Association between air pollution and menstrual disorder outpatient visits: A time-series analysis.


:Menstrual disorders are common diseases among reproductive-aged women with increasing concerns. Until now, there have been limited studies about the association between menstrual disorders and air pollution. This study aimed to investigate the association between short-term (concurrent day and within 1 week prior) ambient air pollution exposure and menstrual disorder outpatient visits in Xi'an, a metropolis in northwestern China. Daily baseline outpatient data of menstrual disorders from January 1, 2010 to February 18, 2016 (2239 days) were obtained. An over-dispersed Poisson generalized additive model was applied to discover the relationship between short-term air pollution exposure and the number of menstrual disorder outpatient visits by adjusting the day of the week and weather conditions. A total of 51,893 outpatient visits for menstrual disorders were recorded. A 10 μg/m3 increase of PM10 and NO2 concentrations corresponded to 0.236% (95% Cl: 0.075%, 0.397%) and 2.173% (95% Cl: 0.990%, 3.357%) elevations in outpatient-visits for menstrual disorders at lag 7 and lag 01 (concurrent day and previous 1 day), respectively. The association was more significant in young females (18-29 years) and there was no obvious association observed between SO2 and menstrual disorder outpatient visits. This is the first evidence that short-term exposure to ambient air pollution can be associated with an increased risk of menstrual disorder attacks. The results of our study may help to establish more comprehensive understanding of the health effects of ambient air pollution on menstrual disorders and other reproductive diseases.


Ecotoxicol Environ Saf


Liang Z,Xu C,Fan YN,Liang ZQ,Kan HD,Chen RJ,Yao CY,Liu XL,Lang HB,Lei J,Zhao YS,Li YF,Ji AL,Cai TJ




Has Abstract


2020-04-01 00:00:00












  • Acute toxicity of lead on tolerance, oxygen consumption, ammonia-N excretion, and metal accumulation in Penaeus indicus postlarvae.

    abstract::The estuaries and backwaters that are the potential breeding grounds of penaeid shrimps are subject to heavy metal pollution through industrial effluents and domestic sewage. In the present investigation, laboratory experiments were conducted to study the acute toxicity of lead on tolerance, oxygen consumption, ammoni...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chinni S,Khan RN,Yallapragada PR

    更新日期:2002-02-01 00:00:00

  • Detection of Aflatoxin adducts as potential markers and the role of curcumin in alleviating AFB1-induced liver damage in chickens.

    abstract::In this study, we identified AFB1 adducts as potential markers and investigated the role of curcumin in alleviating AFB1-induced liver damage by suppressing the production of AFB1 adducts and oxidative stress in AA broilers liver. A total of 64 one-day-old Arbor Acres (AA) broilers were randomly divided into four grou...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li S,Muhammad I,Yu H,Sun X,Zhang X

    更新日期:2019-07-30 00:00:00

  • Warfarin-exposed zebrafish embryos resembles human warfarin embryopathy in a dose and developmental-time dependent manner - From molecular mechanisms to environmental concerns.

    abstract::Warfarin is the most worldwide used anticoagulant drug and rodenticide. Since it crosses placental barrier it can induce warfarin embryopathy (WE), a fetal mortality in neonates characterized by skeletal deformities in addition to brain hemorrhages. Although the effects of warfarin exposure in aquatic off target speci...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Granadeiro L,Dirks RP,Ortiz-Delgado JB,Gavaia PJ,Sarasquete C,Laizé V,Cancela ML,Fernández I

    更新日期:2019-10-15 00:00:00

  • Phytotoxic mechanisms of bur cucumber seed extracts on lettuce with special reference to analysis of chloroplast proteins, phytohormones, and nutritional elements.

    abstract::Bioherbicides from plant extracts are an effective and environmentally friendly method to prevent weed growth. The present investigation was aimed at determining the inhibitory effect of bur cucumber seed extracts (BSE) on lettuce plant growth. Bur cucumber seeds were ground with water, and two different concentration...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee SM,Radhakrishnan R,Kang SM,Kim JH,Lee IY,Moon BK,Yoon BW,Lee IJ

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • How green are ionic liquids? - A multicriteria decision analysis approach.

    abstract::Due to various desirable physicochemical properties, ionic liquids (ILs) are still gaining in popularity. ILs have been recurrently considered green solvents. However, environmental, health and safety assessments of ILs have raised certain doubts about their benignness, and their greenness status is currently unclear....

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bystrzanowska M,Pena-Pereira F,Marcinkowski Ł,Tobiszewski M

    更新日期:2019-06-15 00:00:00

  • The efficiencies of inorganic mercury bio-methylation by aerobic bacteria under different oxygen concentrations.

    abstract::Limited information is available about the bio-methylation of inorganic mercury (iHg) under aerobic conditions. In this study, two γ-proteobacteria strains (P. fluorescens TGR-B2 and P. putida TGR-B4) were obtained from the soil of The Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR), demonstrating effective aerobic transformation capaci...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cao D,Chen W,Xiang Y,Mi Q,Liu H,Feng P,Shen H,Zhang C,Wang Y,Wang D

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Toxicity of lindane, atrazine, and deltamethrin to early life stages of zebrafish (Brachydanio rerio).

    abstract::Fertilized eggs of zebrafish were exposed under flow-through conditions to several concentrations of the following pesticides: lindane 40, 80, 110, 130, and 150 micrograms/liter; atrazine 300, 1300, and 9100 micrograms/liter; deltamethrin 0.5, 0.8, and 1.2 micrograms/liter. Hatching, abnormalities in development (exte...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Görge G,Nagel R

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Plasma and water fluoride levels and hyperuricemia among adolescents: A cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample of the United States for 2013-2016.

    abstract::Exposure to excessive fluoride has been associated with a number of adverse health outcomes; however, there is a lack of evidence on the relation between fluoride exposure and serum uric acid levels, especially in human populations. The present study examined a potential relationship between fluoride exposure, measure...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wei Y,Zhu J,Wetzstein SA

    更新日期:2021-01-15 00:00:00

  • The potential of an energy crop "Conocarpus erectus" for lead phytoextraction and phytostabilization of chromium, nickel, and cadmium: An excellent option for the management of multi-metal contaminated soils.

    abstract::Past studies have thoroughly explored the phytoextraction/phytostabilization potentials of different plant species for particular metals. However, none of the plants was able to tackle the problem of multi-metal in contaminated soils. We report herewith the potential of Conocarpus erectus to extract lead (Pb) while ha...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tauqeer HM,Ur-Rahman M,Hussain S,Abbas F,Iqbal M

    更新日期:2019-05-30 00:00:00

  • Antimicrobial effects of short chained imidazolium-based ionic liquids—influence of anion chaotropicity.

    abstract::Ionic liquids (ILs), a new solvent class composed solely of ions, have already found their way into numerous chemical and biochemical applications. Due to their unique properties and wide application range, research utilizing this new technology for biotechnological applications is steadily increasing. However, progre...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mester P,Wagner M,Rossmanith P

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Triphenyltin exposure affects mating behaviors and attractiveness to females during mating in male guppies (Poecilia reticulata).

    abstract::The impacts of triphenyltin (TPT) on ecological health have been of great concern due to their widespread use and ubiquity in aquatic ecosystems. However, little is known about the effects of TPT on the reproductive behaviors of fishes. Therefore, the present study was conducted to investigate the effects of TPT at en...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang JL,Zhang CN,Li EC,Jin MM,Huang MX,Cui W,Lin YY,Shi YJ

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Acute effect of mercury toxicity on some enzymes in liver of teleost Sarotherodon mossambicus.

    abstract::The effects of 1.5 ppm of mercuric chloride (LC50/48 hr) on some enzymes and organic substances of liver tissue of Sarotherodon mossambicus were studied. Significant decreases in the activities of succinate dehydrogenases, lactate dehydrogenases, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase, and acid phosph...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Naidu KA,Naidu KA,Ramamurthi R

    更新日期:1984-06-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of impairment of DNA in marine gastropod, Morula granulata as a biomarker of marine pollution.

    abstract::The impairment of DNA in marine gastropod Morula granulata was evaluated in terms of the loss of DNA integrity in the species as a measure of the impact of genotoxic contaminants prevalent in the marine environment along the coast of Goa, India. The extent of DNA damage occurred in the marine gastropods collected from...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarkar A,Bhagat J,Sarker S

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Enantioseletive bioaccumulation and metabolization of diniconazole in earthworms (Eiseniafetida) in an artificial soil.

    abstract::Degradation and enantioselective bioaccumulation of diniconazole in earthworms (Eiseniafetida) in artificial soil was investigated using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method under laboratory condition. Three exposure concentrations (1 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg and 25 mg/kg) of diniconazole in soil (d...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang H,Chen J,Guo BY,Li J

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of an oil spill on organs of bream Abramis brama in the Po River.

    abstract::An oil spill into the River Lambro occurred on 23 February 2010 and reached the Po River the following day. Breams captured here on 1 March 2010, along with a sample from a control site, were examined by light and electron microscopy. The main affected organs were skin and gill with slight or no damage to liver, kidne...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giari L,Dezfuli BS,Lanzoni M,Castaldelli G

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • Detoxification and decolorization of a simulated textile dye mixture by phytoremediation using Petunia grandiflora and, Gailardia grandiflora: a plant-plant consortial strategy.

    abstract::In vitro grown Petunia grandiflora and Gaillardia grandiflora plantlets showed 76 percent and 62 percent American Dye Manufacturers Institute value (color) removal from a simulated dyes mixture within 36h respectively whereas their consortium gave 94 percent decolorization. P. grandiflora, G. grandiflora and their con...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Watharkar AD,Jadhav JP

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Accumulation of polychlorobiphenyl congeners and p,p'-DDE at environmental concentrations by corn and beans.

    abstract::The uptake of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners present at low concentrations in the environment was investigated in leaf composites of four crop species and final fruits at two sites. All four species preferentially accumulated the same eight congeners, although not in the same degree or rank. No bean species ...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shane LA,Bush B

    更新日期:1989-02-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of the 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide ionic liquids on the antioxidant defense system of Daphnia magna.

    abstract::This study examined the antioxidant responses of Daphnia magna following exposure to different concentrations of the ionic liquid (IL) 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide and the 50% LC(50) concentrations of methylimidazolium bromide ILs with different alkyl-chain lengths. Activities of antioxidant defense enzymes (su...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu M,Wang SH,Luo YR,Han YW,Li XY,Zhang BJ,Wang JJ

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pesticide selectivity to the parasitoid Trichogramma pretiosum: A pattern 10-year database and its implications for Integrated Pest Management.

    abstract::Trichogramma pretiosum is one of the main egg parasitoids used in the control of lepidopteran pests in Brazil. This natural enemy can be negatively affected by the use of insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides. The present work used a systematic review and meta-analysis to group information from multiple studies on ...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析


    authors: Rakes M,Pasini RA,Morais MC,Araújo MB,de Bastos Pazini J,Seidel EJ,Bernardi D,Grützmacher AD

    更新日期:2021-01-15 00:00:00

  • Allelopathy appraisal of worm metabolites in the synergistic effect between Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri and Potamogeton malaianus on algal suppression.

    abstract::In Chinese Lake Taihu, the algal quantity was significantly larger in summer than late spring (p < 0.01). In summer, compared with the dredged area including neither zoobenthos nor submerged macrophytes, the algal biomass and density were significantly lower in the area filled with the submerged macrophytes. Interesti...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zuo S,Wang H,Gan LD,Shao M

    更新日期:2019-10-30 00:00:00

  • Different factors determined the toxicokinetics of organic chemicals and nanomaterials exposure to zebrafish (Danio Rerio).

    abstract::Little is known about how the chemical properties (molecular structure, such as the hydrophobic and hydrophilic end group for organic chemical, and particle size for nanomaterials (NMs)) quantitatively affect the toxicokinetics (TK) in organisms especially in short-term, single-species studies. A novel method based on...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao Y,Xie Z,Feng J,Ma W,Zhu L

    更新日期:2019-12-30 00:00:00

  • Heavy metals exposure, lipid peroxidation and heart rate variability alteration: Association and mediation analyses in urban adults.

    abstract::Exposure to heavy metals was reported to be associated with heart rate variability (HRV) alteration. However, possible pathway of such association remains unclear. In this research, we investigated the possible role of lipid peroxidation in the associations between urinary heavy metals and HRV. We performed a cross-se...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tan Q,Ma J,Zhou M,Wang D,Wang B,Nie X,Mu G,Zhang X,Chen W

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Anguilla anguilla L. stress biomarkers recovery in clean water and secondary-treated pulp mill effluent.

    abstract::The eels' recovery from capture, anoxia, and transport is improved by the dechlorinated filtered aerated tap water temperature increase and increased water salinity. The eels' 6-hr recovery from capture, anoxia, and transport, at 25 degrees C in 50% secondary-treated bleached kraft pulp mill effluent, as plasma lactat...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santos MA,Pacheco M

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Sex-specific responses of Populus deltoides to interaction of cadmium and salinity in root systems.

    abstract::More research about branch order-specific accumulation of toxic ions in root systems is needed to know root branch-related responses in growth and physiology. In this study, we used Populus deltoides females and males as a model to detect sex-specific differences in physiology, biochemistry, ultrastructure of absorbin...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hao L,Chen L,Zhu P,Zhang J,Zhang D,Xiao J,Xu Z,Zhang L,Liu Y,Li H,Yang H,Cao G

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of heavy metals in road dust on the surface runoff quality: Kinetic, isotherm, and sequential extraction investigations.

    abstract::This study examines the adsorption and desorption characteristics of heavy metals in road dust (RD) for the aspect of integrated stormwater management. The chemical fractionations of Cu, Zn, Ni, and Cd were determined by a three-step sequential extraction protocol. Pseudo-first-order and Pseudo-second-order kinetic mo...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang J,Wang X,Zhu Y,Huang Z,Yu Z,Bai Y,Fan G,Wang P,Chen H,Su Y,Trujillo-González JM,Hu BX,Krebs P,Hua P

    更新日期:2019-07-30 00:00:00

  • Wastewater-Agar as a selection environment: A first step towards a fungal in-situ bioaugmentation strategy.

    abstract::Viable and metabolically active fungi in toxic mixed liquors, treating landfill leachates and municipal wastewaters, were identified by culture depending methods. A selective culture medium consisting of wastewater and agar (WA) restrained fungi that could be randomly present (94% of the 51 taxa retrieved on WA were s...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tigini V,Bevione F,Prigione V,Poli A,Ranieri L,Spennati F,Munz G,Varese GC

    更新日期:2019-04-30 00:00:00

  • Solid phase microextraction of organic pollutants from natural and artificial soils and comparison with bioaccumulation in earthworms.

    abstract::The presented study investigates the use of passive sampling, i.e. solid phase microextraction with polydimethylsiloxane fibers (PDMS-SPME), to assess the bioavailability of fiver neutral organic chemicals (phenanthrene, pyrene, lindane, p,p'-DDT, and PCB 153) spiked to natural and artificial soils after different agi...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bielská L,Šmídová K,Hofman J

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Bioaccumulation, sublethal toxicity, and biotransformation of sediment-associated pentachlorophenol in Lumbriculus variegatus (Oligochaeta).

    abstract::The xenobiotics accumulated in sediments represent a hazard to organisms. In order to study the toxic effects of xenobiotics in organisms, body residue has been proposed as a more relevant dose-metric than the environmental concentration of the chemical. In this study, the benthic oligochaetes Lumbriculus variegatus w...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mäenpää K,Sorsa K,Lyytikäinen M,Leppänen MT,Kukkonen JV

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • The growth and uptake of Ga and In of rice (Oryza sative L.) seedlings as affected by Ga and In concentrations in hydroponic cultures.

    abstract::Limited information is available on the effects of gallium (Ga) and indium (In) on the growth of paddy rice. The Ga and In are emerging contaminants and widely used in high-tech industries nowadays. Understanding the toxicity and accumulation of Ga and In by rice plants is important for reducing the effect on rice pro...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Syu CH,Chien PH,Huang CC,Jiang PY,Juang KW,Lee DY

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Suppression of hippocampal slice excitability by 2-, 3-, and 4-methylpyridine.

    abstract::The present study assessed the effects of 2-, 3-, and 4-methylpyridine on rat hippocampal slice excitability. Tests of excitatory and inhibitory systems in area CA1 of the hippocampal slice were conducted over a period of 3 h postexposure. Following exposures of 100 microM 2-, 3-, or 4-methylpyridine, evoked populatio...

    journal_title:Ecotoxicology and environmental safety

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fountain SB,Teyler TJ

    更新日期:2001-03-01 00:00:00