Directed modification of a ruminal cellulase gene (CMC-1) from a metagenomic library isolated from Yunnan gayal (Bos frontalis).

Abstract:

:Gayal (Bos frontalis) of the Yunnan region is well adapted to harsh environmental conditions. Its diet consists predominantly of bamboo, reeds, and woody plants, suggesting that the rumen of this species contains many fiber-degrading bacteria and cellulases. The aim of this study was to identify and modify specific cellulases found in the gayal rumen. In the present study, a directed evolution strategy of error-prone PCR was employed to improve the activity or optimal temperature of a cellulase gene (CMC-1) isolated from gayal rumen. The CMC-1 gene was heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) BL21, and the recombinant CMC-1 protein hydrolyzed carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC) with an optimal activity at pH 5.0 and 50 °C. A library of mutated ruminal CMC-1 genes was constructed and a mutant EP-15 gene was identified. Sequencing analysis revealed that EP-15 and CMC-1 belonged to the glycosyl hydrolase family 5 (GHF5) and had the highest homology to a cellulase (Accession No. WP_083429257.1) from Prevotellaceae bacterium, HUN156. There were similar predicted GH5 domains in EP-15 and CMC-1. The EP-15 gene was heterologously expressed and exhibited cellulase activity in E. coli BL21 at pH 5.0, but the optimum temperature for its activity was reduced from that of CMC-1 (50 °C) to 45 °C, which was closer to the physiological temperature of the rumen (40 °C). The cellulase activity of EP-15 was about two times higher than CMC-1 at 45 °C or PH 5.0, and also was more stable in response to temperature and pH changes compared to CMC-1. This study successfully isolated and modified a ruminal cellulase gene from metagenomics library of Yunnan gayal. Our findings may obtain a useful cellulase in future applications and present the first evidence of modified cellulases in the gayal rumen.

journal_name

Arch Microbiol

journal_title

Archives of microbiology

authors

Wu D,Wang S,Vinitchaikul P,Zhu Y,Zhou X,Gu Z,Leng J,Gou X,Deng M,Sun L,Mao H,Yang S

doi

10.1007/s00203-020-01812-3

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-07-01 00:00:00

pages

1117-1126

issue

5

eissn

0302-8933

issn

1432-072X

pii

10.1007/s00203-020-01812-3

journal_volume

202

pub_type

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