In vivo effects of mercury (II) on deoxyuridine triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase, DNA polymerase (alpha, beta), and uracil-DNA glycosylase activities in cultured human cells: relationship to DNA damage, DNA repair, and cytotoxicity.

Abstract:

:The effect of mercuric acetate on the activities of deoxyuridine triphosphate nucleotidohydrolase (dUTPase), DNA polymerase (alpha, beta), and uracil-DNA glycosylase has been studied in cultured human KB cells. There was a dose- and time-dependent inactivation of both dUTPase and DNA polymerase alpha activities by mercuric acetate. In cells exposed to low concentrations (10 microM) of mercuric acetate, dUTPase was most sensitive to inhibition with 30% of the activity being inhibited after a 1-hr exposure. At higher concentrations or for longer exposure times, DNA polymerase alpha was most sensitive to inhibition with greater than 60% of the activity being inhibited by 25 microM mercuric acetate after a 15-min exposure. There was no inhibition of DNA polymerase beta or uracil-DNA glycosylase activities in cells exposed to 50 microM mercuric acetate for 90 min. In fact, there was a time- and dose-dependent activation of uracil-DNA glycosylase activity with maximum activation occurring in cells exposed to 50 microM mercuric acetate. The inhibition of dUTPase and DNA polymerase alpha activities and the activation of uracil-DNA glycosylase activity correlated with the induction of single-strand breaks in DNA by mercuric acetate and with the decrease in cell viability.

journal_name

Mol Pharmacol

journal_title

Molecular pharmacology

authors

Williams MV,Winters T,Waddell KS

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1987-02-01 00:00:00

pages

200-7

issue

2

eissn

0026-895X

issn

1521-0111

journal_volume

31

pub_type

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