Key Role of the Ocean Western Boundary currents in shaping the Northern Hemisphere climate.

Abstract:

:The individual impact of North Atlantic and Pacific Ocean Western Boundary Currents (OWBCs) on the tropospheric circulation has recently been studied in depth. However, their simultaneous role in shaping the hemisphere-scale wintertime troposphere/stratosphere-coupled circulation and its variability have not been considered. Through semi-idealized Atmospheric General-Circulation-Model experiments, we show that the North Atlantic and Pacific OWBCs jointly maintain and shape the wintertime hemispheric circulation and its leading mode of variability Northern Annular Mode (NAM). The OWBCs energize baroclinic waves that reinforce quasi-annular hemispheric structure in the tropospheric eddy-driven jetstreams and NAM variability. Without the OWBCs, the wintertime NAM variability is much weaker and its impact on the continental and maritime surface climate is largely insignificant. Atmospheric energy redistribution caused by the OWBCs acts to damp the near-surface atmospheric baroclinicity and compensates the associated oceanic meridional energy transport. Furthermore, the OWBCs substantially weaken the wintertime stratospheric polar vortex by enhancing the upward planetary wave propagation, and thereby affecting both stratospheric and tropospheric NAM-annularity. Whereas the overall impact of the extra-tropical OWBCs on the stratosphere results mainly from the Pacific, the impact on the troposphere results from both the Pacific and Atlantic OWBCs.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Omrani NE,Ogawa F,Nakamura H,Keenlyside N,Lubis SW,Matthes K

doi

10.1038/s41598-019-39392-y

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-02-28 00:00:00

pages

3014

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-019-39392-y

journal_volume

9

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Electric-field assisted 3D-fibrous bioceramic-based scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration: Fabrication, characterization, and in vitro cellular activities.

    abstract::Nano/microfibrous structure can induce high cellular activities because of the topological similarity of the extracellular matrix, and thus, are widely used in various tissue regenerative materials. However, the fabrication of a bioceramic (high weight percent)-based 3D microfibrous structure is extremely difficult be...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-017-03461-x

    authors: Kim M,Yun HS,Kim GH

    更新日期:2017-06-09 00:00:00

  • Evening home lighting adversely impacts the circadian system and sleep.

    abstract::The regular rise and fall of the sun resulted in the development of 24-h rhythms in virtually all organisms. In an evolutionary heartbeat, humans have taken control of their light environment with electric light. Humans are highly sensitive to light, yet most people now use light until bedtime. We evaluated the impact...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-020-75622-4

    authors: Cain SW,McGlashan EM,Vidafar P,Mustafovska J,Curran SPN,Wang X,Mohamed A,Kalavally V,Phillips AJK

    更新日期:2020-11-05 00:00:00

  • A study of associations between CUBN, HNF1A, and LIPC gene polymorphisms and coronary artery disease.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to identify novel genetic markers related to coronary artery disease (CAD) using a whole-exome sequencing (WES) approach and determine any associations between the selected gene polymorphisms and CAD prevalence. CUBN, HNF1A and LIPC gene polymorphisms related to CAD susceptibility were identi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-020-73048-6

    authors: Park HS,Kim IJ,Kim EG,Ryu CS,Lee JY,Ko EJ,Park HW,Sung JH,Kim NK

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Thermally robust perpendicular Co/Pd-based synthetic antiferromagnetic coupling enabled by a W capping or buffer layer.

    abstract::Perpendicularly magnetized tunnel junctions (p-MTJs) that contain synthetic antiferromagnetic (SAF) frames show promise as reliable building blocks to meet the demands of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA)-based spintronic devices. In particular, Co/Pd multilayer-based SAFs have been widely employed due to their ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep21324

    authors: Lee JB,An GG,Yang SM,Park HS,Chung WS,Hong JP

    更新日期:2016-02-18 00:00:00

  • Plasmonic Optical Imaging of Gold Nanorods Localization in Small Animals.

    abstract::Gold nanoparticles (GNP) have been intensively investigated for applications in cancer imaging and therapy. Most imaging studies focused on microscopic imaging. Their potential as optical imaging probes for whole body small animal imaging has rarely been explored. Taking advantage of their surface plasmon resonance (S...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-018-27624-6

    authors: Xu K,Shi J,Pourmand A,Udayakumar TS,Dogan N,Zhao W,Pollack A,Yang Y

    更新日期:2018-06-19 00:00:00

  • Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis in Lesotho: Diagnosis, Treatment Initiation and Outcomes.

    abstract::The Lesotho guidelines for the management of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) recommend initiation of patients diagnosed with rifampicin resistant (RR)-TB on a standardized drug resistant regimen while awaiting confirmation of rifampicin resistant TB (RR-TB) and complete drug susceptibility test results. Review of dia...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58690-4

    authors: Katende B,Esterhuizen TM,Dippenaar A,Warren RM

    更新日期:2020-02-05 00:00:00

  • Identification of two novel Chlorotoxin derivatives CA4 and CTX-23 with chemotherapeutic and anti-angiogenic potential.

    abstract::Brain tumors are fast proliferating and destructive within the brain microenvironment. Effective chemotherapeutic strategies are currently lacking which combat this deadly disease curatively. The glioma-specific chloride ion channel represents a specific target for therapy. Chlorotoxin (CTX), a peptide derived from sc...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep19799

    authors: Xu T,Fan Z,Li W,Dietel B,Wu Y,Beckmann MW,Wrosch JK,Buchfelder M,Eyupoglu IY,Cao Z,Savaskan NE

    更新日期:2016-02-02 00:00:00

  • A cross-talk between blood-cell neuroplasticity-related genes and environmental enrichment in working dogs.

    abstract::This study aims to identify a panel of blood-cell neuroplasticity-related genes expressed following environmental enrichment stimulation (EE). The Drug detection (DD) training course was an excellent model for the study of EE in the working dog. This research is divided into two experimental trials. In the First Trial...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-019-43402-4

    authors: Guelfi G,Casano AB,Menchetti L,Bellicci M,Suvieri C,Moscati L,Carotenuto P,Santoro MM,Diverio S

    更新日期:2019-05-06 00:00:00

  • Cre/lox-Recombinase-Mediated Cassette Exchange for Reversible Site-Specific Genomic Targeting of the Disease Vector, Aedes aegypti.

    abstract::Site-specific genome modification (SSM) is an important tool for mosquito functional genomics and comparative gene expression studies, which contribute to a better understanding of mosquito biology and are thus a key to finding new strategies to eliminate vector-borne diseases. Moreover, it allows for the creation of ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep43883

    authors: Häcker I,Harrell Ii RA,Eichner G,Pilitt KL,O'Brochta DA,Handler AM,Schetelig MF

    更新日期:2017-03-07 00:00:00

  • The effects of different enrofloxacin dosages on clinical efficacy and resistance development in chickens experimentally infected with Salmonella Typhimurium.

    abstract::To investigate the optimal dosage which can improve clinical efficacy and minimize resistance, pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics model of enrofloxacin was established. Effect of enrofloxacin treatments on clearance of Salmonella in experimentally infected chickens and simultaneously resistance selection in Salmonella ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-017-12294-7

    authors: Li J,Hao H,Cheng G,Wang X,Ahmed S,Shabbir MAB,Liu Z,Dai M,Yuan Z

    更新日期:2017-09-15 00:00:00

  • Upconverting SrF2 nanoparticles doped with Yb3+/Ho3+, Yb3+/Er3+ and Yb3+/Tm3+ ions - optimisation of synthesis method, structural, spectroscopic and cytotoxicity studies.

    abstract::For a number of years nanomaterials have been continuously devised and comprehensively investigated because of the growing demand for them and their multifarious applications, especially in medicine. This paper reports on the properties of SrF2 nanoparticles (NPs) for applications in biomedicine, showing effective way...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-019-45025-1

    authors: Przybylska D,Ekner-Grzyb A,Grześkowiak BF,Grzyb T

    更新日期:2019-06-17 00:00:00

  • Clinical features of irreversible rejection after allogeneic uterus transplantation in cynomolgus macaques.

    abstract::Uterus transplantation (UTx) is a potential option for women with uterine factor infertility to have a child. The clinical features indicating irreversible rejection of the uterus are unknown. In our experimental series of allogeneic UTx in cynomolgus macaques, six female macaques were retrospectively examined, which ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-020-70914-1

    authors: Kisu I,Emoto K,Masugi Y,Yamada Y,Matsubara K,Obara H,Matoba Y,Banno K,Kato Y,Saiki Y,Itagaki I,Kawamoto I,Iwatani C,Murase M,Nakagawa T,Tsuchiya H,Ishigaki H,Urano H,Ema M,Ogasawara K,Aoki D,Nakagawa K,Shiina

    更新日期:2020-08-17 00:00:00

  • Superresolution microscopy reveals distinct localisation of full length IRSp53 and its I-BAR domain protein within filopodia.

    abstract::Superresolution microscopy offers the advantage of imaging biological structures within cells at the nano-scale. Here we apply two superresolution microscopy techniques, specifically 3D structured illumination microscopy (3D-SIM) and direct stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (dSTORM), a type of single molecu...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-019-38851-w

    authors: Sudhaharan T,Hariharan S,Lim JSY,Liu JZ,Koon YL,Wright GD,Chiam KH,Ahmed S

    更新日期:2019-02-21 00:00:00

  • Giant and reversible room-temperature elastocaloric effect in a single-crystalline Ni-Fe-Ga magnetic shape memory alloy.

    abstract::Good mechanical properties and large adiabatic temperature change render Heusler-type Ni2FeGa-based magnetic shape memory alloys as a promising candidate material for solid-state mechanical cooling application at ambient conditions. Superelastic behavior and associated elastocaloric effect strongly reply on deformatio...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep25500

    authors: Li Y,Zhao D,Liu J

    更新日期:2016-05-03 00:00:00

  • Rational design of mutations that change the aggregation rate of a protein while maintaining its native structure and stability.

    abstract::A wide range of human diseases is associated with mutations that, destabilizing proteins native state, promote their aggregation. However, the mechanisms leading from folded to aggregated states are still incompletely understood. To investigate these mechanisms, we used a combination of NMR spectroscopy and molecular ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep25559

    authors: Camilloni C,Sala BM,Sormanni P,Porcari R,Corazza A,De Rosa M,Zanini S,Barbiroli A,Esposito G,Bolognesi M,Bellotti V,Vendruscolo M,Ricagno S

    更新日期:2016-05-06 00:00:00

  • Growth kinetics of plasma-polymerized films.

    abstract::The growth kinetics of polymer thin films prepared by plasma-based deposition method were explored using atomic force microscopy. The growth behavior of the first layer of the polythiophene somewhat differs from that of the other layers because the first layer is directly deposited on the substrate, whereas the other ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep11201

    authors: Hwang S,Seo H,Jeong DC,Wen L,Han JG,Song C,Kim Y

    更新日期:2015-06-18 00:00:00

  • Enhanced intracellular delivery and antibacterial efficacy of enrofloxacin-loaded docosanoic acid solid lipid nanoparticles against intracellular Salmonella.

    abstract::Enrofloxacin-loaded docosanoic acid solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) with different physicochemical properties were developed to enhance activity against intracellular Salmonella. Their cellular uptake, intracellular elimination and antibacterial activity were studied in RAW 264.7 cells. During the experimental period...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep41104

    authors: Xie S,Yang F,Tao Y,Chen D,Qu W,Huang L,Liu Z,Pan Y,Yuan Z

    更新日期:2017-01-23 00:00:00

  • Confirmation of GLRA3 as a susceptibility locus for albuminuria in Finnish patients with type 1 diabetes.

    abstract::Urinary albumin excretion is an early sign of diabetic kidney disease, affecting every third individual with diabetes. Despite substantial estimated heritability, only variants in the GLRA3 gene have been genome-wide significantly associated (p-value < 5 × 10-8) with diabetic albuminuria, in Finnish individuals with t...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1038/s41598-018-29211-1

    authors: Sandholm N,Haukka JK,Toppila I,Valo E,Harjutsalo V,Forsblom C,Groop PH

    更新日期:2018-08-17 00:00:00

  • Lifetime Reduction and Enhanced Emission of Single Photon Color Centers in Nanodiamond via Surrounding Refractive Index Modification.

    abstract::The negatively-charged nitrogen vacancy (NV(-)) center in diamond is of great interest for quantum information processing and quantum key distribution applications due to its highly desirable long coherence times at room temperature. One of the challenges for their use in these applications involves the requirement to...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep11179

    authors: Khalid A,Chung K,Rajasekharan R,Lau DW,Karle TJ,Gibson BC,Tomljenovic-Hanic S

    更新日期:2015-06-25 00:00:00

  • Lithium and GADL1 regulate glycogen synthase kinase-3 activity to modulate KCTD12 expression.

    abstract::Potassium channel tetramerization domain containing 12 (KCTD12), the auxiliary GABAB receptor subunit, is identified as a susceptibility gene for bipolar I (BPI) disorder in the Han Chinese population. Moreover, the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17026688 in glutamate decarboxylase-like protein 1 (GADL1) is sh...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46655-1

    authors: Wu TN,Chen CK,Lee CS,Wu BJ,Sun HJ,Chang CH,Chen CY,Wu LS,Cheng AT

    更新日期:2019-07-16 00:00:00

  • Predicting 3D moisture sorption behavior of materials from 1D investigations.

    abstract::Moisture in materials can be a source of future outgassing and exacerbate unwanted changes in physical and chemical properties. Here, we investigate the effect of sample size and shape on the moisture transport phenomena through a combined experimental and modeling approach. Several different materials varying in size...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-020-74898-w

    authors: Sharma HN,Sun Y,Glascoe EA

    更新日期:2020-10-20 00:00:00

  • Dynamics of changing impacts of tropical Indo-Pacific variability on Indian and Australian rainfall.

    abstract::A positive Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and a warm phase of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) reduce rainfall over the Indian subcontinent and southern Australia. However, since the 1980s, El Niño's influence has been decreasing, accompanied by a strengthening in the IOD's influence on southern Australia but a reve...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep31767

    authors: Li Z,Cai W,Lin X

    更新日期:2016-08-22 00:00:00

  • Clonally selected primitive endothelial cells promote occlusive pulmonary arteriopathy and severe pulmonary hypertension in rats exposed to chronic hypoxia.

    abstract::One current concept suggests that unchecked proliferation of clonally selected precursors of endothelial cells (ECs) contribute to severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We hypothesized that clonally selected ECs expressing the progenitor marker CD117 promote severe occlusive pulmonary hypertension (PH). The re...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58083-7

    authors: Bhagwani AR,Farkas D,Harmon B,Authelet KJ,Cool CD,Kolb M,Goncharova E,Yoder MC,Clauss M,Freishtat R,Farkas L

    更新日期:2020-01-24 00:00:00

  • Minocycline, a microglial inhibitor, reduces 'honey trap' risk in human economic exchange.

    abstract::Recently, minocycline, a tetracycline antibiotic, has been reported to improve symptoms of psychiatric disorders and to facilitate sober decision-making in healthy human subjects. Here we show that minocycline also reduces the risk of the 'honey trap' during an economic exchange. Males tend to cooperate with physicall...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep01685

    authors: Watabe M,Kato TA,Tsuboi S,Ishikawa K,Hashiya K,Monji A,Utsumi H,Kanba S

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Variability and associated factors in the management of cord clamping and the milking practice among Spanish obstetric professionals.

    abstract::Clinical practice guides recommend delayed clamping of the umbilical cord. If this is not possible, some authors suggest milking as an alternative. The objective of this study was to determine the variability in professional practice in the management of umbilical cord clamping and milking and to identify factors or c...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58641-z

    authors: Ortiz-Esquinas I,Gómez-Salgado J,Pascual-Pedreño AI,Rodríguez-Almagro J,Ballesta-Castillejos A,Hernández-Martínez A

    更新日期:2020-02-03 00:00:00

  • Asymmetrical ligand-induced cross-regulation of chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 by α1-adrenergic receptors at the heteromeric receptor complex.

    abstract::Recently, we reported that chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor (CXCR)4 and atypical chemokine receptor 3 regulate α1-adrenergic receptors (α1-AR) through the formation of hetero-oligomeric complexes. Whether α1-ARs also regulate chemokine receptor function within such heteromeric receptor complexes is unknown. We observe...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-018-21096-4

    authors: Gao X,Albee LJ,Volkman BF,Gaponenko V,Majetschak M

    更新日期:2018-02-09 00:00:00

  • Aberrant SSEA-4 upregulation mediates myofibroblast activity to promote pre-cancerous oral submucous fibrosis.

    abstract::Oral submucous fibrosis (OSF), regarded as a precancerous condition, is characterized by juxta-epithelial inflammatory reaction followed by fibro-elastic change in the lamina properia and epithelial atrophy. The pathologic mechanisms of OSF still need to be further clarified. In the study, we investigated the function...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep37004

    authors: Yu CC,Yu CH,Chang YC

    更新日期:2016-11-15 00:00:00

  • Free-Space Nonlinear Beam Combining for High Intensity Projection.

    abstract::The controlled interaction of two high intensity beams opens new degrees of freedom for manipulating electromagnetic waves in air. The growing number of applications for laser filaments requires fine control of their formation and propagation. We demonstrate, experimentally and theoretically, that the attraction and f...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10565-x

    authors: Rostami Fairchild S,Walasik W,Kepler D,Baudelet M,Litchinitser NM,Richardson M

    更新日期:2017-08-31 00:00:00

  • Inferring phylogenies of evolving sequences without multiple sequence alignment.

    abstract::Alignment-free methods, in which shared properties of sub-sequences (e.g. identity or match length) are extracted and used to compute a distance matrix, have recently been explored for phylogenetic inference. However, the scalability and robustness of these methods to key evolutionary processes remain to be investigat...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/srep06504

    authors: Chan CX,Bernard G,Poirion O,Hogan JM,Ragan MA

    更新日期:2014-09-30 00:00:00

  • Circulating microRNAs as potential diagnostic biomarkers for osteoporosis.

    abstract::Osteoporosis is the most common age-related bone disease worldwide and is usually clinically asymptomatic until the first fracture happens. MicroRNAs are critical molecular regulators in bone remodelling processes and are stabilised in the blood. The aim of this project was to identify circulatory microRNAs associated...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26525-y

    authors: Mandourah AY,Ranganath L,Barraclough R,Vinjamuri S,Hof RV,Hamill S,Czanner G,Dera AA,Wang D,Barraclough DL

    更新日期:2018-05-30 00:00:00