Failure of seminal plasma to enter the uterus and oviducts of the rabbit following artificial insemination.


:Twelve adult does in estrus were artificially inseminated with 1 ml of semen from bucks that had received injections of 3H-thymidine 22 to 32 days previously. The ejaculates contained radioactive seminal plasma and unlabeled sperm. The reproductive tracts of the does were removed at selected intervals after insemination, divided into segments of no more than 300 mg, and processed for scintillation counting. Significant levels of radioactivity were never detected in any uterine or oviductal segment. The technique was capable of detecting as little as 1.5 X 10(-4) ml of semen in a segment. These results demonstrate that seminal plasma is not transported from the vagina into the uterus or oviducts in the rabbit, emphasizing the importance of the motility of spermatozoa in their passage to the site of fertilization.


Fertil Steril


Fertility and sterility


Asch RH,Balmaceda J,Pauerstein CJ




Has Abstract


1977-06-01 00:00:00














  • Effect of a phosphodiesterase type 3 inhibitor in oocyte maturation medium on subsequent mouse embryo development.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of a phosphodiesterase type 3 inhibitor in oocyte maturation medium on subsequent embryo development. DESIGN:Animal study. SETTING:University laboratory. ANIMAL(S):CD-1 mice. INTERVENTION(S):Immature oocytes were arrested meiotically in medium containing a specific phosphodiester...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jee BC,Chen HY,Chian RC

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • The single or dual administration of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist Cetrorelix in an in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer program.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the ability of a GnRH antagonist (Cetrorelix, Asta Medica AG, Frankfurt, Germany) to prevent premature LH surges in an IVF-ET program using a simple protocol with one or two administrations. DESIGN:Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation was carried out in 17 women with three ampules a day of hMG, star...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Olivennes F,Fanchin R,Bouchard P,de Ziegler D,Taieb J,Selva J,Frydman R

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Accuracy of hysterosalpingography and laparoscopic hydrotubation in diagnosis of tubal patency.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare the diagnostic accuracy of two methods of assessment of tubal patency, viz, hysterosalpingography (HSG) and laparoscopic hydrotubation. DESIGN:One hundred four infertile women who were investigated with both HSG and laparoscopy in King Khalid University Hospital were selected for the study. Comple...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adelusi B,al-Nuaim L,Makanjuola D,Khashoggi T,Chowdhury N,Kangave D

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of laser polar-body biopsy on embryo quality.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of laser polar-body biopsy (PBB) for preimplantation genetic diagnosis on embryo quality. STUDY DESIGN:Retrospective case-control analysis. The quality of 145 embryos after PBB was compared to 276 embryos of the same group of women without biopsy. SETTING:University-based tertiary-car...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levin I,Almog B,Shwartz T,Gold V,Ben-Yosef D,Shaubi M,Amit A,Malcov M

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical experience with the copper 7 intrauterine device.

    abstract::This paper reports further observations on our previous study of 203 Copper 7 intrauterine insertions performed in 199 women. There have now been accumulated 3799 woman-months of use. At least a 2-year period of observation has been attained from first insertion until these data were analyzed. The Copper 7 intrauterin...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nebel WA,Currie JL,Lassiter RE

    更新日期:1978-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of baseline complex ovarian cysts on in vitro fertilization outcome.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:To determine the effect of baseline complex ovarian cysts on controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. DESIGN:Retrospective analysis with stratification by stimulation regimen and the presence or absence of surgically documented endometriosis. PATIENTS:Two hundred s...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stewart EA,Jackson KV,Friedman AJ,Rein MS,Fox JH,Hornstein MD

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors in endometrium and peritoneal endometriosis: an immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To clarify the role of ovarian steroids in the development and progression of endometriosis, estrogen receptors (ERs) and progesterone receptors (PRs) were localized by immunohistochemistry, and ER messenger RNA (mRNA) was detected by in situ hybridization in the uterine endometrium and in normal and altered ...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fujishita A,Nakane PK,Koji T,Masuzaki H,Chavez RO,Yamabe T,Ishimaru T

    更新日期:1997-05-01 00:00:00

  • Birth after intracytoplasmic sperm injection with use of testicular sperm from men with Kartagener/immotile cilia syndrome.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To describe two cases of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with testicular sperm in men with immotile cilia syndromes. DESIGN:Case report. SETTING:A university-based male infertility clinic and assisted reproduction unit. PATIENT(S):Two couples with male factor infert...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cayan S,Conaghan J,Schriock ED,Ryan IP,Black LD,Turek PJ

    更新日期:2001-09-01 00:00:00

  • The development of cytotoxicity in peritoneal macrophages from women with endometriosis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the activation status of peritoneal macrophages from women with endometriosis. DESIGN:Peritoneal macrophages from patients undergoing laparoscopy were tested for cytotoxic activity against a cultured hepatoma cell line. SETTING:Patients were tested at initial laparoscopy or at the completion of th...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braun DP,Gebel H,Rotman C,Rana N,Dmowski WP

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of the aromatase inhibitor 4-hydroxyandrostene-3,17-dione progesterone synthesis by human luteal cells.

    abstract::The authors studied the effects of 4-hydroxyandrostene-3,17-dione (4-OHA) on progesterone (P), 17 beta-estradiol (E2), and 20 alpha-hydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one synthesis and pregnenolone accumulation in cultured human midluteal cells. A dose-dependent inhibition with and without human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) of E2 an...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Devoto L,Vega M,Castro O,Kohen P

    更新日期:1991-05-01 00:00:00

  • Heterotopic abdominal pregnancy treated at laparoscopy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To report a case of laparoscopic treatment of a heterotopic primary abdominal pregnancy after IVF with preservation of the concurrent intrauterine pregnancy. DESIGN:Case report. SETTING:University-based IVF program. PATIENT(S):A woman with a heterotopic abdominal pregnancy after IVF-ET. INTERVENTION(S):Pi...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pisarska MD,Casson PR,Moise KJ Jr,DiMaio DJ,Buster JE,Carson SA

    更新日期:1998-07-01 00:00:00

  • Dose effects of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist, Nal-Glu, combined with testosterone enanthate on gonadotropin levels in normal men.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To test the hypothesis that over a 4-week treatment period, Nal-Glu GnRH antagonist ([AcD2Nal1, D4ClPhe2, D3Pal3, Arg5, DGlu6 [AA], DAla10] GnRH) at a dose of 200 micrograms/kg per day SC would suppress levels of immunologically active and biologically active LH and FSH more completely than a dose of 100 micr...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bagatell CJ,Rivier JE,Bremner WJ

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Selection of patients for natural cycle in vitro fertilization combined with in vitro maturation of immature oocytes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine a successful method of selecting patients for natural cycle IVF combined with in vitro maturation (IVM) of immature oocytes and to determine treatment efficacy. DESIGN:Retrospective analysis of IVF treatments. SETTING:Hospital IVF clinic. PATIENT(S):Women with infertility according to ovarian ...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lim JH,Yang SH,Xu Y,Yoon SH,Chian RC

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • One thousand initiated cycles of in vitro fertilization in women > or = 40 years of age.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the results of IVF in women > or = 40 years of age using their own oocytes. DESIGN:Retrospective study. SETTING:Wolfson and Royal Masonic in vitro fertilization units, London, United Kingdom. PATIENT(S):A total of 1,087 IVF cycles were started in women > or = 40 years of age. INTERVENTION(S):M...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lass A,Croucher C,Duffy S,Dawson K,Margara R,Winston RM

    更新日期:1998-12-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of left varicocele ligation in subfertile males with absent or atrophic right testes.

    abstract::Fifteen subfertile males with absent or atrophic right testes underwent ligation of left varicoceles. Sperm concentration rose significantly with correction of scrotal thermographic abnormality and nine wives (60%) became pregnant. ...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hendry WF

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Selective ovarian sympathectomy in the rabbit.

    abstract::Evidence implicates the ovarian nerves in the regulation of hormonal and ovulatory functions. A technique for selectively denervating the in situ rabbit ovary is therefore of considerable investigative value. The ovarian artery was stripped of its adventitia and nerve bundles. Three weeks later, fluorescent histochemi...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weiner S,Wright KH,Wallach EE

    更新日期:1975-04-01 00:00:00

  • Treatment of cervical mucus with lectins: effect on sperm migration.

    abstract::Treatment of midcycle human cervical mucus with the lectins Ulex europaeus agglutinin I (UE), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), and peanut agglutinin (PA) did not alter the ability of spermatozoa to enter and migrate through the mucus. These lectins form glycoconjugates by binding to L-fucose (UE), N-acetylglucosamine and ...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Snyder MG,Zaneveld LJ

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • Lack of an ovarian function influence on the increased adrenal androgen secretion present in women with functional ovarian hyperandrogenism.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate whether ovarian function might have an influence on the adrenal hyperandrogenism present in patients with functional ovarian hyperandrogenism. DESIGN:Controlled clinical study. SETTING:Tertiary institutional hospital. PATIENT(S):Twenty-nine hirsute women with functional ovarian hyperandrogenism...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Escobar-Morreale HF,Serrano-Gotarredona J,García-Robles R,Sancho JM,Varela C

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Sperm chromatin damage impairs human fertility. The Danish First Pregnancy Planner Study Team.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the relationship between sperm chromatin defects, evaluated by the flow cytometric (FCM) sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA), and the probability of a pregnancy in a menstrual cycle (fecundability). DESIGN:Follow-up study. SETTING:The Section of Toxicology and Biomedical Sciences, ENEA Casacci...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spanò M,Bonde JP,Hjøllund HI,Kolstad HA,Cordelli E,Leter G

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Brown oocytes: implications for assisted reproductive technology.

    abstract::Fertilization, embryo development, and successful pregnancy can be achieved after transfer of embryos derived from brown oocytes at the same rate as embryos from morphologically normal oocytes. Therefore, brown oocytes are probably normal and this morphological criterion does not seem to be indicative of any adverse o...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Esfandiari N,Burjaq H,Gotlieb L,Casper RF

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of varicocelectomy on testicular volume in 89 infertile adult males with varicoceles.

    abstract::The presence of a varicocele has been associated with reduced testicular volumes both in the adult and pediatric patient populations. An increase in testicular volume after varicocelectomy, however, has been documented only in the latter group and then only in the ipsilateral testicle. We present our experience with 8...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gentile DP,Cockett AT

    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • Laparoscopic management of hydrosalpinges before in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer: salpingectomy versus proximal tubal occlusion.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To compare ovarian response and IVF-ET cycle outcome in patients with hydrosalpinges managed by either laparoscopic salpingectomy or proximal tubal occlusion. DESIGN:Retrospective analysis. SETTING:Tertiary-care assisted reproductive technology program. PATIENT(S):One hundred four consecutive fresh IVF-ET ...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Surrey ES,Schoolcraft WB

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Pregnancy rates in donors versus recipients according to the serum progesterone level at the time of human chorionic gonadotropin in a shared oocyte program.

    abstract::Previous data suggested a subtle increase in serum P at the time of hCG injection without LH surge reduces the PR of women having oocyte retrievals for IVF; this study compared PRs of recipients in a shared oocyte program according to the donors' pre-hCG P level. There was no difference in viable PRs between recipient...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Check JH,Hourani C,Choe JK,Callan C,Adelson HG

    更新日期:1994-02-01 00:00:00

  • Fertility preservation: a pilot study to assess previsit patient knowledge quantitatively.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To provide a quantitative assessment of patient knowledge about fertility and fertility preservation treatment options before the initial fertility preservation consultation at a university-based fertility preservation center. DESIGN:Prospective pilot survey containing 13 items assessing patient knowledge ab...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Balthazar U,Fritz MA,Mersereau JE

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Embryonic adhesion is not affected by endometrial leptin receptor gene silencing.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In rodents, evidence suggests that the leptin system is mandatory for embryonic implantation. We aimed to investigate the functional relevance of the endometrial leptin receptor (OB-R) in the adhesion phase of human implantation. DESIGN:We used an in vitro model for embryonic adhesion, composed of a human en...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cervero A,Domínguez F,Horcajadas JA,Quiñonero A,Pellicer A,Simón C

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Private adoption.

    abstract::During an 18-month period 219 couples and 3 single women were counseled concerning private, non-agency adoption. Ninety-seven clients adopted privately a total of 105 babies. Thirty-one other couples are still actively pursuing adoption, 39 are no longer pursuing adoption, 13 became pregnant, 9 adopted through an agen...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gradstein BD,Gradstein M,Glass RH

    更新日期:1982-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prospective randomized study on the cryopreservation of human embryos with dimethylsulfoxide or 1,2-propanediol protocols.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the optimal protocol for cryopreservation of human embryos obtained from IVF. DESIGN:Prospective randomized study. SETTING:Consenting patients in an academic research environment. PATIENTS:Couples undergoing IVF. INTERVENTIONS:A cohort of 2,220 supernumerary multicellular embryos were obtai...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Van der Elst J,Camus M,Van den Abbeel E,Maes R,Devroey P,Van Steirteghem AC

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • The accuracy of serum chlamydial antibodies in the diagnosis of tubal pathology: a meta-analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the discriminative capacity of Chlamydia antibody titers in the diagnosis of tubed pathology in subfertile patients. DESIGN:Meta-analysis of studies comparing Chlamydia antibody titers and laparoscopy for tubal patency and peritubal adhesions. PATIENTS:A total of 2,729 patients with subfertility i...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Mol BW,Dijkman B,Wertheim P,Lijmer J,van der Veen F,Bossuyt PM

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Results of artificial insemination at home by the partner with cryopreserved donor semen: a randomized study.

    abstract::The use of cryopreserved semen offers the possibility of home insemination by the instructed partner. A comparative study was designed whereby participants were randomly allocated to use home or clinic insemination for six cycles. If no pregnancy had occurred after six cycles, the site of insemination was switched to ...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hogerzeil HV,Hamerlynck JV,van Amstel N,Nagelkerke NJ,Lammes FB

    更新日期:1988-06-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluating the role of exogenous luteinizing hormone in poor responders undergoing in vitro fertilization with gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonists.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the importance of exogenous LH in poor responders undergoing IVF with GnRH antagonists. DESIGN:Retrospective cohort study. SETTING:University-based IVF center. PATIENT(S):All patients with a history of poor response to ovarian stimulation undergoing IVF with GnRH antagonists between September 2...

    journal_title:Fertility and sterility

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chung K,Krey L,Katz J,Noyes N

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00