Erk1/2 inactivation promotes a rapid redistribution of COP1 and degradation of COP1 substrates.

Abstract:

:Anthrax lethal toxin (LT) is a protease virulence factor produced by Bacillus anthracis that is required for its pathogenicity. LT treatment causes a rapid degradation of c-Jun protein that follows inactivation of the MEK1/2-Erk1/2 signaling pathway. Here we identify COP1 as the ubiquitin E3 ligase that is essential for LT-induced c-Jun degradation. COP1 knockdown using siRNA prevents degradation of c-Jun, ETV4, and ETV5 in cells treated with either LT or the MEK1/2 inhibitor, U0126. Immunofluorescence staining reveals that COP1 preferentially localizes to the nuclear envelope, but it is released from the nuclear envelope into the nucleoplasm following Erk1/2 inactivation. At baseline, COP1 attaches to the nuclear envelope via interaction with translocated promoter region (TPR), a component of the nuclear pore complex. Disruption of this COP1-TPR interaction, through Erk1/2 inactivation or TPR knockdown, leads to rapid COP1 release from the nuclear envelope into the nucleoplasm where it degrades COP1 substrates. COP1-mediated degradation of c-Jun protein, combined with LT-mediated blockade of the JNK1/2 signaling pathway, inhibits cellular proliferation. This effect on proliferation is reversed by COP1 knockdown and ectopic expression of an LT-resistant MKK7-4 fusion protein. Taken together, this study reveals that the nuclear envelope acts as a reservoir, maintaining COP1 poised for action. Upon Erk1/2 inactivation, COP1 is rapidly released from the nuclear envelope, promoting the degradation of its nuclear substrates, including c-Jun, a critical transcription factor that promotes cellular proliferation. This regulation allows mammalian cells to respond rapidly to changes in extracellular cues and mediates pathogenic mechanisms in disease states.

authors

Ouyang W,Guo P,Takeda K,Fu Q,Fang H,Frucht DM

doi

10.1073/pnas.1913698117

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-02-25 00:00:00

pages

4078-4087

issue

8

eissn

0027-8424

issn

1091-6490

pii

1913698117

journal_volume

117

pub_type

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