Effects of temperature and snowfall on mortality in Pennsylvania.

Abstract:

:The relation between exposure to severe cold weather and mortality is examined in a retrospective study of deaths occurring during the month of January from 1991 to 1996 in Pennsylvania. Using division-days as units of observation (n = 1,560) aggregated from death certificates and geographic divisions, the authors estimated mortality rates for total deaths and deaths due to ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular diseases, and respiratory diseases by analyses based on generalized estimating equations. Total mortality increased on days of "extreme" climatic conditions, that is, when snowfall was greater than 3 cm and when temperatures were below -7 degrees C (rate ratio (RR) = 1.27, 95 percent confidence interval (CI) 1.12-1.44). On days of extreme conditions, mortality due to ischemic heart diseases tripled among males aged 35-49 years (RR = 3.54, 95 percent CI 2.35-5.35), increased for men aged 50-64 years (RR = 1.77, 95 percent CI 1.32-2.38), and rose for males aged 65 years and older (RR = 1.58, 95 percent CI 1.37-1.82), when compared with milder conditions. Among females, mortality for those aged 65 years and older increased for respiratory causes (RR = 1.68, 95 percent CI 1.28-2.21) and cerebrovascular causes (RR = 1.47, 95 percent CI 1.13-1.91). Cold and snow exposure may be hazardous among men as young as 35 years.

journal_name

Am J Epidemiol

authors

Gorjanc ML,Flanders WD,VanDerslice J,Hersh J,Malilay J

doi

10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009770

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1999-06-15 00:00:00

pages

1152-60

issue

12

eissn

0002-9262

issn

1476-6256

journal_volume

149

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Cognitive disorders and occupational exposure to organophosphates: results from the PHYTONER study.

    abstract::The involvement of organophosphate insecticides in cognitive disorders is supported by epidemiologic and biological evidence, but the effects of long-term exposure remain debated. We studied the association between organophosphate exposure and cognitive performance in vine workers from the PHYTONER study cohort in the...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kws346

    authors: Blanc-Lapierre A,Bouvier G,Gruber A,Leffondré K,Lebailly P,Fabrigoule C,Baldi I

    更新日期:2013-05-15 00:00:00

  • Preschool physical activity level and change in body fatness in young children. The Framingham Children's Study.

    abstract::This study examined the effect of preschool physical activity on the change in body fatness from preschool to first grade. The Framingham Children's Study, a longitudinal study of childhood cardiovascular risk behaviors, began in 1987 with the enrollment of 106 children aged 3-5 years and their parents. The present an...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a117747

    authors: Moore LL,Nguyen US,Rothman KJ,Cupples LA,Ellison RC

    更新日期:1995-11-01 00:00:00

  • Hormone Therapy Use and Risk of Chronic Disease in the Nurses' Health Study: A Comparative Analysis With the Women's Health Initiative.

    abstract::Observational studies and randomized controlled trials of menopausal hormone therapy (HT) and chronic disease risk appear to have divergent results for cardiovascular disease. However, differences may be related to a modifying effect of age, time since menopause, and HT formulation. In the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) (...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwx131

    authors: Bhupathiraju SN,Grodstein F,Rosner BA,Stampfer MJ,Hu FB,Willett WC,Manson JE

    更新日期:2017-09-15 00:00:00

  • The joint association of eating frequency and diet quality with colorectal cancer risk in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study.

    abstract::The results of most case-control studies have suggested a positive association between eating frequency and colorectal cancer risk. Because no prospective cohort studies have done so to date, the authors prospectively examined this association. In 1992, eating frequency was assessed in a cohort of 34,968 US men in the...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwr363

    authors: Mekary RA,Hu FB,Willett WC,Chiuve S,Wu K,Fuchs C,Fung TT,Giovannucci E

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Relation between birth weight and the insulin sensitivity index in a population sample of 331 young, healthy Caucasians.

    abstract::The objective was to study the association between birth weight and the insulin sensitivity index. Altogether, 331 unrelated Caucasian subjects aged 18-32 years with measures of the insulin sensitivity index and insulin secretion during a combined intravenous glucose and tolbutamide tolerance test were included in the...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009188

    authors: Clausen JO,Borch-Johnsen K,Pedersen O

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic status in relation to selected birth defects in a large multicentered US case-control study.

    abstract::This study examined individual and household socioeconomic status (SES) in relation to phenotypes of neural tube defects, orafacial clefts, and conotruncal heart defects using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study with 2,551 nonmalformed liveborn controls and 1,841 cases delivered in 1997-2000. The ind...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwm283

    authors: Yang J,Carmichael SL,Canfield M,Song J,Shaw GM,National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

    更新日期:2008-01-15 00:00:00

  • Genetics of leptin and obesity: a HuGE review.

    abstract::Leptin is an important regulator of the mass of adipose tissue and of body weight; it operates by inhibiting food intake and stimulating energy expenditure. Some polymorphic genes involved in the regulation of leptin-the leptin gene (LEP A19G), the leptin receptor gene (LEPR Q223R, K109R, and K656N), and the peroxisom...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwi174

    authors: Paracchini V,Pedotti P,Taioli E

    更新日期:2005-07-15 00:00:00

  • Association Between the Decline in Pneumococcal Disease in Unimmunized Adults and Vaccine-Derived Protection Against Colonization in Toddlers and Preschool-Aged Children.

    abstract::Vaccinating children with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) disrupts transmission, reducing disease rates in unvaccinated adults. When considering changes in vaccine dosing strategies (e.g., removing doses), it is critical to understand which groups of children contribute most to transmission to adults. We used dat...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwy219

    authors: Weinberger DM,Pitzer VE,Regev-Yochay G,Givon-Lavi N,Dagan R

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Validating California teachers study self-reports of recent hospitalization: comparison with California hospital discharge data.

    abstract::Determining an accurate method of obtaining complete morbidity data is a long-standing challenge for epidemiologists. The authors compared the accuracy and completeness of existing California hospital discharge data with self-reports of recent hospitalizations and surgeries from participants in the California Teachers...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwg256

    authors: Marshall SF,Deapen D,Allen M,Anton-Culver H,Bernstein L,Horn-Ross PL,Peel D,Pinder R,Reynolds P,Ross RK,West D,Ziogas A

    更新日期:2003-11-15 00:00:00

  • Blood pressure and performance on the Mini-Mental State Examination in the very old. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data from the Kungsholmen Project.

    abstract::The authors examined the association of blood pressure with cognitive function as assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in a community-based Swedish cohort of 1,736 people aged 75-101 years. Age, sex, education, antihypertensive medication use, heart disease, and stroke were considered as covariates. Mu...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009073

    authors: Guo Z,Fratiglioni L,Winblad B,Viitanen M

    更新日期:1997-06-15 00:00:00

  • Short-term effects of ambient oxidant exposure on mortality: a combined analysis within the APHEA project. Air Pollution and Health: a European Approach.

    abstract::The Air Pollution and Health: a European Approach (APHEA) project is a coordinated study of the short-term effects of air pollution on mortality and hospital admissions using data from 15 European cities, with a wide range of geographic, sociodemographic, climatic, and air quality patterns. The objective of this paper...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009249

    authors: Touloumi G,Katsouyanni K,Zmirou D,Schwartz J,Spix C,de Leon AP,Tobias A,Quennel P,Rabczenko D,Bacharova L,Bisanti L,Vonk JM,Ponka A

    更新日期:1997-07-15 00:00:00

  • Association between the French nutritional guideline-based score and 6-year anthropometric changes in a French middle-aged adult cohort.

    abstract::In light of increasing obesity among the elderly, understanding the role of nutritional guidelines in preventing weight gain is of major importance. The authors evaluated the impact of the French Programme National Nutrition Santé (PNNS)-Guideline Score (GS) (maximum score, 15 points) on anthropometric changes in a la...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwp174

    authors: Kesse-Guyot E,Castetbon K,Estaquio C,Czernichow S,Galan P,Hercberg S

    更新日期:2009-09-15 00:00:00

  • Educational status and blood pressure: the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1976-1980, and the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1982-1984.

    abstract::An inverse association between socioeconomic status, as measured by years of education, and blood pressure has been reported in a number of studies. However, two secular trends may have changed the nature of this relation: a higher mean level of education in the population and intervention for high blood pressure in t...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116245

    authors: Sorel JE,Ragland DR,Syme SL,Davis WB

    更新日期:1992-06-15 00:00:00

  • The quality of modern cross-sectional ecologic studies: a bibliometric review.

    abstract::The ecologic study design is routinely used by epidemiologists in spite of its limitations. It is presently unknown how well the challenges of the design are dealt with in epidemiologic research. The purpose of this bibliometric review was to critically evaluate the characteristics, statistical methods, and reporting ...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwr241

    authors: Dufault B,Klar N

    更新日期:2011-11-15 00:00:00

  • Travelers' diarrhea among United States Marines in South Korea.

    abstract::A battalion of United States Marines traveling to South Korea in the spring of 1976 was studied to determine the incidence and etiology of gastroenteritis. During the three weeks they visited South Korea, 21% of 694 marines developed diarrhea. Stool and serum specimens collected before, during, and after their stay we...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Echeverria P,Hodge FA,Blacklow NR,Vollet JL,Cukor G,DuPont HL,Cross JH

    更新日期:1978-07-01 00:00:00

  • Family history of cancer and risk of lung cancer among lifetime nonsmoking women in the United States.

    abstract::In a multicenter study of lung cancer in lifetime nonsmokers in the United States, 646 female lung cancer patients and 1,252 population controls were interviewed regarding history of cancer in their first-degree relatives. A 30% increased risk (95% confidence interval 0.9-1.8) was found for a history of respiratory tr...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a008783

    authors: Wu AH,Fontham ET,Reynolds P,Greenberg RS,Buffler P,Liff J,Boyd P,Correa P

    更新日期:1996-03-15 00:00:00

  • Conditional regression models for transient state survival analysis.

    abstract::Survival models are important tools for the analysis of data when a disease event occurs in time and subjects are lost to follow-up. Many models, however, can also be adapted for use when an event is characterized by transitions through intermediate states of disease with increasing severity. In this presentation, suc...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a114293

    authors: Abbott RD,Carroll RJ

    更新日期:1986-04-01 00:00:00

  • Indoor air pollution from coal combustion and the risk of neural tube defects in a rural population in Shanxi Province, China.

    abstract::The authors evaluated indoor air pollution from coal combustion (IAPCC) as a potential risk factor for neural tube defects (NTDs) in a rural population in Shanxi Province, China. The studied rural population has both high IAPCC exposure and a high prevalence of NTDs. A population-based case-control study was used to i...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwr108

    authors: Li Z,Zhang L,Ye R,Pei L,Liu J,Zheng X,Ren A

    更新日期:2011-08-15 00:00:00

  • Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Prospective Cohort Study of Men.

    abstract::Studies indicate an inverse association between moderate alcohol consumption and chronic inflammatory diseases; however, the association between alcohol consumption and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) incidence has not been widely studied. We investigated the associations of total alcohol consumption and ...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwz020

    authors: Kaluza J,Harris HR,Linden A,Wolk A

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, other chronic disorders, and electric shocks among utility workers.

    abstract::Above-average exposure to electromagnetic fields has been associated with certain nonmalignant medical conditions such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, other neurologic diseases, depressive symptoms, and suicide. The authors conducted a nationwide mortality study in Denmark of 21,236 men employed in utility companies...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009654

    authors: Johansen C,Olsen JH

    更新日期:1998-08-15 00:00:00

  • Relation of body fatness and its distribution to cardiovascular risk factors in young blacks and whites. The role of insulin.

    abstract::Persons whose body fat is distributed predominantly in the abdomen compared with the hips are at increased risk of several chronic diseases. This study examined the cross-sectional relation of percent body fat, computed from skinfold thickness, and fat distribution, measured by the waist-to-hip girth ratio, to physiol...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a115424

    authors: Folsom AR,Burke GL,Ballew C,Jacobs DR Jr,Haskell WL,Donahue RP,Liu KA,Hilner JE

    更新日期:1989-11-01 00:00:00

  • Growth trajectories and intellectual abilities in young adulthood: The Helsinki Birth Cohort study.

    abstract::Slow childhood growth is associated with poorer intellectual ability. The critical periods of growth remain uncertain. Among 2,786 Finnish male military conscripts (1952-1972) born in 1934-1944, the authors tested how specific growth periods from birth to age 20 years predicted verbal, visuospatial, and arithmetic abi...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwp132

    authors: Räikkönen K,Forsén T,Henriksson M,Kajantie E,Heinonen K,Pesonen AK,Leskinen JT,Laaksonen I,Osmond C,Barker DJ,Eriksson JG

    更新日期:2009-08-15 00:00:00

  • Methodological considerations in observational comparative effectiveness research for implantable medical devices: an epidemiologic perspective.

    abstract::Medical devices play a vital role in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases and are an integral part of the health-care system. Many devices, including implantable medical devices, enter the market through a regulatory pathway that was not designed to assure safety and effectiveness. Several recent studies and ...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwu206

    authors: Jalbert JJ,Ritchey ME,Mi X,Chen CY,Hammill BG,Curtis LH,Setoguchi S

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of adverse housing and neighborhood conditions on the development of diabetes mellitus among middle-aged African Americans.

    abstract::The authors examined the associations of observed neighborhood (block face) and housing conditions with the incidence of diabetes by using data from 644 subjects in the African-American Health Study (St. Louis area, Missouri). They also investigated five mediating pathways (health behavior, psychosocial, health status...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwm190

    authors: Schootman M,Andresen EM,Wolinsky FD,Malmstrom TK,Miller JP,Yan Y,Miller DK

    更新日期:2007-08-15 00:00:00

  • Simple Estimation of Patient-Oriented Effects From Randomized Trials: An Open and Shut CACE.

    abstract::In randomized controlled trials, the intention-to-treat estimator provides an unbiased estimate of the causal effect of treatment assignment on the outcome. However, patients often want to know what the effect would be if they were to take the treatment as prescribed (the patient-oriented effect), and several research...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1093/aje/kwv065

    authors: Steele RJ,Shrier I,Kaufman JS,Platt RW

    更新日期:2015-09-15 00:00:00

  • Exploratory spatial analysis of pilot fatality rates in general aviation crashes using geographic information systems.

    abstract::Geographic information systems and exploratory spatial analysis were used to describe the geographic characteristics of pilot fatality rates in 1983-1998 general aviation crashes within the continental United States. The authors plotted crash sites on a digital map; rates were computed at regular grid intersections an...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/155.5.398

    authors: Grabowski JG,Curriero FC,Baker SP,Li G

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Oral contraceptives and ovulatory causes of delayed fertility.

    abstract::The return of fertility for women who discontinue oral contraceptives takes longer as compared with women who discontinue other methods of contraception. It remains unclear, however, whether subsequent fertility differs according to duration or age at first use. The authors performed a nested case-control study within...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a009261

    authors: Chasan-Taber L,Willett WC,Stampfer MJ,Spiegelman D,Rosner BA,Hunter DJ,Colditz GA,Manson JE

    更新日期:1997-08-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of Confounders in Comparative Effectiveness Studies From Secondary Databases.

    abstract::Secondary clinical databases are an important and growing source of data for comparative effectiveness research (CER) studies. However, measurement of confounders, such as biomarker values or patient-reported health status, in secondary clinical databases may not align with the initiation of a new treatment. In many p...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/aje/kww136

    authors: Franklin JM,Schneeweiss S,Solomon DH

    更新日期:2017-03-15 00:00:00

  • Estimating the population prevalence of injection drug use and infection with human immunodeficiency virus among injection drug users in Glasgow, Scotland.

    abstract::Although data on the prevalence of injection drug use are an essential prerequisite for estimating the number of individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), there have been few attempts to utilize statistical methods of population estimation based on multiple data sources. Data on 3,670 cases (2,...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116843

    authors: Frischer M,Leyland A,Cormack R,Goldberg DJ,Bloor M,Green ST,Taylor A,Covell R,McKeganey N,Platt S

    更新日期:1993-08-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring the role of diet in modifying the effect of known disease determinants: application to risk factors of liver cirrhosis.

    abstract::The analysis of the combined effects of nutritional factors with other putative disease determinants in log-linear or logistic models is methodologically complicated by the strong multicollinearity between nutritional factors, resulting in poor precision in estimating the parameters. Furthermore, the generally used mu...

    journal_title:American journal of epidemiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a117572

    authors: Corrao G,Ferrari PA,Galatola G

    更新日期:1995-12-01 00:00:00