Socioeconomic Status and Mock Interview Performance among Prospective Medical School Applicants.

Abstract:

:We aim to evaluate the association between family income and mock multiple mini interview (MMI) performance for prospective medical school applicants. Each applicant participated in a three-station mock MMI and were scored on four items, each on a sevenpoint scale. Of the 48 prospective applicants participating, 29 (60% survey response rate) completed the survey. Hispanic applicants were significantly more likely to have a family income of less than or equal to $20,000 versus more than $20,000 (p<.05). The adjusted analysis suggested mock MMI total score was significantly lower for prospective medical school applicants with family incomes of less than or equal to $20,000 versus more than $20,000 (ß coefficient 5.37, 95% CI 0.05-10.69, p = .048). The mock MMI performance of prospective applicants with lower family incomes indicates the need for further interview skill preparation or new interview scoring protocols.

authors

Burton BN,Labastide AS,Muhoozi BN,Lopez-Ramos CG,Anders AT,Garcia K,Gabriel RA,Willies-Jacobo L

doi

10.1353/hpu.2020.0011

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-01-01 00:00:00

pages

105-114

issue

1

eissn

1049-2089

issn

1548-6869

pii

S1548686920100111

journal_volume

31

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Improving access to care for uninsured patients at an academic medical center: The Access Partnership.

    abstract::Uninsured individuals face great challenges in accessing both primary and specialty care. The Access Partnership (TAP) is a novel collaboration between primary and specialty care providers at an urban academic medical center to provide care coordination and facilitate access to specialty services for uninsured patient...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2012.0085

    authors: Block L,Ma S,Emerson M,Langley A,de la Torre D,Noronha G

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring the Effect of Social Determinants on Patient Outcomes: A Systematic Literature Review.

    abstract::Given the movement towards value-based purchasing in the United States, health care leaders need methods to characterize and address the complex effect that social determinants have on health care outcomes. This systematic literature review was specifically designed to understand current research on the effect that pa...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2018.0009

    authors: Knighton AJ,Stephenson B,Savitz LA

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Concordance between Individual vs. Area-Level Socioeconomic Measures in an Urban Setting.

    abstract::Area-level socioeconomic status (SES) measures have been used as a proxy in child health research when individual SES measures are lacking, yet little is known about their validity in an urban setting. We assessed agreement between census block-group and individual-level SES measures obtained from a caregiver telephon...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2015.0122

    authors: Narla NP,Pardo-Crespo MR,Beebe TJ,Sloan J,Yawn B,Williams AR,Juhn YJ

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of Asthma Management in Children Attending Health Centres in Kingston & St. Andrew, Jamaica Compared with International Clinical Practice Guidelines.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the quality of asthma care within the paediatric population who attended health centres in Kingston & St. Andrew (KSA) and compare this quality to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines. METHODS AND MATERIALS:Data were collected from 257 dockets of children aged 2-17 years old with asthma ...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2019.0028

    authors: Ricketts-Roomes TF,Waldron NK,James K

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Disadvantages in mental health care among African Americans.

    abstract::African Americans experience mental health disadvantages relative to European Americans with respect to financial barriers, barriers to help seeking, and poorer quality services. This paper provides an overview of these mental health inequalities, and offers recommendations for addressing them. ...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1353/hpu.0.0155

    authors: Holden KB,Xanthos C

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Appraisal of perceived threat of diabetes and the relation to adherence for adults in Appalachia.

    abstract::This study examined appraisal of perceived threat of diabetes and the relation to adherence to self-management behaviors in uninsured Appalachians receiving care at a free clinic. Participants were at least 18 years of age, English-speaking, and uninsured. Participants followed recommendations for taking prescribed or...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2012.0049

    authors: Carpenter R

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Youth assets and sexual abstinence in Native American youth.

    abstract::Compared with youth of other races/ethnicities, Native American youth (ages 15-19 years) are more likely to have participated in sexual intercourse, thus placing them at greater risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and unintended pregnancies. This study's purpose was to investigate relationships among protect...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2006.0133

    authors: Oman RF,Vesely SK,Aspy CB,Tolma E,Rodine S,Marshall L,Fluhr J

    更新日期:2006-11-01 00:00:00

  • African American female drug users and HIV risk reduction challenges with criminal involvement.

    abstract::The main objectives of this paper are to examine the prevalence of criminal involvement among a sample of African American female drug users and to identify factors associated with that criminal involvement, where criminal involvement is defined as having been in jail or prison. Data were collected in Atlanta from 333...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2005.0117

    authors: Sterk CE,Theall K,Elifson KW

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Providers' perspectives and beliefs regarding transition to adult care for adolescents with sickle cell disease.

    abstract::Until recently, few children with chronic illnesses such as sickle cell disease (SCD) lived past late adolescence. Substantial reductions in mortality mean a growing number of adolescents with SCD reach adulthood. Consensus among researchers and health care providers (HCP) from multiple disciplines is that critical at...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2004.0049

    authors: Telfair J,Alexander LR,Loosier PS,Alleman-Velez PL,Simmons J

    更新日期:2004-08-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of health insurance reform on insurance instability.

    abstract::We investigated the impact of the 2006 Massachusetts health care reform on insurance coverage and stability among minority and underserved women. We examined 36 months of insurance claims among 1,946 women who had abnormal cancer screening at six community health centers pre-(2004-2005) and post-(2007-2008) insurance ...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2014.0061

    authors: Freund KM,Isabelle AP,Hanchate AD,Kalish RL,Kapoor A,Bak S,Mishuris RG,Shroff SM,Battaglia TA

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition education: a computer-based education program.

    abstract::African Americans have higher than average rates of morbidity and mortality for numerous health conditions despite the improvements in overall health in the United States over the past century. Despite the proliferation of material on health promotion and health disparities concerns related to diet and health care for...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2005.0123

    authors: Goodman J,Blake J

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Community responses to diabetes and mental health care for the uninsured population in Michigan.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine how the safety net in Michigan is responding to the health care needs of their uninsured population with diabetes and/or mental illness. METHODS:We used a multiple-site case study design. Data were collected through interviews of key informants in five Michigan communities. Analytic patterns and t...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.0.0100

    authors: Dalton VK,Jacobson PD,Konig M,Holman PP Jr

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Extending Medicare immunosuppressive medication coverage.

    abstract::African Americans and the poor are at a high risk of suffering from kidney disease and are at an extreme disadvantage when it comes to obtaining the resources needed to maintain a functioning kidney post-transplant. Medicare currently covers 80% of the cost of immunosuppressive therapy for up to three years following ...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2012.0021

    authors: Beaubrun AC

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Using contextual issues among African Americans and Latinos in Orange County, California to inform a community response.

    abstract::This is one of two papers in this volume to report on the result of the Care System Assessment Demonstration (CSAD) Project conducted in Orange County, California. Latino and African American residents of Orange County who were aware of being HIV positive but who were not in care were targeted for this assessment. The...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2007.0088

    authors: Watson MM

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Neighborhood clinics: an academic medical center-community health center partnership.

    abstract::This report describes a clinic run by a federally-qualified health center and an academic medical center. The clinic expands the community's primary care capacity, combining advantages of big and small settings, and of its dual affiliation. Survey data suggest the clinic prevents health care delays and lowers emergenc...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2007.0069

    authors: Silberberg M,Yarnall KS,Johnson F,Sangvai D,Patel R,Yaggy SD

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Vision Problems in Homeless Children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Vision problems in homeless children can decrease educational achievement and quality of life. PURPOSE:To estimate the prevalence and specific diagnoses of vision problems in children in an urban homeless shelter. METHODS:A prospective series of 107 homeless children and teenagers who underwent screening w...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2015.0072

    authors: Smith NL,Smith TJ,DeSantis D,Suhocki M,Fenske D

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Agreement between the Perceived and Actual Fruit and Vegetable Nutrition Environments among Low-Income Urban Women.

    abstract::The food environment is described by two measures: store-level (actual) and individual-level (perceived). Understanding the relationship between actual and perceived fruit and vegetable (F&V) nutrition environments is important as their association may influence F&V purchases and consumption. The study objective was t...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2015.0109

    authors: Stallings TL,Gazmararian JA,Goodman M,Kleinbaum D

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of living in the United States on body mass index in refugee patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:We describe body mass index (BMI) trajectories over 20 months in newly settled refugees in the United States. METHODS:Growth curves were modeled in in hierarchical linear modeling for cohorts from Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. RESULTS:For refugees from Southeast Asia and Africa, coefficients...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2015.0046

    authors: Careyva B,LaNoue M,Bangura M,de la Paz A,Gee A,Patel N,Mills G

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Quality of hepatitis C care at an urban tertiary care medical center.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:More effective treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) creates an opportunity to improve health outcomes. OBJECTIVE:To use Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)-defined HCV quality indicators (QI) as a framework to assess the quality of care at an urban safety net hospital. DESIGN:Retrospective co...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2014.0093

    authors: Assoumou SA,Huang W,Horsburgh CR,Mus,Linas BP

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • An Evaluation of the Ho'ouna Pono Curriculum: A Pilot Study of Culturally Grounded Substance Abuse Prevention for Rural Hawaiian Youth.

    abstract::This pilot study evaluated the Ho'ouna Pono curriculum, which is a culturally grounded, school-based, drug prevention curriculum tailored to rural Native Hawaiian youth. The curriculum focuses on culturally relevant drug resistance skills training and is aligned with the State of Hawai'i academic standards. Six Hawai'...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2016.0061

    authors: Okamoto SK,Kulis S,Helm S,Lauricella M,Valdez JK

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • Provider behaviors contributing to patient self-management of chronic illness among underserved populations.

    abstract::Effective treatment of chronic illness requires active engagement of patients in managing their own conditions. This research explores the influence of provider support for self-management on patients' performance of self-care activities, a widely presumed but under-studied relationship, particularly among underserved...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2005.0097

    authors: Greene J,Yedidia MJ,Take Care to Learn Evalutation Collaborative.

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Factorial Invariance and Convergent Validity of the Group-Based Medical Mistrust Scale across Gender and Ethnoracial Identity.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to assess the factorial invariance and convergent validity of the Group-Based Medical Mistrust Scale (GBMMS) across gender (male and female) and ethnoracial identity (Latino and Black). Minority students (N = 686) attending a southeastern university were surveyed in the fall of 2011. Ps...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2017.0011

    authors: Wheldon CW,Kolar SK,Hernandez ND,Daley EM

    更新日期:2017-01-01 00:00:00

  • Communication strategies in caring for the underserved.

    abstract::Physicians face numerous challenges in caring for underserved patients. These include both structural barriers, such as the increasing ranks of the uninsured, and contextual barriers. Contextual problems are embedded within the communication between doctors and patients. Communication between doctors and poor patients...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2010.0251

    authors: Ventres W,Gordon P

    更新日期:1990-01-01 00:00:00

  • Microfinance: a general overview and implications for impoverished individuals living with HIV/AIDS.

    abstract::Microfinance among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) faces some opposition and remains understudied. This literature review examines microfinance's evolution and impact on a variety of social and health indicators and its emerging implementation as a primary prevention tool for HIV and economic intervention for PLWH...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1353/hpu.0.0326

    authors: Caldas A,Arteaga F,Muñoz M,Zeladita J,Albujar M,Bayona J,Shin S

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of HCV risk behaviors among prison inmates: tattooing and injection drug use.

    abstract::Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the most common blood-borne chronic viral infection in the United States and it is over represented in incarcerated populations. This study estimates if in prison tattooing is associated with self reported HCV infection in a probabilistic sample of 1,331 sentenced inmates in Puerto Rico pris...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2011.0084

    authors: Peña-Orellana M,Hernández-Viver A,Caraballo-Correa G,Albizu-García CE

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Visits to specialists under Medicare: socioeconomic advantage and access to care.

    abstract::This study examines the relationship between socioeconomic advantage and the likelihood of receiving specialty care in a nationally representative sample of older Americans participating in fee-for-service Medicare. In 1992, 62.9 percent of Americans aged 65 and older visited a specialist physician at least once. Bein...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2010.0451

    authors: Blustein J,Weiss LJ

    更新日期:1998-05-01 00:00:00

  • Barriers to health care among Asian immigrants in the United States: a traditional review.

    abstract::Asian immigrants in the U.S. are far less likely to have health insurance or use health care services than both U.S.-born Asians and non-Hispanic Whites. Furthermore, Asian immigrants who access the U.S. health care system are less likely than non-Hispanic Whites to receive high-quality services. This paper reviews fo...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2013.0019

    authors: Clough J,Lee S,Chae DH

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Community health center integration: experience in the State of Ohio.

    abstract::In the face of severe financial challenges and demands to improve quality and service to patients, many community health centers (CHCs) have aligned or integrated with other CHCs, physician groups, or hospitals. Yet the nature of and rationale for these organizational decisions are not well understood. Our research ap...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2006.0030

    authors: McAlearney JS,McAlearney AS

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Renovating Charity Hospital or building a new hospital in post-Katrina New Orleans: economic rationale versus political will.

    abstract::Since September 2005, Charity Hospital of New Orleans has been closed due to Hurricane Katrina. A debate following the closing arose about whether this public hospital should be renovated or a new medical center affiliated with the Louisiana State University should be built. Using academic literature, government stati...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2013.0005

    authors: Leleu H,Moises J,Valdmanis VG

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Racial Disparities in PAD-Related Amputation Rates among Native Americans and non-Hispanic Whites: An HCUP Analysis.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:This study analyzed the impact of sociodemographic characteristics, patient comorbidities, risk factors for critical limb ischemia and hospital characteristics on racial disparities in amputation rates for Native American patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS:The study used the Healthcare...

    journal_title:Journal of health care for the poor and underserved

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1353/hpu.2018.0058

    authors: Rizzo JA,Chen J,Laurich C,Santos A,Martinsen BJ,Ryan MP,Kotlarz H,Gunnarsson C

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00