Dynamics of genetically engineered hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells after autologous transplantation in humans.

Abstract:

:Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) are endowed with the role of generating and maintaining lifelong the extremely diverse pool of blood cells1. Clinically, transplantation of human HSPC from an allogeneic healthy donor or infusion of autologous gene-corrected HSPC can effectively replenish defective blood cell production caused by congenital or acquired disorders2-9. However, due to methodological and ethical constraints that have limited the study of human HSPC primarily to in vitro assays10 or xenotransplantation models11,12, the in vivo activity of HSPC has to date remained relatively unexplored in humans13-16. Here we report a comprehensive study of the frequencies, dynamics and output of seven HSPC subtypes in humans that was performed by tracking 148,093 individual clones in six patients treated with lentiviral gene therapy using autologous HSPC transplantation and followed for up to 5 years. We discovered that primitive multipotent progenitor and hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) populations have distinct roles during the initial reconstitution after transplant, compared with subsequent steady-state phases. Furthermore, we showed that a fraction of in vitro-activated HSC are resilient and undergo a defined delayed activation period upon transplant. Finally, our data support the concept that early lymphoid-biased progenitors might be capable of long-term survival, such that they can be maintained independently of their continuous production from HSC. Overall, this study provides comprehensive data on HSPC dynamics after autologous transplantation and gene therapy in humans.

journal_name

Nat Med

journal_title

Nature medicine

authors

Scala S,Basso-Ricci L,Dionisio F,Pellin D,Giannelli S,Salerio FA,Leonardelli L,Cicalese MP,Ferrua F,Aiuti A,Biasco L

doi

10.1038/s41591-018-0195-3

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-11-01 00:00:00

pages

1683-1690

issue

11

eissn

1078-8956

issn

1546-170X

pii

10.1038/s41591-018-0195-3

journal_volume

24

pub_type

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