Heterogeneity of a landscape influences size of home range in a North American cervid.

Abstract:

:In the northeastern United States, chronic wasting disease has recently been detected in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) populations, and understanding the relationship between landscape configuration and home range may improve disease surveillance and containment efforts. The objectives of our study were to compare size of home range for deer occupying a continuum of forested landscapes and to investigate relationships between size of home range and measures of landscape configuration. We used a movement-based kernel density estimator to estimate home range at five spatial scales among deer across study areas. We developed 7 linear regression models that used measures of the configuration of the forested landscape to explain size of home range. We observed differences in size of home range between sexes among areas that differed based on landscape configuration. We documented size of home range changed with various metrics that identifying connectivity of forested patches. Generally, size of home range increased with an increasing proportion of homogenous forest. Our results suggest that deer in our region occupy a landscape at hierarchically-nested scales that is controlled by the connectivity of the forested landscape across local or broad geographical regions.

journal_name

Sci Rep

journal_title

Scientific reports

authors

Walter WD,Evans TS,Stainbrook D,Wallingford BD,Rosenberry CS,Diefenbach DR

doi

10.1038/s41598-018-32937-7

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-10-02 00:00:00

pages

14667

issue

1

issn

2045-2322

pii

10.1038/s41598-018-32937-7

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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