Comorbid Cannabis and Tobacco Use Disorders in Hospitalized Patients with Psychotic-Spectrum Disorders.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:Individuals with psychotic-spectrum disorders use tobacco and cannabis at higher rates than the general population and individuals with other psychiatric disorders, which may contribute to increased rates of medical problems and mortality. The present study examined whether individuals with psychosis and comorbid tobacco and/or cannabis use disorders exhibit differing clinical characteristics in terms of their sociodemographic, mental health, substance use, physical health, and medication use patterns. Elucidation of these profiles, and determining their relative severity, has important implications for treatment, including offering more targeted interventions based on type of comorbidity pattern. METHODS:We examined the electronic medical records of 829 patients with psychotic-spectrum disorders admitted to a psychiatric hospital and categorized them as having: (1) cannabis use disorder (CUD); (2) tobacco use disorder (TUD); (3) comorbid cannabis and tobacco use disorders (CUD + TUD); or (4) neither disorder (no CUD/TUD). Multinomial logistic regression was used to compare the aforementioned groups on multiple variables controlling for age and sex. RESULTS:Alcohol and stimulant use disorder diagnoses were each related to higher odds of having a CUD and CUD + TUD, relative to no CUD/TUD. Stimulant and polysubstance use disorder diagnoses were each related to higher odds of having a TUD compared to no CUD/TUD. Greater number of prescribed psychotropic medications was related to higher odds of a TUD compared to no CUD/TUD. CONCLUSIONS:Although several differences between groups were accounted for by age of cannabis versus tobacco users, findings point to the importance of considering comorbid alcohol and substance use disorders among those with psychosis and CUD/TUD, as these comorbidities have important implications for screening and treatment selection during and following acute hospitalization.

journal_name

J Dual Diagn

authors

Reeves LE,Gaudiano BA,Metrik J,Guzman Holst C,Morena A,Sydnor VJ,Weinstock LM,Epstein-Lubow G

doi

10.1080/15504263.2018.1470359

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2018-07-01 00:00:00

pages

171-180

issue

3

eissn

1550-4263

issn

1550-4271

journal_volume

14

pub_type

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