Evaluation of a dentin barrier test by cyctotoxicity testing of various dental cements.

Abstract:

:In this study, cell reaction after exposure to several dental cements was determined using a dentin barrier test device. The reaction of mouse fibroblasts grown on the "pulpal" side of a bovine dentin disk was determined after exposure to dental cements applied on the "cavity" side of the disk. For pretreatment, dentin disks (500-micrometer-thick) were etched on one side and either sterilized by autoclaving or disinfected with ethanol. It was found for both pretreatment groups that zinc phosphate cement was less toxic than the conventional glass ionomer cements. A light-cured glass ionomer cement and zinc oxide-eugenol were the most toxic materials tested. Disinfecting the dentin slices instead of autoclaving reduced the toxicity of the phosphate cement and the glass ionomer cements tendentiously. Because the strong cytotoxic reaction evoked by zinc oxide-eugenol and by the glass ionomer cements is in contrast to in vivo findings, further improvements of the dentin barrier test device will be necessary.

journal_name

J Endod

journal_title

Journal of endodontics

authors

Schmalz G,Schweikl H,Esch J,Hiller KA

doi

10.1016/s0099-2399(96)80285-8

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1996-03-01 00:00:00

pages

112-5

issue

3

eissn

0099-2399

issn

1878-3554

pii

S0099-2399(96)80285-8

journal_volume

22

pub_type

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