Pathophysiological mechanisms of altered transmembrane potentials in diseased human atria.

Abstract:

:The pathophysiological mechanisms of altered transmembrane potentials in diseased human atria were investigated in 20 patients who were divided into group A (normal) and group B (diseased). The electrophysiological data of right atrial tissues measured with glass microelectrodes included maximum diastolic potentials (MDP), action potential amplitudes (APA) and action potential durations at the time required for 50% repolarization (ADP 50%) and 75% repolarization (APD 75%). The sarcolemma isolated from atrial tissues was used for determination of the sarcolemmal Na+-K+ ATPase activities. Anionic molecular sites distributed in the sarcolemmal complex were characterized by cationized ferritins (CF). The electrophysiological data in groups A and B were: MDP -80.74 +/- 1.94 mV and -44.54 +/- 6.24 mV, APA 92.72 +/- 9.25 mV and 57.74 +/- 10.85 mV, APD 50% 42.48 +/- 6.63 msec and 210.34 +/- 36.38 msec and APD 75% 56.47 +/- 8.55 msec and 281.66 +/- 42.18 msec respectively. The difference in the Na+-K+ ATPase activities between groups A (15.37 +/- 0.46 mumole Pi/mg/hr) and B (12.55 +/- 0.4 mumole Pi/mg/hr) was highly significant. CF molecules were frequently seen to be more irregularly and loosely distributed in the sarcolemmal surfaces of group B atrial myocytes. Based on these results we conclude that depression of the sarcolemmal Na+-K+ ATPase activity and derangement of the anionic binding sites in the sarcolemmal surfaces play an important role in altering transmembrane potentials in diseased human atria.

journal_name

J Electrocardiol

authors

Lee YS

doi

10.1016/s0022-0736(86)80006-1

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1986-01-01 00:00:00

pages

41-9

issue

1

eissn

0022-0736

issn

1532-8430

journal_volume

19

pub_type

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