Impact of mental disorders and chronic physical conditions on quality-adjusted life years in Singapore.

Abstract:

:The current study aims to evaluate the burden of disease in Singapore by estimating the quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) lost due to mental disorders and chronic physical conditions. The second Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS-2016) was conducted in 2016 among 6126 respondents aged 18 years and above. The World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview version 3.0 (WHO-CIDI 3.0) and a modified version of the CIDI chronic medical disorders checklist were used to assess the 12-month diagnoses of mental and chronic physical disorders while the SF-6D scores derived from the 12-item Short Form Health Survey instrument was used to estimate the QALYs lost. The mean SF-6D score in this population was 0.87. The largest reduction in SF-6D scores among people with mental disorders was observed in Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), followed by Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), alcohol abuse, bipolar disorder and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) while the largest reduction in SF-6D score among people with chronic physical conditions was observed in ulcer, followed by lung disease, chronic pain and cardiovascular disease. At the population level, chronic pain was associated with the greatest QALY loss followed by MDD (14,204 and 6,889 respectively). Lung disease was associated with the smallest QALY loss (376). These findings highlight chronic pain, MDD, OCD, cardiovascular disease and GAD as the five leading contributors of QALYs lost in the general population which deserve prioritisation in public health prevention programmes.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Abdin E,Chong SA,Vaingankar JA,Shafie S,Verma S,Luo N,Tan KB,James L,Heng D,Subramaniam M

doi

10.1038/s41598-020-59604-0

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-02-14 00:00:00

pages

2695

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-020-59604-0

journal_volume

10

pub_type

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