Influence of altered body weight on energy expenditure.


:Long-term metabolic studies indicate that over-feeding underfeeding to gain and lose body weight produce consistent increases and decreases in energy expenditure. These changes occur in both lean and obese subjects and cause deviations from the normal relationship between energy expenditure and metabolic body size. The low energy expenditure/metabolic body size in the reduced obese may contribute to the difficulty in maintaining the reduced body weight.


Nutr Rev


Nutrition reviews


Kinney JM




Has Abstract


1995-09-01 00:00:00












  • A new procedure to fortify fluid milk and dairy products with high-bioavailable ferrous sulfate.

    abstract::The behavior of SFE-171 used for food fortification was studied. The biological and nutritional properties of this new iron source are discussed in this work. ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Boccio JR,Zubillaga MB,Caro RA,Gotelli CA,Gotelli MJ,Weill R

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary protein supplementation and recovery from femoral fracture.

    abstract::A recent randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial found that protein supplementation improved recovery from femoral fractures in an elderly population. A 6-month course of protein supplementation (20 g/day, 5 days/week) improved serum prealbumin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) concentrations, minimi...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Porter KH,Johnson MA

    更新日期:1998-11-01 00:00:00

  • The molecular mechanism of the stimulation of adipocyte differentiation by a glucocorticoid.

    abstract::The glucocorticoid dexamethasone (dex) stimulates differentiation of cultured preadipocytes of the 3T3-L1 cell line to adipocytes. The preadipocytes express a gene termed preadipocyte factor 1 (pref-1). The pref-1 gene product is abundant in preadipocytes but completely absent in adipocytes. Constitutive expression of...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wolf G

    更新日期:1999-10-01 00:00:00

  • Growth-hormone therapy for short children without growth-hormone deficiency.

    abstract::The daily subcutaneous injection of 0.3 U/kg of recombinant growth hormone (GH) for the two years prior to puberty in ten constitutionally growth-retarded children with normal pituitary function resulted in an average height gain of 10 cm per year. No manifestations of GH excess were seen, and a transient alteration i...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审



    更新日期:1992-07-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of dietary protein intake on body composition changes after weight loss in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:CONTEXT:The impact of dietary protein on body composition changes after older adults purposefully lose weight requires systematic evaluation OBJECTIVE:: This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the effects of protein intake (< 25% vs ≥ 25% of energy intake or 1.0 g/kg/d) on energy restriction-induced changes ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kim JE,O'Connor LE,Sands LP,Slebodnik MB,Campbell WW

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Small amounts of dietary fructose dramatically increase hepatic glucose uptake through a novel mechanism of glucokinase activation.

    abstract::Glucokinase plays a major role in the control of hepatic glucose uptake and storage as glycogen. Small amounts of fructose-1-phosphate, in the presence of relatively high glucose levels, markedly stimulate glucokinase through a novel mechanism of regulation involving dissociation from a regulatory protein and transloc...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Watford M

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Cost containment through nutrition intervention.

    abstract::As health care cost analysts and administrators look for ways to maximize reimbursement revenues and lower operating costs without compromising the quality of patient care, reductions in nutrition services are often targeted. However, improved or expanded nutrition services can actually help cut hospital costs or incr...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Tucker HN,Miguel SG

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • The nutrition transition: an overview of world patterns of change.

    abstract::This paper examines the speed of change in diet, activity, and obesity in the developing world, and notes potential exacerbating biological relationships that contribute to differences in the rates of change. The focus is on lower- and middle-income countries of Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America. These ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Popkin BM

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Gastrointestinal alcohol dehydrogenase.

    abstract::Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) consists of a family of isozymes that convert alcohols to their corresponding aldehydes using NAD+ as a cofactor. The metabolism of ethanol by gastrointestinal ADH isozymes results in the production of acetaldehyde, a highly toxic compound that binds to cellular protein and DNA if not furth...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Seitz HK,Oneta CM

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Neurodevelopment and neurodegeneration: are there critical stages for nutritional intervention?

    abstract::Rather than being an inevitable consequence of age, cognitive decline can occur with marked variation among individuals. In this context, nutrition is one factor that is believed to be influential. When considering the potential role of diet, two factors need to be considered. First, cognitive or brain reserve is said...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Benton D

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Fortification strategies to combat zinc and iron deficiency.

    abstract::Food fortification is an important strategy to combat iron and zinc deficiency. This review covers the basic concepts of food fortification, as well as its advantages and disadvantages. The main characteristics of the most common zinc and iron compounds used in this procedure are also analyzed. ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Salgueiro MJ,Zubillaga M,Lysionek A,Caro R,Weill R,Boccio J

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Pleiotropic effects of genistein in metabolic, inflammatory, and malignant diseases.

    abstract::Genistein is a soy-derived biologically active isoflavone that exhibits diverse health-promoting effects. An increasing body of evidence shows that genistein influences lipid homeostasis and insulin resistance, counteracts inflammatory cytokines, and possesses antidiabetic properties. Genistein also impedes cancer pro...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nagaraju GP,Zafar SF,El-Rayes BF

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and chronic stress-induced modulations of glutamatergic neurotransmission in the hippocampus.

    abstract::Chronic stress causes the release of glucocorticoids, which greatly influence cerebral function, especially glutamatergic transmission. These stress-induced changes in neurotransmission could be counteracted by increasing the dietary intake of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs). Numerous studies have desc...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hennebelle M,Champeil-Potokar G,Lavialle M,Vancassel S,Denis I

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal folate exposure in pregnancy and childhood asthma and allergy: a systematic review.

    abstract::Adequate folate status in early pregnancy is critical to prevent congenital malformations, yet little is known about whether exposure to folate, specifically folic acid supplementation beyond the recommended dose, influences chronic health outcomes. The link between maternal folate levels and risk of childhood asthma ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brown SB,Reeves KW,Bertone-Johnson ER

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative Metabolism of Linoleate and Arachidonate in the Rat.

    abstract::The sequence of repair of fat deficiency symptoms depends on whether linoleate or arachidonate is used in treatment, although both methods lead to an increase in arachidonate. Arachidonate is less rapidly oxidized and more rapidly incorporated into phospholipid. ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章



    更新日期:1966-04-01 00:00:00

  • 1 alpha,25(OH)2 vitamin D3-regulated expression of the eukaryotic genome.

    abstract::1 alpha,25(OH)2vitamin-D3, [1 alpha,25(OH)2D3] is a potent steroid hormone that produces a wide array of biologic effects in a variety of target tissues within the body through its ability to modulate gene transcription of specific target genes. Evidence for transcription regulation of a specific gene typically includ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hannah SS,Norman AW

    更新日期:1994-11-01 00:00:00

  • Vitamin D and multiple sclerosis: an update.

    abstract::Observational studies document a positive relationship between vitamin D from the environment (sunlight or diet), circulating vitamin D status, and improved symptoms or prevention of multiple sclerosis (MS). Experimental animal models of MS reproduce the beneficial effects of vitamin D and 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). The geograp...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Cantorna MT

    更新日期:2008-10-01 00:00:00

  • Triple trouble: the role of malnutrition in tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection.

    abstract::Worldwide, the number of individuals who are co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis is increasing greatly. The "triple trouble" of HIV and tuberculosis infection and malnutrition may put those infected at greater risk than those with any of the three conditions alone. Further investigatio...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: van Lettow M,Fawzi WW,Semba RD

    更新日期:2003-03-01 00:00:00

  • Discovery of the hemochromatosis gene will require rethinking the regulation of iron metabolism.

    abstract::The identity of the protein responsible for hemochromatosis, the iron overload disease, has eluded scientists for years. However, a recent report identifies the gene where the hemochromatosis defect lies. It is a gene that encodes a major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class-1-like protein called HLA-H. The mechanis...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fleet JC

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Current situation and perspectives of ready-to-eat food/meal suppliers.

    abstract::Working Group 2 of the Healthy Diet Research Committee of International Life Sciences Institute Japan (WG2) assessed the concept and practice of healthy eating in the ready-to-eat food/meal industry in Japan. WG2 interviewed 14 arbitrarily selected member companies that included "health" or "nutrition" in their manage...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sakata T,for Working Group 2 of the Healthy Diet Research Committee of International Life Sciences Institute, Japan.

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary recommendations during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    abstract::Optimal nutrition can improve well-being and might mitigate the risk and morbidity associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). This review summarizes nutritional guidelines to support dietary counseling provided by dietitians and heal...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Faria Coelho-Ravagnani C,Corgosinho FC,Sanches FFZ,Prado CMM,Laviano A,Mota JF

    更新日期:2020-07-12 00:00:00

  • Discontinuation of total parenteral nutrition in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome: a Canadian perspective.

    abstract::Provision of nourishment to terminally ill patients has been a controversial topic in clinical medicine. Determination of the limits of palliative care requires an understanding of the disease process, as well as the boundaries of patient self-determination. With the advent of living wills, the determination of the pa...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Knowles JB,Gilmore N

    更新日期:1994-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanisms and effects of green tea on cardiovascular health.

    abstract::Green tea, rich in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory catechins, especially epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), has been shown to reduce surrogate markers of atherosclerosis and lipid peroxidation, particularly LDL oxidation and malondialdehyde concentrations, in several in vitro, animal, and limited clinical studies. Epi...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Basu A,Lucas EA

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • How well you absorb calcium is important for limiting hip fracture risk.

    abstract::Two recent studies suggest that when consuming a low-calcium diet, low efficiency of calcium absorption (measured as fractional calcium absorption) is a problem in the elderly; this is also an important risk factor for hip fracture. These studies show that elderly women are less able to compensate for low calcium inta...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Fleet J

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Symposium on Plant Polyphenols: Nutrition, Health and Innovations, June 2009.

    abstract::Reported here is a summary of the proceedings of the Symposium on Plant Polyphenols: Nutrition, Health and Innovations, which was cosponsored by the Southeast Asia Region branch of the International Life Sciences Institute and the Nutrition Society of Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 22-23, 2009. The symposium...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews



    authors: Chang AS,Yeong BY,Koh WP

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • Seaweed and human health.

    abstract::Seaweeds may have an important role in modulating chronic disease. Rich in unique bioactive compounds not present in terrestrial food sources, including different proteins (lectins, phycobiliproteins, peptides, and amino acids), polyphenols, and polysaccharides, seaweeds are a novel source of compounds with potential ...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brown ES,Allsopp PJ,Magee PJ,Gill CI,Nitecki S,Strain CR,McSorley EM

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluating the pathways linking complementary feeding practices to obesity in early life.

    abstract::The complementary feeding period, when solids and liquids other than breast milk and formula are added to the infant diet, is an important development window shaping infant growth and weight gain, metabolic development, and lifelong eating practices. Yet, relatively little is known about how the timing and types of fo...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson AL

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Perchlorate consumption, iodine status, and thyroid function.

    abstract::Perchlorate inhibits the uptake of iodide into the thyroid gland, thereby possibly affecting the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Pregnant women and their fetuses and newborns have the greatest potential for risk of adverse health effects following exposure to perchlorate. Perchlorate is present in some foods and in dri...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Trumbo PR

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of social media in reducing risk factors for noncommunicable diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The primary aim of the current study was to synthesize evidence of the effect of social media use compared with no social media use as part of interventions to reduce risk factors for noncommunicable diseases. DATA SOURCES:Databases were searched up to June 10, 2014, using medical subject headings. A seconda...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Mita G,Ni Mhurchu C,Jull A

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Phytochemicals to optimize cognitive function for military mission-readiness: a systematic review and recommendations for the field.

    abstract:Context:Optimizing cognitive performance and preventing cognitive impairments that result from exposure to high-stress situations are important to ensure mission-readiness for military personnel. Objective:This systematic review assesses the quality of the evidence for plant-based foods and beverages, or their phytoch...

    journal_title:Nutrition reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Teo L,Crawford C,Snow J,Deuster PA,Bingham JJ,Gallon MD,O'Connell ML,Chittum HK,Arzola SM,Berry K

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00