Neuropsychological assessment and the Disability Rating Scale (DRS): a concurrent validity study.


:Assessment of current level of functioning among clients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often guides the establishment of realistic outcome goals for post-acute rehabilitation. Further, data generated from neuropsychological testing provide a clinician with a better understanding of a client's pattern of cognitive strengths and weaknesses. The Disability Rating Scale (DRS) is commonly used by TBI rehabilitation facilities to assess a client's general level of functioning in terms of impairment, disability, and handicap. Previous studies have used clients' neuropsychological test results to predict future level of functioning. These studies have shown mixed results regarding the predictive validity of the test findings; however, they usually employ only a limited number of tests for prediction representing a limited number of cognitive domains. Using a concurrent validity design, the present study investigated the bivariate associations between various neuropsychological testing domains (i.e. intellectual, academic, language, visuoperceptual, memory, and executive functioning) and level of functioning as indexed by the DRS. Participants were administered the DRS and the neuropsychological evaluation during the initial part of post-acute rehabilitation. Composite scores were derived for each of the neuropsychological domains. Most participants were categorized as sustaining a severe TBI. The mean age and education of this predominately male sample was 28.84 years (SD = 9.13) and 11.83 years (SD = 1.7), respectively. Results revealed a significant positive relationship between performances in intellectual, executive, academic, and visuoperceptual domains and level of functioning.


Brain Inj


Brain injury


Neese LE,Caroselli JS,Klaas P,High WM Jr,Becker LJ,Scheibel RS




Has Abstract


2000-08-01 00:00:00












  • Sensitivity of the WAIS-R Verbal-Performance IQ difference and intersubtest scatter to traumatic brain injury. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised.

    abstract::The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) Verbal IQ-Performance IQ (VIQ-PIQ) discrepancy and a number of indices of intersubtest scatter were examined in 25 subjects with a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) evidence of structural brain abnormality. Abnormal VIQ-P...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kraiuhin C,Shores EA,Roberts C

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of local administration of allogenic adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells on functional recovery in experimental traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in paediatric patients after the first year of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of locally administered allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), in the acute period after a TBI. METHODOLOGY:MSC were isolated from ...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mastro-Martínez I,Pérez-Suárez E,Melen G,González-Murillo Á,Casco F,Lozano-Carbonero N,Gutiérrez-Fernández M,Díez-Tejedor E,Casado-Flores J,Ramírez-Orellana M,Serrano-González A

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of serum cortisol to predict recovery in paediatric sport-related concussion.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the relationship between acute serum cortisol following pediatric sport-related concussion (SRC) and clinical outcome measures of symptom burden and length to return to sport (RTS) Methods: Prospective observational study of ice hockey players ages 11-12 recruited prior to the hockey season. Players ...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ritchie EV,Emery C,Debert CT

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of an electronic memory aid in the neuropsychological rehabilitation of prospective memory deficits.

    abstract::Five subjects with acquired memory impairment were trained to use a new electronic memory aid, the Voice Organizer, to manage prospective memory errors. Performance was assessed on two measures analogous to everyday memory tasks; a Message-Passing task requiring prospective recall after a delay of 9 hours, and a Domes...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: van den Broek MD,Downes J,Johnson Z,Dayus B,Hilton N

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • Sleep Disturbances in Young Adults with Childhood Traumatic Brain Injury: Relationship with Fatigue, Depression, and Quality of Life.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study assessed the consequences of childhood traumatic brain injury (TBI) on sleep, fatigue, depression, and quality of life (QoL) outcomes and explored the relationships between these variables at 20 years following childhood TBI. PARTICIPANTS:We followed up 54 young adults with mild, moderate, and sev...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Botchway EN,Godfrey C,Ryan NP,Hearps S,Nicholas CL,Anderson VA,Catroppa C

    更新日期:2020-10-14 00:00:00

  • Caregiver burden in Danish family members of patients with severe brain injury: The chronic phase.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate caregiver burden and factors associated with caregiver burden among family members of patients with severe brain injury in the chronic phase. Additionally, the study aimed at investigating differences in burden between parents and spouses. METHODS:Forty-four Danish caregivers of patients with ...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Doser K,Norup A

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Subdural hygroma-related heterotopic ossification in a patient with a stroke: a case report.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study presents a patient with a stroke who had total paralysis of his left-side limbs after intracranial haemorrhaging, who later experienced partial weakness of the right-side limbs after a subdural hygroma. Both conditions occurred without major trauma. He received two separate operations, a craniotom...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin SH,Chiu CC,Wang CY,Chen CH,Chang KH

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • ICU sedation with dexmedetomidine after severe traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To comprehensively describe the use of dexmedetomidine in a single institutional series of adult ICU patients with severe TBI. This study describes the dexmedetomidine dosage and infusion times, as well as the physiological parameters, neurological status and daily narcotic requirements before, during and aft...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Humble SS,Wilson LD,Leath TC,Marshall MD,Sun DZ,Pandharipande PP,Patel MB

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mild traumatic brain injury and anxiety sequelae: a review of the literature.

    abstract::There is scattered but significant psychological and neuropsychological evidence to suggest that mild traumatic brain injury (mild TBI) plays a notable role in the emergence and expression of anxiety. Conversely, there is also empirical evidence to indicate that anxiety may exert a pronounced impact on the prognosis a...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Moore EL,Terryberry-Spohr L,Hope DA

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Trajectory of disability and quality-of-life in non-geriatric and geriatric survivors after severe traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective was to investigate disability and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) 3, 6 and 12 months after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in non-geriatric (≤ 65 years) and geriatric patients (> 65 years). METHODS:Patients ≥ 16 years who sustained a severe TBI (Abbreviated Injury Scale of the head region >...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Haller CS,Delhumeau C,De Pretto M,Schumacher R,Pielmaier L,Rebetez MM,Haller G,Walder B

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of phototherapy on sleep during acute rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract::Objective: To examine the impact of bright white light (BWL) exposure on sleep quality in persons with recent traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Randomized, controlled device-sham study Setting: 3 TBI Model System inpatient rehabilitation units Participants: 131 participants (mean 40.9 years, 68% male) Intervention...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bell KR,Fogelberg D,Barber J,Nakase-Richardson R,Zumsteg JM,Dubiel R,Dams-O'Connor K,Hoffman JM

    更新日期:2021-01-17 00:00:00

  • Evaluating the impact of treatment for sleep/wake disorders on recovery of cognition and communication in adults with chronic TBI.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To longitudinally examine objective and self-reported outcomes for recovery of cognition, communication, mood and participation in adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and co-morbid post-traumatic sleep/wake disorders. DESIGN:Prospective, longitudinal, single blind outcome study. SETTING:Community-based...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Wiseman-Hakes C,Murray B,Moineddin R,Rochon E,Cullen N,Gargaro J,Colantonio A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • A case of experiential hallucinations of unknown origins, or the mystery of the mime.

    abstract::A case is described of repetitive familiar activities apparently accompanied by a hallucinated physical environment in an older brain-injured man with an amputation of the left temporal lobe. A parallel is drawn to the 'experiential hallucinations' described in psychomotor seizures and direct stimulation of the cortex...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bartolucci G,Berry J

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between frequent pain or headaches and neurobehavioral symptoms by gender and TBI severity.

    abstract::Objective: To investigate differences in frequent pain or headaches and associated neurobehavioral symptoms among men, women, and transgender individuals with and without a history of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Setting: Community Participants: English and Spanish-speaking adults (n = 2,862) with and without self-re...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meltzer KJ,Juengst SB

    更新日期:2021-01-04 00:00:00

  • Lifetime history of traumatic brain injury among persons with substance use disorders.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Determine (a) if there are sub-groups of individuals with substance use disorders distinguished by their pattern of sustaining traumatic brain injury (TBI) over the lifetime and (b) whether sub-group membership affects current functioning. DESIGN:Secondary analysis. SETTINGS:Outpatient substance abuse treat...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Corrigan JD,Bogner J,Holloman C

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Actigraphy for assessment of sleep in traumatic brain injury: case series, review of the literature and proposed criteria for use.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To demonstrate that actigraphy is an appropriate means of measuring sleep in patients with TBI and to define parameters for its use in this population. RESEARCH DESIGN:Case series and review of the literature. METHODS AND PROCEDURES:Subjects participating in one of two externally funded studies addr...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Zollman FS,Cyborski C,Duraski SA

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Predictive value of initial intracranial pressure for refractory intracranial hypertension in persons with traumatic brain injury: a prospective observational study.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Abstract Objective: To prospectively investigate the predictive value of initial intracranial pressure (ICP) for refractory intracranial hypertension and outcomes in persons with diffuse traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS:A prospective observational study was conducted in 107 adult persons with diffuse T...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuan Q,Liu H,Wu X,Sun Y,Zhou L,Hu J

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Factors increasing the risk of suicide after traumatic brain injury: a state-of-the-science review of military and civilian studies.

    abstract::Primary Objective: Survey TBI literature to identify evidence of risk for post-injury suicide. Literature Selection: Search terms ((traumatic brain injury OR TBI) AND (suicidality OR suicidal behaviour OR suicidal ideation)) entered in PubMed, OVID Medline, PsychInfo, and Web of Science for papers published in print 0...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McIntire KS,Crawford KA,Perrin PB,Sestak JL,Aman K,Walter LA,Page DB,Wen H,Randolph BO,Brunner RC,Novack TL,Niemeier JP

    更新日期:2021-01-18 00:00:00

  • Characteristics and outcomes of a home and community-based neurorehabilitation programme.

    abstract::The potential clinical and financial advantages of providing neurorehabilitation directly in patients' homes and communities have recently been discussed. However, the specific characteristics and outcomes of a coordinated, interdisciplinary, home-based programme does not currently exist in the rehabilitation literatu...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pace GM,Schlund MW,Hazard-Haupt T,Christensen JR,Lashno M,McIver J,Peterson K,Morgan KA

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • A proposal for an evidenced-based emergency department discharge form for mild traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To examine and compare a sample of head injury care instruction forms available in hospital emergency departments (EDs) against evidence-based factors predictive of haemorrhage or traumatic lesions and to propose an easy-to-understand discharge instruction form for patients with concussion or mild tra...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,评审


    authors: Fung M,Willer B,Moreland D,Leddy JJ

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00

  • Placebo-controlled study of pramiracetam in young males with memory and cognitive problems resulting from head injury and anoxia.

    abstract::The current study evaluated under double-blind placebo-controlled conditions, the safety and efficacy of 400 mg pramiracetam sulphate TID in treating memory and other cognitive problems of males who have sustained brain injuries. The results of the study indicate that subject performance in measures of memory, especia...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: McLean A Jr,Cardenas DD,Burgess D,Gamzu E

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • An Internet training intervention for people with traumatic brain injury: barriers and outcomes.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To test whether people with cognitive-linguistic impairments following traumatic brain injury could learn to use the Internet using specialized training materials. RESEARCH DESIGN:Pre-post test design. METHODS AND PROCEDURES:Seven participants were each matched with a volunteer tutor. Basic Internet...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Egan J,Worrall L,Oxenham D

    更新日期:2005-08-10 00:00:00

  • Athlete concussion history recall is underestimated: a validation study of self-reported concussion history among current professional rugby union players.

    abstract::Objective: To assess the concurrent validity and test re-test reliability of the Michigan Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method (MTBIIM). The psychometric properties of this concussion index were investigated by comparing the agreement between player self-reported diagnosed concussions and medical record diagno...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cunningham J,Broglio S,Wyse J,Mc Hugh C,Farrell G,Denvir K,Wilson F

    更新日期:2020-12-31 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of management and guideline adherence in children with mild traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the management and guideline adherence in children with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) in emergency departments (ED) in the Netherlands. METHODS:A multicentre cohort study was conducted, including children younger than 18 years with MTBI who presented within 24 hours after trauma in the ED of hospi...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Broers MC,Niermeijer JF,Kotsopoulos IAW,Lingsma HF,Bruinenberg JFM,Catsman-Berrevoets CE

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • The use of bupropion in the treatment of restlessness after a traumatic brain injury.

    abstract::The occurrence of restlessness after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is common. Severe restlessness can be a barrier in the multidisciplinary treatment of patients with TBI. The following case describes a patient with restlessness after a head-on motor vehicle accident. The patient was tachycardic, diaphoretic, demonst...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teng CJ,Bhalerao S,Lee Z,Farber J,Morris H,Foran T,Tucker W

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of thalamic perfusion in patients with mild traumatic brain injury by true FISP arterial spin labelling MR imaging at 3T.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) using an arterial spin labelling (ASL) perfusion MRI and to investigate the severity of neuropsychological functional impairment with respect to haemodynamic changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Twenty-one patients with...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ge Y,Patel MB,Chen Q,Grossman EJ,Zhang K,Miles L,Babb JS,Reaume J,Grossman RI

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • A case study of locked-in-syndrome: psychological and personal perspectives.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Although patients with Locked-In-Syndrome (LIS) are often stated to have normal cognitive functioning, the few reports of neuropsychological assessment in these cases suggest this is not always true. This paper (a) reviews published reports of neuropsychological assessments of LIS patients, (b) presents a de...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wilson BA,Hinchcliffe A,Okines T,Florschutz G,Fish J

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pupillary responses to light in chronic non-blast-induced mTBI.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate objectively and quantitatively human pupillary responses to a light stimulus under photopic conditions in individuals with non-blast-induced, chronic, mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). METHODS:Seventeen individuals with chronic, non-blast-induced mTBI and 15 visually-normal (VN) controls were tes...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thiagarajan P,Ciuffreda KJ

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Course of neuropsychological recovery from moderate-to-severe head injury: a 2-year follow-up.

    abstract::Neuropsychological outcome and recovery of a group of 91 patients with moderate-to-severe head injuries were prospectively investigated over a 2 year period, with evaluations at acute hospital discharge at 6 months and 2 years post-injury. A group of 39 trauma patients with injuries to parts of the body other than the...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Lannoo E,Colardyn F,Jannes C,de Soete G

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Haemostatic and cranial computed tomography characteristics in patients with acute and delayed coagulopathy after isolated traumatic brain injury.

    abstract:PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:To investigate whether the development of coagulopathy at different stages after isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with distinct cranial computed tomography characteristics. RESEARCH DESIGN:Retrospective cohort study in 226 patients with moderate-to-severe isolated TBI who were cate...

    journal_title:Brain injury

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Franschman G,Greuters S,Jansen WH,Posthuma LM,Peerdeman SM,Wattjes MP,Loer SA,Boer C

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00