Removal of the root canal smear layer using Carisolv III and sodium hypochlorite.


:The present study investigated the effectiveness of a Carisolv III + 0.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)-based root canal irrigant for smear layer removal.Forty maxillary incisors were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 10 per group). The canals in group A (experimental) were prepared with 0.5% NaOCl, and Carisolv III and 0.5% NaOCl was used for the final washing; groups B and C (positive controls) used 2% and 5.25% NaOCl, respectively; and group D (negative control) used phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) was used for all of the groups. A 5-point scoring scale and scanning electron microscopy were used to evaluate the effectiveness of the irrigants. The canals were consistently cleaner in the coronal and middle thirds than in the apical thirds (P < .05).For cleaning the root canals, 5.25% NaOCl was more effective than 2% NaOCl, 0.5% NaOCl + Carisolv III, and phosphate-buffered saline , respectively (P < .05). The 2% NaOCl solution showed similar results to 0.5% NaOCl + Carisolv III (P > .05). The combination of 5.25% NaOCl and 17% EDTA remains the most effective irrigant for removal of the root canal smear layer.A combination of Carisolv III + 0.5% NaOCl (with 17% EDTA) showed a cleaning ability similar to that of 2% NaOCl (with 17% EDTA).


Medicine (Baltimore)




Wu D,Ma YZ,Jia J,Xin BC,Wang DS,Sun DG,Wang LX




Has Abstract


2020-05-29 00:00:00
















  • Effective treatment using itraconazole combined with terbinafine in the treatment of nasal sporotrichosis: A case report.

    abstract:RATIONALE:Sporotrichosis is a subacute or chronic infection caused by sporothrix schenckii complex. The misdiagnosis rate of sporotrichosis is very high. Fungal microscopic examination and timely culture help us make an accurate diagnosis and treatment. We observed that combined treatments are more effective than monot...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Guo K,Wang S,Wang Z,Zhang L

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Portal vein/superior mesenteric vein resection in pancreatic cancer treatment in the elderly.

    abstract::There is an increased interest in extending surgical criteria for pancreatic cancer by performing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) combined with portal vein (PV) or superior mesenteric vein (SMV) resection and reconstruction for borderline resectable patients. However, whether this procedure suitable for elderly patients ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fang JZ,Lu CD,Wu SD,Huang J,Zhou J

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized controlled study for Yuanhu Zhitong dropping pills in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic disorder of knee and the leading cause of pain in the elderly with an overall prevalence of 50% in people over 60 years of age. This disease is an important factor affecting the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly people, and its main symptom is knee joint...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gu Y,Huang J,Guo H,Song X,Li J,Shi Y,Xie X

    更新日期:2020-06-12 00:00:00

  • Microhardness distribution of the tibial diaphysis and test site selection for reference point indentation technique.

    abstract::Indentation hardness test is a good in vitro method of bone quality assessment. The purpose of this study is to explore the distribution characteristics of bone tissue microhardness in tibial diaphysis and provide theoretical support for the test site selection of the reference point indentation technique.Three fresh ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang J,Yin B,Liu G,Li S,Zhang X,Hu Z,Wu W,Zhang Y

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Lead poisoning in a 16-year-old girl: a case report and a review of the literature (CARE compliant).

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lead is a toxic element of the environment which leads to major complications once it enters the blood stream, affecting multiple organs and systems of the body. METHODS:We present the case of a 16-year-old girl, diagnosed with lead poisoning after occupational exposure due to the fact that the girl was act...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mărginean CO,Meliţ LE,Moldovan H,Lupu VV,Mărginean MO

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Recommended Initial Antimicrobial Therapy for Emphysematous Pyelonephritis: 51 Cases and 14-Year-Experience of a Tertiary Referral Center.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to investigate the profiles of pathogens and patterns of antibiotic resistance of emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN), offering recommendations for initial antibiotic treatment.Between January, 2001, and November, 2014, demographic data, presenting clinical features, management strategies, and...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu YC,Hong JH,Chiang BJ,Pong YH,Hsueh PR,Huang CY,Pu YS

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Ecthyma gangrenosum, a skin manifestation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa sepsis in a previously healthy child: A case report.

    abstract:RATIONALE:Ecthyma gangrenosum (Eg) is a necrotic lesion that is mostly seen in immunocompromised patients. It reflects a severe sepsis, possibly caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa). PATIENT CONCERNS:A healthy 3-year-old girl admitted to the Pediatric Emergency Department presented a sepsis-associated purpura with ne...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biscaye S,Demonchy D,Afanetti M,Dupont A,Haas H,Tran A

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Bee venom acupuncture for adhesive capsulitis: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Bee venom acupuncture has been used in treating patients with shoulder adhesive capsulitis, yet the effectiveness and safety remains unclear. Therefore, this systematic review will aim to assess the effectiveness and safety of bee venom acupuncture for shoulder adhesive capsulitis. METHODS:Electronic databa...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Chen X,Fan H,Chen J,Fan H,Wu P

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Rituximab was used to treat recurrent IgG4-related hypophysitis with ophthalmopathy as the initial presentation: A case report and literature review.

    abstract:RATIONALE:Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related hypophysitis is a type of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD), which is characterized by plasma cells infiltration in the pituitary causing functional changes and (or) space-occupying effect in the pituitary. IgG4-related hypophysitis is sensitive to hormone therapy in most patient...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gu WJ,Zhang Q,Zhu J,Li J,Wei SH,Mu YM

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Ptosis induced by topical steroid eye drops: Two cases reports.

    abstract:RATIONALE:Ptosis is a rare complication of periocular steroid use. Studies report that local injections of steroids produce ptosis. We describe the first 2 cases of ptosis because of long-term treatment with topical steroid eye drops. PATIENT CONCERNS:Two cases admitted to our hospital because of ptosis of their right...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu Y,Sun C,Zhang X,Shentu X

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for heart valve calcification in chronic kidney disease.

    abstract::Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Aortic and mitral valve calcification (AVC and MVC, respectively) are critical indicators of CVD and all-cause mortality in CKD patients.We conducted a single center retrospective study of Chinese inpatients with CKD...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rong S,Qiu X,Jin X,Shang M,Huang Y,Tang Z,Yuan W

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • The timing of urinary catheter removal after gynecologic surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    abstract::The present study aimed to assess the effect of removing an indwelling urinary catheter at different times on urinary retention and urinary infection in patients undergoing gynecologic surgery.Electronic databases including PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Ovid from inception to ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Huang H,Dong L,Gu L

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Purulent pericarditis: report of 2 cases and review of the literature.

    abstract::Purulent pericarditis, a localized infection within the pericardial space, has become a rare entity in the modern antibiotic era. Although historically a disease of children and young adults, this is no longer the case: the median age at the time of diagnosis has increased by nearly 30 years over the past 6 decades. D...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Parikh SV,Memon N,Echols M,Shah J,McGuire DK,Keeley EC

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pain relieving effect of dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing total knee or hip arthroplasty: A meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty for postoperative pain control. METHODS:An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) identified in systematic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Yang Q,Ren Y,Feng B,Weng X

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • The efficacy of dexamethasone on pain management for knee arthroscopy: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The impact of dexamethasone on pain management for knee arthroscopy remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the influence of dexamethasone for knee arthroscopy. METHODS:We search PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases through Octobe...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Peng C,Li C,Yuan B,Jiao J

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Borderline tuberculoid leprosy mimicking sarcoidosis: A case report.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Leprosy is a chronic infectious granulomas disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae that can manifest as a wide variety of immunological and clinical features. CASE SUMMARY:Here, we describe the case of a woman with clinical characteristics of borderline tuberculoid (BT) leprosy that manifested as 3 asymmet...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu J,Wen Y,Xing Y,Wang S

    更新日期:2018-08-01 00:00:00

  • Venovenous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Adults: Prognostic Factors for Outcomes.

    abstract::Despite a therapeutic option for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), the survival benefit of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO) is still controversial in adults. This study was aimed at investigating the prognostic factors for ECMO-treated ARDS in adult patients.From 2012 to 2015, ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu MY,Huang CC,Wu TI,Wang CL,Lin PJ

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Risk of venous thromboembolism, use of enoxaparin and clinical outcomes in obese patients undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric band surgery: A retrospective study.

    abstract::There is a lack of clear guidance for the prophylactic use of anticoagulants for patients undergoing laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) surgery.This study aimed to evaluate the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), prophylactic use of enoxaparin and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing primary and revi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hussain Z,Peterson GM,Mirkazemi C,Curtain C,Zaidi STR

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing the utility of 30- and 60-minute cortisol levels after the standard short synacthen test to determine adrenal insufficiency: A retrospective cross-sectional study.

    abstract::Short Synacthen test (SST) involves measuring the baseline, 30-, and 60-minute serum cortisol levels, after injecting 250 μg of synthetic adrenocorticotropic hormone or Synacthen (ACTH). This study aimed to review the current clinical practice of performing SST to establish a standardized test protocol and to addition...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Butt MI,Alzuhayri N,Amer L,Riazuddin M,Aljamei H,Khan MS,Abufarhaneh M,Alrajhi E,Alnassar A,Alahmed R,Aljayar DMA,Abothenain FF,De Vol E

    更新日期:2020-10-23 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of CD30 immunostaining in neoplastic mast cells: A retrospective immunohistochemical study.

    abstract::Mastocytosis is a rare disease characterized by clonal neoplastic proliferation of mast cells (MCs). It ranges from skin lesions as cutaneous mastocytosis (CM) which may spontaneously regress to highly aggressive neoplasms with multiorgan involvement corresponding to some aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM), mast c...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Russano de Paiva Silva G,Tournier E,Sarian LO,Bulai-Livideanu C,Delsol G,Lamant L,Vassallo J,Brousset P,Laurent C

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Long-term outcome of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis in children.

    abstract::We retrospectively analyzed the long-term outcome of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) in 15 children. IPH started at a mean age of 5 years, and the mean duration of follow-up was 17.2 years (range, 10-36 yr). Four patients developed immune disorders, 3 cases of rheumatoid polyarthritis or rheumatoid polyarthri...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Le Clainche L,Le Bourgeois M,Fauroux B,Forenza N,Dommergues JP,Desbois JC,Bellon G,Derelle J,Dutau G,Marguet C,Pin I,Tillie-Leblond I,Scheinmann P,De Blic J

    更新日期:2000-09-01 00:00:00

  • Tradeoff between noise reduction and inartificial visualization in a model-based iterative reconstruction algorithm on coronary computed tomography angiography.

    abstract::We aimed to evaluate the image quality performance of coronary CT angiography (CTA) under the different settings of forward-projected model-based iterative reconstruction solutions (FIRST).Thirty patients undergoing coronary CTA were included. Each image was reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP), adaptive...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hirata K,Utsunomiya D,Kidoh M,Funama Y,Oda S,Yuki H,Nagayama Y,Iyama Y,Nakaura T,Sakabe D,Tsujita K,Yamashita Y

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Various clinical features of patients with anti-Hu associated paraneoplastic neurological syndromes: An observational study.

    abstract::To describe and analyze the clinical features and prognosis of patients with anti-Hu associated paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNS).The symptoms, MRI findings, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) changes, electroencephalogram (EEG) characteristics and prognoses of 9 well-diagnosed anti-Hu associated PNS patients were an...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li J,Lin W

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Quality appraisal of clinical practice guidelines on pancreatic cancer: a PRISMA-compliant article.

    abstract::Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) play an important role in health care. The guideline development process should be precise and rigorous to ensure that the results are reproducible and not vague. To determine the quality of guidelines, the Appraisal of Guidelines and Research and Evaluation (AGREE) instrument was d...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: He Z,Tian H,Song A,Jin L,Zhou X,Liu X,Guo W,Zhang Z

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effectiveness of complementary manual therapies for pregnancy-related back and pelvic pain: A systematic review with meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Low back pain and pelvic girth pain are common in pregnancy and women commonly utilize complementary manual therapies such as massage, spinal manipulation, chiropractic, and osteopathy to manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVE:The aim of this systematically review was to critically appraise and synthesize the bes...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Hall H,Cramer H,Sundberg T,Ward L,Adams J,Moore C,Sibbritt D,Lauche R

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Working hand syndrome: A new definition of non-classified polyneuropathy condition.

    abstract::The aim of this paper was to define an unexplained non-classified polyneuropathy condition as a new neurological disease. This new diagnosis of occupation related polyneuropathy has been named as "WORKING HAND SYNDROME (WHS)."This study collected and compared clinic and electrophysiological analyze data from healthy c...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Özdemir G

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical assessment of synbiotics for treating chronic kidney disease: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This research aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of synbiotics for treating chronic kidney disease. METHODS:Related articles written in English were sourced from EMBASE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure. These articles were used in the evaluation of the effect of s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Li XJ,Lu YY,Wang Y

    更新日期:2020-12-04 00:00:00

  • Rotational atherectomy ablation for an unexpandable stent under the guide of IVUS: A case report.

    abstract:RATIONALE:Inadequate stent expansion due to rigid calcified may result in restenosis lesions, but the available options are limited. PATIENT CONCERNS:We report a case via the trans-radial approach of the severely underexpanded freshly deployed stent due to heavily calcified plaques DIAGNOSES:: Coronary angiography rev...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Si D,Liu G,Tong Y,He Y

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Transurethral procedures in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: A systematic review and meta-analysis of effectiveness and complications.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With the progress of surgical techniques and instruments, various minimally invasive surgical therapies were developed to treat benign prostatic hyperplasisa (BPH). However, the efficacy and safety of different transurethral procedures for the treatment of BPH are still undefined. METHOD:A systematic search...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Sun F,Sun X,Shi Q,Zhai Y

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy of herbal medicine (Gegen Qinlian Decoction) on ulcerative colitis: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy of Gegen Qinlian Decoction (GQD) for ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS:PubMed, EMBASE, Springer LINK, Cochrane Library, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing Weipu Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals, Wan-fang Database, and Chinese ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Fan Y,Yi W,Huang H,Mei Z,Feng Z

    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00