Autonomic dysfunction, cardio-pulmonary exercise testing and masked heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in non-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Autonomic dysfunction (AD) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) parameters have been associated with masked heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) in the general population. Their clinical significance for masked HFpEF in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is however elusive. AIM:The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence, correlation and clinical significance of AD and CPET with masked HFpEF, in non-severe COPD patients, complaining of exertional dyspnoea, without clinically overt cardio-vascular (CV) comorbidities. METHODS AND RESULTS:We applied CPET and echocardiography in 68 COPD subjects. Echocardiography was performed before CPET and 1-2 min after peak exercise. Patients were divided into two groups: patients with and without masked HFpEF. Peak E/e' - 15 was applied as a cut-off. Chronotropic incompetence (CI) was assumed if both failure to reach the target heart rate (HR) on exercise and diminished heart rate reserve <80% occurred. Abnormal HR recovery (HRR) was taken if the decline is <12 beats within the first minute after exercise cessation. Univariate regression showed association between masked HFpEF, HRR, VO2, VO2 at AT, oxygen pulse and VE/VCO2 slope. The multivariate regression demonstrated HRR as the only independent predictor of masked HFpEF - (OR 10.28; 95% CI (3.55-29.80)). CONCLUSION:Abnormal HRR is the only independent predictor of masked HFpEF in non-severe COPD patients. Despite of being associated with masked HFpEF, the lower VO2, lower oxygen pulse, higher VE/VCO2 slope and lower exercise load seem to be the consequences, rather than the triggers for it.

authors

Cherneva R,Denchev S,Cherneva ZV

doi

10.1111/cpf.12623

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-07-01 00:00:00

pages

224-231

issue

4

eissn

1475-0961

issn

1475-097X

journal_volume

40

pub_type

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