MEG3 Promotes Differentiation of Porcine Satellite Cells by Sponging miR-423-5p to Relieve Inhibiting Effect on SRF.

Abstract:

:Although thousands of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified in porcine growth and development, the regulation mechanisms of functional lncRNAs have not been well explored. In this study, using 5'- and 3'-rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) assays, we obtained two different variants of lncRNA maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3), namely, MEG3 v1 and MEG3 v2, that were both highly expressed in porcine skeletal muscle and in the early stage of the differentiation of porcine satellite cells. Moreover, we identified the core transcript MEG3 v2. Functional analyses showed that MEG3 overexpression could effectively arrest myoblasts in the G1 phase, inhibit DNA replication, and promote myoblast differentiation, whereas MEG3 knockdown resulted in the opposite effects. Interestingly, the expression of serum response factor (SRF), a crucial transcription factor for myogenesis process, remarkably increased and decreased in mRNA and protein levels with the respective overexpression and knockdown of MEG3. Dual luciferase reporter assay showed that MEG3 could attenuate the decrease of luciferase activity of SRF induced by miR-423-5p in a dose-dependent manner. MEG3 overexpression could relieve the inhibitory effect on SRF and myoblast differentiation induced by miR-423-5p. In addition, results of RNA immunoprecipitation analysis suggested that MEG3 could act as a ceRNA for miR-423-5p. Our findings initially established a novel connection among MEG3, miR-423-5p, and SRF in porcine satellite cell differentiation. This novel role of MEG3 may shed new light on understanding of molecular regulation of lncRNA in porcine myogenesis.

journal_name

Cells

journal_title

Cells

authors

Cheng X,Li L,Shi G,Chen L,Fang C,Li M,Li C

doi

10.3390/cells9020449

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-02-15 00:00:00

issue

2

issn

2073-4409

pii

cells9020449

journal_volume

9

pub_type

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