Enteric glia exhibit P2U receptors that increase cytosolic calcium by a phospholipase C-dependent mechanism.


:Calcium signaling in fura-2 acetoxymethyl ester-loaded enteric glia was investigated in response to neuroligands; responses to ATP were studied in detail. Carbachol (1 mM), glutamate (100 microM), norepinephrine (10 microM), and substance P (1 microM) did not increase the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cultured enteric glia. An increasing percentage of glia responded to serotonin (4%; 100 microM), bradykinin (11%; 10 microM), and histamine (31%; 100 microM), whereas 100% of glia responded to ATP (100 microM). ATP-evoked calcium signaling was concentration dependent in terms of the percentage of glia responding and the peak [Ca2+]i achieved; responses were pertussis toxin insensitive. Based on responsiveness of enteric glia to purinergic agonists and peak [Ca2+]i evoked, ATP = UTP > ADP > beta, gamma-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate > 2-methylthioadenosine 5'-triphosphate = alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine 5'-triphosphate = AMP = adenosine, suggesting a glial P2U receptor. Depletion of D-myo-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-sensitive calcium stores by thapsigargin (10 microM) abolished glial responses to ATP. Similarly, calcium responses were decreased 92% by U-73122 (10 microM), an inhibitor of phospholipase C, and 93% by the phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (100 nM), an activator of protein kinase C. Thus, cultured enteric glia can respond to neurotransmitters with increases in [Ca2+]i. Our data suggest that glial responses to ATP are mediated by a P2U receptor coupled to activation of phospholipase C and release of intracellular calcium stores.


J Neurochem


Kimball BC,Mulholland MW




Has Abstract


1996-02-01 00:00:00












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    abstract::gamma-Aminobutyric acidB (GABAB) receptor recognition sites that inhibit cyclic AMP formation, open potassium channels, and close calcium channels are coupled to these effector systems by guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins). These G proteins are ADP-ribosylated by islet-activating protein (IAP), also know...

    journal_title:Journal of neurochemistry

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    authors: Wojcik WJ,Ulivi M,Paez X,Costa E

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    journal_title:Journal of neurochemistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Journal of neurochemistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Journal of neurochemistry

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schad CA,Justice JB Jr,Holtzman SG

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Larocca JN,Golly F,Ledeen RW

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