Development of point following behaviors in shelter dogs.

Abstract:

:Pet dogs are known to be responsive to human pointing gestures, but shelter dogs have repeatedly demonstrated poor abilities to follow human pointing, although they can be explicitly trained quickly. This study evaluated the time course in which shelter dogs learn to follow points without explicit training, when given typical interactions with humans. In a longitudinal evaluation, the development of point following was tracked in seven shelter dogs in a training program (enriched human exposure), seven dogs in a traditional shelter (control population), and evaluated once in pet dogs. Twice a week for 6 weeks, shelter dogs' point-following performance was evaluated in 10 probe trials in which an experimenter pointed to one of two containers equidistant from the dog. To avoid direct training, dogs were given a treat for approaching and touching either container; although correct responses were recorded for touching the pointed-towards container within 30 s. Pet dogs were tested in only one session. All shelter dogs initially showed the expected poor performance. However, enriched shelter dogs receiving enriched human exposure showed significant improvements reaching an identical performance to pet dogs within 7 weeks. In comparison, shelter dogs under standard conditions showed an initial improvement, but performance reached asymptote close to chance levels and lower than that of enriched dogs or pet dogs. Together, these results suggest that enriched experiences with humans, typical of pet dogs, is sufficient for dogs to learn to follow points without explicit training.

journal_name

Learn Behav

journal_title

Learning & behavior

authors

Jarvis T,Hall NJ

doi

10.3758/s13420-020-00415-8

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-09-01 00:00:00

pages

335-343

issue

3

eissn

1543-4494

issn

1543-4508

pii

10.3758/s13420-020-00415-8

journal_volume

48

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Exploring a latent cause theory of classical conditioning.

    abstract::We frame behavior in classical conditioning experiments as the product of normative statistical inference. According to this theory, animals learn an internal model of their environment from experience. The basic building blocks of this internal model are latent causes-explanatory constructs inferred by the animal tha...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-012-0080-8

    authors: Gershman SJ,Niv Y

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Decision making by humans in a behavioral task: do humans, like pigeons, show suboptimal choice?

    abstract::Consistent with human gambling behavior but contrary to optimal foraging theory, pigeons show a strong preference for an alternative with low probability and high payoff (a gambling-like alternative) over an alternative with a greater net payoff (Zentall & Stagner, Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 278, 1203-1208, 2...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.3758/s13420-012-0065-7

    authors: Molet M,Miller HC,Laude JR,Kirk C,Manning B,Zentall TR

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Revisiting the role of within-compound associations in cue-interaction phenomena.

    abstract::Although it is thought that within-compound associations are necessary for the occurrence of both backward blocking and unovershadowing, it is not known whether this variable plays a similar role in mediating the two phenomena. Similarly, the roles of within-compound associations in forward blocking and in reduced ove...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-012-0085-3

    authors: Luque D,Flores A,Vadillo MA

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Competition between ethanol-induced reward and aversion in place conditioning.

    abstract::Previous place conditioning studies in mice have shown that injection of ethanol immediately before a conditioned stimulus (CS+) produces conditioned preference, whereas injection of ethanol immediately after CS+ produces conditioned aversion. In the present experiments, we examined the learning that occurs when ethan...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/bf03195988

    authors: Cunningham CL,Smith R,McMullin C

    更新日期:2003-08-01 00:00:00

  • Discriminative stimuli that follow the absence of reinforcement are preferred by pigeons over those that follow reinforcement.

    abstract::Clement, Feltus, Kaiser, and Zentall (2000) found that when pigeons have to work to obtain a discriminative stimulus that is followed by reinforcement, they prefer a discriminative stimulus that requires greater effort over one that requires less effort. The authors suggested that such a preference results from the gr...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/bf03192862

    authors: Friedrich AM,Clement TS,Zentall TR

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Retention period differentially attenuates win-shift/lose-stay relative to win-stay/lose-shift performance in the rat.

    abstract::Hungry rats were trained in a two-lever conditioning chamber to earn food reinforcement according to either a win-shift/lose-stay or a win-stay/lose-shift contingency. Performance on the two contingencies was similar when there was little delay between the initial, information part of the trial (i.e., win or lose) and...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-017-0289-7

    authors: Reed P

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Specificity and flexibility of social influence on spatial choice.

    abstract::Rats searched for food in a situation that allowed them to determine which locations contained food after searching a small number of them, but not which of the baited locations contained more-preferred food rather than a less-preferred food. During some experimental trials, the latter information was available from t...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-018-0322-5

    authors: Brown MF,Saxon ME,Heslin KA

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Reward devaluation disrupts latent inhibition in fear conditioning.

    abstract::Three experiments explored the link between reward shifts and latent inhibition (LI). Using consummatory procedures, rewards were either downshifted from 32% to 4% sucrose (Experiments 1-2), or upshifted from 4% to 32% sucrose (Experiment 3). In both cases, appropriate unshifted controls were also included. LI was imp...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-017-0282-1

    authors: De la Casa LG,Mena A,Ruiz-Salas JC,Quintero E,Papini MR

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • Attention as an acquisition and performance variable (AAPV).

    abstract::This article introduces a new model of Pavlovian conditioning, attention as an acquisition and performance variable (AAPV), which, like several other so-called attentional models, emphasizes the role of variation of cue salience, together with associative strength, in accounting for conditioning phenomena. AAPV is pri...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-013-0131-9

    authors: Craddock P,Miller RR

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Can squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) plan for the future? Studies of temporal myopia in food choice.

    abstract::In seven experiments, 2 squirrel monkeys were given choices between arrays of food that varied in the quantity offered. In Experiments 1-5, the monkeys were offered choices between quantities of the same food that varied in a 2:1 ratio. The squirrel monkeys failed to show the temporal myopia effect or a decrease in pr...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/bf03196035

    authors: McKenzie T,Cherman T,Bird LR,Naqshbandi M,Roberts WA

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Acquisition and retention of conditioned aversions to context and taste in laboratory mice.

    abstract::We compared the rate of acquisition and strength of retention of conditioned context aversion (CCA) with conditioned taste aversion (CTA) using pigmented, genetically heterogeneous mice (derived from Large and Small strains). Extending previous findings, in Experiment 1, mice accustomed to drinking from large glass bo...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-017-0303-0

    authors: Kislal S,Blizard DA

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Jumping spiders: An exceptional group for comparative cognition studies.

    abstract::Several non-mutually exclusive hypotheses have been proposed to explain the evolution of cognition in animals. Broadly, these hypotheses fall under two categories: those that pertain to the selective pressures exerted either by sociality or by the ecological niche in which animals live. We review these ideas and then ...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.3758/s13420-020-00445-2

    authors: Aguilar-Arguello S,Nelson XJ

    更新日期:2021-01-14 00:00:00

  • Does satiation close the open economy?

    abstract::Pigeons responded on fixed-interval and fixed-ratio food schedules during sessions of extended duration. Pause lengths from the beginning of the session, when the subjects were hungry, resembled those found in open economies, whereas pause lengths from the end of the sessions, when the subjects were close to satiation...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/bf03193178

    authors: Posadas-Sánchez D,Killeen PR

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Learning in Cnidaria: A systematic review.

    abstract::Using the database Web of Science, a systematic search for literature on learning in Cnidaria, both non-associative and associative, was conducted. Cnidaria comprise hydras, box jellies, (true) jellyfish, corals, and sea anemones, a group of animals possessing diffuse networks of nerves known as nerve nets or neural n...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.3758/s13420-020-00452-3

    authors: Cheng K

    更新日期:2021-01-13 00:00:00

  • Appetitive conditioning task in a shuttle box and its comparison with the active avoidance paradigm.

    abstract::The main features of the Shuttle Box Active Avoidance paradigm (e.g., the use of simple locomotor response as an operant and electrical current as a primary reinforcer) make this task easily automated. However, learning in this paradigm cannot be easily separated from the specificity of fear motivation. Punishment and...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-020-00422-9

    authors: Berezhnoy DS,Zamorina TA,Inozemtsev AN

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Representations of single and compound stimuli in negative and positive patterning.

    abstract::In four experiments, rats were trained on different patterning discriminations before being tested with compounds composed of novel combinations of the trained stimuli. In Experiment 1, rats were trained on a negative-patterning schedule (A+ B+ AB-) intermixed with reinforced presentations of a second compound (CD+). ...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/LB.37.3.230

    authors: Harris JA,Gharaei S,Moore CA

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Signaling a change in cue-outcome relations in human associative learning.

    abstract::In three experiments, we assessed the role of signals for changes in the consequences of cues as a potential account of the renewal effect. Experiment 1 showed recovery of responding following extinction when acquisition, extinction, and test phases occurred in different contexts. In addition, extinction treatment in ...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/bf03196034

    authors: Pineño O,Miller RR

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • Memories of emotional expressions in horses.

    abstract::Proops, Grounds, Smith, and McComb (2018) suggest that horses remember previous emotional expressions of specific humans, and use these memories to adjust their behavior in future social interactions. Despite some methodological shortcomings, this study raises important questions on the complexity of social interactio...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-018-0363-9

    authors: Amici F

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • Chimpanzees, cooking, and a more comparative psychology.

    abstract::A recent report suggested that chimpanzees demonstrate the cognitive capacities necessary to understand cooking (Warneken & Rosati, 2015). We offered alternative explanations and mechanisms that could account for the behavioral responses of those chimpanzees, and questioned the manner in which the data were used to ex...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-016-0224-3

    authors: Beran MJ,Hopper LM,de Waal FB,Brosnan SF,Sayers K

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • What makes a landmark effective in adolescent and adult rats? Sex and age differences in a navigation task.

    abstract::In three experiments, rats of different ages were trained in a circular pool to find a hidden platform whose location was defined in terms of a single landmark, a cylinder outside the pool. Following training, two main components of the landmark, its shape and pattern, were tested individually. Experiment 1 was perfor...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-018-0364-8

    authors: Chamizo VD,Torres MN,Rodríguez CA,Mackintosh NJ

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Addition and subtraction by honeybees.

    abstract::Howard, Avargues-Weber, Garcia, Greentree, and Dyer (Science Advances, 5,1-6, 2019) report experiments in which honeybees initially shown a number of shapes could subsequently choose a pattern that added or subtracted one from that number. Further, the operations of addition and subtraction were cued by the colors of ...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-019-00382-9

    authors: Roberts WA

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Response of male and female domestic chicks to change in the number (quantity) of imprinting objects.

    abstract::When facing two sets of imprinting objects of different numerousness, domestic chicks prefer to approach the larger one. Given that choice for familiar and novel stimuli in imprinting situations is known to be affected by the sex of the animals, we investigated how male and female domestic chicks divide the time spent...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-020-00446-1

    authors: Lemaire BS,Rugani R,Regolin L,Vallortigara G

    更新日期:2020-10-06 00:00:00

  • Ultimate and proximate mechanisms of reciprocal altruism in rats.

    abstract::The reciprocal exchange of goods and services among social partners is a conundrum in evolutionary biology because of its proneness to cheating, but also the behavioral and cognitive mechanisms involved in such mutual cooperation are hotly debated. Extreme viewpoints range from the assumption that, at the proximate le...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-016-0236-z

    authors: Dolivo V,Rutte C,Taborsky M

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • A new approach to understanding canine social cognition.

    abstract::Domestic dogs have become well known for their socio-cognitive successes, so what does it mean when domestic dogs fail to cooperate? A new study by Marshall-Pescini, Schwarz, Kostelnik, Virányi, and Range (PNAS, 114(44) 11793-11798, 2017) highlights the importance of considering socioecological context, learning, and ...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 评论,杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-018-0334-1

    authors: Udell MAR

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Conserving and managing animals that learn socially and share cultures.

    abstract::Socially learned behavior can be a crucial factor in how animals interact with their environment and, thus, in conservation and management. For species in which social learning and culture are important determinants of behavior, several factors complicate conservation and management. These include the rapid spread of ...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/LB.38.3.329

    authors: Whitehead H

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • The role of injection cues in the production of the morphine preexposure effect in taste aversion learning.

    abstract::The attenuation of an LiCl-induced conditioned taste aversion (CTA) by LiCl preexposure is mediated primarily by associative blocking via injection-related cues. Given that preexposure to morphine attenuates morphine-induced CTAs, it was of interest to determine whether injection cues also mediate this effect. Certain...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/LB.38.2.103

    authors: Davis CM,de Brugada I,Riley AL

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Domestic pigeons (Columba livia) discriminate between photographs of individual pigeons.

    abstract::In two experiments, we examined the discrimination of photographs of individual pigeons by pigeons, using go/no-go discrimination procedures. In Experiments 1A and 1B, the pigeons were trained to discriminate 4 photographs of one pigeon from those of a number of pigeons. The subjects learned the discrimination, but th...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/bf03195993

    authors: Nakamura T,Croft DB,Westbrook RF

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Approaches to the study of traditional behaviors of free-living animals.

    abstract::I review literature on four different approaches to the study of traditions in animals: observation of free-living animals, laboratory experiment, armchair analysis, and field experiment. Because, by definition, a tradition entails social learning of some kind, it is difficult, perhaps impossible, to establish that a ...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.3758/bf03196006

    authors: Galef BG Jr

    更新日期:2004-02-01 00:00:00

  • Selective reinstatement of instrumental performance depends on the discriminative stimulus properties of the mediating outcome.

    abstract::We conducted three experiments to investigate the associative structure underlying the reinstatement of instrumental performance after extinction. In each experiment, rats were initially rewarded on two responses with different outcomes. At test, both responses were extinguished in order to assess the impact of a sing...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/bf03196073

    authors: Ostlund SB,Balline BW

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • The psychological significance of play with imaginary companions in early childhood.

    abstract::Although social play is common to many species, humans are unique in their ability to extract some of the benefits of social play through imagination. For example, in play with imaginary companions (ICs), children often practice skills that might be useful for later adaptive social, relational, and emotional functioni...

    journal_title:Learning & behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.3758/s13420-017-0284-z

    authors: Gleason TR

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00