Leisure-Time Physical Inactivity's Association With Environmental, Demographic, and Lifestyle Factors in the United States.


BACKGROUND:This study examined the effects of environmental, demographic, and lifestyle factors on leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPI). METHODS:Analyses were based on county-level data in the contiguous United States. Statistical methods included simple regression, univariate, and multivariate 2-level organizational models (mixed models), and the intraclass correlation coefficient. RESULTS:Higher average daily maximum air temperature was directly and indirectly (through smoking and obesity) positively associated with LTPI. Higher average fine particulate matter was positively associated with LTPI. Higher precipitation was negatively associated with LTPI. Altitude (≥1500 m) was associated with lower LTPI, directly because of better physical health at higher altitude and indirectly through temperature, fine particulate matter, precipitation, poverty, smoking, and obesity. Urban dwelling had direct and indirect (through poverty) negative associations with LTPI. Poverty had direct and indirect (through smoking and obesity) associations with LTPI. Smoking, poverty, and black race were each positively associated with LTPI. The association between black race and LTPI was explained by poverty. Modifying influences of gender, precipitation, and altitude were identified. CONCLUSIONS:The significant effects of temperature, fine particulate matter, precipitation, altitude, urban dwelling, poverty, smoking, and obesity on LTPI were both direct and indirect, and sex, precipitation, and altitude modified many of these associations.


J Phys Act Health


Merrill RM




Has Abstract


2020-04-01 00:00:00














  • Maturity associated variance in physical activity and health-related quality of life in adolescent females: a mediated effects model.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study tested a mediated effects model of psychological and behavioral adaptation to puberty within the context of physical activity (PA). METHODS:Biological maturity status, physical self-concept, PA, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) were assessed in 222 female British year 7 to 9 pupils (mea...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Smart JE,Cumming SP,Sherar LB,Standage M,Neville H,Malina RM

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring Physical Environments of Parks and Playgrounds: EAPRS Instrument Development and Inter-Rater Reliability.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Reliable and comprehensive measurement of physical activity settings is needed to examine environment-behavior relations. METHODS:Surveyed park professionals (n = 34) and users (n = 29) identified park and playground elements (e.g., trail) and qualities (e.g., condition). Responses guided observational inst...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Saelens BE,Frank LD,Auffrey C,Whitaker RC,Burdette HL,Colabianchi N

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal Trends of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Simultaneity in Brazilian Students.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate trends in physical activity and sedentary behavior simultaneity among Brazilian students from 2009 to 2015 and its association with independent variables. METHODS:This study presents a panel of 3 cross-sectional studies carried out in 2009, 2012, and 2015 (Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar-Pe...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martins RC,Ricardo LIC,Mendonça G,de Rosa DL,da Gama Bastos LLA,de Vargas Nunes Coll C,Bielemann RM

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • A Systematic Review of Electronic and Mobile Health (e- and mHealth) Physical Activity Interventions for African American and Hispanic Women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing scientific literature on e- and mHealth interventions promoting physical activity (PA) among African American (AA) and Hispanic women. METHODS:Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines, 5 electronic d...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joseph RP,Royse KE,Benitez TJ

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Safety and efficacy of supervised strength training adopted in pregnancy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Describe safety and efficacy of a supervised, low-to-moderate intensity strength training program adopted during pregnancy among women at increased risk for back pain. METHODS:32 women adopted strength training twice per week for 12 weeks. Data on musculoskeletal injuries, symptoms, blood pressure, and the a...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: O'Connor PJ,Poudevigne MS,Cress ME,Motl RW,Clapp JF 3rd

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • Hydration Does Not Change Postexercise Hypotension and Its Mechanisms.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Drinking water is recommended before and after exercise to avoid dehydration. However, water ingestion may mitigate or prevent postexercise hypotension. This study investigated the effects of intentional hydration on postaerobic exercise hemodynamics and autonomic modulation. METHODS:A total of 18 young men...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lobo FS,Queiroz ACC,Silva Junior ND,Medina FL,Costa LAR,Tinucci T,Forjaz CLM

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Invariance of wearing location of Omron-BI pedometers: a validation study.

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu W,Lee M

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Stress-Metabolic Syndrome Relationship in Adolescents: An Examination of the Moderating Potential of Physical Activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The role of psychosocial stress in the development of obesity and metabolic syndrome is receiving increased attention and has led to examination of whether physical activity may moderate the stress-metabolic syndrome relationship. The current study examined relationships among physical activity, stress, and ...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holmes ME,Pivarnik J,Pfeiffer K,Maier KS,Eisenmann JC,Ewing M

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of Self-Reported Physical Activity at 3 and 12 Months Postpartum.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Postpartum women are encouraged to participate in ≥ 150 min/week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, but few women achieve this recommendation. This study sought to identify factors associated with participation in physical activity after pregnancy. METHODS:We examined correlates of any self-reported mo...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vladutiu CJ,Evenson KR,Jukic AM,Herring AH

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • Postpartum physical activity in overweight and obese women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Low physical activity (PA) during the postpartum period is associated with weight retention. While patterns of PA have been examined in normal weight women during this period, little is known about PA among overweight and obese women. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate PA and determine ...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Durham HA,Morey MC,Lovelady CA,Namenek Brouwer RJ,Krause KM,Østbye T

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Walking or Bicycling to School and Weight Status among Adolescents From Montería, Colombia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Active school transport (AST) is a recommended strategy to promote physical activity (PA) and prevent overweight (OW) in school-aged children. In many developing countries, such as Colombia, this association has not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE:To determine the association between AST and weight statu...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arango CM,Parra DC,Eyler A,Sarmiento O,Mantilla SC,Gomez LF,Lobelo F

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Transit-Related Walking to Work in Promoting Physical Activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Transit-related walking to work is a potential strategy for incorporating physical activity into daily life and promoting health benefits. This study estimated the transit-related walking time for work trips on the journey to and from work and examined the predictors of transit users who walked to/from trans...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu CY,Lin HC

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:Studies have shown participation in sport is lower among girls than boys, decreases as students matriculate through high school, is lowest among Black and Hispanic girls and has a positive relationship with SES. With sport recognized as a contributor to physical activity and health in adolescents, considerat...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pharr J,Lough NL

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of ActiGraph 2-regression model, Matthews cut-points, and NHANES cut-points for assessing free-living physical activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The purpose of this study was to compare the 2006 and 2010 Crouter algorithms for the ActiGraph accelerometer and the NHANES and Matthews cut-points, to indirect calorimetry during a 6-hr free-living measurement period. METHODS:Twenty-nine participants (mean ± SD; age, 38 ± 11.7 yrs; BMI, 25.0 ± 4.6 kg·m-2)...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crouter SE,DellaValle DM,Haas JD,Frongillo EA,Bassett DR

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted to assess the effectiveness of the Active Classrooms intervention, which integrates movement into academic lessons, on the moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels (MVPA) of primary school children during class-time and throughout the school day. METH...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Martin R,Murtagh E

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: James DV,Reynolds LJ,Maldonado-Martin S

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Welk G,Kim Y,Shook RP,Ellingson L,Lobelo RL

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zlibinaite L,Skurvydas A,Kilikeviciene S,Solianik R

    更新日期:2020-12-22 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health



    authors: Evenson KR,Mota J

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stroebele N,Wyatt HR,Reed GW,Peters JC,Hill JO

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collins P,Al-Nakeeb Y,Lyons M

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

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    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Werneck AO,Cyrino ES,Collings PJ,Ronque ERV,Szwarcwald CL,Sardinha LB,Silva DR

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Churangsarit S,Chongsuvivatwong V

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • What are the benefits of a commercial exergaming platform for college students? Examining physical activity, enjoyment, and future intentions.

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garn AC,Baker BL,Beasley EK,Solmon MA

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Malambo P,Kengne AP,Lambert EV,De Villiers A,Puoane T

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Quantifying physical activity in physical education via pedometry: a further analysis of steps/min guidelines.

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Scruggs PW

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Increase in Daily Steps After an Exercise Specialist Led Lifestyle Intervention for Adults With Type 2 Diabetes In Primary Care: A Controlled Implementation Trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the effectiveness of an exercise specialist led lifestyle program for adults with type 2 diabetes in primary care. METHODS:Eligible participants from 4 primary care networks in Alberta, Canada were assigned to either a lifestyle program or a control group. The program targeted increased daily wa...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson ST,Mundt C,Qiu W,Soprovich A,Wozniak L,Plotnikoff RC,Johnson JA

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:Low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behavior (SB) are major public health concerns. This study was designed to develop and validate the 7-day Sedentary (S) and Light Intensity Physical Activity (LIPA) Log (7-day SLIPA Log), a self-report measure of specific daily behaviors. METHOD:T...

    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barwais FA,Cuddihy TF,Washington T,Tomson LM,Brymer E

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Changes in Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Subsequent Sickness Absence Due to Any Cause, Musculoskeletal, and Mental Causes.

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    journal_title:Journal of physical activity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holstila A,Rahkonen O,Lahelma E,Lahti J

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00