The Tudor protein Veneno assembles the ping-pong amplification complex that produces viral piRNAs in Aedes mosquitoes.


:PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) comprise a class of small RNAs best known for suppressing transposable elements in germline tissues. The vector mosquito Aedes aegypti encodes seven PIWI genes, four of which are somatically expressed. This somatic piRNA pathway generates piRNAs from viral RNA during infection with cytoplasmic RNA viruses through ping-pong amplification by the PIWI proteins Ago3 and Piwi5. Yet, additional insights into the molecular mechanisms mediating non-canonical piRNA production are lacking. TUDOR-domain containing (Tudor) proteins facilitate piRNA biogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster and other model organisms. We thus hypothesized that Tudor proteins are required for viral piRNA production and performed a knockdown screen targeting all A. aegypti Tudor genes. Knockdown of the Tudor genes AAEL012437, Vreteno, Yb, SMN and AAEL008101-RB resulted in significantly reduced viral piRNA levels, with AAEL012437-depletion having the strongest effect. This protein, which we named Veneno, associates directly with Ago3 in an sDMA-dependent manner and localizes in cytoplasmic foci reminiscent of piRNA processing granules of Drosophila. Veneno-interactome analyses reveal a network of co-factors including the orthologs of the Drosophila piRNA pathway components Vasa and Yb, which in turn interacts with Piwi5. We propose that Veneno assembles a multi-protein complex for ping-pong dependent piRNA production from viral RNA.


Nucleic Acids Res


Nucleic acids research


Joosten J,Miesen P,Taşköprü E,Pennings B,Jansen PWTC,Huynen MA,Vermeulen M,Van Rij RP




Has Abstract


2019-03-18 00:00:00














  • Positive and negative selection using the tetA-sacB cassette: recombineering and P1 transduction in Escherichia coli.

    abstract::The two-step process of selection and counter-selection is a standard way to enable genetic modification and engineering of bacterial genomes using homologous recombination methods. The tetA and sacB genes are contained in a DNA cassette and confer a novel dual counter-selection system. Expression of tetA confers bact...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li XT,Thomason LC,Sawitzke JA,Costantino N,Court DL

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Synthetic control systems for high performance gene expression in mammalian cells.

    abstract::Tunable induction of gene expression is an essential tool in biology and biotechnology. In spite of that, current induction systems often exhibit unpredictable behavior and performance shortcomings, including high sensitivity to transactivator dosage and plasmid take-up variation, and excessive consumption of cellular...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lillacci G,Benenson Y,Khammash M

    更新日期:2018-10-12 00:00:00

  • Conserved elements with potential to form polymorphic G-quadruplex structures in the first intron of human genes.

    abstract::To understand how potential for G-quadruplex formation might influence regulation of gene expression, we examined the 2 kb spanning the transcription start sites (TSS) of the 18 217 human RefSeq genes, distinguishing contributions of template and nontemplate strands. Regions both upstream and downstream of the TSS are...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eddy J,Maizels N

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Vienna RNA secondary structure server.

    abstract::The Vienna RNA secondary structure server provides a web interface to the most frequently used functions of the Vienna RNA software package for the analysis of RNA secondary structures. It currently offers prediction of secondary structure from a single sequence, prediction of the consensus secondary structure for a s...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hofacker IL

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Direct analysis of the mini-exon donor RNA of Trypanosoma brucei: detection of a novel cap structure also present in messenger RNA.

    abstract::The mini-exon, a short segment found at the 5' end of trypanosome mRNAs, is contributed by a small RNA, the mini-exon donor (medRNA). In vivo 32P-labeled medRNA, a set of smaller RNAs related to it, and mRNA, were purified from Trypanosoma brucei by hybrid selection and gel electrophoresis. Using RNA fingerprinting an...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freistadt MS,Cross GA,Branch AD,Robertson HD

    更新日期:1987-12-10 00:00:00

  • Conformational changes of a Swi2/Snf2 ATPase during its mechano-chemical cycle.

    abstract::Remodelling protein nucleic acid interfaces is an important biological task, which is often carried out by nucleic acid stimulated ATPases of the Swi2/Snf2 superfamily. Here we study the mechano-chemical cycle of such an ATPase, namely the catalytic domain of the Sulfolobus solfataricus Rad54 homologue (SsoRad54cd), b...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lewis R,Dürr H,Hopfner KP,Michaelis J

    更新日期:2008-04-01 00:00:00

  • DmTTF, a novel mitochondrial transcription termination factor that recognises two sequences of Drosophila melanogaster mitochondrial DNA.

    abstract::Using a combination of bioinformatic and molecular biology approaches a Drosophila melanogaster protein, DmTTF, has been identified, which exhibits sequence and structural similarity with two mitochondrial transcription termination factors, mTERF (human) and mtDBP (sea urchin). Import/processing assays indicate that D...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roberti M,Polosa PL,Bruni F,Musicco C,Gadaleta MN,Cantatore P

    更新日期:2003-03-15 00:00:00

  • Heat effects on DNA repair after ionising radiation: hyperthermia commonly increases the number of non-repaired double-strand breaks and structural rearrangements.

    abstract::After ionising radiation double-strand breaks (dsb) are lethal if not repaired or misrepaired. Cell killing is greatly enhanced by hyperthermia and it is questioned here whether heat not only affects dsb repair capacity but also fidelity in a chromosomal context. dsb repair experiments were designed so as to mainly sc...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: El-Awady RA,Dikomey E,Dahm-Daphi J

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • PHI-base: a new interface and further additions for the multi-species pathogen-host interactions database.

    abstract::The pathogen-host interactions database (PHI-base) is available at PHI-base contains expertly curated molecular and biological information on genes proven to affect the outcome of pathogen-host interactions reported in peer reviewed research articles. In addition, literature that indicates specific ge...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Urban M,Cuzick A,Rutherford K,Irvine A,Pedro H,Pant R,Sadanadan V,Khamari L,Billal S,Mohanty S,Hammond-Kosack KE

    更新日期:2017-01-04 00:00:00

  • EcoCyc: a comprehensive database resource for Escherichia coli.

    abstract::The EcoCyc database ( is a comprehensive source of information on the biology of the prototypical model organism Escherichia coli K12. The mission for EcoCyc is to contain both computable descriptions of, and detailed comments describing, all genes, proteins, pathways and molecular interactions in E...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keseler IM,Collado-Vides J,Gama-Castro S,Ingraham J,Paley S,Paulsen IT,Peralta-Gil M,Karp PD

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Unexpected correlations between gene expression and codon usage bias from microarray data for the whole Escherichia coli K-12 genome.

    abstract::Escherichia coli has long been regarded as a model organism in the study of codon usage bias (CUB). However, most studies in this organism regarding this topic have been computational or, when experimental, restricted to small datasets; particularly poor attention has been given to genes with low CUB. In this work, co...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: dos Reis M,Wernisch L,Savva R

    更新日期:2003-12-01 00:00:00

  • N-terminal phosphorylation of HP1α increases its nucleosome-binding specificity.

    abstract::Heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) is an evolutionarily conserved chromosomal protein that binds to lysine 9-methylated histone H3 (H3K9me), a hallmark of heterochromatin. Although HP1 phosphorylation has been described in several organisms, the biological implications of this modification remain largely elusive. Here we...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nishibuchi G,Machida S,Osakabe A,Murakoshi H,Hiragami-Hamada K,Nakagawa R,Fischle W,Nishimura Y,Kurumizaka H,Tagami H,Nakayama J

    更新日期:2014-11-10 00:00:00

  • Determination of base pairing in Escherichia coli and Bacillus stearothermophilus 5S RNAs by infrared spectroscopy.

    abstract::The extent of base pairing in Escherichia coli and Bacillus stearothermophilus 5S RNAs was determined by infrared spectroscopy. From the infrared spectra taken at 20 degrees and 52 degrees C it is concluded that E. coli and B. stearothermophlius 5S RNAs possess a large number of base pairs (Table I). Comparison of our...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Appel B,Erdmann VA,Stulz J,Ackerman T

    更新日期:1979-10-25 00:00:00

  • Statistical evaluation of differential expression on cDNA nylon arrays with replicated experiments.

    abstract::In this paper we focus on the detection of differentially expressed genes according to changes in hybridization signals using statistical tests. These tests were applied to 14 208 zebrafish cDNA clones that were immobilized on a nylon support and hybridized with radioactively labeled target mRNA from wild-type and lit...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herwig R,Aanstad P,Clark M,Lehrach H

    更新日期:2001-12-01 00:00:00

  • Content discovery and retrieval services at the European Nucleotide Archive.

    abstract::The European Nucleotide Archive (ENA; is Europe's primary resource for nucleotide sequence information. With the growing volume and diversity of public sequencing data comes the need for increased sophistication in data organisation, presentation and search services so as to maximise its disc...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silvester N,Alako B,Amid C,Cerdeño-Tárraga A,Cleland I,Gibson R,Goodgame N,Ten Hoopen P,Kay S,Leinonen R,Li W,Liu X,Lopez R,Pakseresht N,Pallreddy S,Plaister S,Radhakrishnan R,Rossello M,Senf A,Smirnov D,Toribio A

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • The fidelity of template-directed oligonucleotide ligation and its relevance to DNA computation.

    abstract::Several different computational problems have been solved using DNA as a medium. However, the DNA computations that have so far been carried out have examined a relatively small number of possible sequence solutions in order to find correct sequence solutions. We have encoded a search algorithm in DNA that required th...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: James KD,Boles AR,Henckel D,Ellington AD

    更新日期:1998-11-15 00:00:00

  • Automated identification of RNA 3D modules with discriminative power in RNA structural alignments.

    abstract::Recent progress in predicting RNA structure is moving towards filling the 'gap' in 2D RNA structure prediction where, for example, predicted internal loops often form non-canonical base pairs. This is increasingly recognized with the steady increase of known RNA 3D modules. There is a general interest in matching stru...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Theis C,Höner Zu Siederdissen C,Hofacker IL,Gorodkin J

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • The FurA regulon in Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: in silico prediction and experimental validation of novel target genes.

    abstract::In the filamentous cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. PCC 7120, the ferric uptake regulator FurA functions as a global transcriptional regulator. Despite several analyses have focused on elucidating the FurA-regulatory network, the number of target genes described for this essential transcription factor is limited to a handf...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: González A,Angarica VE,Sancho J,Fillat MF

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Gene amplification in methotrexate-resistant mouse cells. IV. Different DNA sequences are amplified in different resistant lines.

    abstract::DNA was purified from double minutes isolated from MTX-resistant EL4/8 mouse lymphoma cells, digested to completion with Bam H1 restriction endonuclease and cloned in lambda-1059. The properties of the library suggest that the DNA from which it was made was not detectably contaminated with non-dm chromosome material, ...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caizzi R,Bostock CJ

    更新日期:1982-11-11 00:00:00

  • Structural organization of Staf-DNA complexes.

    abstract::The transactivator Staf, which contains seven contiguous zinc fingers of the C(2)-H(2)type, exerts its effects on gene expression by binding to specific targets in vertebrate small nuclear RNA (snRNA) and snRNA-type gene promoters. Here, we have investigated the interaction of the Staf zinc finger domain with the opti...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schaub M,Krol A,Carbon P

    更新日期:2000-05-15 00:00:00

  • NF-kappa B-independent activation of beta-interferon expression in mouse F9 embryonal carcinoma cells.

    abstract::We have examined the behaviour of the beta-interferon promoter in mouse F9 embryonal carcinoma cells. In undifferentiated cells, the beta-interferon promoter is not responsive to dsRNA or to Sendai virus. In cells stimulated to differentiate into parietal endoderm by treatment with retinoic acid, the beta-interferon p...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ellis MJ,Goodbourn S

    更新日期:1994-10-25 00:00:00

  • Formation of genes coding for hybrid proteins by recombination between related, cloned genes in E. coli.

    abstract::We describe a method for the formation of hybrid genes by in vivo recombination between two genes with partial sequence homology. DNA structures consisting of plasmid vector sequences, flanked by the alpha 2 interferon gene on the one side and a portion of the alpha 1 interferon gene (homology about 80%) on the other,...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weber H,Weissmann C

    更新日期:1983-08-25 00:00:00

  • Massively parallel characterization of restriction endonucleases.

    abstract::Restriction endonucleases are highly specific in recognizing the particular DNA sequence they act on. However, their activity is affected by sequence context, enzyme concentration and buffer composition. Changes in these factors may lead to either ineffective cleavage at the cognate restriction site or relaxed specifi...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamps-Hughes N,Quimby A,Zhu Z,Johnson EA

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Improving the predictive value of the competence transcription factor (ComK) binding site in Bacillus subtilis using a genomic approach.

    abstract::Generally, the presence of a consensus sequence in the promoter of a gene is taken as indication for regulation by the transcription factor that binds to this sequence. In light of the recent developments in genome research, we were interested to what extent this supposition is valid. We examined the relationship betw...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hamoen LW,Smits WK,de Jong A,Holsappel S,Kuipers OP

    更新日期:2002-12-15 00:00:00

  • Coordination logic of the sensing machinery in the transcriptional regulatory network of Escherichia coli.

    abstract::The active and inactive state of transcription factors in growing cells is usually directed by allosteric physicochemical signals or metabolites, which are in turn either produced in the cell or obtained from the environment by the activity of the products of effector genes. To understand the regulatory dynamics and t...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Janga SC,Salgado H,Martínez-Antonio A,Collado-Vides J

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Misincorporation of dAMP opposite 2-hydroxyadenine, an oxidative form of adenine.

    abstract::Nucleotide incorporation opposite an oxidative form of adenine, 2-hydroxyadenine (2-OH-Ade) was investigated. When a primed template with 2-OH-Ade was treated with an exonuclease-deficient Klenow fragment of Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (KFexo-), recombinant rat DNA polymerase beta (pol beta) or calf thymus DNA p...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamiya H,Ueda T,Ohgi T,Matsukage A,Kasai H

    更新日期:1995-03-11 00:00:00

  • Synthetic promoter design in Escherichia coli based on a deep generative network.

    abstract::Promoter design remains one of the most important considerations in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology applications. Theoretically, there are 450 possible sequences for a 50-nt promoter, of which naturally occurring promoters make up only a small subset. To explore the vast number of potential sequences, we r...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Y,Wang H,Wei L,Li S,Liu L,Wang X

    更新日期:2020-07-09 00:00:00

  • Synthesis and biological evaluation of some phosphate triester derivatives of the anti-cancer drug araC.

    abstract::A number of novel phosphate triester derivatives of the anti-cancer nucleoside analogue araC have been prepared by a rapid 2-step procedure, not necessitating prior sugar protection. Spectroscopic and lipophilicity data have been collected on these compounds. An in vitro assay indicated inhibition of thymidine incorpo...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones BC,McGuigan C,Riley PA

    更新日期:1989-09-25 00:00:00

  • Mg2+ binding and structural stability of mature and in vitro synthesized unmodified Escherichia coli tRNAPhe.

    abstract::Mature tRNAPhe from Escherichia coli and the transcript of its gene lacking modified nucleotides were compared by a variety of physical techniques. Melting experiments revealed that at a low Mg2+level the transcript was partially denatured, while the mature tRNA possessed intact tertiary interactions. Mg2+binding to b...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Serebrov V,Vassilenko K,Kholod N,Gross HJ,Kisselev L

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Quantitative titration of nucleic acids by enzymatic amplification reactions run to saturation.

    abstract::In vitro enzymatic amplification of nucleic acids by PCR or other techniques is a very sensitive method to detect rare DNA segments. We present here a protocol that allows the rapid, sensitive and precise quantification of DNA molecules using PCR amplification run to saturation. The DNA (or cDNA) to be assayed is co-a...

    journal_title:Nucleic acids research

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pannetier C,Delassus S,Darche S,Saucier C,Kourilsky P

    更新日期:1993-02-11 00:00:00