Antagonizing circRNA_002581-miR-122-CPEB1 axis alleviates NASH through restoring PTEN-AMPK-mTOR pathway regulated autophagy.

Abstract:

:Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to play critical roles in cancer biology, but their functions in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) remain unexplored. Full length of circRNA_002581 was amplified and sequenced, followed by RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA-Fluorescence in Situ Hybridization and dual luciferase reporter gene analysis to confirm the existence of the circRNA_002581-miR-122-CPEB1 regulatory axis in vitro. CircRNA_002581 knockdown was used to study its roles in high concentration of free fatty acids-induced NASH-like cell model and a methionine and choline deficiency (MCD) diet-induced NASH mice model. Autophagy flux and related potential PTEN-AMPK-mTOR pathway were tested by western blot. CircRNA_002581 overexpression significantly relieved the inhibitory role of miR-122 on its target CPEB1 by sponging miR-122. CircRNA_002581 knockdown markedly attenuated lipid droplet accumulation, reduced the levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), pro-inflammatory cytokines, apoptosis, H2O2, and increased ATP level in both mice and cellular models of NASH. Mechanistically, circRNA_002581 interference significantly rescue the defective autophagy evidenced by increased autophagosome number, upregulated LC3-II/I level, and decreased p62 level. Further chloroquine-mediated total autophagy inhibition antagonizes the protective effect of circRNA_002581 knockdown. Finally, CPEB1-PTEN-AMPK-mTOR pathway is shown to link the autophagy and circRNA_002581 knockdown-mediated NASH alleviation. CircRNA_002581-miR-122-CPEB1 axis actively participates in the pathogenesis of NASH through PTEN-AMPK-mTOR pathway-related autophagy suppression. Targeting circRNA_002581 is a potential therapeutic strategy for NASH through partial autophagy restoration.

journal_name

Cell Death Dis

journal_title

Cell death & disease

authors

Jin X,Gao J,Zheng R,Yu M,Ren Y,Yan T,Huang Y,Li Y

doi

10.1038/s41419-020-2293-7

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-02-13 00:00:00

pages

123

issue

2

issn

2041-4889

pii

10.1038/s41419-020-2293-7

journal_volume

11

pub_type

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