Identifying vital nodes in complex networks by adjacency information entropy.


:Identifying the vital nodes in networks is of great significance for understanding the function of nodes and the nature of networks. Many centrality indices, such as betweenness centrality (BC), eccentricity centrality (EC), closeness centricity (CC), structural holes (SH), degree centrality (DC), PageRank (PR) and eigenvector centrality (VC), have been proposed to identify the influential nodes of networks. However, some of these indices have limited application scopes. EC and CC are generally only applicable to undirected networks, while PR and VC are generally used for directed networks. To design a more applicable centrality measure, two vital node identification algorithms based on node adjacency information entropy are proposed in this paper. To validate the effectiveness and applicability of the proposed algorithms, contrast experiments are conducted with the BC, EC, CC, SH, DC, PR and VC indices in different kinds of networks. The results show that the index in this paper has a high correlation with the local metric DC, and it also has a certain correlation with the PR and VC indices for directed networks. In addition, the experimental results indicate that our algorithms can effectively identify the vital nodes in different networks.


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


Xu X,Zhu C,Wang Q,Zhu X,Zhou Y




Has Abstract


2020-02-14 00:00:00












  • Free Flap Outcomes of Microvascular Reconstruction after Repeated Segmental Mandibulectomy in Head and Neck Cancer Patients.

    abstract::This is the first study to investigate the impact of a second fibula flap or a soft tissue flap combined with bridging plate for a repeated segmental mandibulectomy reconstruction on flap outcomes in head and neck cancer patients. A retrospective comparative analysis (2007-2016) of 61 patients who underwent a second s...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lin JA,Loh CYY,Tsai CH,Chang KP,Wu JC,Kao HK

    更新日期:2019-05-28 00:00:00

  • Deterioration of the Hanson Logboat: chemical and imaging assessment with removal of polyethylene glycol conserving agent.

    abstract::The state of preservation of wood in two samples from the Hanson Logboat, currently on display in Derby Museum and Art Gallery, was analysed using elemental analysis (EA), pyrolysis-gas chromatography/flame ionisation detection (Py-GC/FID), pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS) and scanning electro...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pinder AP,Panter I,Abbott GD,Keely BJ

    更新日期:2017-10-20 00:00:00

  • The role of gel-phase domains in electroporation of vesicles.

    abstract::Transient permeabilisation of the cell membrane is a critical step to introduce drugs or DNA into living cells, yet challenging for both biological research and therapeutic applications. To achieve this, electroporation (or electropermeabilisation) has become a widely used method due to its simplicity to deliver almos...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Perrier DL,Rems L,Kreutzer MT,Boukany PE

    更新日期:2018-03-19 00:00:00

  • An ultra-fast mechanically active cell culture substrate.

    abstract::We present a mechanically active cell culture substrate that produces complex strain patterns and generates extremely high strain rates. The transparent miniaturized cell stretcher is compatible with live cell microscopy and provides a very compact and portable alternative to other systems. A cell monolayer is culture...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poulin A,Imboden M,Sorba F,Grazioli S,Martin-Olmos C,Rosset S,Shea H

    更新日期:2018-07-02 00:00:00

  • Three tandem promoters, together with IHF, regulate growth phase dependent expression of the Escherichia coli kps capsule gene cluster.

    abstract::In this study we characterise three tandem promoters (PR1-1, PR1-2 and PR1-3) within the PR1 regulatory region of the Escherichia coli kps capsule gene cluster. Transcription from promoter PR1-2 was dependent on the activity of the upstream promoter PR1-1, which activated PR1-2 via transcription coupled DNA supercoili...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jia J,King JE,Goldrick MC,Aldawood E,Roberts IS

    更新日期:2017-12-20 00:00:00

  • SgRNA Expression of CRIPSR-Cas9 System Based on MiRNA Polycistrons as a Versatile Tool to Manipulate Multiple and Tissue-Specific Genome Editing.

    abstract::CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing is a next-generation strategy for genetic modifications. Typically, sgRNA is constitutively expressed relying on RNA polymerase III promoters. Polymerase II promoters initiate transcription in a flexible manner, but sgRNAs generated by RNA polymerase II promoter lost their nuclease ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xie C,Chen YL,Wang DF,Wang YL,Zhang TP,Li H,Liang F,Zhao Y,Zhang GY

    更新日期:2017-07-19 00:00:00

  • Apoptosis induced by islet amyloid polypeptide soluble oligomers is neutralized by diabetes-associated specific antibodies.

    abstract::Soluble oligomeric assemblies of amyloidal proteins appear to act as major pathological agents in several degenerative disorders. Isolation and characterization of these oligomers is a pivotal step towards determination of their pathological relevance. Here we describe the isolation of Type 2 diabetes-associated islet...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bram Y,Frydman-Marom A,Yanai I,Gilead S,Shaltiel-Karyo R,Amdursky N,Gazit E

    更新日期:2014-03-04 00:00:00

  • Bio-inspired Analytical Heuristics to Study Pine Wilt Disease Model.

    abstract::This paper portrays the dynamics of pine wilt disease. The specific formula for reproduction number is accomplished. Global behavior is completely demonstrated on the basis of the basic reproduction number [Formula: see text]. The disease-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable for [Formula: see text] and i...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozair M,Hussain T,Awan AU,Aslam A,Khan RA,Ali F,Tasneem F

    更新日期:2020-02-26 00:00:00

  • Transfusion Challenges in Patients with Hematological Malignancies in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Prospective Observational Study from the Uganda Cancer Institute.

    abstract::Blood transfusion is fundamental in managing hematologic malignancies. We sought to evaluate the need and availability of blood products for patients with hematological malignancies at Uganda Cancer Institute. We prospectively studied the demand and supply of blood for patients with thrombocytopenia (platelet count ≤5...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ddungu H,Krantz EM,Kajja I,Naluzze S,Nabbanja H,Nalubwama F,Phipps W,Orem J,Wald A,Kiwanuka N

    更新日期:2020-02-18 00:00:00

  • Role of interface coupling inhomogeneity in domain evolution in exchange bias.

    abstract::Models of exchange-bias in thin films have been able to describe various aspects of this technologically relevant effect. Through appropriate choices of free parameters the modelled hysteresis loops adequately match experiment, and typical domain structures can be simulated. However, the use of these parameters, notab...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benassi A,Marioni MA,Passerone D,Hug HJ

    更新日期:2014-03-28 00:00:00

  • Region specific Raman spectroscopy analysis of the femoral head reveals that trabecular bone is unlikely to contribute to non-traumatic osteonecrosis.

    abstract::Non-traumatic osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head is a common disease affecting a young population as the peak age of diagnosis is in the 40 s. The natural history of non-traumatic ON leads to a collapse of the femoral head requiring prosthetic replacement in a 60% of cases. Although trabecular bone involvement in ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pascart T,Falgayrac G,Migaud H,Quinchon JF,Norberciak L,Budzik JF,Paccou J,Cotten A,Penel G,Cortet B

    更新日期:2017-03-07 00:00:00

  • Draft genome sequence of first monocot-halophytic species Oryza coarctata reveals stress-specific genes.

    abstract::Oryza coarctata (KKLL; 2n = 4x = 48, 665 Mb) also known as Porteresia coarctata is an extreme halophyte species of genus Oryza. Using Illumina and Nanopore reads, we achieved the assembled genome size of 569.9 Mb, accounting 85.69% of the estimated genome size with N50 of 1.85 Mb and 19.89% repetitive region. We also ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mondal TK,Rawal HC,Chowrasia S,Varshney D,Panda AK,Mazumdar A,Kaur H,Gaikwad K,Sharma TR,Singh NK

    更新日期:2018-09-12 00:00:00

  • UniBic: Sequential row-based biclustering algorithm for analysis of gene expression data.

    abstract::Biclustering algorithms, which aim to provide an effective and efficient way to analyze gene expression data by finding a group of genes with trend-preserving expression patterns under certain conditions, have been widely developed since Morgan et al. pioneered a work about partitioning a data matrix into submatrices ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Z,Li G,Robinson RW,Huang X

    更新日期:2016-03-22 00:00:00

  • Genome-wide comparative analyses reveal selection signatures underlying adaptation and production in Tibetan and Poll Dorset sheep.

    abstract::The identification of genome-wide selection signatures can provide insights on the mechanisms of natural and/or artificial selection and uncover genes related to biological functions and/or phenotypes. Tibetan sheep are an important livestock in Tibet, providing meat and wool for Tibetans who are renown for breeding l...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang Y,Xue X,Liu Y,Abied A,Ding Y,Zhao S,Wang W,Ma L,Guo J,Guan W,Pu Y,Mwacharo JM,Han J,Ma Y,Zhao Q

    更新日期:2021-01-28 00:00:00

  • Learning leads to bounded rationality and the evolution of cognitive bias in public goods games.

    abstract::In social interactions, including cooperation and conflict, individuals can adjust their behaviour over the shorter term through learning within a generation, and natural selection can change behaviour over the longer term of many generations. Here we investigate the evolution of cognitive bias by individuals investin...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leimar O,McNamara JM

    更新日期:2019-11-08 00:00:00

  • Methane formation in tropical reservoirs predicted from sediment age and nitrogen.

    abstract::Freshwater reservoirs, in particular tropical ones, are an important source of methane (CH4) to the atmosphere, but current estimates are uncertain. The CH4 emitted from reservoirs is microbially produced in their sediments, but at present, the rate of CH4 formation in reservoir sediments cannot be predicted from sedi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Isidorova A,Grasset C,Mendonça R,Sobek S

    更新日期:2019-07-29 00:00:00

  • Levels of 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in raw wastewater as an innovative perspective for investigating population-wide exposure to third-hand smoke.

    abstract::Tobacco smoking is the major cause of many chronic diseases, especially lung cancer. Knowledge about population-wide tobacco use and exposure is essential to characterise its burden on public health and evaluate policy efficacy. Obtaining such knowledge remains challenging with current methods (e.g., surveys, biomonit...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lai FY,Lympousi K,Been F,Benaglia L,Udrisard R,Delémont O,Esseiva P,Thomaidis NS,Covaci A,van Nuijs ALN

    更新日期:2018-09-05 00:00:00

  • Highly-ordered Triptycene Modifier Layer Based on Blade Coating for Ultraflexible Organic Transistors.

    abstract::We present a highly ordered surface modification layer for polymers based on ambient solution-processed triptycene (Trip) derivatives for high-mobility organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs). The nested packing of Trip molecules results in the formation of 2D hexagonal arrays, which stack one-dimensionally on the surfa...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kondo M,Kajitani T,Uemura T,Noda Y,Ishiwari F,Shoji Y,Araki T,Yoshimoto S,Fukushima T,Sekitani T

    更新日期:2019-06-24 00:00:00

  • Hic-5 is required for activation of pancreatic stellate cells and development of pancreatic fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis.

    abstract::Accumulated evidence suggests that activated pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) serve as the main source of the extracellular matrix proteins accumulated under the pathological conditions leading to pancreatic fibrosis in chronic pancreatitis (CP). However, little is known about the mechanisms of PSC activation. PSCs ha...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gao L,Lei XF,Miyauchi A,Noguchi M,Omoto T,Haraguchi S,Miyazaki T,Miyazaki A,Kim-Kaneyama JR

    更新日期:2020-11-05 00:00:00

  • A broadband reflective-type half-wave plate employing optical feedbacks.

    abstract::We propose and demonstrate a type of a broadband half-wave plate that operates in the reflective mode. It consists of a metal grating embedded in a dielectric slab and placed on top of a grounded metal surface. We theoretically show that owing to the optical feedback effect which originates from the wave reflections a...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou G,Zhu B,Zhao J,Zhu G,Jin B,Feng Y,Kang L,Xu W,Chen J,Wu P

    更新日期:2017-08-22 00:00:00

  • Benzo(a)pyrene in Cigarette Smoke Enhances HIV-1 Replication through NF-κB Activation via CYP-Mediated Oxidative Stress Pathway.

    abstract::Smoking aggravates HIV-1 pathogenesis and leads to decreased responses to antiretroviral therapy. In this study, we aim to find a molecular mechanism that would explain smoking-induced HIV-1 replication. Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a major carcinogen in cigarette, requires metabolic activation through cytochrome P450s (CYPs...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ranjit S,Sinha N,Kodidela S,Kumar S

    更新日期:2018-07-10 00:00:00

  • Individuality in nutritional preferences: a multi-level approach in field crickets.

    abstract::Selection may favour individuals of the same population to differ consistently in nutritional preference, for example, because optimal diets covary with morphology or personality. We provided Southern field crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) with two synthetic food sources (carbohydrates and proteins) and quantified repea...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Han CS,Jäger HY,Dingemanse NJ

    更新日期:2016-06-30 00:00:00

  • β-Ginkgotides: Hyperdisulfide-constrained peptides from Ginkgo biloba.

    abstract::Hyperdisulfide-constrained peptides are distinguished by their high stability and diverse functions. Thus far, these peptides have been reported from animals only but their occurrence in plants are rare. Here, we report the discovery, synthesis and characterization of a hyperdisulfide-constrained peptides family of ap...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong KH,Tan WL,Xiao T,Tam JP

    更新日期:2017-07-21 00:00:00

  • Between-group competition elicits within-group cooperation in children.

    abstract::Aggressive interactions between groups are frequent in human societies and can bear significant fitness costs and benefits (e.g. death or access to resources). During between-group competitive interactions, more cohesive groups (i.e. groups formed by individuals who cooperate in group defence) should out-perform less ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Majolo B,Maréchal L

    更新日期:2017-02-24 00:00:00

  • New insights about functional and cross-reactive properties of antibodies generated against recombinant TbpBs of Haemophilus parasuis.

    abstract::Vaccines have become fundamental in the control and elimination of Glässer Disease, a systemic disease of pigs caused by Haemophilus parasuis. The classic vaccines available for prevention of this infection were developed without a robust knowledge about host immunological mechanisms. In this study, we demonstrated th...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barasuol BM,Guizzo JA,Fegan JE,Martínez-Martínez S,Rodríguez-Ferri EF,Gutiérrez-Martín CB,Kreutz LC,Schryvers AB,Frandoloso R

    更新日期:2017-09-04 00:00:00

  • 3D Synthetic Peptide-based Architectures for the Engineering of the Enteric Nervous System.

    abstract::Damage of enteric neurons and partial or total loss of selective neuronal populations are reported in intestinal disorders including inflammatory bowel diseases and necrotizing enterocolitis. To develop three-dimensional scaffolds for enteric neurons we propose the decoration of ionic-complementary self-assembling pep...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brun P,Zamuner A,Peretti A,Conti J,Messina GML,Marletta G,Dettin M

    更新日期:2019-04-03 00:00:00

  • Experimental, quantum chemical and molecular dynamic simulations studies on the corrosion inhibition of mild steel by some carbazole derivatives.

    abstract::Five selected carbazole derivatives, namely carbazole, 3,6-dibromocarbazole, 2-hydroxycarbazole, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydrocarbazole and 9-(2-ethylhexyl)carbazole-3,6-dicarboxaldehyde were investigated for their inhibitive effects on Desulfovibrio vulgaris (D. vulgaris) induced corrosion of mild steel and in 1 M HCl medium us...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nwankwo HU,Olasunkanmi LO,Ebenso EE

    更新日期:2017-05-26 00:00:00

  • Aberrant expression of PAR bZIP transcription factors is associated with epileptogenesis, focus on hepatic leukemia factor.

    abstract::Epilepsy is a widespread neurological disease characterized by abnormal neuronal activity resulting in recurrent seizures. There is mounting evidence that a circadian system disruption, involving clock genes and their downstream transcriptional regulators, is associated with epilepsy. In this study, we characterized t...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rambousek L,Gschwind T,Lafourcade C,Paterna JC,Dib L,Fritschy JM,Fontana A

    更新日期:2020-02-28 00:00:00

  • Unique Molecular Identifiers reveal a novel sequencing artefact with implications for RNA-Seq based gene expression analysis.

    abstract::Attaching Unique Molecular Identifiers (UMI) to RNA molecules in the first step of sequencing library preparation establishes a distinct identity for each input molecule. This makes it possible to eliminate the effects of PCR amplification bias, which is particularly important where many PCR cycles are required, for e...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sena JA,Galotto G,Devitt NP,Connick MC,Jacobi JL,Umale PE,Vidali L,Bell CJ

    更新日期:2018-09-03 00:00:00

  • VirB8-like protein TraH is crucial for DNA transfer in Enterococcus faecalis.

    abstract::Untreatable bacterial infections caused by a perpetual increase of antibiotic resistant strains represent a serious threat to human healthcare in the 21(st) century. Conjugative DNA transfer is the most important mechanism for antibiotic resistance and virulence gene dissemination among bacteria and is mediated by a p...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fercher C,Probst I,Kohler V,Goessweiner-Mohr N,Arends K,Grohmann E,Zangger K,Meyer NH,Keller W

    更新日期:2016-04-22 00:00:00