Acylated and unacylated ghrelin directly regulate ß-3 stimulated lipid turnover in rodent subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue ex vivo but not in vivo.

Abstract:

:Ghrelin has garnered interest as a gut-derived regulator of lipid metabolism, beyond its classical roles in driving appetite and growth hormone release. Ghrelin's circulating concentrations follow an ultradian rhythm, peak immediately before a meal and point towards a potential metabolic role in reducing the mobilization of fatty acid stores in preparation for the storage of ingested food. Here, we demonstrate that both acylated and unacylated ghrelin have physiological roles in attenuating lipolysis in mature subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue depots of rats. Ghrelin blunted the ß3-induction (CL 316, 243) of glycerol release (index of lipolysis) which coincided with a reduced activation of the key lipid hydrolase HSL at two of its serine residues (Ser563/660). Furthermore, ghrelin appeared to inhibit fatty acid reesterification in the presence of CL such that fatty acid concentrations in the surrounding media were maintained in spite of a reduction in lipolysis. Importantly, these aforementioned effects were not observed following ghrelin injection in vivo, as there was no attenuation of CL-induced glycerol release. This highlights the importance of exercising caution when interpreting the effects of administering ghrelin in vivo, and the necessity for uncovering the elusive mechanisms by which ghrelin regulates lipolysis and fatty acid reesterification. We conclude that both acylated and unacylated ghrelin can exert direct inhibitory effects on lipolysis and fatty acid reesterification in adipose tissue from rats. However, these effects are not observed in vivo and outline the complexity of studying ghrelin's effects on fatty acid metabolism in the living animal.

journal_name

Adipocyte

journal_title

Adipocyte

authors

Cervone DT,Sheremeta J,Kraft EN,Dyck DJ

doi

10.1080/21623945.2018.1528811

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-12-01 00:00:00

pages

1-15

issue

1

eissn

2162-3945

issn

2162-397X

journal_volume

8

pub_type

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