Google's Project Nightingale highlights the necessity of data science ethics review.


:On November 14 last year, the British Guardian published an account from an anonymous whistleblower at Google, accusing the company of misconduct in regard to handling sensitive health data. The whistleblower works for Project Nightingale, an attempt by Google to get into the lucrative US healthcare market, by storing and processing the personal medical data of up to 50 million customers of Ascension, one of America's largest healthcare providers. As the Wall Street Journal had already reported 3 days earlier, and as the whistleblower confirmed, neither was the data anonymized when transmitted from Ascension nor were patients or their doctors notified, let alone asked for consent to sharing their data with Google (Copeland, 2019; Pilkington, 2019). As a result, Google employees had full access to non-anonymous patient health data. Google Health chief David Feinberg commented that all Google employees involved had gone through medical ethics training and were approved by Ascension (Feinberg, 2019).


EMBO Mol Med


EMBO molecular medicine


Schneble CO,Elger BS,Shaw DM




Has Abstract


2020-03-06 00:00:00












  • Zinc inhibits lethal inflammatory shock by preventing microbe-induced interferon signature in intestinal epithelium.

    abstract::The cytokine TNF drives inflammatory diseases, e.g., Crohn's disease. In a mouse model of TNF-induced systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), severe impact on intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) is observed. Zinc confers complete protection in this model. We found that zinc no longer protects in animals which l...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Souffriau J,Timmermans S,Vanderhaeghen T,Wallaeys C,Van Looveren K,Aelbrecht L,Dewaele S,Vandewalle J,Goossens E,Verbanck S,Boyen F,Eggermont M,De Commer L,De Rycke R,De Bruyne M,Tito R,Ballegeer M,Vandevyver S,Velho

    更新日期:2020-10-07 00:00:00

  • STAMP2 increases oxidative stress and is critical for prostate cancer.

    abstract::The six transmembrane protein of prostate 2 (STAMP2) is an androgen-regulated gene whose mRNA expression is increased in prostate cancer (PCa). Here, we show that STAMP2 protein expression is increased in human PCa compared with benign prostate that is also correlated with tumor grade and treatment response. We also s...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jin Y,Wang L,Qu S,Sheng X,Kristian A,Mælandsmo GM,Pällmann N,Yuca E,Tekedereli I,Gorgulu K,Alpay N,Sood A,Lopez-Berestein G,Fazli L,Rennie P,Risberg B,Wæhre H,Danielsen HE,Ozpolat B,Saatcioglu F

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Spotlight on Mycobacteria and dendritic cells: will novel targets to fight tuberculosis emerge?

    abstract::Over thousands of years microbes and mammals have co-evolved, resulting in extraordinarily sophisticated molecular mechanisms permitting the organisms to survive together. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is one of the best examples of successful co-evolution, since the bacilli have infected one third of the human populatio...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mortellaro A,Robinson L,Ricciardi-Castagnoli P

    更新日期:2009-04-01 00:00:00

  • A thiol-bound drug reservoir enhances APR-246-induced mutant p53 tumor cell death.

    abstract::The tumor suppressor gene TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in cancer. The compound APR-246 (PRIMA-1Met/Eprenetapopt) is converted to methylene quinuclidinone (MQ) that targets mutant p53 protein and perturbs cellular antioxidant balance. APR-246 is currently tested in a phase III clinical trial in myelodysplas...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ceder S,Eriksson SE,Cheteh EH,Dawar S,Corrales Benitez M,Bykov VJN,Fujihara KM,Grandin M,Li X,Ramm S,Behrenbruch C,Simpson KJ,Hollande F,Abrahmsen L,Clemons NJ,Wiman KG

    更新日期:2020-12-14 00:00:00

  • Preclinical validation of a novel metastasis-inhibiting Tie1 function-blocking antibody.

    abstract::The angiopoietin (Ang)-Tie pathway has been intensely pursued as candidate second-generation anti-angiogenic target. While much of the translational work has focused on the ligand Ang2, the clinical efficacy of Ang2-targeting drugs is limited and failed to improve patient survival. In turn, the orphan receptor Tie1 re...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singhal M,Gengenbacher N,La Porta S,Gehrs S,Shi J,Kamiyama M,Bodenmiller DM,Fischl A,Schieb B,Besemfelder E,Chintharlapalli S,Augustin HG

    更新日期:2020-06-08 00:00:00

  • Dynorphin-based "release on demand" gene therapy for drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy.

    abstract::Focal epilepsy represents one of the most common chronic CNS diseases. The high incidence of drug resistance, devastating comorbidities, and insufficient responsiveness to surgery pose unmet medical challenges. In the quest of novel, disease-modifying treatment strategies of neuropeptides represent promising candidate...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agostinho AS,Mietzsch M,Zangrandi L,Kmiec I,Mutti A,Kraus L,Fidzinski P,Schneider UC,Holtkamp M,Heilbronn R,Schwarzer C

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Lentiviral vectors escape innate sensing but trigger p53 in human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells.

    abstract::Clinical application of lentiviral vector (LV)-based hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) gene therapy is rapidly becoming a reality. Nevertheless, LV-mediated signaling and its potential functional consequences on HSPC biology remain poorly understood. We unravel here a remarkably limited impact of LV on th...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piras F,Riba M,Petrillo C,Lazarevic D,Cuccovillo I,Bartolaccini S,Stupka E,Gentner B,Cittaro D,Naldini L,Kajaste-Rudnitski A

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Antimicrobial peptides and gut microbiota in homeostasis and pathology.

    abstract::We survive because we adapted to a world of microorganisms. All our epithelial surfaces participate in keeping up an effective barrier against microbes while not initiating ongoing inflammatory processes and risking collateral damage to the host. Major players in this scenario are antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). Such b...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ostaff MJ,Stange EF,Wehkamp J

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Early 5-HT6 receptor blockade prevents symptom onset in a model of adolescent cannabis abuse.

    abstract::Cannabis abuse during adolescence confers an increased risk for developing later in life cognitive deficits reminiscent of those observed in schizophrenia, suggesting common pathological mechanisms that remain poorly characterized. In line with previous findings that revealed a role of 5-HT6 receptor-operated mTOR act...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berthoux C,Hamieh AM,Rogliardo A,Doucet EL,Coudert C,Ango F,Grychowska K,Chaumont-Dubel S,Zajdel P,Maldonado R,Bockaert J,Marin P,Bécamel C

    更新日期:2020-05-08 00:00:00

  • Novel telomerase-increasing compound in mouse brain delays the onset of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

    abstract::Telomerase is expressed in the neonatal brain, in distinct regions of adult brain, and was shown to protect developing neurons from apoptosis. Telomerase reactivation by gene manipulation reverses neurodegeneration in aged telomerase-deficient mice. Hence, we and others hypothesized that increasing telomerase expressi...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eitan E,Tichon A,Gazit A,Gitler D,Slavin S,Priel E

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • V600EBraf induces gastrointestinal crypt senescence and promotes tumour progression through enhanced CpG methylation of p16INK4a.

    abstract::The majority of human colorectal cancers (CRCs) are initiated by mutations arising in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumour suppressor gene. However, a new class of non-APC mutated CRCs has been defined that have a serrated histopathology and carry the (V600E)BRAF oncogene. Here we have investigated the pathogen...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carragher LA,Snell KR,Giblett SM,Aldridge VS,Patel B,Cook SJ,Winton DJ,Marais R,Pritchard CA

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • Macrophage deficiency of miR-21 promotes apoptosis, plaque necrosis, and vascular inflammation during atherogenesis.

    abstract::Atherosclerosis, the major cause of cardiovascular disease, is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the accumulation of lipids and inflammatory cells in the artery wall. Aberrant expression of microRNAs has been implicated in the pathophysiological processes underlying the progression of atherosclerosis. He...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Canfrán-Duque A,Rotllan N,Zhang X,Fernández-Fuertes M,Ramírez-Hidalgo C,Araldi E,Daimiel L,Busto R,Fernández-Hernando C,Suárez Y

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Metabolomes of mitochondrial diseases and inclusion body myositis patients: treatment targets and biomarkers.

    abstract::Mitochondrial disorders (MDs) are inherited multi-organ diseases with variable phenotypes. Inclusion body myositis (IBM), a sporadic inflammatory muscle disease, also shows mitochondrial dysfunction. We investigated whether primary and secondary MDs modify metabolism to reveal pathogenic pathways and biomarkers. We in...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buzkova J,Nikkanen J,Ahola S,Hakonen AH,Sevastianova K,Hovinen T,Yki-Järvinen H,Pietiläinen KH,Lönnqvist T,Velagapudi V,Carroll CJ,Suomalainen A

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Transparency and accountability.

    abstract::EMBO Molecular Medicine is enriched by a number of innovative policies designed to enhance the editorial process: peer review process files, de-emphasis of confidential referee comments and cross-refereeing. ...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 社论


    authors: Pulverer B

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Systemic CD4 immunity: A powerful clinical biomarker for PD-L1/PD-1 immunotherapy.

    abstract::The search for non-invasive systemic biomarkers of response to PD-L1/PD-1 blockade immunotherapy is currently a priority in oncoimmunology. In contrast to classical tumor biomarkers, the identification of clinically useful immunological biomarkers is certainly a challenge, as anti-cancer immune responses depend on the...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zuazo M,Arasanz H,Bocanegra A,Chocarro L,Vera R,Escors D,Kagamu H,Kochan G

    更新日期:2020-09-07 00:00:00

  • Clarin-2 is essential for hearing by maintaining stereocilia integrity and function.

    abstract::Hearing relies on mechanically gated ion channels present in the actin-rich stereocilia bundles at the apical surface of cochlear hair cells. Our knowledge of the mechanisms underlying the formation and maintenance of the sound-receptive structure is limited. Utilizing a large-scale forward genetic screen in mice, gen...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dunbar LA,Patni P,Aguilar C,Mburu P,Corns L,Wells HR,Delmaghani S,Parker A,Johnson S,Williams D,Esapa CT,Simon MM,Chessum L,Newton S,Dorning J,Jeyarajan P,Morse S,Lelli A,Codner GF,Peineau T,Gopal SR,Alagramam K

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Treating lysosomal storage diseases with pharmacological chaperones: from concept to clinics.

    abstract::Lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) are a group of genetic disorders due to defects in any aspect of lysosomal biology. During the past two decades, different approaches have been introduced for the treatment of these conditions. Among them, enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) represented a major advance and is used succes...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Parenti G

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • mTORC2 sustains thermogenesis via Akt-induced glucose uptake and glycolysis in brown adipose tissue.

    abstract::Activation of non-shivering thermogenesis (NST) in brown adipose tissue (BAT) has been proposed as an anti-obesity treatment. Moreover, cold-induced glucose uptake could normalize blood glucose levels in insulin-resistant patients. It is therefore important to identify novel regulators of NST and cold-induced glucose ...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Albert V,Svensson K,Shimobayashi M,Colombi M,Muñoz S,Jimenez V,Handschin C,Bosch F,Hall MN

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Myeloid cell deficiency of p38γ/p38δ protects against candidiasis and regulates antifungal immunity.

    abstract::Candida albicans is a frequent aetiologic agent of sepsis associated with high mortality in immunocompromised patients. Developing new antifungal therapies is a medical need due to the low efficiency and resistance to current antifungal drugs. Here, we show that p38γ and p38δ regulate the innate immune response to C. ...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alsina-Beauchamp D,Escós A,Fajardo P,González-Romero D,Díaz-Mora E,Risco A,Martín-Serrano MA,Del Fresno C,Dominguez-Andrés J,Aparicio N,Zur R,Shpiro N,Brown GD,Ardavín C,Netea MG,Alemany S,Sanz-Ezquerro JJ,Cuenda A

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • VEGF-C is required for intestinal lymphatic vessel maintenance and lipid absorption.

    abstract::Vascular endothelial growth factor C (VEGF-C) binding to its tyrosine kinase receptor VEGFR-3 drives lymphatic vessel growth during development and in pathological processes. Although the VEGF-C/VEGFR-3 pathway provides a target for treatment of cancer and lymphedema, the physiological functions of VEGF-C in adult vas...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nurmi H,Saharinen P,Zarkada G,Zheng W,Robciuc MR,Alitalo K

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • WNT10B/β-catenin signalling induces HMGA2 and proliferation in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer.

    abstract::Wnt/β-catenin signalling has been suggested to be active in basal-like breast cancer. However, in highly aggressive metastatic triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) the role of β-catenin and the underlying mechanism(s) for the aggressiveness of TNBC remain unknown. We illustrate that WNT10B induces transcriptionally a...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wend P,Runke S,Wend K,Anchondo B,Yesayan M,Jardon M,Hardie N,Loddenkemper C,Ulasov I,Lesniak MS,Wolsky R,Bentolila LA,Grant SG,Elashoff D,Lehr S,Latimer JJ,Bose S,Sattar H,Krum SA,Miranda-Carboni GA

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Oligonucleotide-induced alternative splicing of serotonin 2C receptor reduces food intake.

    abstract::The serotonin 2C receptor regulates food uptake, and its activity is regulated by alternative pre-mRNA splicing. Alternative exon skipping is predicted to generate a truncated receptor protein isoform, whose existence was confirmed with a new antiserum. The truncated receptor sequesters the full-length receptor in int...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang Z,Shen M,Gresch PJ,Ghamari-Langroudi M,Rabchevsky AG,Emeson RB,Stamm S

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mitochondria-associated membrane collapse is a common pathomechanism in SIGMAR1- and SOD1-linked ALS.

    abstract::A homozygous mutation in the gene for sigma 1 receptor (Sig1R) is a cause of inherited juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS16). Sig1R localizes to the mitochondria-associated membrane (MAM), which is an interface of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum. However, the role of the MAM in ALS is not fully elucida...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watanabe S,Ilieva H,Tamada H,Nomura H,Komine O,Endo F,Jin S,Mancias P,Kiyama H,Yamanaka K

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Loss of the mitochondrial i-AAA protease YME1L leads to ocular dysfunction and spinal axonopathy.

    abstract::Disturbances in the morphology and function of mitochondria cause neurological diseases, which can affect the central and peripheral nervous system. The i-AAA protease YME1L ensures mitochondrial proteostasis and regulates mitochondrial dynamics by processing of the dynamin-like GTPase OPA1. Mutations in YME1L cause a...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sprenger HG,Wani G,Hesseling A,König T,Patron M,MacVicar T,Ahola S,Wai T,Barth E,Rugarli EI,Bergami M,Langer T

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • TROP2 is epigenetically inactivated and modulates IGF-1R signalling in lung adenocarcinoma.

    abstract::Trop-2, a cell surface glycoprotein, contains both extracellular epidermal growth factor-like and thyroglobulin type-1 repeat domains. Low TROP2 expression was observed in lung adenocarcinoma tissues as compared with their normal counterparts. The lack of expression could be due to either the loss of heterozygosity (L...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin JC,Wu YY,Wu JY,Lin TC,Wu CT,Chang YL,Jou YS,Hong TM,Yang PC

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • A novel thermoregulatory role for PDE10A in mouse and human adipocytes.

    abstract::Phosphodiesterase type 10A (PDE10A) is highly enriched in striatum and is under evaluation as a drug target for several psychiatric/neurodegenerative diseases. Preclinical studies implicate PDE10A in the regulation of energy homeostasis, but the mechanisms remain unclear. By utilizing small-animal PET/MRI and the nove...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hankir MK,Kranz M,Gnad T,Weiner J,Wagner S,Deuther-Conrad W,Bronisch F,Steinhoff K,Luthardt J,Klöting N,Hesse S,Seibyl JP,Sabri O,Heiker JT,Blüher M,Pfeifer A,Brust P,Fenske WK

    更新日期:2016-07-01 00:00:00

  • Heat shock factor 2 is a stress-responsive mediator of neuronal migration defects in models of fetal alcohol syndrome.

    abstract::Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a frequent cause of mental retardation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying brain development defects induced by maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy are unclear. We used normal and Hsf2-deficient mice and cell systems to uncover a pivotal role for heat shock...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: El Fatimy R,Miozzo F,Le Mouël A,Abane R,Schwendimann L,Sabéran-Djoneidi D,de Thonel A,Massaoudi I,Paslaru L,Hashimoto-Torii K,Christians E,Rakic P,Gressens P,Mezger V

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Simultaneous impairment of neuronal and metabolic function of mutated gephyrin in a patient with epileptic encephalopathy.

    abstract::Synaptic inhibition is essential for shaping the dynamics of neuronal networks, and aberrant inhibition plays an important role in neurological disorders. Gephyrin is a central player at inhibitory postsynapses, directly binds and organizes GABAA and glycine receptors (GABAARs and GlyRs), and is thereby indispensable ...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dejanovic B,Djémié T,Grünewald N,Suls A,Kress V,Hetsch F,Craiu D,Zemel M,Gormley P,Lal D,EuroEPINOMICS Dravet working group.,Myers CT,Mefford HC,Palotie A,Helbig I,Meier JC,De Jonghe P,Weckhuysen S,Schwarz G

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Reversible immortalisation enables genetic correction of human muscle progenitors and engineering of next-generation human artificial chromosomes for Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

    abstract::Transferring large or multiple genes into primary human stem/progenitor cells is challenged by restrictions in vector capacity, and this hurdle limits the success of gene therapy. A paradigm is Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an incurable disorder caused by mutations in the largest human gene: dystrophin. The combi...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benedetti S,Uno N,Hoshiya H,Ragazzi M,Ferrari G,Kazuki Y,Moyle LA,Tonlorenzi R,Lombardo A,Chaouch S,Mouly V,Moore M,Popplewell L,Kazuki K,Katoh M,Naldini L,Dickson G,Messina G,Oshimura M,Cossu G,Tedesco FS

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Compounds producing an effective combinatorial regimen for disruption of HIV-1 latency.

    abstract::Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has improved the outlook for the HIV epidemic, but does not provide a cure. The proposed "shock-and-kill" strategy is directed at inducing latent HIV reservoirs, which may then be purged via boosted immune response or targeting infected cells. We describe five novel compoun...

    journal_title:EMBO molecular medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hashemi P,Barreto K,Bernhard W,Lomness A,Honson N,Pfeifer TA,Harrigan PR,Sadowski I

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00