Toward a nanopaper-based and solid phase immunoassay using FRET for the rapid detection of bacteria.


:In this study, we propose a novel sensitive solid-based immunosensor developed on a plasmonic nanopaper platform for the detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. This plasmonic nanopaper that comprises of carboxylated bacterial cellulose (CBC) impregnated with gold nanoparticles (AuNP-CBC), employed as a quencher and a sustainable functionalized platform to be conjugated with protein A. Thus, the conjugated protein A allows the aligned linkage of EAb-QD (anti-E. coli conjugated quantum dot) and EAb-AF (anti-E. coli conjugated Alexa Fluor 488). Interestingly, once E. coli was captured by the AuNP-CBC/EAb-QD or AuNP-CBC/EAb-AF, the energy transfer from the QD or Alexa Fluor fluorophores is triggered due to the conformational change in the antibody structure and this, in turn, causes a decrease in the distance between fluorophores and the quencher nanopaper and, therefore diminishing their photoluminescence. The immunosensors performed successfully to recognize E. coli at concentrations as low as 50 CFU mL-1 in the standard buffer. The examined functionality of the immunosensors in a real matrix such as chicken extract and lettuce juice demonstrated a highly efficient response while QD is the main fluorophore with a limit of detection around 100 CFU mL-1.


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2020-09-01 00:00:00












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