Functions of proteins secreted by oviduct epithelial cells.

Abstract:

:Studies on embryonic development in vitro as well as observations in vivo, suggested that two aspects of oviduct physiology are important for early development. On one side has to be considered the oviduct "environment": temperature, pH, osmotic pressure, nutrients, oxygen tension, free radical scavengers, etc. On the other, the oviduct "active components": stimulatory and/or regulatory molecules, supposed to finely regulate the fertilisation process and the first differentiative steps. While the physical environment of the oviduct has been under investigation for some decades, studies on oviduct-specific molecules and their functions have only been developed much more recently. The amount of information on this topic, however, has rapidly reached the size that demands a summary. In this review the descriptive literature on oviduct specific proteins will be examined as a basis for illustrating the possible functions of these molecules. In particular their role in fertilisation and early embryonic cleavages will be analysed in some details. Finally a section is devoted to the presence and physiological significance of growth factors in oviduct fluid.

journal_name

Microsc Res Tech

authors

Gandolfi F

doi

10.1002/jemt.1070320102

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-09-01 00:00:00

pages

1-12

issue

1

eissn

1059-910X

issn

1097-0029

journal_volume

32

pub_type

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