroop interference for threat in social phobia.

    abstract::Socially anxious individuals are characterized by an attentional bias for threat-related information. However, this attentional bias to threat may be attenuated [Behav. Res. Ther. 34 (1996) 945] when these individuals are anxious. In the present study, we attempted to increase subjects' Stroop interference by changing...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ami N,Freshman M,Foa E

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety and depressive disorders in offspring at high risk for anxiety: a meta-analysis.

    abstract::This paper presents a meta-analysis of studies examining prevalence of psychopathology among offspring of anxiety-disordered parents, with the purpose of determining overall risk among these offspring for developing anxiety and depressive disorders. Pooled odds ratios for these disorders among high-risk offspring, com...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Micco JA,Henin A,Mick E,Kim S,Hopkins CA,Biederman J,Hirshfeld-Becker DR

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of social anxiety on interpersonal evaluations of warmth and dominance.

    abstract::Social anxiety disorder is associated with interpersonal dysfunction, but it is not clear why people with the disorder feel unsatisfied with their relationships. One possibility is that higher social anxiety could lead to changes in sensitivity to interpersonal traits. We examined whether social anxiety moderates the ...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rodebaugh TL,Bielak T,Vidovic V,Moscovitch DA

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Is juvenile psychopathy associated with low anxiety and fear in conduct-disordered male offenders?

    abstract::Although the traditional conceptualization of psychopathy suggests that this construct is negatively associated with anxiety the literature has produced mixed findings. The present study examined the relationship between self-report measures of anxiety/fear and psychopathy assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist: You...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dolan MC,Rennie CE

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Scrupulosity disorder: an overview and introductory analysis.

    abstract::Scrupulosity is a psychological disorder primarily characterized by pathological guilt or obsession associated with moral or religious issues that is often accompanied by compulsive moral or religious observance and is highly distressing and maladaptive. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of scrupulosity and...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Miller CH,Hedges DW

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of positive interpretive bias modification in highly anxious individuals.

    abstract::Over the past 20 years evidence has accumulated that individuals suffering from anxiety tend to interpret ambiguous information as threatening. Considering the causal role of this interpretive bias in anxiety, it was recently established that modifying interpretive biases influences anxiety. This suggests that anxiety...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Salemink E,van den Hout M,Kindt M

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Working out the worries: A randomized controlled trial of high intensity interval training in generalized anxiety disorder.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Aerobic exercise (AE) demonstrated an overall medium treatment effect in anxiety disorders (AD) but there is evidence for an "intensity-response" relationship. High intensity interval training (HIIT) was highly effective on a range of (mental) health parameters. However, so far no randomised-controlled trial...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Plag J,Schmidt-Hellinger P,Klippstein T,Mumm JLM,Wolfarth B,Petzold MB,Ströhle A

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of additional prolonged exposure to psychoeducation and relaxation in acute stress disorder.

    abstract::We investigated the effect of prolonged exposure (PE) on the heart rate (HR) and skin conductance response to trauma-related stimuli in acute stress disorder (ASD). Forty recent trauma victims with ASD were randomly assigned to three sessions of either PE or supportive counseling (SC) with both groups also receiving p...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Freyth C,Elsesser K,Lohrmann T,Sartory G

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood adversity profiles and adult psychopathology in a representative Northern Ireland study.

    abstract::Childhood adversities are key aetiological factors in the onset and persistence of psychopathology. The aims of this study were to identify childhood adversity profiles, and investigate the relationship between the adversity classes and psychopathology in Northern Ireland. The study utilized data from the Northern Ire...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLafferty M,Armour C,McKenna A,O'Neill S,Murphy S,Bunting B

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • The feasibility of verbal and virtual reality exposure for youth with academic performance worry.

    abstract::With exposure emerging as a key ingredient in anxiety treatment for childhood anxiety disorders (CADs), expansion of exposure techniques is a promising avenue for improving treatment efficacy. The present study examined use of imaginal exposure (IE), a technique understudied in the treatment of CADs. Specifically, the...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Whiteside SPH,Brennan E,Biggs BK,Vickers K,Hathaway J,Seifert SJ,Kramer KM,Hofschulte DR

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized controlled study of power posing before public speaking exposure for social anxiety disorder: No evidence for augmentative effects.

    abstract::This manuscript details a randomized controlled study designed to test the efficacy of power posing (i.e., briefly holding postures associated with dominance and power) as an augmentative strategy for exposure therapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD). Seventy-three individuals diagnosed with SAD were assigned to one ...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Davis ML,Papini S,Rosenfield D,Roelofs K,Kolb S,Powers MB,Smits JAJ

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Three decades of increase in health anxiety: Systematic review and meta-analysis of birth cohort changes in university student samples from 1985 to 2017.

    abstract::Health anxiety can be defined as a multifaceted trait that is primarily characterised by a fear of, or preoccupation with, serious illness. Whereas low levels of health anxiety can be helpful, clinically significant levels are associated with personal suffering and substantial societal costs. As general anxiety is pro...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Kosic A,Lindholm P,Järvholm K,Hedman-Lagerlöf E,Axelsson E

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical characteristics of anxiety disordered youth.

    abstract::Reports the characteristics of a large, representative sample of treatment-seeking anxious youth (N=488). Participants, aged 7-17 years (mean 10.7 years), had a principal DSM-IV diagnosis of separation anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), or social phobia (SP). Although youth with a co-primary d...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kendall PC,Compton SN,Walkup JT,Birmaher B,Albano AM,Sherrill J,Ginsburg G,Rynn M,McCracken J,Gosch E,Keeton C,Bergman L,Sakolsky D,Suveg C,Iyengar S,March J,Piacentini J

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • The phenomenology of non-clinical panic in older adults in comparison to younger adults.

    abstract::The prevalence and nature of panic symptoms in the elderly are poorly understood. In a replication and extension of Deer and Calamari [J. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry 29 (1998) 303], the current study sought to determine which symptoms of anxiety best differentiated elderly endorsers of panic from elderly who do not p...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Depp C,Woodruff-Borden J,Meeks S,Gretarsdottir E,DeKryger N

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Specificity of Inhibitory Control Deficits in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Dissociation Between the Speed and Reliability of Stopping.

    abstract::Inhibitory control over thoughts, emotions, and actions is challenging for people with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Whether specific aspects of inhibitory control are differentially affected in PTSD remains an open question. Here we examined performance on two popular response inhibition tasks in 28 combat V...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Swick D,Ashley V

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Social anxiety and discomfort with friendly giving.

    abstract::Individuals higher in social anxiety report more impaired friendship quality, which past research suggests may stem from constrained warmth. We examined three motivations for constrained warmth in friendships and determined how these motivations related to social anxiety and friendship impairment. To do so, we assesse...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernandez KC,Rodebaugh TL

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Quetiapine as an adjunctive pharmacotherapy for the treatment of non-remitting generalized anxiety disorder: a flexible-dose, open-label pilot trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a chronic disorder associated with significant morbidity and disability. Traditional therapies are associated with poor levels of remission, and often result in troublesome side effects. METHODS:This was a 12-week, open-label, flexible-dose study to assess the efficacy ...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Katzman MA,Vermani M,Jacobs L,Marcus M,Kong B,Lessard S,Galarraga W,Struzik L,Gendron A

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • Cognitive functioning in compulsive hoarding.

    abstract::The aim of this study is to determine whether neurocognitive performance distinguishes individuals with compulsive hoarding (CH) from those with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Compared to control subjects, OCD patients and CHs scored significantly worse on the Serial Reaction Time Task suggesting disturbed impli...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blom RM,Samuels JF,Grados MA,Chen Y,Bienvenu OJ,Riddle MA,Liang KY,Brandt J,Nestadt G

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • A psychometric evaluation of the parent report form of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children--Trait Version.

    abstract::We examined the psychometric characteristics of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children-Parent Report-Trait Version (STAIC-P-T) [Strauss, C. (1987). Modification of trait portion of State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children-Parent Form. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida], a brief, parent report paper-and-...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Southam-Gerow MA,Flannery-Schroeder EC,Kendall PC

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Social support, world assumptions, and exposure as predictors of anxiety and quality of life following a mass trauma.

    abstract::This study examined the influence of a mass trauma (the Virginia Tech campus shootings) on anxiety symptoms and quality of life, as well as the potential vulnerability/protective roles of world assumptions and social support. Pre-trauma adjustment data, collected in the six months prior to the shooting, was examined a...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grills-Taquechel AE,Littleton HL,Axsom D

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Sleep-based heart period variability in panic disorder with and without nocturnal panic attacks.

    abstract::In this paper, we investigated ambulatory sleep heart period variability in panic disorder participants with nocturnal panic (NP) compared to daytime panic attacks only. A time-derived measure of heart period variability (HPV) during sleep was significantly reduced in the NP group (n=32) relative to the daytime panic ...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aikins DE,Craske MG

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of fear on attentional processing in a sample of healthy females.

    abstract::The present experiment examines the effect of fear on efficiency of three attention networks: executive attention, orienting and alerting, in a healthy female sample. International Affective Picture System (IAPS) images were used to elicit both a fear response and a non-emotional response in 100 participants. During t...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Finucane AM,Power MJ

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Responses to perceived intimate partner rejection among individuals with social anxiety disorder and healthy controls.

    abstract::Individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD) demonstrate impaired functioning in intimate relationships, yet little is known about how socially anxious individuals respond to perceived intimate partner rejection. In the present study, individuals with SAD (n = 30) and healthy controls (HCs; n = 33) who were involved...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lenton-Brym AP,Monson CM,Antony MM

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to heights in a theme park: fear, dizziness, and body sway.

    abstract::Fear of heights results in the experience of dizziness and measurable body sway. We investigated the relationship between fear, dizziness, and body sway during height exposure 16 m above ground. Thirty five healthy participants stood on a force-plate to measure sway before, during, and after exposure and an ECG was re...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alpers GW,Adolph D

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Reconciling the differences between the King et al. (1998) and Simms et al. (2002) factor models of PTSD.

    abstract::Much of the debate surrounding the dimensionality of PTSD relates to three specific Hyperarousal symptoms (D1-D3) and whether they are appropriate indicators of one of two broad constructs that constitute PTSD: Dysphoria or Hyperarousal. This study addressed this issue by testing a series of confirmatory factor models...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shevlin M,McBride O,Armour C,Adamson G

    更新日期:2009-10-01 00:00:00

  • Etiology of the dimensions of anxiety sensitivity: a behavioral-genetic analysis.

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    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor S,Jang KL,Stewart SH,Stein MB

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Structured and free-recall measures of worry themes: effect of order of presentation on worry report.

    abstract::Structured instruments (SI) or free-recall instruments (FRI) can be used to examine worry themes. In the case where both types are use jointly, order of presentation may influence number and content of free-recall worries. Half of a large undergraduate sample (N = 609) received the SI before the FRI and the other half...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laberge M,Fournier S,Freeston MH,Ladouceur R,Provencher MD

    更新日期:2000-07-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic stress symptom clusters associations with psychopathology and functional impairment.

    abstract::We examined posttraumatic stress symptom clusters associations with psychopathology and functional impairment in 899 Norwegian survivors of the 2004 South-East Asia tsunami six months post-disaster. Posttraumatic stress symptoms were assessed with the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) with intrusion, avoidance, an...

    journal_title:Journal of anxiety disorders

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heir T,Piatigorsky A,Weisæth L

    更新日期:2010-12-01 00:00:00