Lead exposure among small-scale battery recyclers, automobile radiator mechanics, and their children in Manila, the Philippines.

Abstract:

:Blood lead (PbB) and hemoglobin levels (Hb) were determined in 40 battery repair/recycling shop workers, 16 radiator repair shop workers, and 20 children living in the immediate vicinity of these shops. Unexposed residents with similar socioeconomic status were also investigated. Mean PbB level was significantly higher for battery workers (54.23 microg/dL) when compared to radiator workers (20.04 microg/dL) and unexposed adults (12.56 microg/dL) (P<0.001). Among battery workers, 94% had PbB levels above the WHO permissible exposure limit of 40 microg/dL for males and 30 microg/dL for females. There was no demarcation between workplace and living quarters; therefore, workers' families were similarly exposed to hazards. Children living in the immediate vicinity of battery shops also had significantly higher mean PbB levels (49.88 microg/dL) compared to radiator shop children (11.84 microg/dL) and unexposed children (9.92 microg/dL). For workers with PbB > 40 microg/dL, 90% were anemic (Hb < 13 g/dL for males and <11.5 g/dL for females). Linear regression showed a correlation (r=-0.214; P=0.03) between Hb level and log(10)PbB. There was no significant relationship between anemia and blood lead in children (r=-0.146). We conclude that radiator repair activities appeared to increase the body burden of lead, although not up to a level significantly different from unexposed counterparts. Battery recycling/repair activities, however, significantly increased blood lead levels in workers and their children.

journal_name

Environ Res

journal_title

Environmental research

authors

Suplido ML,Ong CN

doi

10.1006/enrs.1999.4024

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-03-01 00:00:00

pages

231-8

issue

3

eissn

0013-9351

issn

1096-0953

pii

S0013-9351(99)94024-0

journal_volume

82

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Clearance of refractory ceramic fibers (RCF) from the rat lung: development of a model.

    abstract::Chronic exposure and postexposure experiments have been recently performed in rats to evaluate the biological responses of inhaled refractory ceramic fibers (RCF) at different concentration levels. The lung burden data in the accessory lobe of the rat lung were collected during and after different exposure and postexp...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/enrs.1994.1035

    authors: Yu CP,Zhang L,Oberdörster G,Mast RW,Glass LR,Utell MJ

    更新日期:1994-05-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term exposure to methylmercury and its effects on hypertension in Minamata.

    abstract::Recent studies suggest potential adverse effects of methylmercury exposure on cardiovascular disease, although the evidence of association with hypertension is still inconsistent. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of methylmercury exposure on hypertension in Minamata. We used data derived from the 1971 population-ba...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2009.10.011

    authors: Yorifuji T,Tsuda T,Kashima S,Takao S,Harada M

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of toxic effects of a diet containing fish contaminated with methylmercury in rats mimicking the exposure in the Amazon riverside population.

    abstract::This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a diet rich in fish contaminated with MeHg, mimicking the typical diet of the Amazon riverside population, in rats. Animals were randomly assigned to one of three groups with eight rats in each group: Group I-control, received commercial ration; Group II-received a di...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2011.09.013

    authors: Grotto D,Valentini J,Serpeloni JM,Monteiro PA,Latorraca EF,de Oliveira RS,Antunes LM,Garcia SC,Barbosa F Jr

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of lead on bone and cartilage in sexually mature rats: a morphometric and histomorphometry study.

    abstract::The effect of exposure to lead on the longitudinal development of the femur and of its cartilage growth plate was studied in rats. A group of forty-five 50-day-old female Wistar rats was divided into a control group of 20 rats and an experimental group of 25 rats fed a diet supplemented with 17 mg of lead acetate per ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1006/enrs.1997.3760

    authors: González-Riola J,Hernández ER,Escribano A,Revilla M,Ca-Seco,Villa LF,Rico H

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • In vivo effects of nitrogen dioxide on membrane constituents in lung and liver of rats.

    abstract::When rats were exposed to 10 ppm NO2 for 7 days, the succinate-cytochrome c reductase activity, the rate-limiting step of mitochondrial succinoxidase, of the liver decreased progressively, reaching 77% (P less than 0.01) of the control level by the fifth day. By contrast, this activity was gradually increased by a 10-...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/0013-9351(84)90004-5

    authors: Mochitate K,Kaya K,Miura T,Kubota K

    更新日期:1984-02-01 00:00:00

  • Trace metals in humic acids and their hydrolysis products.

    abstract::The role of humic acids in the transport of trace elements in the Sava river biocycle (near Zagreb, Yugloslavia) has been investigated by means of neutron activation analysis. Humic acids can accumulate certain trace elements, but little is known about their selectivity under certain physicochemical conditions. Humic ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0013-9351(86)80052-4

    authors: Huljev DJ

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Impacts of prenatal exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls, methylmercury, and lead on intellectual ability of 42-month-old children in Japan.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The age-specific impacts of perinatal exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), methylmercury (MeHg), and lead on child neurodevelopment remain controversial. Since we have already reported the prenatal effects of these chemicals on neurodevelopment in 3-day-old and 30-month-old children of a birth cohor...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2014.05.024

    authors: Tatsuta N,Nakai K,Murata K,Suzuki K,Iwai-Shimada M,Kurokawa N,Hosokawa T,Satoh H

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Heat related mortality in the two largest Belgian urban areas: A time series analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Summer temperatures are expected to increase and heat waves will occur more frequently, be longer, and be more intense as a result of global warming. A growing body of evidence indicates that increasing temperature and heatwaves are associated with excess mortality and therefore global heating may become a m...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.109848

    authors: De Troeyer K,Bauwelinck M,Aerts R,Profer D,Berckmans J,Delcloo A,Hamdi R,Van Schaeybroeck B,Hooyberghs H,Lauwaet D,Demoury C,Van Nieuwenhuyse A

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • The association of expired nitric oxide with occupational particulate metal exposure.

    abstract::Toxicologic studies have shown that soluble transition metals in residual oil fly ash (ROFA) can induce pulmonary injury. In this study, we investigated the association between the fractional concentration of expired nitric oxide (FENO) and exposure to metal constituents of particulate matter with an aerodynamic mass ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0013-9351(03)00017-3

    authors: Kim JY,Hauser R,Wand MP,Herrick RF,Amarasiriwardena CJ,Christiani DC

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • MF magnitude does not affect body condition, pro-oxidants and anti-oxidants in Eurasian kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) nestlings.

    abstract::Pylons of utility lines are commonly used by breeding birds as structures for supporting their nests. Nesting near power lines, however, exposes adult birds and their offspring to the electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) produced by the current. Therefore, we searched for possible relationships between the magnetic fie...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2007.02.006

    authors: Costantini D,Casagrande S,Dell'Omo G

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Heat wave intensity and daily mortality in four of the largest cities of Spain.

    abstract::In the current context of climate change, heat waves have become a significant problem for human health. This study assesses the effects of heat wave intensity on mortality (natural, respiratory and cardiovascular causes) in four of the largest cities of Spain (Barcelona, Bilbao, Madrid and Seville) during the period ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2019.109027

    authors: Royé D,Codesido R,Tobías A,Taracido M

    更新日期:2020-03-01 00:00:00

  • Heavy metals in fish from the Aleutians: interspecific and locational differences.

    abstract::The objectives of this study were to examine levels of arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury and selenium in edible tissue of seven species of marine fish collected from several Aleutian islands (in 2004) to determine: (1) interspecific differences, (2) locational differences (among Aleutian Islands), (3) size-related diffe...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2014.02.016

    authors: Burger J,Gochfeld M,Jeitner C,Pittfield T,Donio M

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Short-term particulate matter exposure induces extracellular vesicle release in overweight subjects.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Extracellular vesicles (EVs) represent a plausible molecular mechanism linking particulate matter (PM) inhalation to its systemic effects. Microvesicles (MVs) are released from many cell types in response to various stimuli. Increased body mass index (BMI) could modify the response to PM exposure due to enha...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2017.02.014

    authors: Bonzini M,Pergoli L,Cantone L,Hoxha M,Spinazzè A,Del Buono L,Favero C,Carugno M,Angelici L,Broggi L,Cattaneo A,Pesatori AC,Bollati V

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between insulin sensitivity and exposure to dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls in pregnant women.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between insulin sensitivity and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) exposure in non-diabetic pregnant women. Forty gravidas, 21-39 years of age and residing within the study area, were recruited. Seventeen 2,3,7,8-substituted dichloro-p-dioxin, dibenzofurans and 12 PC...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2008.01.004

    authors: Chen JW,Wang SL,Liao PC,Chen HY,Ko YC,Lee CC

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of tetrodotoxins in puffer fish caught along the Mediterranean coast of Spain. Toxin profile of Lagocephalus sceleratus.

    abstract::Although consumption of Tetraodontidae species is prohibited in the EU, intoxications are still reported. The evaluation of tetrodotoxins (TTXs) by mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS and LC-HRMS) and a screening immunoassay (mELISA) in tetraodontid fishes caught along the Western Mediterranean Sea revealed high concentration...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2017.05.031

    authors: Rambla-Alegre M,Reverté L,Del Río V,de la Iglesia P,Palacios O,Flores C,Caixach J,Campbell K,Elliott CT,Izquierdo-Muñoz A,Campàs M,Diogène J

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of ambient temperature and precipitation on the risk of dengue fever: A systematic review and updated meta-analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We systematically reviewed the published studies on the relationship between dengue fever and meteorological factors and applied a meta-analysis to explore the effects of ambient temperature and precipitation on dengue fever. METHODS:We completed the literature search by the end of September 1st, 2019 using...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.110043

    authors: Li Y,Dou Q,Lu Y,Xiang H,Yu X,Liu S

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of particles of ashes produced from sugarcane burning on the respiratory system of rats.

    abstract::The practice of burning sugarcane obtained by non-mechanized harvesting exposes workers and the people of neighboring towns to high concentrations of particulate matter (PM) that is harmful to health, and may trigger a series of cardiorespiratory diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the chemical composition ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2014.07.030

    authors: Ferreira LE,Muniz BV,Bittar TO,Berto LA,Figueroba SR,Groppo FC,Pereira AC

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • A kriging and entropy-based approach to raingauge network design.

    abstract::Hydrological data, such as precipitation, is fundamental for planning, designing, developing, and managing water resource projects as well as for hydrologic research. An optimal raingauge network leads to more accurate estimates of mean or point precipitation at any site over the watershed. Some studies in the past ha...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2017.10.038

    authors: Xu P,Wang D,Singh VP,Wang Y,Wu J,Wang L,Zou X,Liu J,Zou Y,He R

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Cytogenetic damage and occupational exposure. I. Exposure to stone dust.

    abstract::Cytogenetic investigations were carried out on 50 workers exposed to stone dust in a stone crusher industry and on 25 control subjects never exposed to such dust. The frequency of chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchanges in exposed individuals was significantly higher than that in controls (P less than 0...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/s0013-9351(05)80106-9

    authors: Sobti RC,Bhardwaj DK

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Planning for the health impacts of climate change: Flooding, private groundwater contamination and waterborne infection - A cross-sectional study of risk perception, experience and behaviours in the Republic of Ireland.

    abstract::The frequency and severity of flooding events will increase over the coming decades due to global climate change. While close attention has typically been paid to infrastructural and environmental outcomes of flood events, the potential adverse human health consequences associated with post-event consumption from priv...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2021.110707

    authors: Musacchio A,Andrade L,O'Neill E,Re V,O'Dwyer J,Hynds PD

    更新日期:2021-01-08 00:00:00

  • Facile hydrothermal synthesis of rod-like Nb2O5/Nb2CTx composites for visible-light driven photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants.

    abstract::The MXene-based transition metal oxide composite is a potential candidate for photocatalysts. Rod-like pseudohexagonal phase Nb2O5/Nb2CTx composites were synthesized by a simple hydrothermal oxidation of 2D layered Nb2CTx. The Nb2O5/Nb2CTx composites show superior photocatalytic activity for 98.5% of degradation of Rh...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.110587

    authors: Cui C,Guo R,Ren E,Xiao H,Lai X,Qin Q,Jiang S,Shen H,Zhou M,Qin W

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Organochlorine levels in adipose tissue of women from a littoral region of Argentina.

    abstract::Organochlorine compounds (OCCs), such as pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), are persistent lipophilic chemicals identified as endocrine disruptors, mainly with estrogen-like effects. Northeastern Argentina, near the Paraná River, is characterized by intensive farming and agricultural activities and indus...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2005.12.017

    authors: Muñoz-de-Toro M,Beldoménico HR,García SR,Stoker C,De Jesús JJ,Beldoménico PM,Ramos JG,Luque EH

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Prenatal exposure to organophosphorus pesticides and childhood neurodevelopmental phenotypes.

    abstract::Prenatal exposure to organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) has been associated with different neurodevelopmental outcomes across different cohorts. A phenotypic approach may address some of these differences by incorporating information across scales and accounting for the complex correlational structure of neurodevelopme...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2017.07.023

    authors: Furlong MA,Herring A,Buckley JP,Goldman BD,Daniels JL,Engel LS,Wolff MS,Chen J,Wetmur J,Barr DB,Engel SM

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Numerical modelling of birch pollen dispersion in Canada.

    abstract::Simulating allergenic tree pollen is important to protect sensitive population and to support bioaerosols monitoring effort. Using the regional air quality model GEM-MACH, a simulation was conducted adopting two new main hypotheses: 1) the use of vertical correlation concept to force the vertical dispersion (a method ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2020.110554

    authors: Robichaud A,Comtois P

    更新日期:2020-12-03 00:00:00

  • The recurrence interval of forest fires in Cabeço da Vaca (Cabreira Mountain--northwest of Portugal).

    abstract::The recurrence of forest fires is degrading an important part of the Portuguese natural heritage namely its forest and soils. In this paper we present the case study of Cabeço da Vaca (Cabreira Mountain-northwest Portugal), where in recent decades, particularly in the 70s, there was a significant increase in the numbe...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2010.05.007

    authors: Ferreira Leite F,Bento Gonçalves A,Vieira A

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

  • Risk assessment of toxicants on WHO TobReg priority list in mainstream cigarette smoke using human-smoked yields of Korean smokers.

    abstract::Recently, the World Health Organization Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (WHO TobReg) announced a priority list of 38 toxicants among the more than 7000 chemicals found in cigarette smoke, building upon previous lists of toxicants in cigarette smoke. Here, we conducted a comprehensive study on the quantitativ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.11.012

    authors: Pack EC,Kim HS,Jang DY,Koo YJ,Yu HH,Lee SH,Lim KM,Choi DW

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • West Nile Virus infection in Northern Italy: Case-crossover study on the short-term effect of climatic parameters.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Changes in climatic conditions are hypothesized to play a role in the increasing number of West Nile Virus (WNV) outbreaks observed in Europe in recent years. OBJECTIVES:We aimed to investigate the association between WNV infection and climatic parameters recorded in the 8 weeks before the diagnosis in Nort...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2018.08.016

    authors: Moirano G,Gasparrini A,Acquaotta F,Fratianni S,Merletti F,Maule M,Richiardi L

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Cd and Zn in atmospheric deposit, soil, wheat, and milk.

    abstract::Continuous air quality monitoring in the Vojvodina district of Serbia and Montenegro has shown high levels of Cd, especially in the outskirts of large towns such as Kikinda. The construction and metal processing industries located in Kikinda have been emitting significant amounts of heavy metals into the environment. ...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2004.05.008

    authors: Vidovic M,Sadibasic A,Cupic S,Lausevic M

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of human nails as a biomarker of arsenic and selenium exposure: A review.

    abstract::Human nail clippings have been used in recent epidemiological studies as a routine bioindicator of arsenic and selenium exposure. To ensure sound application of this biomarker, however, it is important to consider properties and scientific knowledge pertaining to validation of this particular tool. In this review, the...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2005.12.001

    authors: Slotnick MJ,Nriagu JO

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of aerial application of organophosphates on the cholinesterase levels of rural residents in the Vaalharts district, Northern Cape Province, South Africa.

    abstract::A cluster of Guillaine-Barre syndrome cases in the Vaalharts region, South Africa prompted an investigation of the impact of aerial organophosphate spraying on cholinesterase levels of residents in the region. A prospective study of cholinesterase levels among residents and workers in the area and a control area was p...

    journal_title:Environmental research

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1016/j.envres.2006.01.008

    authors: Dalvie MA,London L

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00