Effect of stationary objects on illusory forward self-motion induced by a looming display.


:It has previously been shown that when a moving and a stationary display are superimposed, illusory self-rotation (circular vection) is induced only when the moving display appears as the background. Three experiments are reported on the extent to which illusory forward self-motion (forward vection) induced by a looming display is inhibited by a superimposed stationary display as a function of the size and location of the stationary display and of the depth between the stationary and looming displays. Results showed that forward vection was controlled by the display that was perceived as the background, and background stationary displays suppressed forward vection by about the same amount whatever their size and eccentricity. Also, the perception of foreground-background properties of competing displays determined which controlled forward vection, and this control was not tied to specific depth cues. The inhibitory effect of a stationary background on forward vection was, however, weaker than that found with circular vection. This difference makes sense because, for forward body motion, the image of a distant scene is virtually stationary whereas, when the body rotates, it is not.






Ohmi M,Howard IP




Has Abstract


1988-01-01 00:00:00












  • Visual processing of stimulus compounds in newborn infants.

    abstract::An experiment is described in which newborn infants' processing of stimulus compounds was investigated. After familiarization to two alternately presented stimuli which differed in colour and orientation, the newborns showed significant preferences for a stimulus which had a novel colour/orientation combination: the n...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Slater A,Mattock A,Brown E,Burnham D,Young A

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Distortions of three-dimensional space in the perceptual analysis of motion and stereo.

    abstract::A fundamental issue in the study of human vision is the accuracy with which observers can perceive the three-dimensional structures of objects in the environment. The formal mapping from physical to perceived space is considered as a geometric transformation, and the literature is reviewed to identify which aspects of...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Todd JT,Tittle JS,Norman JF

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Drawing the line: how people with autism copy line drawings of three-dimensional objects.

    abstract::It is purported that the local perceptual style characteristic of those with autism results in them reproducing line drawings in a more localised manner than comparison individuals. Here we report an exception to this: the drawing strategies of those with autism were more global. When reproducing line drawings depicti...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sheppard E,Ropar D,Mitchell P

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Face Context Influences Local Part Processing: An ERP Study.

    abstract::Perception of face parts on the basis of features is thought to be different from perception of whole faces, which is more based on configural information. Face context is also suggested to play an important role in face processing. To investigate how face context influences the early-stage perception of facial local ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Sun Y,Zhao L

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • The Role of Extrafoveal Vision in Source Code Comprehension.

    abstract::Understanding software engineers' behaviour plays a vital role in the software development industry. It also provides helpful guidelines for teaching and learning. In this article, we conduct a study of the extrafoveal vision and its role in information processing. This is a new perspective on source code comprehensio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Orlov PA,Bednarik R

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • The nose tells it to the eyes: crossmodal associations between olfaction and vision.

    abstract::Crossmodal linkage between the olfactory and visual senses is still largely underexplored. In this study, we investigated crossmodal olfactory-visual associations by testing whether and how visual processing of objects is affected by the presence of olfactory cues. To this end, we explored the influence of prior learn...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Seigneuric A,Durand K,Jiang T,Baudouin JY,Schaal B

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Preferences in quadrangles reconsidered.

    abstract::Through about 130 years of the history of experimental aesthetics, preferences of figures have been summarized in representative values such as the golden ratio. Researches especially in the golden-section hypothesis overshadowed the basic and profound problem of how people's individual preference would be decided. In...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ohta H

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • What does second-order vision see in an image?

    abstract::The human visual system is sensitive to both first-order variations in luminance and second-order variations in local contrast and texture. Although there is some debate about the nature of second-order vision and its relationship to first-order processing, there is now a body of results showing that they are processe...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schofield AJ

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Facial features influence the categorization of female sexual orientation.

    abstract::Social categorization is a rapid and automatic process, and people rely on various facial cues to accurately categorize each other into social groups. Recently, studies have demonstrated that people integrate different cues to arrive at accurate impressions of others' sexual orientations. The amount of perceptual info...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tskhay KO,Feriozzo MM,Rule NO

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Increased Vulnerability to Pattern-Related Visual Stress in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to determine vulnerability to pattern-related visual stress in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS). A total of 20 ME/CFS patients and 20 matched (age, gender) controls were recruited to the study. Pattern-related visual stress was determined using the Pattern Gla...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wilson RL,Paterson KB,Hutchinson CV

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Elementary graphical perception for older adults: a comparison with the general population.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Le T,Aragon C,Thompson HJ,Demiris G

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Early stages of tactual matching.

    abstract::Naive sighted subjects tested under blind conditions were able to match raised dot (Braille letters) patterns relatively accurately by touch, but showed no advantage in judging identical pairs over different pairs of patterns. This was the case also for letters subjects had been taught to name. Instructions to match o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Millar S

    更新日期:1977-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reference frame preferences in haptics differ for the blind and sighted in the horizontal but not in the vertical plane.

    abstract::We investigated which reference frames are preferred when matching spatial language to the haptic domain. Sighted, low-vision, and blind participants were tested on a haptic-sentence-verification task where participants had to haptically explore different configurations of a ball and a shoe and judge the relation betw...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Struiksma ME,Noordzij ML,Postma A

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Thompson's Margaret Thatcher illusion: when inversion fails.

    abstract::It is argued that the whole face is more dominant than the individual features. In the case of a jumbled face the external pattern is dominant when a face is upright, whereas the internal pattern is dominant when a face is inverted. ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rakover SS

    更新日期:1999-01-01 00:00:00

  • Mean size as a unit of visual working memory.

    abstract::Visual environments often contain multiple elements, some of which are similar to one another or spatially grouped together. In the current study we investigated how one can use perceptual groups in representing ensemble features of the groups. In experiment 1 we found that participants' performance improved when item...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Im HY,Chong SC

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Touch and vision in normal and Down's syndrome babies.

    abstract::Two experiments are reported with young Down's syndrome and normal children matched for mental age, sex, and social class. In one, Down's syndrome children performed at chance level on two tactual--visual cross-modal tasks, and only the oldest succeeded with one of two visual--visual within-modal tasks. The modal chil...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lewis VA,Bryant PE

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perceiving surface orientation: pictorial information based on rectangularity can be overriden during observer motion.

    abstract::Although the observer's motion can elicit perception of relative depth, it is less successful in doing so when competing pictorial information is available. However, the evidence for this may be affected by limited extents of motion and by equidistance tendencies. Results obtained when monocular observers judged the o...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reinhardt-Rutland AH

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • Stereoscopic discrimination of interval and ordinal depth relations on smooth surfaces and in empty space.

    abstract::In a series of three experiments, observers judged the perceived relative depths of small probe dots, which could be presented in empty space or attached to a smoothly curved surface. Discriminations of ordinal depth were found to be more precise than discriminations of depth intervals. The amount of separation in the...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Norman JF,Todd JT

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Can looking at a hand make your skin crawl? Peering into the uncanny valley for hands.

    abstract::It is postulated that there is an uncanny valley, whereby human-like stimuli such as robots or animated characters that fall short of being fully human are perceived as eerie or unsettling. Previous research has explored the existence of this effect for faces and whole bodies, while here we explore responses to photog...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Poliakoff E,Beach N,Best R,Howard T,Gowen E

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Topological structure in the perception of apparent motion.

    abstract::Not only translations and rotations, but also intriguing 'plastic deformations' are observed in apparent motion. What kinds of invariants does the visual system depend on during these transformations to determine that two figures of different shapes nevertheless represent the same object? Experiments are reported in w...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen L

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Face recognition in pictures is affected by perspective transformation but not by the centre of projection.

    abstract::Recognition of unfamiliar faces is susceptible to image differences caused by angular sizes subtended from the face to the camera. Research on perception of cubes suggests that apparent distortions of a shape due to large camera angle are correctable by placing the observer at the centre of projection, especially when...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Liu CH,Ward J

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Visual motion integration for perception and pursuit.

    abstract::To examine the relationship between visual motion processing for perception and pursuit, we measured the pursuit eye-movement and perceptual responses to the same complex-motion stimuli. We show that humans can both perceive and pursue the motion of line-figure objects, even when partial occlusion makes the resulting ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stone LS,Beutter BR,Lorenceau J

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • A new random-dot stereo illusion and its application to the Anstis-Howard-Rogers effect.

    abstract::When the dynamic visual noise of an untuned television set is viewed with image defocusing (positive lenses) and with a narrow vertical obstruction partially blocking the pupil of one eye, the video 'snow' seems to separate into two stable surfaces at different depths, divided by a vertical discontinuity. The main fea...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Enright JT

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptual Grouping Affects Haptic Enumeration Over the Fingers.

    abstract::Spatial arrangement is known to influence enumeration times in vision. In haptic enumeration, it has been shown that dividing the total number of items over the two hands can speed up enumeration. Here we investigated how spatial arrangement of items and non-items presented to the individual fingers impacts enumeratio...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Overvliet KE,Plaisier MA

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Does the use of natural stimuli facilitate amodal completion in pigeons?

    abstract::Three experiments were carried out to investigate whether amodal completion in pigeons can be facilitated by the use of colour photographs instead of highly artificial stimuli such as geometrical shapes. Ten pigeons were trained in a go/no-go procedure to discriminate between photographs of complete and of incomplete ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aust U,Huber L

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • Contrast configuration influences grouping in apparent motion.

    abstract::We investigated whether the same principles that influence grouping in static displays also influence grouping in apparent motion. Using the Ternus display, we found that the proportion of group motion reports was influenced by changes in contrast configuration. Subjects made judgments of completion of these same conf...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ma-Wyatt A,Clifford CW,Wenderoth P

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The role of spatial-frequency channels in the perception of local and global structure.

    abstract::Adaptation and reaction-time techniques were used to examine the role of different spatial-frequency channels in the perception of local and global structure. Subjects were shown figures consisting of a large C composed of smaller Cs and asked to identify the orientation of either the global C or its local elements. P...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shulman GL,Sullivan MA,Gish K,Sakoda WJ

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    abstract::Junctions, formed at the intersection of image contours, are thought to play an important and early role in vision. The interest in junctions can be attributed in part to the notion that they are local image features that are easy to detect but that nonetheless provide valuable information about important events in th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McDermott J

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Attention affects the stereoscopic depth aftereffect.

    abstract::'Preattentive' vision is typically considered to include several low-level processes, including the perception of depth from binocular disparity and motion parallax. However, doubt was cast on this model when it was shown that a secondary attentional task can modulate the motion aftereffect (Chaudhuri, 1990 Nature 344...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rose D,Bradshaw MF,Hibbard PB

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptions of depth elicited by occluded and shearing motions of random dots.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Royden CS,Baker JF,Allman J

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00