Comparison of medical and non-medical student attitudes to social issues in medicine.


:A 63-item questionnaire on attitudes to psychosocial issues in medicine was administered to final-year students in the Faculties of Medicine (n = 104), Pharmacy (n = 57) and Arts and Social Sciences (n = 75) of the University of Benin. The responses given were analysed by the summation and Cornell scalogram techniques for content and intensity. On aggregate, the pharmacy students scored significantly higher than their medical and arts/social science counterparts (P < 0.001). The advantage over medical students was on only one subscale: paramedical cooperation. The scores of the pharmacy and arts/social science groups were significantly lowe than those of medical students on the social factors subscale. On issues that threaten to diminish the traditional role and status of the medical profession (e.g. paramedical cooperation and government intervention), the attitude of medical students was either unenthusiastic or clearly resentful. However, they shared the same orientation as the other groups towards matters which did not challenge the prerogatives of medical doctors (e.g. preventive medicine and doctor-patient relationship). It is suggested that measures be adopted to raise the level of awareness of non-health professionals vis--vis the non-biological antecedents of disease and also to bridge the gap in attitudes among groups in the health care team.


Med Educ


Medical education


Nnodim JO,Osuji CU




Has Abstract


1995-07-01 00:00:00












  • The impact of learning environment disruption on medical student performance.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study aimed to quantify the effects of two distinct and separate disruptions caused by earthquakes to a medical school learning environment on two separate cohorts of Year 5 medical students. METHODS:The first disruption was caused by an earthquake of magnitude 7.1 that occurred near the end of the aca...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilkinson TJ,Ali AN,Bell CJ,Carter FA,Frampton CM,McKenzie JM

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of teaching on interpersonal interactions.

    abstract::In 1978, the second-year pre-clinical Behavioural Sciences course at Monash University Medical School was restructured to improve monitoring of, and feedback on, the development of interpersonal relationships between individual students and individual old age pensioners they were studying. Results indicate that integr...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones KV,Hornblow AR,Tiller JW

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • The development of medical teachers: an enquiry into the learning histories of 10 experienced medical teachers.

    abstract:AIM:The aim of the study was to explore the different ways in which doctors have learned to teach and train. INTRODUCTION:There is no coherent theory of medical teacher development. Doctors are experts in what they teach; most have had little or no training in how they teach. Research has mostly concentrated on the ac...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacDougall J,Drummond MJ

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Problems of comprehension of medical education vocabulary.

    abstract::Medical teachers' understanding of the vocabulary of medical education has been studied by asking a group of medical teachers whether they understood twenty-two commonly used and important medical educational terms, and whether they could distinguish between the terms. All the words presented some problem of comprehen...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barker VF,Harden RM

    更新日期:1981-07-01 00:00:00

  • Adding emotional stressors to training in simulated cardiopulmonary arrest enhances participant performance.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) skills tend to degrade over time. There is mounting evidence that high-fidelity simulation (HFS) is advantageous to teaching ACLS. The aspects of HFS that enhance learning are not entirely clear, but the anxiety generated by a scenario may enhance retention through well-e...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Demaria S Jr,Bryson EO,Mooney TJ,Silverstein JH,Reich DL,Bodian C,Levine AI

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying coaching skills to improve feedback use in postgraduate medical education.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Coaching in medical education has recently gained prominence, but minimal attention has been given to key skills and determining how they work to effectively ensure residents are progressing and developing self-assessment skills. This study examined process-oriented and content-oriented coaching skills used ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Armson H,Lockyer JM,Zetkulic M,Könings KD,Sargeant J

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • Chaos, complexity and complicatedness: lessons from rocket science.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Recently several authors have drawn parallels between educational research and some theories of natural science, in particular complexity theory and chaos theory. The central claim is that both the natural science theories are useful metaphors for education research in that they deal with phenomena that involve...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Norman G

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • The sleep habits, personality and academic performance of medical students.

    abstract::The academic performance of 104 fourth-year medical students was assessed in relation to their sleep habits reported in a questionary and their scores on the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Poorer academic performance was related significantly to later times of waking up in the morning, particularly at we...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johns MW,Dudley HA,Masterton JP

    更新日期:1976-05-01 00:00:00

  • Student assessment in community settings: a comprehensive approach.

    abstract::Student assessment in community settings presents problems for medical teachers, e.g., difficulties in assessing the contribution of individual members to group work, and lack of test standardization due to varying field conditions. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Gezira, Sudan is a community-oriented, communit...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magzoub ME,Schmidt HG,Abdel-Hameed AA,Dolmans D,Mustafa SE

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of new educational technology on problem-based learning at Harvard Medical School.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Computers with 50-inch, wall-mounted plasma screens and broadband Internet access were installed in all small group tutorial rooms at Harvard Medical School. This study examines how the introduction of this educational technology impacted on the problem-based learning tutorials. METHOD:A total of 37 tutorial g...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kerfoot BP,Masser BA,Hafler JP

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Online testable concept maps: benefits for learning about the pathogenesis of disease.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Concept maps have been used to promote meaningful learning and critical thinking. Although these are crucially important in all disciplines, evidence for the benefits of concept mapping for learning in medicine is limited. METHODS:We performed a randomised crossover study to assess the benefits of online testa...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ho V,Kumar RK,Velan G

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Family and community health in a new medical school.

    abstract::The planning and implementation of a curriculum for a department of family and community health in a new medical school in a developing country presents special problems. The evolution of the programme at Sultan Qaboos University in the Sultanate of Oman is described and discussed. ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Musgrove JP

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Feedback from health professionals in postgraduate medical education: Influence of interprofessional relationship, identity and power.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Capitalising on direct workplace observations of residents by interprofessional team members might be an effective strategy to promote formative feedback in postgraduate medical education. To better understand how interprofessional feedback is conceived, delivered, received and used, we explored both feedb...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miles A,Ginsburg S,Sibbald M,Tavares W,Watling C,Stroud L

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Towards evidence-based practice in medical training: making evaluations more meaningful.

    abstract:CONTEXT:The evaluation of training is problematic and the evidence base inconclusive. This situation may arise for 2 main reasons: training is not understood as a complex intervention and, related to this, the evaluation methods applied are often overly simplistic. METHOD:This paper makes the case for construing train...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Drescher U,Warren F,Norton K

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Postgraduate training and career choices: an analysis of the National Physicians Survey in Japan.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study analyses and discusses recent changes in young Japanese doctors' career paths, in terms of their distribution in different types of facilities and specialties, following changes to the postgraduate clinical training system in 2004. METHODS:Data from the National Survey of Physicians, Dentists and...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koike S,Ide H,Yasunaga H,Kodama T,Matsumoto S,Imamura T

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Self-explanation in learning clinical reasoning: the added value of examples and prompts.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Recent studies suggest that self-explanation (SE) while diagnosing cases fosters the development of clinical reasoning in medical students; however, the conditions that optimise the impact of SE remain unknown. The example-based learning framework justifies an exploration of students' use of their own SEs combi...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Chamberland M,Mamede S,St-Onge C,Setrakian J,Bergeron L,Schmidt H

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • A test of medical problem-solving scored by nurses and doctors: the handicap of expertise.

    abstract::There is evidence that nurses fulfil the requirements of objective judgement better than doctors. Simulation of Initial Medical Problem-Solving (SIMP), a paper-and-pencil test for the assessment of medical problem-solving, consists of case histories, followed by an open-ended question. The scoring of open-ended questi...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Graaff E

    更新日期:1989-07-01 00:00:00

  • Embarking upon a medical career: psychological morbidity in first year medical students.

    abstract::This study was undertaken to measure the prevalence of psychological morbidity, and the nature and source of stress, in first year medical students. Two hundred and four first year medical students at a university in the north of England were sent a postal, self-report questionnaire. They were asked to complete the Ge...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guthrie EA,Black D,Shaw CM,Hamilton J,Creed FH,Tomenson B

    更新日期:1995-09-01 00:00:00

  • Meritocratic and fair? The discourse of UK and Australia's widening participation policies.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Globally, people with the academic and personal attributes to successfully study medicine experience disadvantages associated with sociodemographic factors. Governments have attempted to address this issue via macrolevel policies aimed at widening participation (WP) to medicine. These policies differ by co...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coyle M,Sandover S,Poobalan A,Bullen J,Cleland J

    更新日期:2020-12-21 00:00:00

  • Examination anxiety in medical students: experiences with the visual analogue scale for anxiety.

    abstract::Medical students' levels of anxiety under different conditions of stress were investigated, as well as the stability of anxiety ratings from one examination to another. After completing an end-of-term psychiatry examination, fourth-year medical students at Monash University were asked to score the Visual Analogue Scal...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kidson M,Hornblow A

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of reflection on medical students' situational interest: an experimental study.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Reflection has been considered crucial to learning. Engaging in reflection while solving problems is expected to foster identification of knowledge gaps and interest in learning more about them, the latter being a major motivational force in learning. Although theoretically sound, this assumption still lacks em...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ribeiro LMC,Mamede S,Moura AS,de Brito EM,de Faria RMD,Schmidt HG

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Community-based medical education: feasibility and cost.

    abstract::The General Medical Council has issued a call for an increase in community-based medical education, and many medical schools are enhancing the community component of their curricula. This paper uses the experience of a community-based junior medical firm to explore the potential costs, and highlight some of the unreso...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murray E,Jinks V,Modell M

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Psychiatric training for family doctors: what do GP registrars want and can a brief course provide this?

    abstract:CONTEXT:About 40% of British General Practitioners (GPs) train formally in a psychiatric post as part of their general practice training, but such training may not fully meet the needs of future GPs. A specific course in psychiatry for family doctors has run in Manchester for more than a decade. METHOD:Semi-structured...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ratcliffe J,Gask L,Creed F,Lewis B

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • The value of student-made models as learning aids in physiology.

    abstract::In a new educational scheme introduced in Malta in 1978, university students spend half of the academic year studying and the other half as workers in various departments. During their work phase, students designed and made working models as teaching aids for the study of physiology. The value of these models was asse...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abu-Sitta SA,Shalaby MA,Hajek J

    更新日期:1984-09-01 00:00:00

  • Marginalisation of dental students in a shared medical and dental education programme.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Internationally, there are a number of universities at which medical and dental education programmes share common elements. There are no studies about the experiences of medical and dental students enrolled in different programmes who share significant amounts of learning and teaching. METHODS:Semi-structur...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ajjawi R,Hyde S,Roberts C,Nisbet G

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Students' moral reasoning, Machiavellianism and socially desirable responding: implications for teaching ethics and research integrity.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the relationship between psychological constructs related to professional and research integrity and moral reasoning among medical students. METHODS:Medical students, 2nd-year (n = 208, 85.6% of 243 enrolled students), answered the moral reasoning test-defining issues test 2 (DIT2) and the Mac...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hren D,Vujaklija A,Ivanisević R,Knezević J,Marusić M,Marusić A

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • The consequences of authentic early experience for medical students: creation of mētis.

    abstract:CONTEXT:Authentic early experience (AEE) describes experiences provided to new medical students to undertake 'human contact' to enhance learning. Although the concept of AEE is not new, and was commonplace prior to the Flexner Report of 1910, little is known about how or why meaning and knowledge are constructed throug...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yardley S,Brosnan C,Richardson J

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Current status of teaching on spirituality in UK medical schools.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the current status of teaching on spirituality in medicine in UK medical schools and to establish if and how medical schools are preparing future doctors to identify patients' spiritual needs. METHODS:We carried out a national questionnaire survey using a 2-part questionnaire. Section A contai...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究,评审


    authors: Neely D,Minford EJ

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • Premedical training, personal characteristics and performance in medical school.

    abstract::Despite concern over the concentration on science in pre-medical education and the selection of medical students in the United States, no major changes have been made. The present study compares attrition rates and clinical competence levels of medical students who vary in pre-medical training, age, and sex, in order ...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herman MW,Veloski JJ

    更新日期:1981-11-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in the preferences of US physicians-in-training for medical interventions throughout medical education.

    abstract:CONTEXT:There exists a disparity between the views of physicians and the views of their patients on end-of-life decisions. However, the timing of when the end-of-life preferences of physicians and non-medically-trained individuals diverge is currently unknown. The objective of this paper is to characterise how preferen...

    journal_title:Medical education

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Valentino MA,Chervoneva I,Diemer GA

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00