Determining vehicle pre-crash speed in frontal barrier crashes using artificial neural network for intermediate car class.


:This paper introduces a new, innovative approach to pre-crash velocity determination, namely the artificial neural networks. A perceptron based on a database obtained from NHTSA (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration) with numerous data concerning frontal vehicle crash tests: i.e. vehicle mass, deformation zone and deformation coefficients C1-C6. Part of the database entries were used to train the network to develop consistent accuracy and the remainder was used as validation and training sets.


Forensic Sci Int


Mrowicki A,Krukowski M,Turoboś F,Kubiak P




Has Abstract


2020-03-01 00:00:00












  • Histological examination of the temporal bone in medicolegal cases of asphyxia.

    abstract::Histological findings of the temporal bone in 23 autopsy cases of various asphyxial fatalities were studied. The temporal bones of 12 cases who died of tumors including mammary cancer, gastric cancer, myxoma of heart and craniopharyngioma, the bones of 3 cases of heart attack and the bones of 17 cases who died of vari...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ito Y,Kimura H

    更新日期:1990-02-01 00:00:00

  • Using subsampling to estimate the strength of handwriting evidence via score-based likelihood ratios.

    abstract::The likelihood ratio paradigm has been studied as a means for quantifying the strength of evidence for a variety of forensic evidence types. Although the concept of a likelihood ratio as a comparison of the plausibility of evidence under two propositions (or hypotheses) is straightforward, a number of issues arise whe...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Davis LJ,Saunders CP,Hepler A,Buscaglia J

    更新日期:2012-03-10 00:00:00

  • Typing of 20 Y-chromosome STRs in the Italian population.

    abstract::The aim of the present study is to appraise the increase of the discrimination power of the Y-specific haplotype allowed by 20 STR markers in a sample of the Italian population. The set of Y STR markers analyzed includes the European "extended haplotype" DYS19, DYS385, DYS389I/II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393 and YC...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Biondo R,Caglià A,Asili P,D'Agostaro G,D'Agostino G,Spinella A

    更新日期:2004-12-02 00:00:00

  • A new 39-plex analysis method for SNPs including 15 blood group loci.

    abstract::A novel 39-plex typing system for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) has been developed. This multiplex approach has the advantage of being able to type 38 autosomal SNPs and one sex-discriminating base exchange site on the X and Y chromosomes rapidly and simultaneously. The SNP loci on the autosomes, which we exa...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Inagaki S,Yamamoto Y,Doi Y,Takata T,Ishikawa T,Imabayashi K,Yoshitome K,Miyaishi S,Ishizu H

    更新日期:2004-08-11 00:00:00

  • Three fatalities associated with the synthetic cannabinoids 5F-ADB, 5F-PB-22, and AB-CHMINACA.

    abstract::The use of synthetic cannabinoids (SC) has been widespread in certain groups of drug users for many years. In the scientific literature many intoxication cases and a number of fatalities after the use of synthetic cannabinoids were reported. In this paper three death cases are described with involvement of the synthet...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Angerer V,Jacobi S,Franz F,Auwärter V,Pietsch J

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • A study of the shape of the post-mortem cooling curve in 117 forensic cases.

    abstract::The shape of the post-mortem cooling curve is described and its theoretical aspects are summarised. The concepts of the "infinite cylinder" and the "initial temperature plateau" are explained and their practical implications are discussed. Results of the study of the shape of post-mortem cooling curves for the brain, ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Alousi LM

    更新日期:2002-02-18 00:00:00

  • Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA quantification of various forensic materials.

    abstract::Due to the different types and quality of forensic evidence materials, their DNA content can vary substantially, and particularly low quantities can impact the results in an identification analysis. In this study, the quantity of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA was determined in a variety of materials using a previously...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andréasson H,Nilsson M,Budowle B,Lundberg H,Allen M

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • 16 Y chromosomal STR haplotypes in Japanese.

    abstract::A total of 1079 Japanese males were typed for the following 16 Y chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) markers: DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y GATA H4, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS448 using an AmpFlSTR(R) Yfiler PCR Amplification kit (Applied Biosystems)...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mizuno N,Nakahara H,Sekiguchi K,Yoshida K,Nakano M,Kasai K

    更新日期:2008-01-15 00:00:00

  • Complex investigation of body and clothing injuries during the identification of the assault instrument.

    abstract::The value of complex analyses of body injuries and clothing has been proven by practice. The purpose of presented study is to discuss what additional information can be obtained during investigations of clothes in the area of injury. A case study, in which results of visual and stereomicroscopic morphological analysis...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sitiene R,Varnaite J,Zakaras A

    更新日期:2004-12-02 00:00:00

  • The psychodynamics of the presidential assassin and an examination of the theme/graphic variables of his threatening correspondence.

    abstract::Many document examiners recognize the importance of an individuals 'state of mind' and its effect on handwriting but historically have steered clear of working closely with psychiatrists, linguists, or psychologists in understanding the interaction of nervous impulses and motor responses on the final handwritten produ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cain S

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Experimental studies on the tensile properties of human umbilical cords.

    abstract::When tried in court, mothers accused of neonaticide may claim that the umbilical cord just broke during birth and the newborn child bled to death accordingly. To evaluate the possibility of a breakage of the umbilical cord is the goal of this work. Therefore 25 umbilical cords from neonates of both sexes born at term ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tantius B,Rothschild MA,Valter M,Michael J,Banaschak S

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • 1H and 31P benchtop NMR of liquids and solids used in and/or produced during the manufacture of methamphetamine by the HI reduction of pseudoephedrine/ephedrine.

    abstract::In this study, the use of benchtop NMR spectroscopy in the analysis of solids and liquids used and/or produced during the HI reduction of pseudoephedrine was evaluated. The study focused on identifying organic precursors and phosphorus containing compounds used in and/or produced during the manufacturing process. Samp...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bogun B,Moore S

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • A new methodology for the visualization of latent fingermarks on the sticky side of adhesive tapes using novel fluorescent dyes.

    abstract::Three novel fluorescent dyes were evaluated for the detection of latent fingermarks on different types and colors of adhesive tapes. Compared with the conventional reagents used to reveal latent fingermarks on these surfaces, these new fluorescent dyes have many advantages. They are highly selective to fingermarks, re...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barros HL,Stefani V

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of pathological and non-pathological human skeletal remains by FT-IR spectroscopy.

    abstract::In this study, we report the chemical analyses of various non-pathological, tuberculosis and syphilis infected bone samples from different burial environments by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), in the framework of a general study of diagenesis. Dating human skeletal remains is one of the most importan...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nagy G,Lorand T,Patonai Z,Montsko G,Bajnoczky I,Marcsik A,Mark L

    更新日期:2008-02-25 00:00:00

  • Distribution of Y-chromosome STR defined haplotypes in Iberia.

    abstract::Seven Y-specific STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DY5389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392 and DYS393) were studied in five populations from the Iberian Peninsula: Andalusia, Valencia, Basque Country, Galicia and Northern Portugal. Haplotype and allele frequencies of these seven Y-chromosome STRs were estimated. Observed haplotype d...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: González-Neira A,Gusmão L,Brión M,Lareu MV,Amorim A,Carracedo A

    更新日期:2000-05-15 00:00:00

  • Empirical evaluation of spring powered air rifle storage and modifications on forensic practice and casework.

    abstract::Air weapons are commonly used by civilian populations across the world, particularly by those under 18, and discharges often result in desecration, criminal damage and animal abuse. Online forums and websites provide an accessible resource for civilians to access airgun modification methods proposing to increase muzzl...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Greenslade KJ,Bolton-King RS

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Identifying a common origin of toner printed counterfeit banknotes by micro-Raman spectroscopy.

    abstract::This study explores the applicability of micro-Raman spectroscopy as a non-destructive technique for the analysis of color toner printed counterfeits. The main aim of the research paper was to find out whether Raman spectroscopy is a suitable method for establishing the connection between different specimens of counte...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Skenderović Božičević M,Gajović A,Zjakić I

    更新日期:2012-11-30 00:00:00

  • Analysis of the possible use of liquid crystals in fingerprinting.

    abstract::Preliminary results concerning the use of liquid crystals (LC) in fingerprinting are given. These were based on thin layers of liquid crystals, changing colours (observed in linear polarized light) due to dissolved organic matter, transferred from fingers' surfaces. The possibility is shown of using LC to illustrate n...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bładek J,Moszczyński J

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • Osteometric sex discrimination from the sternal extremity of the fourth rib in a recent forensic sample from Southwestern Spain.

    abstract::The discrimination of sex is central to the process of establishing a personal identification from human skeletal remains. Previous study has demonstrated that osteometric analysis of the sternal extremity of the fourth rib provides a reasonably accurate method for assessing this biological attribute in diverse human ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Macaluso PJ Jr,Rico A,Santos M,Lucena J

    更新日期:2012-11-30 00:00:00

  • Quantification of spheno-occipital synchondrosis fusion in a contemporary Malaysian population.

    abstract::Timing of fusion of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis (SOS) is correlated with age. Previous research, however, has demonstrated variation in the timing of closure among different global populations. The present study aims to quantify the timing of SOS fusion in Malaysian individuals as visualised in multi-detector c...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hisham S,Flavel A,Abdullah N,Noor MHM,Franklin D

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Capillary gas chromatographic analysis of illicit diamorphine preparations.

    abstract::An improved capillary gas chromatographic method for the analysis of illicit diamorphine preparation is reported. The method was able to resolve the impurities and more frequent adulterants and contaminants present in street heroin preparations with a diamorphine detection limit of 0.2 ng in split-less mode. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chiarotti M,Carnevale A,de Giovanni N

    更新日期:1983-05-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic profiling of a central Venezuelan population using 15 STR markers that may be of forensic importance.

    abstract::The AmpFlSTR Identifiler kit has recently been accepted for use in DNA databasing of forensic samples in the FBI's National DNA Index System. In the present study, we used this kit to analyze the allele distribution of 15 short tandem repeat markers (STR) in individuals living in Caracas city, Venezuela. The allele fr...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chiurillo MA,Morales A,Mendes AM,Lander N,Tovar F,Fuentes A,Ramírez JL

    更新日期:2003-09-09 00:00:00

  • Population data of 10 X-chromosomal loci in Latvia.

    abstract::Ten X-chromosomal STRs from two multiplex PCR approaches (DXS9898, DXS6807, HPRTB, DXS101, and androgen receptor (ARA); DXS7133, DXS10011, DXS7424, DXS8377, and DXS8378) have been typed in a Latvian population sample. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poetsch M,Sabule A,Petersmann H,Volksone V,Lignitz E

    更新日期:2006-03-10 00:00:00

  • Comparison of simulated human dermal bitemarks possessing three-dimensional attributes to suspected biters using a proprietary three-dimensional comparison.

    abstract::The infliction of a bite is a four-dimensional space-time event that is ideally analyzed with three-dimensional (3-D) technology. Comparison of 2-D images (photographs) of a bitemark with a 3-D replica of a suspect's dentition is challenging. The authors present a technique that produces 3-D images of indented marks a...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martin-de-las-Heras S,Tafur D

    更新日期:2009-09-10 00:00:00

  • Changes in antidepressant metabolism in pregnancy evidenced by metabolic ratios in hair: a novel approach.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Depression and other psychiatric illnesses are common during pregnancy and are often treated with antidepressants. Physiological changes of pregnancy may alter the pharmacokinetics of medications and ultimately affect the dose required to maintain effective therapy. Human hair offers a safe, non-invasive way...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: O'Brien L,Baumer C,Thieme D,Sachs H,Koren G

    更新日期:2010-03-20 00:00:00

  • Testing the utility of a geographical profiling approach in three rape series of a single offender: a case study.

    abstract::The purpose of the study was to test the potential utility of a geographical profiling approach for three separate series of rapes committed by a single offender. Two different mathematical distance-decay functions using either a normal distribution with a mean distance and standard deviation based on previous researc...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Santtila P,Zappalà A,Laukkanen M,Picozzi M

    更新日期:2003-01-09 00:00:00

  • Early and late meningeal reaction to trauma after long-term brain death.

    abstract::We examined histologically the meninges adherent to traumatic lesions of a patient with brain death sustained for 101 days and observed both early and late reactions of wound healing at the same site of the dura mater. Some parts of the dura mater were thick and histological examinations revealed formation of new vess...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ito Y,Kimura H

    更新日期:1992-10-01 00:00:00

  • Barcoding for diatoms in the Yangtze River from the morphological observation and 18S rDNA polymorphic analysis.

    abstract::In forensic science, the determination of diatoms bears several goals, for example to estimate the post mortem interval (PMI), to determine the cause of death of a corpse found in water as well as to further locate the suspected drowning site. However, to identify diatoms using morphological method beyond the genus le...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Z,Liu X,Yu Y,Huang H,Li X,Ji Q,Li K,Yu Y,Li D,Mao Z,Pu Y,Chen P,Chen F

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • The use of photographs to record variation in bruising response in humans.

    abstract::There is considerable value in developing tools capable of accurately and reliably determining when bruises were inflicted in humans. Previous work has focused on the visual changes observed in a bruise as the injury develops and heals. However, due to variables such as how and where on the body the bruise was inflict...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lecomte MM,Holmes T,Kay DP,Simons JL,Vintiner SK

    更新日期:2013-09-10 00:00:00

  • Occurrence and associative value of non-identifiable fingermarks.

    abstract::Fingermarks that have insufficient characteristics for identification often have discernible characteristics that could form the basis for lesser degrees of correspondence or probability of occurrence within a population. Currently, those latent prints that experts judge to be insufficient for identification are not u...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stoney DA,De Donno M,Champod C,Wertheim PA,Stoney PL

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00