Bone fractures in children undergoing orthotopic liver transplantation.


:This retrospective study documents the incidence and distribution of fractures in 117 children with end-stage liver disease who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) over a 6-year period (1987-1993). Both the pre- and post-OLT phases were included. Nineteen children (16.2 %) sustained a total of 69 fractures. Age at time of fracture ranged from 3 months to 9 years 8 months (median 13.5 months). There was no documented trauma in 14/19 cases. Metabolic bone disease, assessed qualitatively on plain radiographs, was present in 17/19 children at the time of fracture. This took the form of rickets (n = 3), osteopenia (n = 12) and osteosclerosis (n = 2). Potential risk factors including pre-existing metabolic bone disease, drugs and immobilization were assessed. The findings emphasise the need for clinical and radiological awareness of the fracture risk, particularly during the peri-transplant period when this risk may be greatest.


Pediatr Radiol


Pediatric radiology


Hill SA,Kelly DA,John PR


Has Abstract


1995-11-01 00:00:00








25 Suppl 1


  • The localization of urinary tract infection with 99mTc glucoheptonate scintigraphy.

    abstract::A retrospective study was performed of 39 children at the Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago, Illinois, who underwent technetium-99m glucoheptonate (99mTcGH) scintigraphy for evaluation of possible urinary tract infection. Clinical and laboratory criteria classified the children as having pyelonephritis, cystitis, ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Traisman ES,Conway JJ,Traisman HS,Yogev R,Firlit C,Shkolnik A,Weiss S

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • CT demonstration of cortical nephrocalcinosis in congenital oxalosis.

    abstract::The clinical, pathologic and roentgenographic features of a case of congenital oxalosis are discussed and contrasted to the more common forms of primary oxalosis. The ease of demonstration of the cortical deposition of calcium oxalate crystals on the CT scanner is reported. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luers PR,Lester PD,Siegler RL

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • MR appearances of bone marrow in children following bone marrow transplantation.

    abstract::Two cases are presented of children who demonstrated complete absence of bone marrow signal on MR imaging of the spine following bone marrow transplantation. The possible causes for these appearances are discussed. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boothroyd AE,Sebag G,Brunelle F

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Cystic periventricular leukomalacia of the corpus callosum.

    abstract::Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is a common finding during neurosonography of preterm infants. Secondary thinning of the corpus callosum is seen following PVL, typically from loss of hemispheric white matter tracts. We report a case of direct involvement of the corpus callosum with PVL, its pathogenesis, and its po...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coley BD,Hogan MJ

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • Thallium-201 uptake in Langerhans cell histiocytosis of bone.

    abstract::A case in which there was thallium-201 (201Tl) uptake in Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) of the left femoral diaphysis is presented. The authors propose that 201Tl scintigraphy is potentially useful in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with LCH. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bar-Sever Z,Connolly LP,Jaramillo D,Treves ST

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Normal radiographic heart volume in the neonate. 1. Dependence of ductal closure.

    abstract::The hypothesis that the normal distribution of relative heart volume in the neonatal period is a mixture of two different populations, with different means and variances, has been tested. The definition of the two populations was (i) normally patent ductus and (ii) closed ductus arteriosus. The assumed frequencies of ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ringertz HG

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • The significance of lung scintigraphy in anomalies of the pulmonary vascular bed.

    abstract::Aplasia, hypoplasia and stenosis of the pulmonary artery showed, on scintigraphic investigation, unilateral, homogenous decreased in lung perfusion. In 3 of 4 children with pulmonary sequestration there was a difference in blood flow between the two lungs, or in one part of the lung. Isolated anomalous drainage of pul...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ruth C,Skovránek J,Samánek M

    更新日期:1975-11-24 00:00:00

  • Common and uncommon vascular rings and slings: a multi-modality review.

    abstract::Vascular rings and pulmonary slings are congenital anomalies of the aortic arch/great vessels and pulmonary arteries, respectively, that commonly present early during infancy and childhood with respiratory and/or feeding difficulties. The diagnosis of these conditions frequently utilizes a multi-modality radiological ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Dillman JR,Attili AK,Agarwal PP,Dorfman AL,Hernandez RJ,Strouse PJ

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Implementation of a competency check-off in diagnostic fluoroscopy for radiology trainees: impact on reducing radiation for three common fluoroscopic exams in children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Fluoroscopy is an important tool for diagnosis in the pediatric population, but it carries the risk of radiation exposure. Because radiology resident education and experience in the use of fluoroscopy equipment in children vary, we implemented an intervention to standardize fluoroscopy training. OBJECTIVE:T...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shah S,Desouches SL,Lowe LH,Kasraie N,Reading B

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Severe craniofacial sclerosis with multiple anomalies in a boy and his mother.

    abstract::A boy is described with severe hyperostosis of the cranium and facial bones, and many other abnormalities including macrocephaly, abnormal facies, cleft palate, conductive hearing loss, speech defect, dental and digital anomalies, delayed skeletal development, short fibulas, short stature of postnatal onset, cervical ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Currarino G,Friedman JM

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fatal cerebral edema and intracranial hemorrhage associated with hypernatremic dehydration.

    abstract::We report neuroimaging findings of intracranial hemorrhage and cerebral edema in an infant with obtundation and seizures, initially suspected to be secondary to non-accidental trauma but finally attributed to hypernatremic dehydration. Neuroimaging findings due to hypernatremic dehydration have not been previously des...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mocharla R,Schexnayder SM,Glasier CM

    更新日期:1997-10-01 00:00:00

  • Documentation of spontaneous reduction of childhood intussusception by ultrasound.

    abstract::Spontaneous reduction of a presumed ileo-colonic intussusception was demonstrated by ultrasound examination followed by a barium enema. No premedication or anesthetic had been given to the child. This case illustrates the possible natural history of intussusception rarely confirmed by imaging studies. Intussusception ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morrison SC,Stork E

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sonographic renal parameters as related to age.

    abstract::Four hundred and fifty-four kidneys were evaluated by real time ultrasound for appearance of renal cortical echogenecity, medullary pyramids and central sinus echoes. These renal parameters were correlated with age in 227 patients ranging in age from 0-15 years. The renal parenchymal echogenicity was observed to chang...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vade A,Lau P,Smick J,Harris V,Ryva J

    更新日期:1987-01-01 00:00:00

  • BCGitis and BCGosis in children with primary immunodeficiency - imaging characteristics.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:When administered to an immune-compromised patient, BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guérin) can cause disseminated and life-threatening infections. OBJECTIVE:To describe the imaging findings in children with primary immunodeficiency and BCG-related infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS:We reviewed the imaging findings o...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shrot S,Barkai G,Ben-Shlush A,Soudack M

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Diffuse peritoneal lymphomatosis: atypical presentation of Burkitt lymphoma.

    abstract::Burkitt lymphoma presenting as a peritoneal and small thickening problem mimicking carcinomatosis is very rare. We present a previously healthy 7-year-old boy with a 1-week history of worsening abdominal distention, vomiting and melena. He demonstrated liver nodules, but no pathologic chest or abdominal adenopathy was...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong S,Sanchez TR,Swischuk LE,Huang FS

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis - the role of imaging from a rheumatologist's perspective.

    abstract::Alongside recent advances in treatment strategies for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), paediatric rheumatologists have taken increasing interest in the use of imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and musculoskeletal ultrasound, by providing more detailed information on disease activity than clinical examinati...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Malattia C,Tzaribachev N,van den Berg JM,Magni-Manzoni S

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Barium meal examination of infants under 4 months of age presenting with vomiting. A review of 100 cases.

    abstract::One hundred barium meal examinations performed on infants of less than 4 months of age are reviewed. All the infants presented with vomiting as a major symptom and the diagnosis remained in doubt following the initial clinical assessment. Fifty seven per cent of the examinations showed an abnormality of which 45% were...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arthur RJ,Ziervogel MA,Azmy AF

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Intracranial resistive index (RI) values in normal term infants during the first day of life.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to determine normal resistive index (RI) values for term neonates during the first day of life as part of an ongoing prospective study of RI values in term infants with perinatal asphyxia. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Forty normal term neonates underwent cranial sonography and Doppler du...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Allison JW,Faddis LA,Kinder DL,Roberson PK,Glasier CM,Seibert JJ

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Sonographic windsock sign of a duodenal web.

    abstract::We report a neonate with a duodenal web demonstrating the windsock appearance on US. In neonates, duodenal web is rare and its windsock appearance is also rarely seen. The windsock sign of duodenal web has been a well-known finding on upper gastrointestinal series. The corresponding windsock appearance may be demonstr...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yoon CH,Goo HW,Kim EA,Kim KS,Pi SY

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Sporadic idiopathic acroosteolysis with cranio-skeletal dysplasis, polycystic kidneys and glomerulonephritis. A case of the Hajdu-Cheney syndrome.

    abstract::A case of the Hajdu-Cheney syndrome in a 15 year old boy is described. The manifestations were: 1. isiopathic progressive acro-osteotions; 2. mutiple cranio-skeletal abnormalities; and 3. polycystic kidneys complicated by a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rosenmann E,Penchas S,Cohen T,Aviad I

    更新日期:1977-09-01 00:00:00

  • Gastro-oesophageal intussusception after Nissen-fundoplication.

    abstract::A case of gastro-oesophageal intussusception was reported in 1840 by Von Rokitanski: this is rare, with only two other cases having been reported. In our patient the gastro-oesophageal intussusception followed Nissen fundoplication. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Post PJ,Robben SG,Meradji M

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of halothane on arterial hepatic flow as reflected at coeliac angiography.

    abstract::During halothane anaesthesia the hepatic blood flow may be reduced. This effect interferes with the angiographic investigation of the liver and this is demonstrated by the case presented. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mortensson W,Nilsson J

    更新日期:1977-03-17 00:00:00

  • Problems associated with digital luminescence radiography in the neonate and young infant. Problems with digital radiography.

    abstract::An evaluation of the Siemens Digiscan has been undertaken to determine whether digital luminescence radiography (DLR) could replace conventional radiography in the examination of the neonate and young infant. Whilst the overall image quality of the digital radiograph was consistently higher than for conventional radio...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arthur RJ,Pease JN

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Potential pitfalls in imaging of paediatric cerebral sinovenous thrombosis.

    abstract::Paediatric cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious condition. The imaging signs may be subtle with a number of potential pitfalls. We present a pictorial essay of the pitfalls of diagnosis of CSVT on CT and MRI. We describe, using examples, potential pitfalls on both imaging modalities including an...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bracken J,Barnacle A,Ditchfield M

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sinusitis and its imaging in the pediatric population.

    abstract::Imaging studies for sinusitis add little to the clinical management of the pediatric patient in most instances. The findings shown by paranasal sinus imaging are nonspecific and need to be correlated with clinical findings. Coronal CT is recommended for complications or for recurrent or persistent sinus disease. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kronemer KA,McAlister WH

    更新日期:1997-11-01 00:00:00

  • Systemic arterial collateral esophageal indentations in pseudotruncus arteriosus.

    abstract::Barium esophagrams were obtained in two patients with respiratory problems whose underlying congenital heart disease was pseudotruncus arteriosus type I. The esophagrams revealed vascular indentations on the esophagus, one posteriorly, and the other anteriorly. Both types of indentations were secondary to aorto-pulmon...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Comerci SC,Berdon WE,Ruzal-Shapiro C,Levin TL,Krongrad E,Bisset GS 3rd,Strife JL

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Abscess of the cavum septum pellucidum.

    abstract::A 14-year-old girl presented with symptoms and signs of left otomastoiditis and meningitis. CT and MRI revealed a largely expanded cavum septum pellucidum with enhancing walls and findings suggesting left otomastoiditis and meningitis. At surgery, an abscess was found within the cavum septum pellucidum. Five similar c...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Akansel G,Dalbayrak S,Yilmaz M,Yavuzer D,Seymen M,Gurel I,Demirci A

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Normal size left ventricle on antenatal scan in lethal hypoplastic left heart syndrome.

    abstract::We present a case of lethal hypoplastic left heart syndrome missed at routine 20-week antenatal ultrasound examination because the left ventricle was of normal size on the standard four-chamber cardiac view. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome includes a spectrum of cardiac malformations. This case illustrates the difficu...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anderson NG,Brown J

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Sonographic findings of testicular teratoma with pathologic correlation.

    abstract::Testicular teratoma is a rare tumor in children. We recently encountered two boys, aged 18 months and 2 years respectively, with this tumor. Sonography revealed an intratesticular mass in both. The first revealed a predominantly cystic lesion with echogenic components along its wall. The second showed a complex mass o...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu P,Phillips MJ,Edwards VD,Ein S,Daneman A

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of ovarian volume of Korean children and adolescents at magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Knowledge of ovarian volume is important for diagnostic evaluations; however, normal ovarian volume studies on children and adolescents are lacking. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to analyze age-specific ovarian volume and identify the diverse factors that contribute to ovarian diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jung JW,Yoo CH,Song KH,Choe BY

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00