Choices for long-term hypertensive control in patients after first-ever hemorrhagic stroke: a nationwide cohort study.

Abstract:

Background:To compare the long-term clinical outcomes of different antihypertensive drugs in stable patients after acute hemorrhagic stroke (HS). Methods:From January 2001 to December 2013, patients with first-ever primary HS were identified in the National Health Insurance Research Database, Taiwan. Patients with traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and secondary HS were excluded. Those with first-ever HS were recruited and classified into three groups: (1) angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker (ACEI/ARB); (2) calcium channel blocker (CCB); and (3) other antihypertensive drugs (comparison) groups. Propensity score matching was used to balance the distribution of baseline characteristics, stroke severity, and medications between any two of the three groups. A validation study was performed using the databank of the Stroke Registry in Chang-Gung Healthcare System to reduce the bias. Primary outcomes were recurrent HS, ischemic stroke, any stroke, and all-cause mortality. Results:Compared to the comparison group, the ACEI/ARB group [35.4% versus 39.3%; hazard ratio (HR), 0.84; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.74-0.95] and CCB group (33.0% versus 41.9%; HR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.64-0.81) had a lower risk of all-cause mortality during long-term follow up. The CCB group had a similar risk of all-cause mortality to the ACEI/ARB group. Risks of recurrent HS, ischemic stroke, or any stroke were not different between the study groups. Conclusions:Antihypertensive drug class could be important to long-term outcomes in HS patients in addition to the target control of blood pressure. Both ACEIs/ARBs and CCBs are associated with lower risks of all-cause mortality. Our results may be applied to inform future research on hypertensive control in HS patients.

journal_name

Ther Adv Neurol Disord

authors

Liu CH,Lin YS,Chi CC,Liou CW,Lee JD,Peng TI,Lee TH

doi

10.1177/1756286418802688

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-09-28 00:00:00

pages

1756286418802688

eissn

1756-2856

issn

1756-2864

pii

10.1177_1756286418802688

journal_volume

11

pub_type

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