Some personality characteristics of soldiers exposed to extreme war stress: a follow-up study of post-hospital adjustment.


:A group of 17 Israeli soldier psychiatric casualties of the Yom Kippur war were readministered the MMPI and intensively interviewed a year after they had been discharged from a psychiatric ward. A comparison between the hospitalization and post-hospitalization MMPI profiles yielded no significant difference on any of the scales. Thus, the degree of emotional distress experienced by these veterans continues to be extraordinarily high and is characterized by extreme depression, anxiety and extensive physical complaints. The interview reports are completely consistent with the MMPI data. These data emphasize the prolonged effect of combat stress and highlight the special problems that these men face in re-entering their social community.


J Clin Psychol


Merbaum M




Has Abstract


1977-04-01 00:00:00












  • Relationship between psychopathology, experienced control and perceived locus of control: in search of alcoholic subtypes.

    abstract::Alcoholic Ss were categorized into four subtypes based upon differential levels of perceived locus of control and experienced control. The relationship between generalized psychopathology, as measured by the MMPI, and subtype classification was investigated. Alcoholics with an internal locus of control and high levels...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Leary MR,Donovan DM,Freeman CW,Chaney EF

    更新日期:1976-10-01 00:00:00

  • Children of Alcoholics Screening Test: internal consistency, factor structure, and relationship to measures of family environment.

    abstract::The children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST) and the Family Environment Scale were administered to 307 adults (M age = 27.6 years, 81% female, 89% White). Internal reliability estimates of the CAST were high (r = .98). Factor analysis of the CAST resulted in a four-factor solution, which accounted for 67% of the v...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeatman FR,Bogart CJ,Geer FA,Sirridge ST

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • Repression-sensitization and processing of favorable and adverse information.

    abstract::One hundred forty-two female Ss divided into repressors and sensitizers by their median score on the R-S scale received either a favorable or an unfavorable evaluation of themselves, both discrepant at a similar degree from their own self-evaluation. Sensitizers, in comparison to repressors, exhibited greater adoption...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shavit H,Shouval R

    更新日期:1977-10-01 00:00:00

  • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder three years after the siege of Sarajevo.

    abstract::The goals of this study were to estimate the lifetime prevalence of traumatic events, the current prevalence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and the connection between the kinds of traumatic events experienced and the probability of developing PTSD in three study samples in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, three...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosner R,Powell S,Butollo W

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Immediate antecedents to adolescents' offenses.

    abstract::The current research examined importance ratings by adolescent offenders of immediate antecedents to their offenses. One hundred and fifteen adolescent offenders consecutively admitted to an inpatient psychiatric unit for court-ordered assessment completed the High Risk Situations Questionnaire for Young Offenders (HR...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howell AJ,Reddon JR,Enns RA

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Nonverbal support giving induces nonverbal support seeking in depressed patients.

    abstract::Nonverbal support seeking behavior of 11 mildly depressed patients was studied in relation to the nonverbal support giving behavior of a female interviewer. The patients were interviewed for 20 minutes during which the interviewer gave high and low nonverbal support for 10 minutes in a cross-over design. Different beh...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Geerts E,Bouhuys AL,Bloem GM

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Use of the MMPI to predict effective hotline workers.

    abstract::The present study investigated the use of the MMPI to discriminate between two groups of hotline volunteers: those who after training would become effective interviewers and those who would not. Effective interviewers were defined as those who emitted 40% or more good responses when they were responding to a crisis ca...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans DR

    更新日期:1977-10-01 00:00:00

  • A preliminary validation of the Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI) inventory with normal adolescent samples.

    abstract::The present study evaluated the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI; Osman, Gutierrez, Kopper, Barrios, & Chiros, 1998) inventory in a sample of high-school youths. The PANSI is designed as a measure of risk and protective factors related to suicidal behavio...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Osman A,Gutierrez PM,Jiandani J,Kopper BA,Barrios FX,Linden SC,Truelove RS

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • This is what I need a clinical feedback system to do for me: A qualitative inquiry into perspectives of adolescents and their therapists.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Routine outcome monitoring and clinical feedback systems might be beneficial for adolescent psychotherapy processes. METHODS:Clinicians (n = 34) and adolescent clients (n = 22) aged 14-19 from seven different outpatient clinics located in Norway participated in the study. Adolescents were interviewed in indi...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lavik KO,Veseth M,Frøysa H,Stefansen J,Nøtnes JC,Moltu C

    更新日期:2020-12-15 00:00:00

  • Analysis of WAIS-R factor patterns by sex and race.

    abstract::Factor analyses of WAIS-R standardization data for samples grouped by sex and race (Black-White) produced congruent factors for the various samples and offered good support for Wechsler's two-scale division of the subtests. The factor structures for males and females produced some interesting differences across the ag...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaufman AS,McLean JE,Reynolds CR

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Premenstrual mood changes and maternal mental health in pregnancy and the postpartum period.

    abstract::To investigate the relationship between premenstrual mood changes and maternal mental health in the perinatal period, a prospective questionnaire survey of 1,329 women was carried out. Women with a premenstrual mood changes (irritability) before pregnancy showed significantly higher Zung's Self-rating Depression Scale...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sugawara M,Toda MA,Shima S,Mukai T,Sakakura K,Kitamura T

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Disability and posttraumatic stress disorder in disaster relief workers responding to September 11, 2001 World Trade Center disaster.

    abstract::Empirical evidence suggests that social and occupational disability plays a significant role in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study was to assess the role of social/occupational disability and to identify predictors of the development of PTSD in a group of disaster relief workers (DRWs) who...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans S,Patt I,Giosan C,Spielman L,Difede J

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Induction and reversal of depression, anxiety, and hostility.

    abstract::Anxiety, hostility, and depression were induced and reversed by use of the Velton (1968) Mood Induction Procedure. Forty subjects were assigned randomly to one of four induction groups: Anxiety, Depression, Hostility, or Neutral. Mood states, measured by the Multiple Affect Adjective Check List (MAACL) were obtained b...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Cairns SL,Norton GR

    更新日期:1988-05-01 00:00:00

  • From the military to college and beyond: Growing a culturally sensitive program to support veteran success.

    abstract::This paper addresses the unique characteristics of veterans and the role military culture continues to play for post-service veterans. We describe a series of programs developed to provide critically important assistance to current and recent student veterans by connecting them to a network of veteran peers and mentor...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology



    authors: Ulrich S,Freer BD

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Billing effectively with the new health and behavior current procedural terminology codes in primary care and specialty clinics.

    abstract::The health and behavior current procedural terminology (CPT) codes introduced in 2003 have gained nationwide acceptance through Medicare and limited acceptance through third party payers. The codes facilitate accurate description and quantification of behavioral medicine services within a primary care or specialty cli...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyamoto RE

    更新日期:2006-10-01 00:00:00

  • MMPI-168 and Marlowe-Crowne profiles of adoption applicants.

    abstract::The MMPI-168, Marlowe-Crowne, and Shipley were administered to 14 Caucasian couples as part of a pre-adoption screening procedure. The sample of adoption applicants was well educated and of above-average intelligence. Test data indicated a high level of defensiveness. Implications for test interpretation are discussed...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dalton JE

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • Culture analysis and metaphor psychotherapy with Arab-Muslim clients.

    abstract::Attempting to reveal unconscious content and promoting self-actualization may be counterproductive for clients who come from collectivistic cultures. Such treatment goals may expose clients to harsh confrontations with the family. Clients with dependency traits, low ego-strength, and strict families may be helped thro...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dwairy M

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of progressive muscle relaxation and music on stress as measured by finger temperature response.

    abstract::Measured the efficacy of music, progressive muscle relaxation, and a combination of both variables on tension reduction. Ss were three sections (N = 76) of an introductory music class. Each section received either sedative music (M), progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), or both (M + PMR) as treatment. Vasoconstriction...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kibler VE,Rider MS

    更新日期:1983-03-01 00:00:00

  • Next steps for clinicians in religious and spiritual therapy: an endpiece.

    abstract::To conclude this issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session, the authors identify several next steps for clinicians interested in religious and spiritual therapy. They call for more clinically useful definitions of religion and spirituality and suggest that new methods of clinical practice that employ bot...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aten JD,Worthington EL Jr

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Test of MCMI black norms for five scales.

    abstract::A 2 x 2 x 2 MANOVA was used to analyze the effects of race (Black vs. White), education (high school graduate vs. less than high school education), and diagnosis (schizophrenic vs. nonschizophrenic) on the MCMI Asocial, Avoidant, Schizotypal, Psychotic Thinking, and Psychotic Delusions scales that were obtained from 3...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis WE,Greenblatt RL,Pochyly JM

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Integration of e-Health Tools Into Face-to-Face Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Chance to Close the Gap Between Demand and Supply?

    abstract::Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a severe, highly prevalent mental disorder. Effective psychological treatments for BPD are available. However, most patients do not receive evidence-based treatments partly because of high treatment delivery costs and lack of specialized therapists. By integrating specialized e...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fassbinder E,Hauer A,Schaich A,Schweiger U,Jacob GA,Arntz A

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • I think therefore I om: cognitive distortions and coping style as mediators for the effects of mindfulness meditation on anxiety, positive and negative affect, and hope.

    abstract::This study examined cognitive distortions and coping styles as potential mediators for the effects of mindfulness meditation on anxiety, negative affect, positive affect, and hope in college students. Our pre- and postintervention design had four conditions: control, brief meditation focused on attention, brief medita...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sears S,Kraus S

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00

  • Campus diversity, Jewishness, and antisemitism.

    abstract::To explore current attitudes among Jewish students, faculty, and leaders of Jewish campus organizations regarding the putative exclusion of Jewish concerns from campus dialogs around diversity, we recruited 40 such individuals to engage in a semi-structured interview. The consensus among our interviewees was that ther...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Farber BA,Poleg A

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Investigation of Cloninger's subtypes in a male alcoholic sample: applications and implications.

    abstract::Cloninger's Type 1/Type 2 classification scheme was examined in 82 male alcoholics. Only 16% were classified by presence/absence of Type 1/Type 2 symptoms. When age of symptom onset was considered, 75.6% were classified into early (ESO) and late symptom onset (LSO) groups. Relatively few group differences were found: ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glenn SW,Nixon SJ

    更新日期:1996-03-01 00:00:00

  • Between-therapist and within-therapist differences in the quality of the therapeutic relationship: effects on maladjustment and self-critical perfectionism.

    abstract::The relationship between therapeutic outcome and a patient-reported measure of the Rogerian conditions of positive regard, empathy, and genuineness was decomposed into between-therapist effects and within-therapist effects using multilevel modeling. Data were available for 157 depressed outpatients treated by 27 thera...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Zuroff DC,Kelly AC,Leybman MJ,Blatt SJ,Wampold BE

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of self-induced mood states on behavior and physiological arousal.

    abstract::The effects of reading emotionally loaded statements on behavioral tasks and physiological measures were investigated. Statements were constructed to arouse elation, depression, or neutrality. Ss were both pre- and posttested on Writing Speed, Reaction Time, Decision Time, and Spontaneous Verbalizations. Base rates we...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Matheny KB,Blue FR

    更新日期:1977-10-01 00:00:00

  • The ability of naive subjects to report symptoms of mild brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, major depression, and generalized anxiety disorder.

    abstract::Diagnoses of major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and mild brain injury are based in substantial part on the self-reported symptoms of patients. This study found that 96.9% of untrained subjects were able to endorse symptoms on checklists to meet the DSM-III-R self-report cri...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lees-Haley PR,Dunn JT

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Gestational and neonatal factors in the etiology of schizophrenia.

    abstract::This study evaluates research on gestational and neonatal factors implicated as causes of schizophrenia. These include obstetrical complications (particularly gestational hypoxia), viral infections, autoimmune agents, developmental deficits, and maternal stress. Evidence strongly suggests that these factors are import...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brixey SN,Gallagher BJ 3rd,McFalls JA Jr,Parmelee LF

    更新日期:1993-05-01 00:00:00

  • Aggressive behavior and the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration (P-F) Study.

    abstract::The current status of the Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration (P-F) Study, a measure of aggressive verbal behavior in response to frustration at the developmental levels of the child, the adolescent and the adult, is described. Conceived as generically or essentially self-assertive, aggression can be viewed as affirmative ...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenzweig S

    更新日期:1976-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological assessment of the burn patient.

    abstract::Emotional and intellectual responses of 25 burn patients, 16 males and 9 females, were assessed with the MMPI and the six verbal subtests of the WAIS. These measures were administered upon hospital admission and 11 to 12 months after discharge. Data analysis entailed Hotelling's T2 tests for paired observations, paire...

    journal_title:Journal of clinical psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mlott SR,Lira FT,Miller WC

    更新日期:1977-04-01 00:00:00