Synthetic hair reactions and treatment of complications: Case reports.


BACKGROUND:Synthetic hair fiber implantation first achieved widespread use in the 1970s, but in 1983, the US Federal Drug Administration banned the fibers due to its complications. Currently available synthetic fibers consist of polyamide material, which has been claimed to be effective and safe. Nevertheless, its use for hair restoration is controversial because of complications such as recurrent infections; the rejection and the faster-than-anticipated loss of fibers; frequent allergic reactions; fears about carcinogenicity; cicatricial alopecia; granulomatous hypersensitivity; and cyst formation. AIMS:To report complications of synthetic hair implantation and treatments. METHODS:We report the clinical data, pathological studies, and treatment outcomes of two patients who developed complications after a synthetic hair implantation. RESULTS:Our case reports showed significant moderate-to-severe adverse events, including recurrent folliculitis, scalp crusting, scarring, the matting and breakage of fibers, and granulomatous reactions. The onset of the reactions varied between 1 and 8 weeks. Pathological studies showed that the implantation of the synthetic hair into the scalp produced a hyperplastic proliferation of epidermal cells, foreign body granuloma, and persistent acute inflammation due to bacterial infections. In our study, definitive treatment was ineffective until the synthetic fibers were removed from the scalp. CONCLUSION:These significant adverse reactions may limit the benefits of synthetic hair fiber implantation for some patients. Although the inflammations were initially controlled by oral and topical antibiotics, a variety of antibiotics were unable to control the folliculitis. The fibers were ultimately removed, following which, the inflammations improved.


J Cosmet Dermatol


Triwongwaranat D,Boonchai W,Subchookul C,Sitthinamsuwan P,Thuangtong R




Has Abstract


2020-02-15 00:00:00






  • Assessment of the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of homosalate in MCF-7.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:UV filters should be determined a strict toxicological safety prior to approval. Homosalate (HMS) is one of the most widely used organic UV filter. HMS accumulates in aquatic biota ecosystems and humans through the food chain; therefore, it is important to consider the effects on health and know its mechanis...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yazar S,Kara Ertekin S

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ultrasound assessment of tissue integration of the crosslinked hyaluronic acid filler VYC-25L in facial lower-third aesthetic treatment: A prospective multicenter study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Dermal fillers have become an integral part of any aesthetic physician's intervention. AIMS:To assess, by means of ultrasounds, the tissue integration of the hyaluronic acid (HA) dermal filler VYC-25L in chin and jaw. METHODS:Prospective, noncomparative, open-label, and multicenter study conducted on healt...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Urdiales-Gálvez F,Barres-Caballer J,Carrasco-Sánchez S

    更新日期:2020-08-04 00:00:00

  • Use of a novel 589-nm solid-state laser for treatment of facial erythema.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the efficacy and safety associated with use of a 589-nm solid-state laser for treatment of facial erythema. METHODS:A prospective, IRB-approved study was conducted. Participants who were interested in treatment for facial erythema were recruited. They received four monthly treatments with the 589...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cohen DK,Gonzalez NE,Bloom BS,Goldberg DJ

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Sunscreen remanence on the skin: a noninvasive real time in vivo spectral analysis assessing the quenching of specular ultraviolet A light reflectance.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Under specific light illumination, particularly ultraviolet radiation (UVR), the skin produces both specular light reflectance and, possibly, specific fluorescent emission. A quenching effect of fluorescence is observed following the application of sunscreens active against UVA radiations. AIMS:To assess no...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Piérard GE,Khazaka D,Khazaka G

    更新日期:2016-03-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of hair restoration surgery on the scalp sensitivity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hair transplant procedure is a surgical procedure which affects the sensitivity of the scalp. OBJECTIVES:To compare scalp two-point discrimination (2PD) values in healthy controls and patients who had hair transplant surgery. PATIENTS/METHODS:The comparative study was conducted in 25 healthy individuals an...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahmad M,Mohmand MH

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Influence of sunflower seed oil or baby lotion on the skin barrier function of newborns: A pilot study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Skin care influences skin barrier function during the first postnatal weeks. Although the use of natural oils in preterms has been investigated, there are currently no data comparing the effect of sunflower oil to an emollient on barrier development in healthy term newborns. METHODS:In a prospective, random...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kanti V,Günther M,Stroux A,Sawatzky S,Henrich W,Abou-Dakn M,Blume-Peytavi U,Garcia Bartels N

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • An observational study of a 24 mg/mL hyaluronic acid with pre-incorporated lidocaine for lip definition and enhancement.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lip enhancement using fillers improves appearance by increasing fullness, enhancing lip definition, and reducing fine lines and wrinkles around the lips. AIMS:To investigate a 24 mg/mL hyaluronic acid (HA) with pre-incorporated lidocaine gel for lip definition and enhancement, medium-deep lines, and oral co...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lanigan S

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy and safety of a new hyaluronic acid filler for nasolabial folds: A 52-week, multicenter, randomized, evaluator/subject-blind, split-face study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hyaluronic acid fillers are known to be effective for correction of nasolabial folds. Recently, a novel biphasic hyaluronic acid filler incorporating lidocaine, DIVAVIVA medium has been introduced. OBJECTIVES:We compared the efficacy and safety between DIVAVIVA medium and Restylane Perlane Lidocaine for mod...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheon HI,Kim JH,Kim BJ,Lee YW

    更新日期:2020-10-08 00:00:00

  • A double-blind randomized study comparing the association of Retinol and LR2412 with tretinoin 0.025% in photoaged skin.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Topical tretinoin is considered the gold standard to treat photoaged skin, but it is associated with side effects and only available upon prescription. AIM OF THE STUDY:To compare the efficacy, tolerance, and perception of a fixed proprietary combination (Retinol 0.2%/LR2412 2%) vs. tretinoin 0.025% cream...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bouloc A,Vergnanini AL,Issa MC

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Decrease of reported adverse events to injectable polylactic acid after recommending an increased dilution: 8-year results from the Injectable Filler Safety study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Injectable fillers are widely used in aesthetic medicine. Polylactic acid (PLA) is a semipermanent filler that needs to be diluted with sterile water before injection. PLA has been associated with an increased risk of adverse reactions, specifically nodule formation. OBJECTIVE:To describe adverse reactions ...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rossner F,Rossner M,Hartmann V,Erdmann R,Wiest LG,Rzany B

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of recombinant human epidermal growth factor containing ointment on wound healing and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation prevention after fractional ablative skin resurfacing: A split-face randomized controlled study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is one of the important peptides in wound healing process. The effects of EGF have been increasingly studied in various types of ulcers. However, data on postablative laser resurfacing wound is still limited. OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the effects of the topical EGF ointment on wou...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Techapichetvanich T,Wanitphakdeedecha R,Iamphonrat T,Phothong W,Eimpunth S,Jane Hidajat I,Manuskiatti W

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Hydrophobically modified polymers can minimize skin irritation potential caused by surfactant-based cleansers.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The addition of hydrophobically modified polymers (HMPs) to cleansers that contain surfactants can create polymer-surfactant complexes that are less irritating to the skin than commercially available mild cleansers. Our objective was to compare the tolerability and efficacy of a test foaming liquid facial ...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Draelos Z,Hornby S,Walters RM,Appa Y

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Minimally invasive esthetic procedures of the male breast.

    abstract::In contrast to the female breast the male breast has gained much less attention by aesthetic surgery and cosmetic dermatology. In this review a focus on minimally invasive procedures to correct aesthetic problems of male breast are discussed. The major indications are gynecomastia, breast asymmetry, and body sculpturi...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wollina U,Goldman A

    更新日期:2011-06-01 00:00:00

  • Calcium hydroxylapatite for jawline rejuvenation: consensus recommendations.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Age-associated volume loss is now known to play an important role in the structural changes of the aging face. In the lower face, this manifests as drooping of the corners of the mouth and jowl leading to a loss of the oval jawline of youth. Jawline reshaping by replacing volume has therefore become an indis...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dallara JM,Baspeyras M,Bui P,Cartier H,Charavel MH,Dumas L

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Measurements of tension on wound edges after strip harvest surgery.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To measure the wound closure tension after strip surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The study was conducted in a private setup on patients undergoing first hair restoration surgery. The donor strip was marked with the patient in sitting position after checking the vertical scalp mobility. Six stitches of nonabso...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ahmad M

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Skin barrier damaging and repairing process: A new application field of dermoscopy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Although more and more noninvasive detection technologies have been used in assessing skin barrier integrity and functions, more accurate, intuitive, and convenient detective methods still needed to be explored and developed. AIMS:To investigate the characteristic image changes under the dermoscopy and to e...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ye C,Yi J,Lai W,Zheng Y

    更新日期:2020-09-06 00:00:00

  • Long-term evaluation of ink clearance in tattoos with different color intensity using the 1064-nm Q-switched Nd:YAG laser.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of tattoo removal treatments using the 1064-nm Q-switched (QS) Nd:YAG laser. BACKGROUND DATA:Today, QS lasers appear to be the most common, effective, and safest methods to treat unwanted markings. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A total of 64 patients with 75 unwanted...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mankowska A,Kasprzak W,Adamski Z

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Butyrospermum parkii butter increased the photostability and in vivo SPF of a molded sunscreen system.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure is related to skin and lip tumors. Therefore, the development of photoprotective lipstick formulations is of utmost importance. AIMS:Considering the biological properties of Shea butter (Butyrospermum parkii), we assessed its potential as an adjuvant in a molded lipstick ...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sarruf FD,Sauce R,Candido TM,Oliveira CA,Rosado C,Velasco MVR,Baby AR

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • The physical basis of cosmetic defects of the nail plate.

    abstract::Cosmetic defects of the nail cover a range of changes. Some are variants of normal which are considered unattractive, others are part of the normal ageing process and some changes are manifestations of local or systemic disease. Interpretation of these changes relies on recognition of the specific characteristics in q...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Berker D

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Efficacy and safety of homologous autoinoculation in treatment of multiple recalcitrant warts of different types.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Homologous autoinoculation is a novel minimally invasive procedure that treats warts by stimulating specific immune response. AIM:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of autoinoculation in treatment of multiple recalcitrant warts of different types in relation to patient's age, gender, type, number, size, an...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abdelmonaem NA,Shaheen MA,Mohsen Mohamed Foad T,El-Husseiny R

    更新日期:2020-11-11 00:00:00

  • Dermoscopic pre- and posttreatment evaluation in patients with androgenetic alopecia on platelet-rich plasma-A prospective study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Platelet-rich plasma is rich in growth factors that promote differentiation and growth of dermal papilla cells by various signaling pathways. Dermoscopy is handy, bedside tool that helps to improve diagnostic accuracy in various hair disorders. OBJECTIVES:To evaluate and study the role of dermoscopy in pati...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shetty VH,Goel S

    更新日期:2018-12-16 00:00:00

  • Skin cancer protective behaviors among welders of west of Iran: Importance of access to protective equipment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Welders are normally at risk of skin cancer due to continuous contact with natural ultraviolet rays and welding radiation. Protective behaviors against the radiations are the most fundamental measures taken to prevent skin cancer in these individuals. AIMS:This research aimed to evaluate the factors affecti...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roydel M,Harooni J,Shariatinia S,Karimzadeh Shirazi K

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Depression, psychiatric comorbidities, and psychosocial implications associated with acne vulgaris.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Acne vulgaris is a highly prevalent skin condition associated with considerable psychological burden. Acne and its sequelae can affect many domains of life leading to social dysfunction, psychiatric issues and educational shortcomings. Psychiatric conditions like depression is found to be more prevalent in a...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Sood S,Jafferany M,Vinaya Kumar S

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Microneedling by dermapen and glycolic acid peel for the treatment of acne scars: Comparative study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many methods have been performed to achieve a satisfying outcome in acne scars but some of them were high cost and also were associated with low results and some complications. OBJECTIVES:To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety therapy of glycolic acid (GA) peel, microneedling with dermapen and a co...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saadawi AN,Esawy AM,Kandeel AH,El-Sayed W

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Melasma: How hormones can modulate skin pigmentation.

    abstract::We described-along with a genetic predisposition and exposure to sunlight, as the main factors for melasma development-pregnancy, hormonal therapies, and oral contraceptive pills. Whilst hormonal alteration or therapies are frequently reported in literature in association with melasma, studies analyzing the laboratori...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Filoni A,Mariano M,Cameli N

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Rosacea in acne vulgaris patients: Subtype distribution and triggers assessment-A cross-sectional study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recent studies have reported that the incidence of acne combined with rosacea is increasing. However, the clinical feature and inducing factor of these two diseases co-occurrence is remain unclear. AIMS:This study aims to investigate the classification and severity of female patients combining with acne and...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen H,Lai W,Zheng Y

    更新日期:2020-10-06 00:00:00

  • Successful treatment of plantar warts using topical Zijinding, a traditional Chinese medicine preparation: A case series.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Plantar warts are associated with high transmissibility and morbidity. Among the available therapeutic options, none is uniformly effective or virucidal. Salicylic acid is the first-line therapy but approximately one-third of lesions could not resolve and become recalcitrant despite repeated treatment. Cry...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhao Y,Sridhar S,Guo L,Lau SKP,Xu Y,Woo PCY

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Alpha-hydroxyacids and carboxylic acids.

    abstract::The carboxylic acids include alpha-hydroxyacids (AHAs), polyhydroxy acids (PHAs), aldobionic acids (ABAs), retinoic acid, vitamin C and azelaic acid. They all have therapeutic actions. AHAs, PHAs and ABAs are organic hydroxyacids, a group of natural and physiological substances which can modulate skin keratinization a...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu RJ,Van Scott EJ

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • A review of protection against exposome factors impacting facial skin barrier function with 89% mineralizing thermal water.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The skin exposome refers to the constellation of external exposures that contribute to cutaneous aging, including solar radiation, air pollution, tobacco smoke, unbalanced nutrition, and cosmetic products. This review explores the skin exposome and the role of a combination hyaluronic acid and mineralized th...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Salsberg J,Andriessen A,Abdulla S,Ahluwalia R,Beecker J,Sander M,Schachter J

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • An immunohistological study of anhydrous topical ascorbic acid compositions on ex vivo human skin.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ascorbic acid has numerous essential and beneficial functions in normal and photoaged skin. Ionisation of ascorbic acid in aqueous topical formulations leads to oxidative degradation. Ascorbic acid in an anhydrous vehicle would inherently have greater stability. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to ...

    journal_title:Journal of cosmetic dermatology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heber GK,Markovic B,Hayes A

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00