A new evaluation method for instructors of advanced cardiac life support.


:This study evaluated the ability of a specific educational program to teach instructors of advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) how to identify errors committed by team leaders of cardiac arrest simulations. The design compared experimental and control groups for differences in identification of critical performance errors, grade assignments and errors specifically emphasized in the educational program. The group receiving the educational program documented more critical performance errors (1.70 vs. 1.10, P = 0.006), made more correct grade assignments (2.35 vs. 2.0, P = 0.026), and identified more errors that were emphasized in the educational program (3.61 vs. 2.25, P = 0.0001) than the control group. The data strongly suggests that the educational program accounted for the observed differences.






Goldman SL,Thompson B,Whitcomb J




Has Abstract


1986-11-01 00:00:00














  • CREWS: improving specificity whilst maintaining sensitivity of the National Early Warning Score in patients with chronic hypoxaemia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The National Early Warning Score (NEWS) is being introduced across the UK, but there are concerns about its specificity in patients with chronic hypoxaemia, such as some patients with COPD. This could lead to frequent clinically insignificant triggers and alarm fatigue. AIMS OF STUDY:To investigate whether ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eccles SR,Subbe C,Hancock D,Thomson N

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of intracerebroventricular application of the caspase-3 inhibitor zDEVD-FMK on neurological outcome and neuronal cell death after global cerebral ischaemia due to cardiac arrest in rats.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Global cerebral ischaemia after cardiac arrest (CA) leads to programmed cell death (PCD) with characteristic signs of apoptosis in selectively vulnerable areas of the brain. The activation of caspase-3, an executioner caspase, plays a key role in the apoptotic cascade. We, therefore, studied the effects of t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Teschendorf P,Vogel P,Wippel A,Krumnikl JJ,Spöhr F,Böttiger BW,Popp E

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Intubating laryngeal mask airway placement by non-physician healthcare providers in management out-of-hospital cardiac arrests: a case series.

    abstract:AIM OF THE STUDY:The role of supralaryngeal devices in airway management in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) remains controversial. The aim of this prospective observational trial was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) when used by trained prehospital emergenc...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tritsch L,Boet S,Pottecher J,Joshi GP,Diemunsch P

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Ventricular fibrillation waveform characteristics of the surface ECG: Impact of the left ventricular diameter and mass.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite a promising association between VF waveform characteristics and prognosis after resuscitation, studies with VF-guided treatment have so far not improved outcomes. While driven by the idea that the VF waveform reflects arrest duration, increasing evidence suggests that pre-existent disease-related cha...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bonnes JL,Thannhauser J,Nas J,Westra SW,Jansen RMG,Meinsma G,de Boer MJ,Smeets JLRM,Keuper W,Brouwer MA

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Conservative oxygen therapy in mechanically ventilated patients following cardiac arrest: A retrospective nested cohort study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In mechanically ventilated (MV) cardiac arrest (CA) survivors admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) avoidance of hypoxia is considered crucial. However, avoidance of hyperoxia may also be important. A conservative approach to oxygen therapy may reduce exposure to both. METHODS:We evaluated the introduct...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eastwood GM,Tanaka A,Espinoza ED,Peck L,Young H,Mårtensson J,Zhang L,Glassford NJ,Hsiao YF,Suzuki S,Bellomo R

    更新日期:2016-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effectiveness of different compression-to-ventilation methods for cardiopulmonary resuscitation: A systematic review.

    abstract:AIM:To compare the effectiveness of different compression-to-ventilation methods during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with cardiac arrest. METHODS:We searched MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from inception until January 2016. We included experimental, quasi-experimental, an...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ashoor HM,Lillie E,Zarin W,Pham B,Khan PA,Nincic V,Yazdi F,Ghassemi M,Ivory J,Cardoso R,Perkins GD,de Caen AR,Tricco AC,ILCOR Basic Life Support Task Force.

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of two intraosseous infusion systems for adult emergency medical use.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The current guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) stipulate that an intraosseous access should be placed if establishing a peripheral venous access for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) would involve delays. The aim of this study was therefore to compare a manual intraosseous infusion te...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Brenner T,Bernhard M,Helm M,Doll S,Völkl A,Ganion N,Friedmann C,Sikinger M,Knapp J,Martin E,Gries A

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Anomalous coronary artery causing transmural ischaemia and ventricular tachycardia in a high school athlete.

    abstract::A previously asymptomatic 15-year-old boy was treated at our institution after an episode of chest pain, palpitation, and syncope while playing in a high school soccer game. The patient's resting electrocardiogram was normal. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed an anomalous left main coronary artery originating from...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vianna CB,Gonzalez MM,Dallan LA,Shiozaki AA,Medeiros FM,Britto PC,Cesar LA

    更新日期:2007-07-01 00:00:00

  • Ivabradine but not propranolol delays the time to onset of ischaemia-induced ventricular fibrillation by preserving myocardial metabolic energy status.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Heart rate reduction (HRR) has shown a beneficial impact on the prevention of ventricular fibrillation, which could be explained by increased myocardial blood flow and preservation of mitochondrial structure. Here, we assessed the HRR impact on time to onset of ventricular fibrillation (TOVF) and myocardial m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vaillant F,Dehina L,Dizerens N,Bui-Xuan B,Tabib A,Lauzier B,Chevalier P,Descotes J,Timour Q

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • Hyperoxia, hypocapnia and hypercapnia as outcome factors after cardiac arrest in children.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Arterial hyperoxia after resuscitation has been associated with increased mortality in adults. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that post-resuscitation hyperoxia and hypocapnia are associated with increased mortality after resuscitation in pediatric patients. METHODS:We performed a prospective ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Del Castillo J,López-Herce J,Matamoros M,Cañadas S,Rodriguez-Calvo A,Cechetti C,Rodriguez-Núñez A,Alvarez AC,Iberoamerican Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Study Network RIBEPCI.

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • The relationship between time to arrival of emergency medical services (EMS) and survival from out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest.

    abstract:AIM:We examined the relationship between time from collapse to arrival of emergency medical services (EMS) and survival to hospital discharge for out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrests in order to determine meaningful interpretations of this association. METHODS:We calculated survival rates in 1-min ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gold LS,Fahrenbruch CE,Rea TD,Eisenberg MS

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Sports activity and paediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest at schools in Japan.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Sudden cardiac death during exercise or sports is an important problem among young athletes and non-athletes. An understanding of the epidemiological features of sports-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) among children is crucial for planning approaches for prevention and better outcomes of paedia...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sado J,Kiyohara K,Kitamura T,Matsui S,Ayusawa M,Nitta M,Iwami T,Nakata K,Sobue T,Kitamura Y,SPIRITS investigators.

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Resuscitation of the newly born infant: an advisory statement from the Pediatric Working Group of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation.

    abstract::The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), with representation from North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Africa, and South America, was formed in 1992 to provide a forum for liaison between resuscitation organizations in the developed world. This consensus document on resuscitation extends...


    pub_type: 共识发展会议,指南,杂志文章,实务指引,评审


    authors: Kattwinkel J,Niermeyer S,Nadkarni V,Tibballs J,Phillips B,Zideman D,Van Reempts P,Osmond M

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00

  • Over-transfusion ascites.

    abstract::A 12-year-old girl was injured in a traffic accident and suffered fractures of all the long bones of both legs. During the operation she received 10 l of lactated Ringer's solution, 3 l of 0.9% NaCl, and 2 l of 5% glucose, until blood was available, because of difficulty in its cross-matching. Her hemoglobin dropped t...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eldor J,Olsha O,Farkas A

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • A model for regional blood flow measurements during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a swine model.

    abstract::Recent reports examining regional blood flow during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been criticized for several reasons: (1) cardiac arrest times of 5 min or less are not reflective of the prehospital setting, (2) anesthetic agents may significantly influence autonomic control of regional blood flow, (3) cani...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor RB,Brown CG,Bridges T,Werman HA,Ashton J,Hamlin RL

    更新日期:1988-04-01 00:00:00

  • Appropriate documentation of confirmation of endotracheal tube position and relationship to patient outcome from in-hospital cardiac arrest.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the rate of appropriate documentation of endotracheal tube (ET) position confirmation in the American Heart Association's Get With the Guidelines-Resuscitation (GWTG-R) and to determine whether outcomes of patients who experience in-hospital cardiac arrest differ in relation to documentation rat...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Phelan MP,Ornato JP,Peberdy MA,Hustey FM,American Heart Association's Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation Investigators.

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • The opioid/anti-opioid balance in shock: a new target for therapy in resuscitation.

    abstract::Teleologically, pain is of paramount importance for survival and induces the organism to cope in an active way with aggressions from a basically hostile environment. While the activation of endogenous analgesic (opioid) systems typically occurs in conditions of surrender (pre-terminal conditions, sustained tortures, e...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bertolini A

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Intra-arrest transoesophageal echocardiographic findings and resuscitation outcomes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND/AIM:The relationship between echocardiographic findings of intra-arrest TEE and resuscitation outcomes was not clearly identified. We assessed echocardiographic findings observed in intra-arrest TEE and its relationship with resuscitation outcomes. METHODS:This retrospective observational study analysed adu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jung WJ,Cha KC,Kim YW,Kim YS,Roh YI,Kim SJ,Kim HS,Hwang SO

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Continuous electrodermal activity as a potential novel neurophysiological biomarker of prognosis after cardiac arrest--A pilot study.

    abstract:AIMS:Neurological outcome prognosis remains challenging in patients undergoing therapeutic hypothermia (TH) after cardiac resuscitation. Technological advances allow for a novel wrist-worn device to continuously record electrodermal activity (EDA), a measure of pure sympathetic activity. METHODS:A prospective cohort s...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alvarez V,Reinsberger C,Scirica B,O'Brien MH,Avery KR,Henderson G,Lee JW

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of the direct transfer to percutaneous coronary intervention-capable hospitals on survival to hospital discharge for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

    abstract:AIMS:Patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are frequently transported to the closest hospital. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is often indicated following OHCA. This study's primary objective was to determine the association between being transported to a PCI-capable hospital and survi...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cournoyer A,Notebaert É,de Montigny L,Ross D,Cossette S,Londei-Leduc L,Iseppon M,Lamarche Y,Sokoloff C,Potter BJ,Vadeboncoeur A,Larose D,Morris J,Daoust R,Chauny JM,Piette É,Paquet J,Cavayas YA,de Champlain F,Segal

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of lifesaving from drowning as reported by the Swedish Fire and Rescue Services 1996-2010.

    abstract:AIM:We aimed to describe characteristics associated with rescue from drowning as reported by the Swedish Fire and Rescue Services (SFARS) and their association with survival from the Out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) registry. METHOD:This retrospective study is based on the OHCA registry and the Swedish Civil Cont...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Claesson A,Lindqvist J,Ortenwall P,Herlitz J

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • What is the outcome of cancer patients admitted to the ICU after cardiac arrest? Results from a multicenter study.

    abstract:AIM:Low survival rate was previously described after cardiac arrest in cancer patients and may challenge the appropriateness of intensive care unit (ICU) admission after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Objectives of this study were to report outcome and characteristics of cancer patients admitted to the ICU a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Champigneulle B,Merceron S,Lemiale V,Geri G,Mokart D,Bruneel F,Vincent F,Perez P,Mayaux J,Cariou A,Azoulay E

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Platonin mitigates acute lung injury in haemorrhagic shock rats.

    abstract:AIM OF THE STUDY:Enhanced oxidative stress and inflammatory response are crucial in mediating the development of acute lung injury induced by haemorrhagic shock with resuscitation. Platonin, a potent antioxidant, possesses potent anti-inflammation capacity. We sought to elucidate whether platonin could mitigate acute l...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chu HN,Tsai PS,Wang TY,Huang CJ

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Isolated profound cerebral cooling with a bi-carotid heat exchanger shunt in dogs.

    abstract::Intracerebral temperatures of 15 degrees C have been achieved in 20 canine brains using a simple cannulation of the carotid arteries and interposition of a highly efficient heat exchanger. The appropriate changes in cardiovascular function and cerebral electrical activities have been documented. The extracorporeal sys...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: White RJ,Locke GE,Albin MS

    更新日期:1983-02-01 00:00:00

  • Low rates of immediate coronary angiography among young adults resuscitated from sudden cardiac arrest.

    abstract:AIM:Coronary artery disease (CAD) has recently been emphasized as a major cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) in young adults. We aim to assess the rate of immediate coronary angiography performance in young patients resuscitated from SCA. METHODS:From May 2011 to May 2017, all cases of out-of-hospital SCA aged 18-40...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Waldmann V,Karam N,Rischard J,Bougouin W,Sharifzadehgan A,Dumas F,Narayanan K,Sideris G,Voicu S,Gandjbakhch E,Jost D,Lamhaut L,Ludes B,Plu I,Beganton F,Wahbi K,Varenne O,Megarbane B,Algalarrondo V,Extramiana F,Lel

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Low serum Kallistatin level was associated with poor neurological outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors: Proteomics study.

    abstract:AIM OF THE STUDY:To identify proteins of which depletion are associated with the poor 6-month neurological outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors. METHODS:Seven healthy volunteers and 34 out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and underwent targeted-temperature m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jung YS,Kwon WY,Suh GJ,Moon S,Han MH,Youn JI,Seo SU,Kim KS,Seong SY

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Usefulness of a new rapid bedside troponin T assay in patients with chest pain.

    abstract::We evaluated the usefulness of a rapid, qualitative, bedside immunoassay for cardiac-specific troponin T in patients with chest pain. A concordant result between quantitative troponin T and qualitative troponin T assay was observed in 183 (96%) tests. The sensitivity of the rapid troponin T assay for detecting acute m...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hirschl MM,Lechleitner P,Friedrich G,Sint G,Sterz F,Binder M,Dienstl F,Laggner AN

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Trials of teaching methods in basic life support (4): comparison of simulated CPR performance at unannounced home testing after conventional or staged training.

    abstract::This study compares the retention of basic life support (BLS) skills after 6 and 12 months by lay persons trained either in a conventional manner, or using a staged approach. Three classes, each of 2h, were offered to volunteers over a period of 4 months. For the conventional group, the second and third classes consis...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Smith A,Colquhoun M,Woollard M,Handley AJ,Kern KB,Chamberlain D

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Aetiology of in-hospital cardiac arrest on general wards.

    abstract:AIM:Aetiology of in-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCAs) on general wards has not been studied. We aimed to determine the underlying causes for IHCAs by the means of autopsy records and clinical judgement of the treating consultants. Furthermore, we investigated whether aetiology and preceding vital dysfunctions are associ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tirkkonen J,Hellevuo H,Olkkola KT,Hoppu S

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of a defibrillator-basic cardiopulmonary resuscitation programme for non medical personnel.

    abstract::To improve the outcome for out-of-hospital patients with ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VF/VT), the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) by first responders including non-medical personnel with a duty to respond to an emergency is recommended. A special CPR-AED course has been d...


    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Wik L,Dorph E,Auestad B,Andreas Steen P

    更新日期:2003-02-01 00:00:00