Chemical transfer of dissolved organic matter from surface seawater to sea spray water-soluble organic aerosol in the marine atmosphere.


:It is critical to understand how variations in chemical composition in surface seawater (SSW) affect the chemistry of marine atmospheric aerosols. We investigated the sea-to-air transfer of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) via cruise measurements of both ambient aerosols and SSW in the Oyashio and its coastal regions, the western subarctic Pacific during early spring. Sea spray aerosols (SSAs) were selected based on the stable carbon isotope ratio of water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) (δ13CWSOC) and concentrations of glucose as a molecular tracer in marine aerosols together with local surface wind speed data. For both SSA and SSW samples, excitation-emission matrices were obtained to examine the transfer of fluorescent organic material. We found that the ratios of fluorescence intensity of humic-like and protein-like substances in the submicrometer SSAs were significantly larger than those in the bulk SSW (~63%). This ratio was also larger for the supermicrometer SSAs than for the SSW. The results suggest significant decomposition of protein-like DOC on a timescale of <12-24 h and/or preferential production of humic-like substances in the atmospheric aerosols regardless of the particle size. This study provides unique insights into the complex transfer of DOC from the ocean surface to the atmosphere.


Sci Rep


Scientific reports


Miyazaki Y,Yamashita Y,Kawana K,Tachibana E,Kagami S,Mochida M,Suzuki K,Nishioka J




Has Abstract


2018-10-05 00:00:00












  • Hearing in slow-motion: Humans underestimate the speed of moving sounds.

    abstract::Perception can often be described as a statistically optimal inference process whereby noisy and incomplete sensory evidence is combined with prior knowledge about natural scene statistics. Previous evidence has shown that humans tend to underestimate the speed of unreliable moving visual stimuli. This finding has bee...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Senna I,Parise CV,Ernst MO

    更新日期:2015-09-15 00:00:00

  • EnSVMB: Metagenomics Fragments Classification using Ensemble SVM and BLAST.

    abstract::Metagenomics brings in new discoveries and insights into the uncultured microbial world. One fundamental task in metagenomics analysis is to determine the taxonomy of raw sequence fragments. Modern sequencing technologies produce relatively short fragments and greatly increase the number of fragments, and thus make th...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jiang Y,Wang J,Xia D,Yu G

    更新日期:2017-08-25 00:00:00

  • Experimental observation of weak non-Markovianity.

    abstract::Non-Markovianity has recently attracted large interest due to significant advances in its characterization and its exploitation for quantum information processing. However, up to now, only non-Markovian regimes featuring environment to system backflow of information (strong non-Markovianity) have been experimentally s...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bernardes NK,Cuevas A,Orieux A,Monken CH,Mataloni P,Sciarrino F,Santos MF

    更新日期:2015-12-02 00:00:00

  • Characterization and diversity of phages infecting Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida.

    abstract::Phages infecting Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, the causative agent of the fish disease furunculosis, have been isolated for decades but very few of them have been characterized. Here, the host range of 12 virulent phages, including three isolated in the present study, was evaluated against a panel of 65 A....

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vincent AT,Paquet VE,Bernatchez A,Tremblay DM,Moineau S,Charette SJ

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Biology and survival of extremely halophilic archaeon Haloarcula marismortui RR12 isolated from Mumbai salterns, India in response to salinity stress.

    abstract::Haloarchaea are unique microorganism's resistant to environmental and osmotic stresses and thrive in their habitats despite extreme fluctuating salinities. In the present study, haloarchaea were isolated from hypersaline thalossohaline salterns of Bhandup, Mumbai, India and were identified as Haloferax prahovense, Hal...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thombre RS,Shinde VD,Oke RS,Dhar SK,Shouche YS

    更新日期:2016-05-27 00:00:00

  • Isolation, characterization and antifungal docking studies of wortmannin isolated from Penicillium radicum.

    abstract::During the search for a potent antifungal drug, a cell-permeable metabolite was isolated from a soil isolate taxonomically identified as Penicillium radicum. The strain was found to be a potent antifungal agent. Production conditions of the active compound were optimized and the active compound was isolated, purified,...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh V,Praveen V,Tripathi D,Haque S,Somvanshi P,Katti SB,Tripathi CK

    更新日期:2015-07-10 00:00:00

  • Establishment and characterization of patient-derived tumor xenograft using gastroscopic biopsies in gastric cancer.

    abstract::The patient-derived tumor xenograft (PDTX) model has become the most realistic model for preclinical studies. PDTX models of gastric cancer using surgical tissues are reported occasionally; however, the PDTX models using gastroscopic biopsies, which are best for evaluating new drugs, are unreported. In our study, a to...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhu Y,Tian T,Li Z,Tang Z,Wang L,Wu J,Li Y,Dong B,Li Y,Li N,Zou J,Gao J,Shen L

    更新日期:2015-02-25 00:00:00

  • Somatic Copy Number Alterations at Oncogenic Loci Show Diverse Correlations with Gene Expression.

    abstract::Somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs) affecting oncogenic drivers have a firmly established role in promoting cancer. However, no agreed-upon standard exists for calling locus-specific amplifications and deletions in each patient sample. Here, we report the correlative analysis of copy number amplitude and length wi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Roszik J,Wu CJ,Siroy AE,Lazar AJ,Davies MA,Woodman SE,Kwong LN

    更新日期:2016-01-20 00:00:00

  • Epigenetic repression of ribosomal RNA transcription by ROCK-dependent aberrant cytoskeletal organization.

    abstract::It is known that ribosomal RNA (rRNA) synthesis is regulated by cellular energy and proliferation status. In this study, we investigated rRNA gene transcription in response to cytoskeletal stress. Our data revealed that the cell shape constrained by isotropic but not elongated micropatterns in HeLa cells led to a sign...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wu TH,Kuo YY,Lee HH,Kuo JC,Ou MH,Chang ZF

    更新日期:2016-06-28 00:00:00

  • ADME-Space: a new tool for medicinal chemists to explore ADME properties.

    abstract::We introduce a new chemical space for drugs and drug-like molecules, exclusively based on their in silico ADME behaviour. This ADME-Space is based on self-organizing map (SOM) applied to 26,000 molecules. Twenty accurate QSPR models, describing important ADME properties, were developed and, successively, used as new m...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bocci G,Carosati E,Vayer P,Arrault A,Lozano S,Cruciani G

    更新日期:2017-07-25 00:00:00

  • A smartphone app to reduce excessive alcohol consumption: Identifying the effectiveness of intervention components in a factorial randomised control trial.

    abstract::Our aim was to evaluate intervention components of an alcohol reduction app: Drink Less. Excessive drinkers (AUDIT>=8) were recruited to test enhanced versus minimal (reduced functionality) versions of five app modules in a 25 factorial trial. Modules were: Self-monitoring and Feedback, Action Planning, Identity Chang...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Crane D,Garnett C,Michie S,West R,Brown J

    更新日期:2018-03-12 00:00:00

  • Demonstration of ion channel synthesis by isolated squid giant axon provides functional evidence for localized axonal membrane protein translation.

    abstract::Local translation of membrane proteins in neuronal subcellular domains like soma, dendrites and axon termini is well-documented. In this study, we isolated the electrical signaling unit of an axon by dissecting giant axons from mature squids (Dosidicus gigas). Axoplasm extracted from these axons was found to contain r...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathur C,Johnson KR,Tong BA,Miranda P,Srikumar D,Basilio D,Latorre R,Bezanilla F,Holmgren M

    更新日期:2018-02-02 00:00:00

  • Imaging mass spectrometry and MS/MS molecular networking reveals chemical interactions among cuticular bacteria and pathogenic fungi associated with fungus-growing ants.

    abstract::The fungus-growing ant-microbe symbiosis is an ideal system to study chemistry-based microbial interactions due to the wealth of microbial interactions described, and the lack of information on the molecules involved therein. In this study, we employed a combination of MALDI imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS) and M...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boya P CA,Fernández-Marín H,Mejía LC,Spadafora C,Dorrestein PC,Gutiérrez M

    更新日期:2017-07-17 00:00:00

  • Anti-HERV-WEnv antibodies are correlated with seroreactivity against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis in children and youths at T1D risk.

    abstract::Recent evidence points at the role that human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) may play through the activation of genes integrated across the human genome. Although a variety of genetic/epigenetic mechanisms maintain most HERVs silenced, independent environmental stimuli including infections may transactivate endogenou...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Niegowska M,Wajda-Cuszlag M,Stępień-Ptak G,Trojanek J,Michałkiewicz J,Szalecki M,Sechi LA

    更新日期:2019-04-18 00:00:00

  • Deep placement of controlled-release urea effectively enhanced nitrogen use efficiency and fresh ear yield of sweet corn in fluvo-aquic soil.

    abstract::Application of controlled-release urea (CRU) improves crop yield and nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) compared with conventional urea. However, the effectiveness of CRU differs with fertilization placement. A two site-year field experiment was carried out in fluvo-aquic soil in central China to study the effects of two N...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu W,Xiong Y,Xu X,Xu F,Hussain S,Xiong H,Yuan J

    更新日期:2019-12-30 00:00:00

  • Genome-level identification of targets of Hox protein Ultrabithorax in Drosophila: novel mechanisms for target selection.

    abstract::Hox proteins are transcription factors and key regulators of segmental identity along the anterior posterior axis across all bilaterian animals. Despite decades of research, the mechanisms by which Hox proteins select and regulate their targets remain elusive. We have carried out whole-genome ChIP-chip experiments to ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agrawal P,Habib F,Yelagandula R,Shashidhara LS

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • In silico/In vivo analysis of high-risk papillomavirus L1 and L2 conserved sequences for development of cross-subtype prophylactic vaccine.

    abstract::Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the world and the main cause of cervical cancer. Nowadays, the virus-like particles (VLPs) based on L1 proteins have been considered as the best candidate for vaccine development against HPV infections. Two commercial HPV (Gardasil and Cer...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Namvar A,Bolhassani A,Javadi G,Noormohammadi Z

    更新日期:2019-10-23 00:00:00

  • Regenerative potential of induced pluripotent stem cells derived from patients undergoing haemodialysis in kidney regeneration.

    abstract::Kidney regeneration from pluripotent stem cells is receiving a lot of attention because limited treatments are currently available for chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has been shown that uremic state in CKD is toxic to somatic stem/progenitor cells, such as endothelial progenitor and mesenchymal stem cells, affecting...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tajiri S,Yamanaka S,Fujimoto T,Matsumoto K,Taguchi A,Nishinakamura R,Okano HJ,Yokoo T

    更新日期:2018-10-08 00:00:00

  • Strain induced piezoelectric effect in black phosphorus and MoS2 van der Waals heterostructure.

    abstract::The structural, electronic, transport and optical properties of black phosphorus/MoS2 (BP/MoS2) van der Waals (vdw) heterostructure are investigated by using first principles calculations. The band gap of BP/MoS2 bilayer decreases with the applied normal compressive strain and a semiconductor-to-metal transition is ob...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huang L,Li Y,Wei Z,Li J

    更新日期:2015-11-10 00:00:00

  • SiC transmission-type polarization rotator using a large magneto-optical effect boosted and stabilized by dressed photons.

    abstract::This paper reports the fabrication and operation of a transmission-type polarization rotator for visible light with a wavelength of 450 nm using indirect-transition-type semiconductor crystalline SiC in which Al atoms were implanted as a p-type dopant. A novel dressed-photon-phonon (DPP)-assisted annealing method was ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kadowaki T,Kawazoe T,Ohtsu M

    更新日期:2020-07-31 00:00:00

  • High-performance graphene-quantum-dot photodetectors.

    abstract::Graphene quantum dots (GQDs) have received much attention due to their novel phenomena of charge transport and light absorption/emission. The optical transitions are known to be available up to ~6 eV in GQDs, especially useful for ultraviolet (UV) photodetectors (PDs). Thus, the demonstration of photodetection gain wi...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim CO,Hwang SW,Kim S,Shin DH,Kang SS,Kim JM,Jang CW,Kim JH,Lee KW,Choi SH,Hwang E

    更新日期:2014-07-07 00:00:00

  • Along-shelf connectivity and circumpolar gene flow in Antarctic silverfish (Pleuragramma antarctica).

    abstract::The Antarctic silverfish (Pleuragramma antarctica) is a critically important forage species with a circumpolar distribution and is unique among other notothenioid species for its wholly pelagic life cycle. Previous studies have provided mixed evidence of population structure over regional and circumpolar scales. The a...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caccavo JA,Papetti C,Wetjen M,Knust R,Ashford JR,Zane L

    更新日期:2018-12-14 00:00:00

  • Thermoresponsive motor behavior is mediated by ring neuron circuits in the central complex of Drosophila.

    abstract::Insects are ectothermal animals that are constrained in their survival and reproduction by external temperature fluctuations which require either active avoidance of or movement towards a given heat source. In Drosophila, different thermoreceptors and neurons have been identified that mediate temperature sensation to ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buhl E,Kottler B,Hodge JJL,Hirth F

    更新日期:2021-01-08 00:00:00

  • Spatiotemporal patterns of extreme sea levels along the western North-Atlantic coasts.

    abstract::The western North-Atlantic coast experienced major coastal floods in recent years. Coastal floods are primarily composed of tides and storm surges due to tropical (TCs) and extra-tropical cyclones (ETCs). We present a reanalysis from 1988 to 2015 of extreme sea levels that explicitly include TCs for the western North-...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Muis S,Lin N,Verlaan M,Winsemius HC,Ward PJ,Aerts JCJH

    更新日期:2019-03-04 00:00:00

  • DNA methylation landscape of ocular tissue relative to matched peripheral blood.

    abstract::Epigenetic variation is implicated in a range of non-communicable diseases, including those of the eye. However, investigating the role of epigenetic variation in central tissues, such as eye or brain, remains problematic and peripheral tissues are often used as surrogates. In this study, matched human blood and eye t...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hewitt AW,Januar V,Sexton-Oates A,Joo JE,Franchina M,Wang JJ,Liang H,Craig JE,Saffery R

    更新日期:2017-04-13 00:00:00

  • Distribution of petroleum degrading genes and factor analysis of petroleum contaminated soil from the Dagang Oilfield, China.

    abstract::Genes that encode for enzymes that can degrade petroleum hydrocarbons (PHs) are critical for the ability of microorganisms to bioremediate soils contaminated with PHs. Distributions of two petroleum-degrading genes AlkB and Nah in soils collected from three zones of the Dagang Oilfield, Tianjin, China were investigate...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu Q,Tang J,Bai Z,Hecker M,Giesy JP

    更新日期:2015-06-18 00:00:00

  • Free mate choice does not influence reproductive success in humans.

    abstract::The effect of free mate choice on the relative magnitude of fitness benefits has been examined among various species. The majority of the data show significant fitness benefits of mating with partners of an individual's own choice, highlighting elevated behavioral compatibility between partners with free mate choice. ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sorokowski P,Groyecka A,Karwowski M,Manral U,Kumar A,Niemczyk A,Marczak M,Misiak M,Sorokowska A,Huanca T,Conde E,Wojciszke B,Pawłowski B

    更新日期:2017-08-31 00:00:00

  • Publisher Correction: PP2A inhibition from LB100 therapy enhances daunorubicin cytotoxicity in secondary acute myeloid leukemia via miR-181b-1 upregulation.

    abstract::A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper. ...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章,已发布勘误


    authors: Hu C,Yu M,Ren Y,Li K,Maggio DM,Mei C,Ye L,Wei J,Jin J,Zhuang Z,Tong H

    更新日期:2017-11-07 00:00:00

  • Chronic stepwise cerebral hypoperfusion differentially induces synaptic proteome changes in the frontal cortex, occipital cortex, and hippocampus in rats.

    abstract::During chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH), the cerebral blood flow gradually decreases, leading to cognitive impairments and neurodegenerative disorders, such as vascular dementia. The reduced oxygenation, energy supply induced metabolic changes, and insufficient neuroplasticity could be reflected in the synaptic pr...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tukacs V,Mittli D,Györffy BA,Hunyady-Gulyás É,Hlatky D,Tóth V,Ravasz L,Medzihradszky FK,Nyitrai G,Czurkó A,Juhász G,Kardos J,Kékesi KA

    更新日期:2020-09-29 00:00:00

  • Cicada-inspired cell-instructive nanopatterned arrays.

    abstract::Biocompatible surfaces hold key to a variety of biomedical problems that are directly related to the competition between host-tissue cell integration and bacterial colonisation. A saving solution to this is seen in the ability of cells to uniquely respond to physical cues on such surfaces thus prompting the search for...

    journal_title:Scientific reports

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Diu T,Faruqui N,Sjöström T,Lamarre B,Jenkinson HF,Su B,Ryadnov MG

    更新日期:2014-11-20 00:00:00