Use of Artificial Nipples Among Brazilian Infants and Associated Factors.

Abstract:

:Transversal study conducted in a Human Milk Bank to evaluate the factors associated with the use of artificial nipples (pacifier and/or nursing bottle) among Brazilian infants. Analyses were performed using the χ2 test and logistic regression analysis. A total of 6017 nursing mothers were evaluated and the use of artificial nipples was reported by 31.3%. The chance of using artificial nipples was higher among infants whose mothers attended antenatal care in private hospitals [odds ratio (OR): 1.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.21-2.14], born in maternities without the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) (OR: 18.38, 95% CI 13.50-25.04) and those with adequate birth weight (OR: 2.83, 95% CI 1.99-4.03). A lower chance of using artificial nipples was observed among infants whose mothers had previous breastfeeding experience (OR: 0.76, 95% CI 0.61-0.95), received guidance on breastfeeding during antenatal care (OR: 0.80, 95% CI 0.65-0.98), practiced exclusive breastfeeding (OR: 0.36, 95% CI 0.28-0.45), breastfeeding on demand (OR: 0.66, 95% CI 0.52-0.85) and residents of inland cities/towns (OR: 0.38, 95% CI 0.20-0.72). The findings highlight the importance of breastfeeding guidance during antenatal care and the role of BFHI in clarifying risks associated with artificial nipple use.

journal_name

J Trop Pediatr

authors

Miranda C,de Sousa TM,do Carmo AS,Pereira SCL,Notaro KAM,Dos Santos LC

doi

10.1093/tropej/fmaa007

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-10-01 00:00:00

pages

511-516

issue

5

eissn

0142-6338

issn

1465-3664

pii

5734688

journal_volume

66

pub_type

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