Imaging of cerebral complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in infants with congenital heart disease - ultrasound with multimodality correlation.

Abstract:

:Cranial ultrasound on neonatal intensive care units is generally performed by intensive care physicians, but radiologists often provide this crucial bedside test to children on specialist paediatric cardiac intensive care units. On a paediatric cardiac intensive care unit, complex congenital cardiac conditions are commonly encountered in both pre- and postoperative scenarios, often with the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), which both increases the risks of a number of neurologic complications and results in significant changes in vascular physiology. The aim of this pictorial essay is to discuss cranial ultrasound technique, demonstrate the changes in Doppler flow profiles resulting from veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and congenital cardiac conditions, and illustrate commonly encountered intracranial complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in congenital cardiac care.

journal_name

Pediatr Radiol

journal_title

Pediatric radiology

authors

Svrckova P,Meshaka R,Holtrup M,Aramburo A,Mankad K,Kazmi F,Owens CM,Gala-Peralta S,Semple T

doi

10.1007/s00247-019-04603-1

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-06-01 00:00:00

pages

997-1009

issue

7

eissn

0301-0449

issn

1432-1998

pii

10.1007/s00247-019-04603-1

journal_volume

50

pub_type

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