High self-esteem, hardiness and affective stability are associated with higher basal pituitary-adrenal hormone levels.

Abstract:

:Whereas much is known about the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis during environmental stress and in psychiatric disorders, little is known about the relation of individual differences in basal HPA-functioning to individual differences in healthy psychological functioning. In the present study, we recruited 37 healthy young men and examined the relations of hardiness, self-esteem and hypomanic personality--dispositions that moderate the effects of psychosocial stress on depressive reactions and health--to circulating levels of cortisol and beta-endorphin at rest. High self-esteem, hardiness and affective stability were associated with higher plasma cortisol levels and less psychological distress. Additionally, affective stability was associated with higher levels of beta-endorphin. The present findings suggest that individual differences in basal HPA-function are associated with individual differences in psychological functioning following stress.

journal_title

Psychoneuroendocrinology

authors

Zorrilla EP,DeRubeis RJ,Redei E

doi

10.1016/0306-4530(95)00005-9

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-01-01 00:00:00

pages

591-601

issue

6

eissn

0306-4530

issn

1873-3360

pii

0306-4530(95)00005-9

journal_volume

20

pub_type

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