CT of staphylococcal anterior mediastinal abscess in an infant.


:A 6-week-old girl presented with bronchiolitis secondary to respiratory syncytial virus. Eight days after admission she developed a Staphylococcus aureus infection at a previous intravenous cannula site. Despite antibiotic therapy this led to an anterior mediastinal staphylococcal abscess, which was drained surgically and the patient recovered. Mediastinal abscesses are rare in children: haematogenous spread of infection is an unusual aetiological factor and we believe this to be the first case reported due to an infected cannula site.


Pediatr Radiol


Pediatric radiology


Bungay HK,Shefler AG,McHugh K


Has Abstract


1995-11-01 00:00:00








25 Suppl 1


  • Outpacing movement - ultrafast volume coverage in neuropediatric magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Conventional MRI sequences are often affected in neuropediatric imaging by unavoidable movements. Therefore, children younger than 6 years usually have to be examined under sedation/anesthesia. A new real-time MRI technique with automatic slice advancement allows for motion-robust T2-weighted volume coverage...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gräfe D,Roth C,Weisser M,Krause M,Frahm J,Voit D,Hirsch FW

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the brainstem in children, part 2: acquired pathology of the pediatric brainstem.

    abstract::Part 1 of this series of two articles describes conventional and advanced MRI techniques that are useful for evaluating brainstem pathologies. In addition, it provides a review of the embryology, normal progression of myelination, and clinically and radiologically salient imaging anatomy of the normal brainstem. Final...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sarma A,Heck JM,Bhatia A,Krishnasarma RS,Pruthi S

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • Correlation of lung abnormalities on high-resolution CT with clinical graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic versus autologous bone marrow transplantation in children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Late-onset noninfectious pulmonary complications (LONIPCs) are life-threatening complications of bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Several pathological patterns are described in the literature with different prognoses, and with different relationships to graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The role of high-re...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Merlini L,Borzani IM,Anooshiravani M,Rochat I,Ozsahin AH,Hanquinet S

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Osteomesopycnosis. A new case.

    abstract::A 10-year old, mentally and physically normally developed girl complained of back pain following an accident. Radiological findings revealed an inhomogeneous, coarse osteosclerosis along the endplates and posterior parts of the ovoid shaped vertebral bodies, in the proximal and distal femora-, proximal humeri and tibi...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmidt H,Mannkopf H,Ullrich K,von Lengerke HJ

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perinatally lethal short rib-polydactyly syndromes. 1. Variability in known syndromes.

    abstract::Thirteen newborns with lethal short rib-polydactyly (SRP) have been reviewed, 11 with SRP type III (Verma-Naumoff) and 2 with SRP type II (Majewski). In the former group there were three sets of siblings. The excess of males with SRP type III (Verma-Naumoff) is confirmed in this present study. A high frequency of phen...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sillence D,Kozlowski K,Bar-ziv J,Fuhrumann-Rieger A,Fuhrmann W,Pascu F

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cystic periventricular leukomalacia of the corpus callosum.

    abstract::Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a common finding during neurosonography of preterm infants. Secondary thinning of the corpus callosum is seen following PVL, typically from loss of hemispheric white matter tracts. We report a case of direct involvement of the corpus callosum with PVL, its pathogenesis, and its po...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coley BD,Hogan MJ

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Intestinal blood-flow velocity in uncomplicated preterm infants during the early neonatal period.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Intestinal blood-flow changes after birth. Objective. To elucidate the factors influencing intestinal blood-flow velocity in preterm infants during the early neonatal period. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We measured blood-flow velocity in the superior mesenteric artery by pulsed Doppler US in 44 uncomplicated infa...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maruyama K,Koizumi T,Tomomasa T,Morikawa A

    更新日期:1999-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cost-benefit evaluation of systematic radiological diagnosis of congenital dislocated hip.

    abstract::The question of radiological mass screening for congenital dislocated hip is still debated. We have tried to evaluate the cost-benefit ratio of radiological detection at the age of 3-4 months, taking into account the socio-economic cost and radiation risk. Assuming a frequency of this disorder of 1% the average cost o...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fauré C,Schmit P,Salvat D

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mucopolysaccharidoses: overview of neuroimaging manifestations.

    abstract::The mucopolysaccharidoses are a heterogeneous group of inherited lysosomal storage disorders, characterized by the accumulation of undegraded glycosaminoglycans in various organs, leading to tissue damage. Mucopolysaccharidoses include eight individual disorders (IS [Scheie syndrome], IH [Hurler syndrome], II, III, IV...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nicolas-Jilwan M,AlSayed M

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging in paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma - evaluation of quantitative magnetic resonance metrics for nodal staging.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Whole-body MRI is used for staging paediatric Hodgkin lymphoma, commonly using size thresholds, which fail to detect disease in normal-size lymph nodes. OBJECTIVE:To investigate quantitative whole-body MRI metrics for nodal characterisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Thirty-seven children with Hodgkin lymphoma...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Latifoltojar A,Humphries PD,Menezes LJ,Haroon A,Daw S,Shankar A,Punwani S

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • European Society of Paediatric Radiology abdominal imaging task force: recommendations for contrast-enhanced ultrasound and diffusion-weighted imaging in focal renal lesions in children.

    abstract::Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are safe, repeatable imaging techniques. The aim of this paper is to discuss the advantages, technical factors and possible clinical applications of these imaging tools in focal renal lesions in children. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Damasio MB,Ording Müller LS,Augdal TA,Avni FE,Basso L,Bruno C,Ključevšek D,Littooij AS,Franchi-Abella S,Lobo LM,Mentzel HJ,Napolitano M,Ntoulia A,Riccabona M,Stafrace S,Woźniak MMM,Petit P

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Pituitary abscess: an unexpected diagnosis.

    abstract::The pituitary gland can demonstrate a variety of pathologies with different clinical presentations. Amongst them, pituitary abscess is a rare infectious disease for which contrast-enhanced MRI aids the diagnostic pathway. We present a 16-year-old girl with imaging and surgical findings consistent with primary pituitar...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Shuster A,Gunnarsson T,Sommer D,Miller E

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

  • Pediatric abdominal angiography: practical guide to catheter selection, flow rates, and contrast dosage.

    abstract::Abdominal angiography is an extremely valuable modality for the diagnosis of abdominal disease in infants and children. A practical guide to catheter selection, flow rates, and contrast dosage for abdominal angiography in the pediatric patient is presented. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kirks DR,Fitz CR,Harwood-Nash DC

    更新日期:1976-10-26 00:00:00

  • Diffuse peritoneal lymphomatosis: atypical presentation of Burkitt lymphoma.

    abstract::Burkitt lymphoma presenting as a peritoneal and small thickening problem mimicking carcinomatosis is very rare. We present a previously healthy 7-year-old boy with a 1-week history of worsening abdominal distention, vomiting and melena. He demonstrated liver nodules, but no pathologic chest or abdominal adenopathy was...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong S,Sanchez TR,Swischuk LE,Huang FS

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiac tumor in Gorlin syndrome. Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.

    abstract::A cardiac fibroma in a newborn is reported. The infant had skeletal stigmata of Gorlin's syndrome and the mother had known Gorlin's syndrome. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herman TE,Siegel MJ,McAlister WH

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Artifacts, variants, and factors degrading image quality in pediatric magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract::The experience from 123 pediatric MRI examinations disclosed several different types of artifacts and age-related variants that could have caused pitfalls in MRI interpretation. Artifacts were caused by metallic objects, patient touching the RF coil, and patient motion. The potential pitfalls are caused by the MRI var...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ringertz HG,Brasch RC,Gooding CA

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Use of computed radiography in respiratory distress syndrome in the neonatal nursery.

    abstract::A study was performed to establish the value of a computed radiography (CR) system in neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). CR images obtained with various X-ray doses were compared with the images of a standard film-screen system. The image quality of CR taken with about one half radiation exposure, was compa...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakano Y,Odagiri K

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • Multifocal chronic osteomyelitis of unknown etiology. Report of five cases.

    abstract::Five cases of chronic, inflammatory, multifocal bone lesions of unknown etiology are reported. Although bone biopsy confirmed osteomyelitis in each case in none of them were organisms found inspite of an extensive work up. Different clinical course of the disease reflects different aetiology in respective cases. These...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kozlowski K,Masel J,Harbison S,Yu J

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sonographic findings of testicular teratoma with pathologic correlation.

    abstract::Testicular teratoma is a rare tumor in children. We recently encountered two boys, aged 18 months and 2 years respectively, with this tumor. Sonography revealed an intratesticular mass in both. The first revealed a predominantly cystic lesion with echogenic components along its wall. The second showed a complex mass o...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu P,Phillips MJ,Edwards VD,Ein S,Daneman A

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Developmental stenosis of the cervical spine in children.

    abstract::Developmental stenosis of the cervical spine results in a reduction of the caliber of the cervical spinal canal that is greatest in the anteroposterior dimensions. This usually becomes symptomatic in adults when a myelopathy may result from compression of the cervical cord by small osteophytes or by hyperextension inj...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Starshak RJ,Kass GA,Samaraweera RN

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • Osteogenesis imperfecta with joint contractures: bruck syndrome.

    abstract::We describe an Egyptian boy with osteogenesis imperfecta who was born with thumb contractures and bilateral antecubital pterygia. He was seen at 16 months of age with femur and tibial fractures, thoracic vertebral compression fractures, scoliosis and Wormian bones. The findings are consistent with a diagnosis of Bruck...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Blacksin MF,Pletcher BA,David M

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Anterior intervertebral disc herniations in children. Report of four cases.

    abstract::Four boys with anterior lumbar disc herniations probably secondary to chronic trauma are reported. Anterior disc herniations may appear as separate lesions-as in our patients-or coexist with Scheuermann's disease. Although Scheuermann's disease, discitis and tuberculosis are regarded as the most common causes of inter...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kozlowski K

    更新日期:1977-07-25 00:00:00

  • Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy in the management of cerebral malignant ectomesenchymoma: a case report.

    abstract::A 10-year-old girl presented with a cerebral malignant ectomesenchymoma (MEM), a very unusual tumour with undifferentiated mesenchymal as well as ectodermal elements. Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) was performed during the diagnostic workup. The recurrent residual tumour mass was exactly visualized with SRS,...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Papós M,Pekrun A,Herms JW,Behr TM,Meller J,Rustenbeck HH,Kretzschmar HA,Becker W

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00

  • Granulocytic sarcoma presenting with necrotic cervical lymph nodes as an initial manifestation of childhood leukaemia: imaging features.

    abstract::We present two cases of granulocytic sarcoma of the cervical lymph nodes with central necrosis as an initial manifestation of childhood leukaemia, focusing on the imaging features. Recognition of the CT and MR imaging findings of granulocytic sarcoma involving the cervical lymph nodes assists the differential diagnosi...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: An SB,Cheon JE,Kim IO,Kim WS,Ahn HS,Shin HY,Kang HJ,Yeon KM

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Testicular torsion: missed diagnosis on colour Doppler sonography.

    abstract::Colour Doppler sonography is of value in diagnosing scrotal pathology. We report a case of testicular torsion misdiagnosed as a paratesticular tumour by colour Doppler sonography and highlight some of the pitfalls involved in this technique. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ingram S,Hollman AS,Azmy A

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • MR imaging of transient synovitis: differentiation from septic arthritis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Transient synovitis is the most common cause of acute hip pain in children. However, MR imaging findings in transient synovitis and the role of MR imaging in differentiating transient synovitis from septic arthritis have not been fully reported. OBJECTIVE:To describe the MR findings of transient synovitis a...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yang WJ,Im SA,Lim GY,Chun HJ,Jung NY,Sung MS,Choi BG

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • Occult humeral epiphyseal fracture in battered infants.

    abstract::Complete fracture-separation of humeral epiphyses, proximal or distal, represents unusual skeletal injuries in the battered infant. Radiographic identification of the type and extent of epiphyseal injury may be difficult due to lack of ossified epiphyseal centers. While arthrography can be a useful diagnostic and ther...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Merten DF,Kirks DR,Ruderman RJ

    更新日期:1981-02-01 00:00:00

  • The spleen in the sickling disorders: an update.

    abstract::In early life, patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) can have acute, life-threatening emergencies related to splenic hypofunction (overwhelming bacterial sepsis), as well as anemic crises from acute splenic sequestration because of sudden pooling of blood in the spleen. The landmark penicillin prophylaxis study in 1...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Khatib R,Rabah R,Sarnaik SA

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • MRI of perinatal brain injury.

    abstract::MRI is invaluable in assessing the neonatal brain following suspected perinatal injury. Good quality imaging requires adaptations to both the hardware and the sequences used for adults or older children. The perinatal and postnatal details often predict the pattern of lesions sustained and should be available to aid i...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rutherford M,Biarge MM,Allsop J,Counsell S,Cowan F

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Imaging of total colonic Hirschsprung disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hirschsprung disease (HD) is a functional obstruction of the bowel caused by the absence of intrinsic enteric ganglion cells. The diagnosis of total colonic HD (TCHD) based on contrast enemas is difficult in newborns because radiological findings vary. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the radiographic and contrast ene...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stranzinger E,DiPietro MA,Teitelbaum DH,Strouse PJ

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00