Secondary prevention--serving families at risk.


:Secondary prevention of child abuse and neglect aims at protecting children who live in high-risk environments when overt abuse has not yet occurred, but is likely to occur in the future. Several screening strategies to identify families at high risk for child maltreatment have been reported in the literature, none of which has been translated into practice so far. For practical but foremost ethical reasons, general screening programs to identify vulnerable children and families cannot be recommended. Traditional welfare and health-care agencies have encountered difficulties in reaching out to population groups believed to be at higher risk for child maltreatment. The system of care or services often contributes to isolation, defensiveness, and noncompliance of families. The concept for the Child Protection Center in Lübeck focused on a nonpunitive, self-help approach to reach out to families and encourage them to determine their own needs. There is a significant guarantee not to involve law enforcing agencies or to initiate court proceedings without the families' consent. Over half of all the families seen in the Center over a 2-year period were self-reported, almost a fifth of all families received help to prevent violence against children before child abuse or neglect had yet occurred. We conclude that nonpunitive concepts that avoid labeling and stigmatizing, and offer free, easy accessible, family oriented services will help prevent child maltreatment.


Child Abuse Negl


Child abuse & neglect


Thyen U,Thiessen R,Heinsohn-Krug M




Has Abstract


1995-11-01 00:00:00














  • Intergenerational transmission of abuse: a two-generational prospective study of an at-risk sample.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:A model was examined in which the association between a parent's history of abuse and the parent's own abusive behavior toward his or her children was hypothesized to be mediated by parental psychopathology, early childbearing, and consistency of discipline. Additionally, the effect of severity of abuse on th...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pears KC,Capaldi DM

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Fabricated or induced illness: From "Munchausen by proxy" to child and family-oriented action.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In fabricated or induced illness (FII), a child is harmed due to caregiver(s) behaviour and actions, carried out to convince mainly doctors that the child's physical and/or psychological health is more impaired than in reality. Harm is caused directly by the caregivers(s) and also often inadvertently by doct...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glaser D

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Legal decision-making in child sexual abuse investigations: A mixed-methods study of factors that influence prosecution.

    abstract::Prosecution of child sexual abuse cases is an important aspect of a community's response for holding perpetrators accountable and protecting children. Differences in charging rates across jurisdictions may reflect considerations made in prosecutors' decision-making process. This mixed-methods, multiphase study used da...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duron JF

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Child maltreatment and adolescent mental health problems in a large birth cohort.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine whether notified child maltreatment is associated with adverse psychological outcomes in adolescence, and whether differing patterns of psychological outcome are seen depending on the type of maltreatment. METHODS:The participants were 7,223 mother and child pairs enrolled in a population-based bi...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mills R,Scott J,Alati R,O'Callaghan M,Najman JM,Strathearn L

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Listening to victims: use of a Critical Incident Reporting System to enable adult victims of childhood sexual abuse to participate in a political reappraisal process in Germany.

    abstract::Recent revelations about the scope and severity of past child sexual abuse in German institutions set off a broad public debate on this issue, and led to the establishment of a politically appointed Round Table committee and an Independent Commissioner whose mandates were to reappraise the issue and develop recommenda...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rassenhofer M,Spröber N,Schneider T,Fegert JM

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of previous type of abuse and sibling adoption upon adoptive families.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The paper addresses the impacts of the type of abuse and sibling adoption upon family functioning. The specific objectives are to test the relationships: (1). between an adopted child's previous type of abuse and postadoptive family functioning; (2). between an adopted child's previous type of abuse and the c...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Erich S,Leung P

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychopathy among pedophilic and nonpedophilic child molesters.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Among men who commit sexual offenses against children, at least 2 distinct groups can be identified on the basis of the age of the primary targets of their sexual interest; pedophiles and nonpedophiles. METHOD:In the present report, across 2 independent samples of both types of child molesters as well as con...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Strassberg DS,Eastvold A,Wilson Kenney J,Suchy Y

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Trends in child maltreatment in the US Army, 1975-1997.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine trends by year in reports of victims of child maltreatment in the US Army Central Registry (ACR) during the period 1975-97. We report the rates/1,000 children of Army families of initial substantiated cases from 1988-97 and the number of cases of maltreatment as a percentage of total victims for ea...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCarroll JE,Newby JH,Thayer LE,Ursano RJ,Norwood AE,Fullerton CS

    更新日期:1999-09-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized controlled trial of an intervention program to Brazilian mothers who use corporal punishment.

    abstract::This study evaluated a positive parenting program to Brazilian mothers who used corporal punishment with their children. The intervention was conducted in four agencies serving vulnerable children, and at a home replica laboratory at the University. Mothers who admitted using corporal punishment were randomly assigned...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Santini PM,Williams LCA

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • A family service unit's approach to working with child abuse.

    abstract::The staff of Brent Family Service Unit, a voluntary social work agency operating in London, has developed a range of broadly based services to bring about real changes in the behaviour of families who suffer child abuse. The paper argues that integrated teams of workers containing a variety of roles, experiences and a...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cooke P

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Adverse and adaptive childhood experiences are associated with parental reflective functioning in mothers with substance use disorder.

    abstract::Mothers with a substance use disorder (SUD) are at risk for maladaptive parenting practices, and have heightened likelihood of having experienced childhood adversity themselves. In addition, parental reflective functioning (PRF), a capacity underlying sensitive caregiving, is often low in mothers with SUD. This study ...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Håkansson U,Watten R,Söderström K,Skårderud F,Øie MG

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptions of general and parenting-specific posttraumatic change among postpartum mothers with histories of childhood maltreatment.

    abstract::Although adaptive meanings of childhood maltreatment (CM) are critical to posttraumatic adaptation, little is known about perceptions of posttraumatic change (PTC) during the vulnerable postpartum period. PTC may be positive or negative as well as global or situational. This study examined general and parenting-specif...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fava NM,Simon VA,Smith E,Khan M,Kovacevic M,Rosenblum KL,Menke R,Muzik M

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of child sexual abuse in Finland.

    abstract::The prevalence and context of child sexual abuse was surveyed in Finland. A random sample of 409 comprehensive school classes with about 9,000 15-year-olds were asked to anonymously fill out questionnaires. The majority (93%) filled the questionnaires out in the privacy of the school nurse's office, the rest in their ...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sariola H,Uutela A

    更新日期:1994-10-01 00:00:00

  • Children referred for possible sexual abuse: medical findings in 2384 children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The goal of this study was to compare rates of positive medical findings in a 5-year prospective study of 2384 children, referred for evaluation of possible sexual abuse, with two decades of research. The prospective study summarizes demographic information, clinical history, relationship of perpetrators, nat...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heger A,Ticson L,Velasquez O,Bernier R

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • Association between types of involvement in school bullying and different dimensions of anxiety symptoms and the moderating effects of age and gender in Taiwanese adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aims of this cross-sectional study were to examine the associations of various types of school bullying involvement experiences with different dimensions of anxiety symptoms on the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) and to examine the moderating effects of gender and age on the association...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yen CF,Huang MF,Kim YS,Wang PW,Tang TC,Yeh YC,Lin HC,Liu TL,Wu YY,Yang P

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Children's use of sexual body part terms in witness interviews about sexual abuse.

    abstract::For successful prosecution, investigative interviews with child sexual abuse victims need to establish the nature of the alleged offence by determining the body parts that were involved. To date, however, there has been a paucity of research on the extent to which children clearly identify sexual body parts in intervi...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burrows KS,Bearman M,Dion J,Powell MB

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of child sexual abuse victimization in an adult sample of Texas residents.

    abstract::Attempts to identify characteristics of children who have been sexually abused have generally been based on cases reported to clinics, hospitals, law enforcement and social service agencies. In this study a questionnaire was mailed to a representative sample of the adult population in Texas. Child sexual abuse was def...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kercher GA,McShane M

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Associations between motor proficiency in children with history of maltreatment and living in social economically vulnerability.

    abstract::Maltreatment and living in poor socioeconomic conditions during childhood may implicate in deficits on motor proficiency, nevertheless, the literature on this issue is still scarce. The goal of the study was to investigate the possible associations among manual dexterity, aiming and catching tasks, and balance tasks f...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sartori RF,Ribeiro Bandeira PF,Nobre GC,da Silva Ramalho MH,Valentini NC

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Exploring placement stability for children in out-of-home care in England: a sequence analysis of longitudinal administrative data.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To monitor stability of care, the proportion of children in England who have experienced three or more placements in the preceding 12-month period is published in government statistics. However, these annual snapshots cannot capture the complexity and heterogeneity of children's longitudinal care histories. ...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mc Grath-Lone L,Harron K,Dearden L,Gilbert R

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence and psychological sequelae of self-reported childhood physical and sexual abuse in a general population sample of men and women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study examined the prevalence and psychological sequelae of childhood sexual and physical abuse in adults from the general population. METHOD:A national sampling service generated a geographically stratified, random sample of 1,442 subjects from the United States. Subjects were mailed a questionnaire th...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Briere J,Elliott DM

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • Innovative models for rural child protection teams.

    abstract::This paper describes child protection teams in rural Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The teams have developed an innovative model that encourages a community-based response to child abuse. Child protection teams usually follow the case consultation model, which is a group of professionals dealing with specific case...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crocker D

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Judges' delivery of ground rules to child witnesses in Australian courts.

    abstract::Ground rules directions are given to children in forensic interviews to explain what is expected of them, and to reduce their tendency to acquiesce to erroneous or incomprehensible questions. Ground rules may also be necessary when children provide testimony in court. Drawing on research conducted for the Australian R...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Earhart B,Brubacher SP,Powell MB,Westera NJ,Goodman-Delahunty J

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Institutional child abuse in Greece: some preliminary findings.

    abstract::A long-term study on child abuse and neglect in Greece is being carried out at the Institute of Child Health, Athens. A multidisciplinary team is investigating the nature of the problem in Greece, is trying a system of therapeutic intervention to families, is evaluating the adequacy of child protection as it is used i...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agathonos H

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Abuse after abuse: The recurrent maltreatment of American Indian children in foster care and adoption.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While maltreated children are at risk for recurrent maltreatment, less is known about the maltreatment recurrence of American Indian children in foster and adoptive homes. OBJECTIVE:This study examined the recurrent maltreatment of American Indian children in foster and adoptive homes, specifically the phys...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Landers AL,Danes SM,Campbell AR,White Hawk S

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Racial disparities in child welfare in Ontario (Canada) and training on ethnocultural diversity: An innovative mixed-methods study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite continuous reports showing the overrepresentation of Black children in the child welfare system in Ontario, Canada's most populous and ethnically diverse province, knowledge in the factors contributing to this issue remain scarce. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to explore questions relating to caseworke...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cénat JM,Noorishad PG,Czechowski K,McIntee SE,Mukunzi JN

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • The factors of child physical abuse in Korean immigrant families.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study explores Korean immigrant mothers' attitudes toward child physical abuse based on an ecological perspective. METHOD:One hundred and forty-four Korean immigrant mothers who came to the US after age 16 and have at least one child under 18 years old participated in this study. Data were collected usi...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Park MS

    更新日期:2001-07-01 00:00:00

  • The prevalence of a history of childhood sexual abuse in an acute adult inpatient population.

    abstract::The prevalence of a history of childhood sexual abuse in a series of admissions to a general psychiatric hospital was estimated. One hundred and twenty subjects were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Case notes were examined to determine previous documented disclosure, diagnosis, and rates of admission...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wurr CJ,Partridge IM

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • What hysteria? A systematic study of newspaper coverage of accused child molesters.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:There were three aims: First, to determine the extent to which those charged with child molestation receive newspaper coverage; second, to analyze the nature of that coverage; and third, to compare the universe of coverage to the nature of child molestation charges in the criminal justice system as a whole. ...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheit RE

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dissociative mothers' subjective experience of parenting.

    abstract::This study examined to what extent the symptoms of dissociative mothers interfered with their parenting and their subjective experiences of mothering. A group of 54 dissociative inpatient or day-patient mothers, 20 nondissociative inpatient mothers, and 20 hospital staff mothers were screened for Dissociative Disorder...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benjamin LR,Benjamin R,Rind B

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Child abuse and neglect and intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration: a prospective investigation.

    abstract::This paper describes the extent to which abused and neglected children report intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration when followed up into middle adulthood. Using data from a prospective cohort design study, children (ages 0-11) with documented histories of physical and sexual abuse and/or negl...

    journal_title:Child abuse & neglect

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Widom CS,Czaja S,Dutton MA

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00