Influence of the human papillomavirus on the radio-responsiveness of cancer stem cells in head and neck cancers.

Abstract:

:A growing proportion of head and neck cancers (HNC) result from HPV infection. Between HNC aetiological groups (HPV positive and HPV negative) clinical evidence demonstrates significantly better treatment response among HPV positive cancers. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are identified in HNC tumour populations as agents of treatment resistance and a target for tumour control. This study examines dynamic responses in populations of a CSC phenotype in HNC cell lines following X-irradiation at therapeutic levels, and comparing between HPV statuses. Variations in CSC density between HPV groups showed no correlation with better clinical outcomes seen in the HPV positive status. CSC populations in HPV positive cell lines ranged from 1.9 to 4.8%, and 2.6 to 9.9% for HPV negative. Following 4 Gy X- irradiation however, HPV negative cell lines demonstrated more frequent and significantly greater escalation in CSC proportions, being 3-fold that of the HPV positive group at 72 hours post irradiation. CSC proportions of tumour populations are not fixed but subject to change in response to radiation at therapeutic dose levels. These findings imply a potential effect of aetiology on radio-responsiveness in CSCs, illustrating that clonogen treatment response may be more informative of therapy outcomes than inherent population density alone.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Reid P,Staudacher AH,Marcu LG,Olver I,Moghaddasi L,Brown MP,Bezak E

doi

10.1038/s41598-020-59654-4

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-02-17 00:00:00

pages

2716

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-020-59654-4

journal_volume

10

pub_type

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