Population genetics with RAPD-PCR markers: the breeding structure of Aedes aegypti in Puerto Rico.


:RAPD-PCR polymorphisms at 57 presumptive loci were used to examine the breeding structure of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Puerto Rico. Mosquitoes were sampled from 16 locations in six cities and samples were located in a nested spatial design to examine local patterns of gene flow. Allele frequencies were estimated assuming (1) that genomic regions amplified by RAPD-PCR segregate as dominant alleles, (2) that genotypes at RAPD loci are in Hardy-Weinberg proportions, (3) identity in state (iis) among dominant amplified alleles and (4) iis among null alleles. The average genic heterozygosity was 0.354, more than twice the level detected in earlier allozyme surveys. Nested analysis of variance indicated extensive genetic differentiation among locations within cities. Effective migration rates (Nm) among cities were estimated from FST assuming an island model of migration. Estimates of Nm ranged from 9.7 to 12.2 indicating a high dispersal rate. The large number of polymorphisms revealed by RAPD-PCR allowed the distribution of FST and linkage disequilibrium to be examined among loci and demonstrated that small samples inflate FST and linkage disequilibrium. No linkage disequilibrium maintained through epistasis was detected among alleles at the 57 loci.


Heredity (Edinb)




Apostol BL,Black WC 4th,Reiter P,Miller BR




Has Abstract


1996-04-01 00:00:00








76 ( Pt 4)




  • Out of Africa: demographic and colonization history of the Algerian mouse (Mus spretus Lataste).

    abstract::North Africa is now recognized as a major area for the emergence and dispersal of anatomically modern humans from at least 315 kya. The Mediterranean Basin is thus particularly suited to study the role of climate versus human-mediated changes on the evolutionary history of species. The Algerian mouse (Mus spretus Lata...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lalis A,Mona S,Stoetzel E,Bonhomme F,Souttou K,Ouarour A,Aulagnier S,Denys C,Nicolas V

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic differentiation of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae across Nigeria suggests that selection limits gene flow.

    abstract::Gene flow was investigated in Anopheles gambiae from eight localities that span the ecological zones of Nigeria (arid savanna zones in the north gradually turn into humid forest zones in the south). Genetic differentiation was measured over 10 microsatellite loci and, to determine any effects of selection, five loci w...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Onyabe DY,Conn JE

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • The origin of a double insertion of homogeneously staining regions in the house mouse (Mus musculus musculus).

    abstract::A high resolution analysis of the G-band patterns of normal and aberrant chromosomes 1, bearing two linked insertions of homogeneously staining regions (HSRs) in the house mouse (Mus musculus musculus) reveals the inverted pattern of the euchromatic region between the HSRs. On the basis of this analysis a hypothesis o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agulnik SI,Borodin PM,Gorlov IP,Ladygina TYu,Pak SD

    更新日期:1990-10-01 00:00:00

  • Genomic prediction applied to multiple traits and environments in second season maize hybrids.

    abstract::Genomic selection has become a reality in plant breeding programs with the reduction in genotyping costs. Especially in maize breeding programs, it emerges as a promising tool for predicting hybrid performance. The dynamics of a commercial breeding program involve the evaluation of several traits simultaneously in a l...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Oliveira AA,Resende MFR Jr,Ferrão LFV,Amadeu RR,Guimarães LJM,Guimarães CT,Pastina MM,Margarido GRA

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Making sense of the relationships between Ne, Nb and Nc towards defining conservation thresholds in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).

    abstract::Effective population size over a generation (Ne) or over a reproductive cycle (Nb) and the adult census size (Nc) are important parameters in both conservation and evolutionary biology. Ne provides information regarding the rate of loss of genetic diversity and can be tracked back in time to infer demographic history ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ferchaud AL,Perrier C,April J,Hernandez C,Dionne M,Bernatchez L

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic studies on cycloheximide-resistant strains of Schizosaccharomyces pombe.

    abstract::Cycloheximide-resistant mutants of Schizosaccharomyces pombe were isolated either as spontaneous mutants or after mutagenic treatment with nitrous acid, UV and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). Twenty-three spontaneous mutants and 64 induced mutants were analysed genetically. Crosses revealed that at least ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ibrahim MA,Coddington A

    更新日期:1976-10-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between the effects of UV light and thermal shock on gametes and the viability of early developmental stages in a marine teleost fish, the sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.).

    abstract::To improve the efficiency of gynogenetic induction, the effects of UV light and thermal shock on gametes were investigated in the sea bass. Exposure of sperm to UV light (>/=15 000 erg mm-2) reduced the amount of motile spermatozoa, without affecting the duration of motility in the spermatozoa that remained motile. Th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Felip A,Piferrer F,Carrillo M,Zanuy S

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • Inversion polymorphisms in Trimerotropis pallidipennis (Orthoptera): clinical variation along an altitudinal gradient.

    abstract::Six populations of Trimerotropis pallidipennis located along an altitudinal gradient in the Antinaco-Los Colorados valley (La Rioja, Argentina), were cytologically analysed. The male karyotype consists of 23 chromosomes (22 + XO) with three long pairs submetacentric, the X-chromosome metacentric and the remaining ones...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Confalonieri VA,Colombo PC

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic mapping identifies a major locus spanning P450 clusters associated with pyrethroid resistance in kdr-free Anopheles arabiensis from Chad.

    abstract::Prevention of malaria transmission throughout much of Africa is dependent on bednets that are impregnated with pyrethroid insecticides. Anopheles arabiensis is the major malaria vector in Chad and efforts to control this vector are threatened by the emergence of pyrethroid resistance. WHO bioassays revealed that An. a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Witzig C,Parry M,Morgan JC,Irving H,Steven A,Cuamba N,Kerah-Hinzoumbé C,Ranson H,Wondji CS

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of deleterious mutations, sexually antagonistic selection, and mode of recombination suppression on transitions between male and female heterogamety.

    abstract::Deleterious mutations accumulating on non-recombining Y chromosomes can drive XY to XY turnovers, as they allow to replace the old mutation-loaded Y by a new mutation-free one. The same process is thought to prevent XY to ZW turnovers, because the latter requires fixation of the ancestral Y, assuming dominance of the ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saunders PA,Neuenschwander S,Perrin N

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic control of self-incompatibility in Anagallis monelli (Primulaceae: Myrsinaceae).

    abstract::The genetic control of self-incompatibility (SI) was studied in the Mediterranean short-lived perennial species Anagallis monelli (Primulaceae: Myrsinaceae). Arrays of siblings, including families derived from reciprocal crosses, were cross-pollinated in full diallels, and compatibility groups were assesssed from a ce...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Talavera S,Gibbs PE,Fernández-Piedra MP,Ortiz-Herrera MA

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Using mitochondrial DNA to test the hypothesis of a European post-glacial human recolonization from the Franco-Cantabrian refuge.

    abstract::It has been proposed that the distribution patterns and coalescence ages found in Europeans for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups V, H1 and H3 are the result of a post-glacial expansion from a Franco-Cantabrian refuge that recolonized central and northern areas. In contrast, in this refined mtDNA study of the Cant...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: García O,Fregel R,Larruga JM,Álvarez V,Yurrebaso I,Cabrera VM,González AM

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Contrasting relationships between the diversity of candidate genes and variation of bud burst in natural and segregating populations of European oaks.

    abstract::Nucleotide diversity was assessed within nine candidate genes (CGs) (in total 4.6 kb) for the time of bud burst in nine sessile oak (Quercus petraea) populations distributed in central and northern Europe. The sampled populations were selected on the basis of their contrasting times of bud burst observed in common gar...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Derory J,Scotti-Saintagne C,Bertocchi E,Le Dantec L,Graignic N,Jauffres A,Casasoli M,Chancerel E,Bodénès C,Alberto F,Kremer A

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Importance of demographic history for phylogeographic inference on the arctic-alpine plant Phyllodoce caerulea in East Asia.

    abstract::Arctic-alpine plants have enormous ranges in the Northern Hemisphere. Phylogeographic studies have provided insights into their glacial survival as well as their postglacial colonization history. However, our understanding of the population dynamics of disjunct alpine populations in temperate regions remains limited. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ikeda H,Sakaguchi S,Yakubov V,Barkalov V,Setoguchi H

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic dimension of the coevolution of virulence-resistance in Drosophila -- parasitoid wasp relationships.

    abstract::Variations observed in parasite virulence and host resistance may be the outcome of coevolutionary processes. Recent theoretical developments have led to a 'geographic mosaic theory' of coevolution according to which there are some localities where reciprocal selection occurs (hot spots) and others where it is strongl...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dupas S,Carton Y,Poiriè M

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic mapping of Z chromosome and identification of W chromosome-specific markers in the silkworm, Bombyx mori.

    abstract::In the silkworm, Bombyx mori, the female is the heterogametic (ZW) sex and the male is homogametic (ZZ). The female heterogamety is a typical situation in the insect order Lepidoptera. Although the W chromosome in silkworm is strongly female determining, no W-linked gene for a morphological character has been found on...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nagaraja GM,Mahesh G,Satish V,Madhu M,Muthulakshmi M,Nagaraju J

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Population genetic structure in a human-disturbed environment: a case study in the land snail Helix aspersa (Gastropoda: Pulmonata).

    abstract::Local patterns of genetic variation were analysed in the land snail Helix aspersa for 32 populations sampled within a patchy agricultural landscape: the polders of the Bay of Mont-Saint-Michel (France). This investigation examined the allele frequencies at four enzymatic markers and five microsatellite loci through th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arnaud JF,Madec L,Guiller A,Deunff J

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid, habitat-related evolution of land snail colour morphs on reclaimed land.

    abstract::I made use of the known dates of reclamation (and of afforestations) in the IJsselmeerpolders in The Netherlands to assess evolutionary adaptation in Cepaea nemoralis. At 12 localities (three in each polder), I sampled a total of 4390 adult individuals in paired open and shaded habitats, on average 233 m apart, and sc...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schilthuizen M

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • A high-density transcript linkage map of barley derived from a single population.

    abstract::A high-resolution transcript linkage map of barley was created using a single doubled haploid (DH) mapping population, only 3'-end expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and only PCR-based assays. Cultivar 'Haruna Nijo' and an ancestral wild-form accession 'H602' were used as EST donors and crossing parents of the mapping pop...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sato K,Nankaku N,Takeda K

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Proteomic characterization of a temperature-sensitive conditional lethal in Drosophila melanogaster.

    abstract::Genetic variation that is expressed only under specific environmental conditions can contribute to additional adverse effects of inbreeding if environmental conditions change. We present a proteomic characterization of a conditional lethal found in an inbred line of Drosophila melanogaster. The lethal effect is appare...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pedersen KS,Codrea MC,Vermeulen CJ,Loeschcke V,Bendixen E

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Estimation of outcrossing rates at hierarchical levels of fruits, individuals, populations and species in Magnolia stellata.

    abstract::In plant species with mixed mating systems, differences in diverse factors-including their pollination system, flowering phenology, life form and susceptibility to inbreeding depression-cause variation in outcrossing rates among fruits within individuals, among individuals within populations and among populations with...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tamaki I,Setsuko S,Tomaru N

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • Host-plant-associated genetic differentiation in Northern French populations of the European corn borer.

    abstract::The phytophagous insects that damage crops are often polyphagous, feeding on several types of crop and on weeds. The refuges constituted by noncrop host plants may be useful in managing the evolution in pest species of resistance to the Bacillus thuringiensis toxins produced by transgenic crops. However, the benefits ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martel C,Réjasse A,Rousset F,Bethenod MT,Bourguet D

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00

  • Intraspecific genetic variation of striped red mullet (Mullus surmuletus L.) in the mediterranean sea assessed by allozyme and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis

    abstract::Allozyme analysis on 20 putative enzyme-coding loci and RAPD analysis on 154 markers, amplified by eight decamer random primers, were used to assess the genetic variation of striped red mullet, Mullus surmuletus L., collected from six locations in the Mediterranean Sea. Both methods were able to detect a high degree o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mamuris Z,Stamatis C,Triantaphyllidis C

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Colonization patterns of the invasive Brazilian peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolius, in Florida.

    abstract::Invasive species are believed to spread through a process of stratified dispersal consisting of short-distance diffusive spread around established foci and human mediated long-distance jumps. Brazilian peppertree (Schinus terebinthifolius), native to South America, was introduced twice as an ornamental plant into Flor...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williams DA,Muchugu E,Overholt WA,Cuda JP

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Additional evidence for the genomic imprinting model of sex determination in the haplodiploid wasp Nasonia vitripennis: isolation of biparental diploid males after X-ray mutagenesis.

    abstract::The primary sex-determining signal in the haplodiploid wasp Nasonia vitripennis is not known. In haplodiploid reproduction, unfertilized eggs typically develop into uniparental haploid males and fertilized eggs into biparental diploid females. Although this reproductive strategy is common to all Hymenoptera, sex-deter...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Trent C,Crosby C,Eavey J

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • The active evolutionary lives of echinoderm larvae.

    abstract::Echinoderms represent a researchable subset of a dynamic larval evolutionary cosmos. Evolution of echinoderm larvae has taken place over widely varying time scales from the origins of larvae of living classes in the early Palaeozoic, approximately 500 million years ago, to recent, rapid and large-scale changes that ha...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Raff RA,Byrne M

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Environmental influence on the genetic correlations between life-history traits in Caenorhabditis elegans.

    abstract::Empirical evidence is mounting to suggesting that genetic correlations between life-history traits are environment specific. However, detailed knowledge about the loci underlying genetic correlations in different environments is scant. Here, we studied the influence of temperature (12 degrees C and 24 degrees C) on th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gutteling EW,Doroszuk A,Riksen JA,Prokop Z,Reszka J,Kammenga JE

    更新日期:2007-04-01 00:00:00

  • Larval competition in Drosophila melanogaster. II. Comparing biological and competitive parameters.

    abstract::Recent developments in the analysis of density dependent competition in Drosophila melanogaster have identified two distinct parameters, namely the competitive pressure or aggression exerted by a genotype and the sensitivity or response of a genotype to such aggression. Assuming that response is more related to the ef...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Miranda JR,Eggleston P

    更新日期:1988-04-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic hitchhiking and resistance evolution to transgenic Bt toxins: insights from the African stalk borer Busseola fusca (Noctuidae).

    abstract::Since transgenic crops expressing Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins were first released, resistance evolution leading to failure in control of pests populations has been observed in a number of species. Field resistance of the moth Busseola fusca was acknowledged 8 years after Bt maize was introduced in South Africa....


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Campagne P,Capdevielle-Dulac C,Pasquet R,Cornell SJ,Kruger M,Silvain JF,LeRü B,Van den Berg J

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid evolutionary change in a sexual signal: genetic control of the mutation 'flatwing' that renders male field crickets (Teleogryllus oceanicus) mute.

    abstract::Colonizing events may expose organisms to physical and ecological environments found nowhere else in their range. Novel selection pressures can then influence subsequent rapid evolutionary changes. Here, I investigate the genetics of one such rapid change in the sexual signal of Polynesian field crickets, Teleogryllus...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tinghitella RM

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00