Imaging of cerebral complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in infants with congenital heart disease - ultrasound with multimodality correlation.


:Cranial ultrasound on neonatal intensive care units is generally performed by intensive care physicians, but radiologists often provide this crucial bedside test to children on specialist paediatric cardiac intensive care units. On a paediatric cardiac intensive care unit, complex congenital cardiac conditions are commonly encountered in both pre- and postoperative scenarios, often with the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), which both increases the risks of a number of neurologic complications and results in significant changes in vascular physiology. The aim of this pictorial essay is to discuss cranial ultrasound technique, demonstrate the changes in Doppler flow profiles resulting from veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and congenital cardiac conditions, and illustrate commonly encountered intracranial complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in congenital cardiac care.


Pediatr Radiol


Pediatric radiology


Svrckova P,Meshaka R,Holtrup M,Aramburo A,Mankad K,Kazmi F,Owens CM,Gala-Peralta S,Semple T




Has Abstract


2020-06-01 00:00:00














  • Angel-shaped phalanges in brachydactyly C: a case report, and speculation on pathogenesis.

    abstract::We describe a woman and her daughter affected by brachydactyly type C. The unusual feature in the child included the striking 'angel-shaped' appearance of the proximal phalanges of the index and middle fingers of one hand, whereas more typical triangular epiphyses with elongation of their radial side were present at t...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Castriota-Scanderbeg A,Garaci FG,Beluffi G

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pericardial effusions in two boys with chronic granulomatous disease.

    abstract::Pericardial involvement in chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is very rare. We present two children with known CGD and pericardial effusions in whom no microbial cause for the effusions was found. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Macedo F,McHugh K,Goldblatt D

    更新日期:1999-11-01 00:00:00

  • Paravertebral widening in a case of recurrent Wilms' tumour.

    abstract::In infants and children the association of paravertebral widening and abdominal tumour has been regarded as typical of neuroblastoma. However, a paraspinal mass may develop in other malignant tumours too, but seems to be extremely rare in nephroblastoma. The fourth case so far on record is reported. Microscopically th...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eklöf O,Sandstedt B,Söderlund S,Wikstad I,Ahström L

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Is there a role for magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of non-traumatic intraparenchymal haemorrhage in children?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In contrast to adults, intraparenchymal haemorrhage (IPH) is at least as common as ischaemic stroke in children. There is often uncertainty about the most appropriate modality for imaging in the acute stage. OBJECTIVE:To examine the diagnostic value of MRI and MR angiography (MRA) in the detection of underl...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu AC,Segaren N,Cox TS,Hayward RD,Chong WK,Ganesan V,Saunders DE

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Implantable venous access devices in children with severe hemophilia: a tertiary pediatric institutional experience.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Clotting factor replacement forms the pillar of treatment for children with hemophilia. Most children can be treated using peripheral venipuncture, but very young children and children with poor venous access might require a central venous catheter. Short-term and long-term complications of implantable venou...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bedoya MA,Raffini L,Durand R,Acord MR,Srinivasan A,Krishnamurthy G,Vatsky S,Escobar F,Cahill AM

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Vein of Galen aneurysm: MRI with a fast gradient refocusing pulse sequence.

    abstract::A case of vein of Galen aneurysm, studied with a fast gradient refocusing pulse MRI sequence, is presented. Fast MRI sequences allowed the acquisition of additional hemodynamic information that was not available with either routine MRI or angiography. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taccone A,Oddone M,Cariati M,Marzoli A

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Gadolinium-based contrast agents in pediatric magnetic resonance imaging.

    abstract::Gadolinium-based contrast agents can increase the accuracy and expediency of an MRI examination. However the benefits of a contrast-enhanced scan must be carefully weighed against the well-documented risks associated with administration of exogenous contrast media. The purpose of this review is to discuss commercially...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Gale EM,Caravan P,Rao AG,McDonald RJ,Winfeld M,Fleck RJ,Gee MS

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Transport, monitoring, and successful brain MR imaging in unsedated neonates.

    abstract::Neonatal cerebral MR imaging is a sensitive technique for evaluating brain injury in the term and preterm infant. In term encephalopathic infants, MR imaging reliably detects not only the pattern of brain injury but might also provide clues about the timing of injury. In premature infants, MR imaging has surpassed US ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,实务指引


    authors: Mathur AM,Neil JJ,McKinstry RC,Inder TE

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Urea cycle disorders: brain MRI and neurological outcome.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Urea cycle disorders encompass several enzyme deficiencies that can result in cerebral damage, with a wide clinical spectrum from asymptomatic to severe. OBJECTIVE:The goal of this study was to correlate brain MRI abnormalities in urea cycle disorders with clinical neurological sequelae to evaluate whether ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bireley WR,Van Hove JL,Gallagher RC,Fenton LZ

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Fetal pancreatic hamartoma.

    abstract::Pancreatic masses are uncommon lesions in the newborn infant. The authors present the first reported case of neonatal pancreatic hamartoma and describe its interesting clinical, histologic, and radiographic aspects. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burt TB,Condon VR,Matlak ME

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Multimodality imaging of vascular anomalies.

    abstract::Vascular malformations and hemangiomas are common in children but remain a source of confusion during diagnosis, in part because of the lack of a uniform terminology. With the existing treatments for hemangiomas and vascular malformations, it is important to make the correct diagnosis initially to prevent adverse phys...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Restrepo R

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Inferior right hepatic veins: MR assessment of prevalence and potential clinical significance in children.

    abstract::The prevalence of Inferior Right Hepatic Veins (IRHVs) in 82 children who had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the abdomen was assessed. IRHVs larger than or equal in size to the Superior Right Hepatic Vein were found in 23% (19/82). In two patients with radiological evidence of Superior Hepatic Venous occlusion an...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ng YY,Finn JP,Hall-Craggs MA

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical pediatric positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance program: a guide to successful implementation.

    abstract::Children with malignancies undergo recurrent imaging as part of tumor diagnosis, staging and therapy response assessment. Simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance (MR) allows for decreased radiation exposure and acts as a one-stop shop for disease in which MR imaging is required. Neverthe...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Saade-Lemus S,Nevo E,Soliman I,Otero HJ,Magee RW,Drum ET,States LJ

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of liver T1 relaxation times without and with iron correction in pediatric autoimmune liver disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T1 relaxometry (mapping) has been reported as a quantitative biomarker of liver injury due to inflammation and fibrosis. OBJECTIVE:To assess the relationship between liver MRI T1 relaxometry measurements obtained using a modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) pulse ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dillman JR,Serai SD,Miethke AG,Singh R,Tkach JA,Trout AT

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic abdominal aortic dissection in a 16-month-old child.

    abstract::Abdominal aortic injury after blunt trauma is rare in the pediatric population. There have been fewer than 20 reported cases in the literature since 1960, and most were the result of motor vehicle collisions. We report the case of a 16-month-old boy who is the youngest reported patient to sustain this type of injury. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Heck JM,Bittles MA

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Inflammatory bowel diseases: the paediatric gastroenterologist's perspective.

    abstract::Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including Crohn disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), often affect children and adolescents. Their diagnosis is based on the integration of clinical, biological, endoscopic, histological and radiological data. The paediatric radiologist may help the clinician in many ways. In ch...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hugot JP,Bellaiche M

    更新日期:2007-11-01 00:00:00

  • Is the first urinary infection in childhood a definite indication for radiological examination?

    abstract::The need for X-ray investigations of the urinary tract at the time of the first proven urinary infection, even in older girls, is stressed. This policy is the best way to detect chronic pyelonephritis and congenital anomalies of the urinary tract and provide timely and appropriate treatment. These conclusions are supp...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Krepler P,Weisskirchner B,Schroth B

    更新日期:1977-10-28 00:00:00

  • Mesomelic dysplasia of the upper extremities associated with other abnormalities: a new syndrome?

    abstract::A 3-year-old Algerian boy with unusual facies, mesomelic dysplasia of the upper extremities, meta-epiphyseal changes in the lower extremities and skin dimples is reported. The authors are not able to classify the child's syndrome nosologically. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kozlowski K,Bacha L,Brachimi L,Massen R

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Primary idiopathic chylopericardium.

    abstract::Primary idiopathic chylopericardium is rare and represents a fraction of all pericardial effusions in the pediatric population. Most cases of chylopericardium occur as a complication of cardiac surgery or after trauma. They may also be caused by tuberculosis, neoplasm, or congenital lymphangiomatosis. Primary idiopath...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ossiani MH,McCauley RG,Patel HT

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Diffusion-weighted and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging as markers of clinical behavior in children with optic pathway glioma.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) are common pediatric brain tumors that pose significant clinical challenges with regard to predicting which tumors are likely to become symptomatic and require treatment. These tumors can arise sporadically or in the context of the inherited cancer predisposition syndrome neurofi...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jost SC,Ackerman JW,Garbow JR,Manwaring LP,Gutmann DH,McKinstry RC

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

  • The current status of non-radiologist-performed abdominal ultrasonography in paediatrics - a scoping literature review protocol.

    abstract::In recent years as a result of decreasing prices and the increasing availability of portable systems, ultrasonography (US), which historically has primarily been the domain of radiologists, has become more widely available to non-radiologists as well. This has increased the use of point-of-care paediatric US performed...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: van Wassenaer EA,Daams JG,Benninga MA,Rosendahl K,Koot BGP,Stafrace S,Arthurs OJ,van Rijn RR

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Cardiac tumor in Gorlin syndrome. Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.

    abstract::A cardiac fibroma in a newborn is reported. The infant had skeletal stigmata of Gorlin's syndrome and the mother had known Gorlin's syndrome. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herman TE,Siegel MJ,McAlister WH

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Parents' received and expected information about their child's radiation exposure during radiographic examinations.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite regulations, insufficient information is provided to adult patients prior to their radiologic examinations. Information regarding paediatric patients has not been systematically studied. OBJECTIVE:To survey parents' experience and wishes for information in connection with their child's radiographic ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oikarinen HT,Perttu AM,Mahajan HM,Ukkola LH,Tervonen OA,Jussila AI,Henner AO

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Intrauterine dwarfism, peculiar facies and thin bones with multiple fractures--a new syndrome.

    abstract::Three newborns with thin ribs and thin long bones with multiple fractures are reported. Whereas one patient presents a syndromic association of bone dysplasia and intrauterine dwarfism two other patients cannot be appropriately evaluated due to lack of basic clinical and pathologic data. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kozlowski K,Kan A

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pneumopericardium as a complication of foreign body aspiration.

    abstract::A case of pneumopericardium in an infant complicating aspiration of a foreign body is reported. In addition to X-ray studies echocardiography is valuable for the control of the disease. The pathogenesis and the treatment are discussed and a short review of the literature is given. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tjhen KY,Schmaltz AA,Ibrahim Z,Nolte K

    更新日期:1978-06-19 00:00:00

  • Gadolinium-DOTA enhanced MRI of painful osseous crises in children with sickle cell anemia.

    abstract::In order to evaluate the role of gadolinium-DOTA enhanced MRI in the management of painful osseous crises in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA), nine children with SCA underwent MRI, bone scans and ultrasonographic studies during 11 osseous crises. Imaging findings were compared with the final diagnosis: three acu...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bonnerot V,Sebag G,de Montalembert M,Wioland M,Glorion C,Girot R,Lallemand D

    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Orbital lymphomatoid granulomatosis - a rare cause of proptosis.

    abstract::A 1-year-old girl with unilateral proptosis was found to have primary orbital lymphomatoid granulomatosis - a condition rarely occurring in children. This multisystem angiocentric, angiodestructive, lymphoproliferative disease typically involves the lungs, with ocular involvement being extremely uncommon. Our case ser...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: du Toit J,Kilborn T,Van Eyssen A,Pillay K

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Anterior intervertebral disc herniations in children. Report of four cases.

    abstract::Four boys with anterior lumbar disc herniations probably secondary to chronic trauma are reported. Anterior disc herniations may appear as separate lesions-as in our patients-or coexist with Scheuermann's disease. Although Scheuermann's disease, discitis and tuberculosis are regarded as the most common causes of inter...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kozlowski K

    更新日期:1977-07-25 00:00:00

  • Assessment of pediatric near-drowning victims: is there a role for cranial CT?

    abstract::Previous studies have suggested that CT examinations of the brain in children soon after near-drowning incidents are not helpful in predicting clinical outcome and are not necessary. The clinical and CT findings of 19 pediatric near-drowning victims were reviewed for correlation with clinical and neurologic outcome. A...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Romano C,Brown T,Frewen TC

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of pediatric-specific dose modulation curves on radiation dose and image quality in head computed tomography.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The volume of CT examinations has increased with resultant increases in collective dose values over the last decade. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the impact of the tube current and voltage modulation for dose values and image quality of pediatric head CT examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Head CT examinations wer...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santos J,Foley S,Paulo G,McEntee MF,Rainford L

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00