Imaging of cerebral complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in infants with congenital heart disease - ultrasound with multimodality correlation.


:Cranial ultrasound on neonatal intensive care units is generally performed by intensive care physicians, but radiologists often provide this crucial bedside test to children on specialist paediatric cardiac intensive care units. On a paediatric cardiac intensive care unit, complex congenital cardiac conditions are commonly encountered in both pre- and postoperative scenarios, often with the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), which both increases the risks of a number of neurologic complications and results in significant changes in vascular physiology. The aim of this pictorial essay is to discuss cranial ultrasound technique, demonstrate the changes in Doppler flow profiles resulting from veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and congenital cardiac conditions, and illustrate commonly encountered intracranial complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in congenital cardiac care.


Pediatr Radiol


Pediatric radiology


Svrckova P,Meshaka R,Holtrup M,Aramburo A,Mankad K,Kazmi F,Owens CM,Gala-Peralta S,Semple T




Has Abstract


2020-06-01 00:00:00














  • Patterson-Lowry rhizomelic dysplasia: a potentially lethal bone dysplasia?

    abstract::We report a Japanese boy, who is considered as having Patterson-Lowry rhizomelic dysplasia, a rare, as yet undefined, skeletal dysplasia. The diagnosis was warranted by the constellation of skeletal abnormalities - mild platyspondyly, hypoplastic ilia, broad proximal femora with prominent lesser trochanters, mild brac...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamoda T,Nakajima R,Matsui A,Nishimura G

    更新日期:2001-02-01 00:00:00

  • Paternal uniparental disomy 14: introducing the "coat-hanger" sign.

    abstract::Paternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 14 (patUPD14) is a rare condition, this being the eighth report. A male infant, born prematurely, was noted to have extremely lax skin and bilateral inguinal hernias. Skin biopsy confirmed the clinical diagnosis of congenital cutis laxa, but this did not explain the limb abno...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Offiah AC,Cornette L,Hall CM

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Absence of the spleen(s) in conjoined twins: a diagnostic clue of laterality defects? Radiological study of historical specimens.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Laterality defects are quite common in thoracoileopagus and parapagus dicephalus but rare in other types of conjoined twins. OBJECTIVE:To present the presumed laterality defects in cephalothoracoileopagus and prosopothoracoileopagus conjoined twins, based on the unilateral or bilateral absence or duplicatio...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oostra RJ,Keulen N,Jansen T,van Rijn RR

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Splenic nodules in paediatric Gaucher disease treated by enzyme replacement therapy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The natural history of focal splenic lesions in paediatric Gaucher disease (GD) is unknown and these lesions are thought to persist despite enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). OBJECTIVE:To assess the prevalence, evolution and resolution of splenic nodules in a cohort of paediatric Gaucher patients treated wit...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chippington S,McHugh K,Vellodi A

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnostic errors by radiology residents in interpreting pediatric radiographs in an emergency setting.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are few data regarding the frequency and type of diagnostic errors made by radiology residents and fellows ("trainees"). However, increasing interest in reducing medical errors highlights the need to analyze which areas of medical knowledge are most problematic for physicians-in-training, including rad...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Halsted MJ,Kumar H,Paquin JJ,Poe SA,Bean JA,Racadio JM,Strife JL,Donnelly LF

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Diagnosis of vertebral fractures in children: is a simplified algorithm-based qualitative technique reliable?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Identification of osteoporotic vertebral fractures allows treatment opportunity reducing future risk. There is no agreed standardised method for diagnosing paediatric vertebral fractures. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the precision of a modified adult algorithm-based qualitative (ABQ) technique, applicable to child...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章


    authors: Adiotomre E,Summers L,Allison A,Walters SJ,Digby M,Broadley P,Lang I,Offiah AC

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging of pediatric cancer predisposition syndromes: special considerations, challenges and perspective.

    abstract::Cancer predisposition syndromes increase the incidence of tumors during childhood and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Imaging is paramount for ensuring early detection of neoplasms, impacting therapeutic interventions and potentially improving outcome. While conventional imaging techniques inv...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Saade-Lemus S,Degnan AJ,Acord MR,Srinivasan AS,Reid JR,Servaes SE,States LJ,Anupindi SA

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of liver T1 relaxation times without and with iron correction in pediatric autoimmune liver disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T1 relaxometry (mapping) has been reported as a quantitative biomarker of liver injury due to inflammation and fibrosis. OBJECTIVE:To assess the relationship between liver MRI T1 relaxometry measurements obtained using a modified Look-Locker inversion recovery (MOLLI) pulse ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dillman JR,Serai SD,Miethke AG,Singh R,Tkach JA,Trout AT

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Primary idiopathic chylopericardium.

    abstract::Primary idiopathic chylopericardium is rare and represents a fraction of all pericardial effusions in the pediatric population. Most cases of chylopericardium occur as a complication of cardiac surgery or after trauma. They may also be caused by tuberculosis, neoplasm, or congenital lymphangiomatosis. Primary idiopath...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ossiani MH,McCauley RG,Patel HT

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Abnormal fetal cerebral laminar organization in cobblestone complex as seen on post-mortem MRI and DTI.

    abstract::We report a unique case of cobblestone complex using post-mortem MR and diffusion tensor imaging to assess the laminar organization of the fetal cerebrum. The imaging findings were correlated with autopsy findings. Abnormal cortical development in cobblestone complex resulted in disruption of normal laminar organizati...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Widjaja E,Geibprasert S,Blaser S,Rayner T,Shannon P

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Pulmonary changes in congenital syphilis.

    abstract::Three of seven infants afflicted with congenital syphilis at our institution in the past five years showed diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. These persisted long after adequate antibiotic treatment of the primary infection. Review of pathologic literature suggests these infiltrates represent pulmonary immaturity, extrame...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Austin R,Melhem RE

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lateral decubitus HRCT: a simple technique to replace expiratory CT in children with air trapping.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effectiveness of lateral decubitus high-resolution CT (HRCT) in detecting air trapping in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS:HRCT scans of 21 children with heterogeneous lung attenuation caused by air trapping (n = 10) or with infiltrative lung disease (n = 11) were reviewed retrospectively. The...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Choi SJ,Choi BK,Kim HJ,Lee SH,Choi SH,Park SJ,Goo HW,Lee JS,Yoon CH

    更新日期:2002-03-01 00:00:00

  • Fetal MR imaging of Kniest dysplasia.

    abstract::We present a case of Kniest dysplasia, a rare form of the type II collagenopathies, with prenatal MRI. Sonography revealed only short limbs in the fetus. Fetal MRI findings included enlarged hyaline cartilaginous structures with abnormally high T2 signal intensity, delayed ossification of the pubic and ischial bones, ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yazici Z,Kline-Fath BM,Laor T,Tinkle BT

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Enlarged common hepatic duct secondary to morphine in a neonate.

    abstract::A neonate with reversible, nonobstructive common hepatic duct enlargement secondary to intravenous morphine administration is presented. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schlesinger AE,Null DM

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Three-dimensional CT diagnosis of myositis ossificans of the sacrospinous ligament.

    abstract::We present the case of a 4-year-old female with a complex fracture of the left hemipelvis who, on follow-up CT imaging, developed new ossific densities within the peripelvic soft tissues of the contralateral side. Three-dimensional surface reformations of the pelvis demonstrated myositis ossificans along the course of...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agrons GA,Markowitz RI,Bronson WE

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Thoracic imaging of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children: a series of 91 cases.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pulmonary infection with SARS-CoV-2 virus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2; COVID-19) has rapidly spread worldwide to become a global pandemic. OBJECTIVE:To collect paediatric COVID-19 cases worldwide and to summarize both clinical and imaging findings in children who tested positive on poly...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Caro-Dominguez P,Shelmerdine SC,Toso S,Secinaro A,Toma P,Damasio MB,Navallas M,Riaza-Martin L,Gomez-Pastrana D,Ghadimi Mahani M,Desoky SM,Ugas Charcape CF,Almanza-Aranda J,Ucar ME,Lovrenski J,Gorkem SB,Alexopoulou E,Cie

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Lap belt iliac wing fracture: a predictor of bowel injury in children.

    abstract::Lap belt restraints in motor vehicle collisions have been associated with a variety of injuries, mainly bowel and lumbar spine. Cephalad positioning of the belt over the intended position across the anterior superior iliac spines (which typically occurs in younger children) is thought to be responsible for the observe...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Emery KH

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

  • Correlation of lung abnormalities on high-resolution CT with clinical graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic versus autologous bone marrow transplantation in children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Late-onset noninfectious pulmonary complications (LONIPCs) are life-threatening complications of bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Several pathological patterns are described in the literature with different prognoses, and with different relationships to graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The role of high-re...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Merlini L,Borzani IM,Anooshiravani M,Rochat I,Ozsahin AH,Hanquinet S

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Clinical safety of 3-T brain magnetic resonance imaging in newborns.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The effects and potential hazards of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 T in newborns are debated. OBJECTIVE:Assess the impact of 3-T MRI in newborns on body temperature and physiological parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS:Forty-nine newborns, born preterm and at term, underwent 3-T brain MRI at ter...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fumagalli M,Cinnante CM,Calloni SF,Sorrentino G,Gorla I,Plevani L,Pesenti N,Sirgiovanni I,Mosca F,Triulzi F

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Faster pediatric 3-T abdominal magnetic resonance imaging: comparison between conventional and variable refocusing flip-angle single-shot fast spin-echo sequences.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Single-shot fast spin echo (SSFSE) is particularly appealing in pediatric patients because of its motion robustness. However radiofrequency energy deposition at 3 tesla forces long pauses between slices, leading to longer scans, longer breath-holds and more between-slice motion. OBJECTIVE:We sought to learn...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ruangwattanapaisarn N,Loening AM,Saranathan M,Litwiller DV,Vasanawala SS

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Mucopolysaccharidoses: overview of neuroimaging manifestations.

    abstract::The mucopolysaccharidoses are a heterogeneous group of inherited lysosomal storage disorders, characterized by the accumulation of undegraded glycosaminoglycans in various organs, leading to tissue damage. Mucopolysaccharidoses include eight individual disorders (IS [Scheie syndrome], IH [Hurler syndrome], II, III, IV...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Nicolas-Jilwan M,AlSayed M

    更新日期:2018-09-01 00:00:00

  • CT versus plain radiographs for evaluation of c-spine injury in young children: do benefits outweigh risks?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Various reports support the use of cervical spine (c-spine) CT over conventional radiography in screening of c-spine injury. Interest now exists in diagnostic radiation-induced morbidity. OBJECTIVE:To estimate excess relative risk for developing cancer from c-spine high-resolution CT radiation exposure. MA...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jimenez RR,Deguzman MA,Shiran S,Karrellas A,Lorenzo RL

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Intraoperative contrast-enhanced urosonography during endoscopic treatment of vesicoureteral reflux in children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There are many controversies surrounding the effectiveness of endoscopic treatment of vesicouretheral reflux (VUR) in children, thus it is of highest priority to analyze factors influencing the outcome of therapy and to search for new methods that would increase the success rate and reduce the number of rein...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woźniak MM,Osemlak P,Pawelec A,Brodzisz A,Nachulewicz P,Wieczorek AP,Zajączkowska MM

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Engaging patients and families in pediatric radiology.

    abstract::While patient and family-centered care (PFCC) is currently a hot topic in medicine, it has long been a specific focus of pediatrics. The concept of PFCC includes a change in culture where physicians and patients move away from paternalism and instead view patients and families as partners in care. Although there are m...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Kadom N

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • US and MRI of pediatric ocular masses with histopathological correlation.

    abstract::We review our experience with unusual ocular pathologies, some mimicking retinoblastoma, that were referred to our institution during the past two decades. After presenting the imaging anatomy of the normal eye, we discuss pertinent clinical and pathological features, and illustrate the US and MRI appearance of retino...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Brennan RC,Wilson MW,Kaste S,Helton KJ,McCarville MB

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • 123I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine accumulation in a urinoma and cortex of an obstructed kidney after surgical resection of an abdominal neuroblastoma.

    abstract::Surgical ureteric injury is rare and often unsuspected for a long time. We present a child in whom an abdominal neuroblastoma was completely excised, but during surgery the left ureter was transected and anastomosed. One month later, during postoperative disease staging, abnormal (123)I-MIBG accumulation was observed ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moralidis E,Arsos G,Papakonstantinou E,Badouraki M,Koliouskas D,Karakatsanis C

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Combined asymptomatic congenital anterior and posterior deficiency of the atlas.

    abstract::Atlas anomalies in terms of clefts and aplasia are rare. They can sometimes simulate fractures and need further evaluation. Imaging in terms of CT and MR can help resolve diagnostic confusion and also outline associated neurological involvement. A rare anomaly of anterior and posterior atlas arch, previously unclassif...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hosalkar HS,Gerardi JA,Shaw BA

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Correction to: Plea for a standardized imaging approach to disorders of sex development in neonates: Consensus proposal from European Society of Paediatric Radiology task force.

    abstract::The above article was published online with an incorrect author name. ...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 已发布勘误


    authors: Avni FE,Lerisson H,Lobo ML,Cartigny M,Napolitano M,Mentzel HJ,Riccabona M,Wozniak M,Kljucevsek D,Augdal TA,Constanza B,Ibe D,Darge K,Stafrace S,Petit P,Ording Müller LS

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia in premature infants. A radiological and pathological correlation.

    abstract::In a group of 70 premature and newborn infants, treated with artificial ventilation, 24.3% developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Only in a very few cases did the typical radiological stages, as described by Northway, succeed each other in a chronological order. It is impossible to differentiate BPD stage I or II...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oppermann HC,Wille L,Bleyl U,Obladen M

    更新日期:1977-03-17 00:00:00

  • Utilization of low-dose multidetector CT and virtual bronchoscopy in children with suspected foreign body aspiration.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Foreign body aspiration is common in children, especially those under 3 years of age. Chest radiography and CT are the main imaging modalities for the evaluation of these children. Management of children with suspected foreign body aspiration (SFBA) mainly depends on radiological findings. OBJECTIVE:To inve...

    journal_title:Pediatric radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adaletli I,Kurugoglu S,Ulus S,Ozer H,Elicevik M,Kantarci F,Mihmanli I,Akman C

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00