Galectin-1 studies in proliferative diabetic retinopathy.


PURPOSE:Galectin-1 regulates endothelial cell function and promotes angiogenesis. We investigated the hypothesis that galectin-1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS:Vitreous samples from 36 PDR and 20 nondiabetic patients, epiretinal fibrovascular membranes from 13 patients with PDR, rat retinas and human retinal Müller glial cells were studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. In vitro angiogenesis assays were performed and the adherence of leukocytes to galectin-1-stimulated human retinal microvascular endothelial cells (HRMECs) was assessed. RESULTS:The ELISA analysis revealed that galectin-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels were significantly higher in vitreous samples from PDR patients than in those from nondiabetics (p < 0.001 for both comparisons). A significant positive correlation was found between the levels of galectin-1 and VEGF (r = 0.354; p = 0.022). In epiretinal membranes, immunohistochemical analysis showed that galectin-1 was expressed in vascular endothelial cells expressing CD31, myofibroblasts expressing α-smooth muscle actin and leukocytes expressing CD45. The galectin-1 receptor neuropilin-1 was expressed on vascular endothelial cells. CD31 staining was used as a marker to assess microvessel density (MVD). Significant positive correlation was detected between MVD in epiretinal membranes and the number of blood vessels expressing galectin-1 (r = 0.848; p < 0.001). Western blot analysis demonstrated significant increase of galectin-1 protein in rat retinas after induction of diabetes. ELISA analysis revealed that hydrogen peroxide and cobalt chloride (CoCl2 ) induced upregulation of galectin-1 in Müller cells. Treatment with galectin-1 induced upregulation of VEGF in Müller cells and increased leukocyte adhesion to HRMECs. The galectin-1 inhibitor OTX008 attenuated VEGF-induced HRMECs migration and CoCl2 -induced upregulation of NF-κB, galectin-1 and VEGF in Müller cells. CONCLUSIONS:These results suggest that galectin-1is involved in the pathogenesis of PDR.


Acta Ophthalmol


Acta ophthalmologica


Abu El-Asrar AM,Ahmad A,Allegaert E,Siddiquei MM,Alam K,Gikandi PW,De Hertogh G,Opdenakker G




Has Abstract


2020-02-01 00:00:00












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    更新日期:2019-12-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

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    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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